Brazilian jiu-jitsu is a self-defense system, martial art, combat sport system that focuses on grappling with particular emphasis on ground fighting. Brazilian jiu-jitsu was developed from Kodokan judo ground fighting fundamentals that were taught by a number of Japanese individuals including Takeo Yano, Mitsuyo Maeda, Soshihiro Satake, Isao Okano. Brazilian jiu-jitsu came to be its own defined combat sport through the innovations and adaptation of judo. BJJ teaches that a smaller, weaker person can defend themself against a bigger, heavier opponent by using leverage and weight distribution to take the fight to the ground, applying joint locks and chokeholds to defeat the opponent. BJJ training can be used in self-defense situations. Sparring and live drilling play the practitioner's development. BJJ is considered a martial art, a sport, a method for promoting physical fitness and building character, a way of life. Geo Omori opened the first Jiu-Jitsu / judo school in Brazil in 1925, he taught a number of individuals including Luiz França.
Mitsuyo Maeda was one of five of the Kodokan's top groundwork experts that judo's founder Kano Jigoro sent overseas to demonstrate and spread his art to the world. Maeda had trained first in sumo as a teenager, after the interest generated by stories about the success of Kodokan Judo at competitions with other jujutsu schools of the time, became a student of Jigoro Kano. Maeda left Japan in 1904 and visited a number of countries giving "jiu-do" demonstrations and accepting challenges from wrestlers, savate fighters and various other martial artists before arriving in Brazil on November 14, 1914. Gastão Gracie was a business partner of the American Circus in Belém. In 1916, Italian Argentine circus Queirolo Brothers presented Maeda. In 1917 Carlos Gracie, the eldest son of Gastão Gracie, watched a demonstration by Maeda at the Da Paz Theatre and decided to learn judo. Maeda accepted Carlos as a student and Carlos learned for a few years passing his knowledge on to his brothers. Gracie's account of the events is that his sibling Hélio Gracie further developed Gracie Jiu-Jitsu as a softer, pragmatic adaptation from judo that focused on ground fighting, since he was unable to perform many judo moves that require direct opposition to an opponent's strength.
Although the Gracie family is recognized as the main family to first promote Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu as it is known today, there was another prominent lineage derived from Maeda via another Brazilian disciple, Luiz França. This lineage had been represented by Oswaldo Fadda. Fadda and his students were famous for the influential use of footlocks and the lineage still survives through Fadda's links in teams such as Nova União and Grappling Fight Team; the name "Jiu-Jitsu" derives from an older romanization of its original spelling in the West. When Maeda left Japan, judo was still referred to as "Kano jiu-jitsu", or more generically as Jiu-Jitsu. Higashi, the co-author of Kano Jiu-Jitsu wrote in the foreword: Some confusion has arisen over the employment of the term'jiudo'. To make the matter clear I will state that jiudo is the term selected by Professor Kano as describing his system more than jiu-jitsu does. Professor Kano is one of the leading educators of Japan, it is natural that he should cast about for the technical word that would most describe his system.
But the Japanese people still cling to the more popular nomenclature and call it jiu-jitsu. Outside Japan, this distinction was noted less. Thus, when Maeda and Satake arrived in Brazil in 1914, every newspaper announced their art as being "Jiu-Jitsu", despite both men being Kodokan judoka, it was not until 1925 that the Japanese government itself mandated that the correct name for the martial art taught in the Japanese public schools should be "judo" rather than "jujutsu". In Brazil, the art is still called "Jiu-Jitsu"; when the Gracies went to the United States and spread Jiu-Jitsu, they used the terms "Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu" and "Gracie Jiu-Jitsu" to differentiate from the present styles using similar-sounding names. In a 1994 interview with Yoshinori Nishi, Hélio Gracie said that he didn't know the word of judo itself until the sport came in the 1950s to Brazil, because he heard that Mitsuyo Maeda called his style "Jiu-Jitsu"; the art is sometimes referred to as Gracie Jiu-Jitsu, a name trademarked by Rorion Gracie, but after a legal dispute with his cousin Carley Gracie, his trademark to the name was voided.
Other members of the Gracie family call their style by personalized names, such as Ceaser Gracie Jiu-Jitsu or Renzo Gracie Jiu-Jitsu, the Machado family call their style Machado Jiu-Jitsu. While each style and its instructors have their own unique aspects, they are all basic variations of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. There are four major BJJ branches in Brazil: Gracie Humaita, Gracie Barra, Carlson Gracie Jiu-Jitsu and Alliance Jiu Jitsu; each branch traces its roots back to Mitsuyo Maeda via Donato Pires Dos Reis, through the Gracie family or Oswaldo Fadda. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu has vast similarities to the original Kodokan Judo practiced before Judo became part of the Olympics, still practiced in lesser extent, as well as some similarity to earlier ryu Ju-Jitsu, it has been argued that the
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South Henderson is a census-designated place in Vance County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 1,213 at the 2010 census. South Henderson is located at 36°18′20″N 78°24′18″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.9 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,220 people, 452 households, 321 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 629.8 people per square mile. There were 505 housing units at an average density of 260.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 46.89% White, 49.02% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.41% Pacific Islander, 2.70% from other races, 0.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.52% of the population. There were 452 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.3% were married couples living together, 24.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.8% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.18. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $26,008, the median income for a family was $36,389. Males had a median income of $26,563 versus $20,395 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $15,221. About 6.3% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over