Breadfruit is a species of flowering tree in the mulberry and jackfruit family believed to be a domesticated descendant of Artocarpus camansi originating in New Guinea, the Maluku Islands, the Philippines. It was spread to Oceania via the Austronesian expansion, it was further spread to other tropical regions of the world during the Colonial Era. British and French navigators introduced a few Polynesian seedless varieties to Caribbean islands during the late 18th century. Today it is grown in some 90 countries throughout South and Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean, Central America and Africa, its name is derived from the texture of the moderately ripe fruit when cooked, similar to freshly baked bread and having a potato-like flavor. The trees have been planted in tropical regions, including lowland Central America, northern South America, the Caribbean. In addition to the fruit serving as a staple food in many cultures, the light, sturdy timber of breadfruit has been used for outriggers and houses in the tropics.
Breadfruit is related to Artocarpus camansi of New Guinea, the Maluku Islands, the Philippines, Artocarpus blancoi of the Philippines, Artocarpus mariannensis of Micronesia, all of which are sometimes referred to as "breadfruit". It is closely related to Artocarpus heterophyllus. According to DNA fingerprinting studies, the wild seeded ancestor of breadfruit is the breadnut, native to New Guinea, the Maluku Islands, the Philippines, it was one of the canoe plants spread by Austronesian voyagers around 3,000 years ago into Micronesia and Polynesia, where it is not native. A. camansi was domesticated and selectively bred in Polynesia, giving rise to the seedless Artocarpus altilis. Micronesian breadfruit show evidence of hybridization with the native Artocarpus mariannensis, while most Polynesian and Melanesian cultivars do not; this indicates that Micronesia was colonized separately from Polynesia and Melanesia through two different migration events which came into contact with each other in eastern Micronesia.
Sir Joseph Banks and others saw the value of breadfruit as a productive food in 1769, when stationed in Tahiti as part of the Endeavour expedition commanded by Captain James Cook. The late-18th-century quest for cheap, high-energy food sources for slaves in British colonies prompted colonial administrators and plantation owners to call for the plant to be brought to the Caribbean; as president of the Royal Society, Banks provided a cash bounty and gold medal for success in this endeavor, lobbied his friends in government and the Admiralty for a British Naval expedition. In 1787, William Bligh was appointed captain of HMS Bounty, ordered to proceed to the South Pacific to collect the plants. In 1791, Bligh commanded a second expedition with Providence and Assistant, which collected seedless breadfruit plants in Tahiti and transported these to St. Helena, in the Atlantic, St. Vincent and Jamaica in the West Indies. Although Bligh won the Royal Society medal for his efforts, the introduction was not successful, as most slaves refused to eat the new food.
Breadfruit trees grow to a height of 26 m. The large and thick leaves are cut into pinnate lobes. All parts of the tree yield latex, useful for boat caulking; the trees are monoecious, with male and female flowers growing on the same tree. The male flowers emerge first, followed shortly afterward by the female flowers; the latter grow into capitula. Pollination occurs by fruit bats, but cultivated varieties produce fruit without pollination; the compound, false fruit develops from the swollen perianth, originates from 1,500-2,000 flowers visible on the skin of the fruit as hexagon-like disks. Breadfruit is one of the highest-yielding food plants, with a single tree producing up to 200 or more grapefruit-sized fruits per season, requiring limited care. In the South Pacific, the trees yield 50 to 150 fruits per year round, oval or oblong weighing 0.25–6 kg. Productivity varies between dry areas. Studies in Barbados indicate a reasonable potential of 16–32 short tons per hectare; the ovoid fruit has a rough surface, each fruit is divided into many achenes, each achene surrounded by a fleshy perianth and growing on a fleshy receptacle.
Most selectively bred cultivars have seedless fruit, whereas seeded varieties are grown for their edible seeds. Breadfruit is propagated using root cuttings. Breadfruit is related to the breadnut, from which it might have been selected, it is noticeably similar in appearance to its relative of the jackfruit. Breadfruit has hundreds of varieties and thousands of common names varying according to its geographic distribution, is cultivated in some 90 countries; the related Artocarpus camansi can be distinguished from A. altilis by having spinier fruits with numerous seeds. Artocarpus mariannensis can be distinguished by having dark green elongated fruits with darker yellow flesh, as well as entire or shallowly lobed leaves. Breadfruit is an equatorial lowland species, it is found at elevations of 1,550 metres. Preferred soils are neutral to either sand, sandy loam, loam or sandy clay loam. Breadfruit is able to grow in coral sands and saline soils; the breadfruit is ultra-tropical, requiring a temperature range of 16–38 °C and an annual rainfall of 200–250 cm.
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María Dolores González is a Mexican professional wrestler, known by her ringname Lola González, who has competed in the Universal Wrestling Association and the World Wrestling Association for over three decades. At one time one of the most popular female tecnicos in Mexico, she dominated the UWA World Women's Championship during the mid-to late 1980s holding the title a record four times, she is ex-wife of wrestler Fishman. She toured the United States with the National Wrestling Alliance and, in Gene and Mike LeBell's NWA Hollywood promotion, was the last NWA California Women's Champion before the promotion closed in 1982; that same year, she had a brief stint in World Class Championship Wrestling defeating Irma Gonzales at the "Fritz Von Erich Retirement Show" at the Texas Stadium on June 4, 1982. She made two more appearances for the promotion defeating La Pantera Sureña at the August 1982 "Wrestling Star Wars" supercard and faced Vicki Carranza for the "Mexican Women's" Title at the June 1983 "Wrestling Star Wars" supercard at the Reunion Arena.
González visited Japan appearing with the Japan Women's Pro-Wrestling during the late 1980s. In a match to decide the first JWP Pacific Coast Tag Team Champions, she and La Bruha challenged but were beaten by Miss A and Xóchitl Hamada in Tokyo on October 24, 1987. On October 22, 1988, González entered a championship tournament for the IWA World Women's title in Edmonton, but was eliminated by Rhonda Sing in the opening rounds, she lost the WWA Women's Championship to Singh in Hungary in December 1991. On April 30, 1993, she teamed with Vicky Caranza and La Rosa in a trios tag team match against Martha Villalobos, Pantera Sureña and Wendy at the first Triplemanía hosted at the Plaza de Toros in Mexico City, Mexico; the following year and Martha Villalobos teamed against La Monster and Magnificent Mimi in a best of three falls match at the AAA "Night of Champions" and was pinned by La Monster for the third fall. The event took place on August 6, 1994, at the Los Angeles Sports Arena and attended by an estimated 8,000 people.
González returned to Mexico and, on November 19, 1995, entered a championship tournament for the TWF Women's Championship. She defeated Bambi in the opening round, Chikako Shiratori in the semi-finals and Bison Kimura in the finals to win the title, she held the title for nearly a year until losing to Lioness Asuka in a best of three falls match at the CMLL 63rd Anniversary Show on September 20, 1996. At the CMLL 64th Anniversary Show the next year, González faced Asuka defeating her and La Diabólica in a tag team match with Lady Apache. At Reina de Reinas 2001 in Veracruz, González participated in the 14-women tournament but was eliminated prior to the finals, she failed to reach the finals at Reina de Reinas 2006 and 2007. On March 10, 2006, she teamed with Cinthia Moreno, Martha Villalobos and Miss Janeth in an 8-woman match at Rey de Reyes against Chikayo Nagashima, La Diabolica and Carlos Amano and lost the match via disqualification; that year, she won the EWWC Women's Championship and defended the title at El Hijo del Santo's Todo x el Todo supercard in Naucalpan against Xochitl Hamada winning via disqualification.
Comisión de Box y Lucha Libre Mexico D. F. Mexican National Women's Championship JDStarTWF World Women's Championship NWA HollywoodNWA California Women's Championship Universal Wrestling AssociationUWA World Women's Championship World Wrestling AssociationWWA World Women's Championship Other championshipsOccidente Women's Championship EWWL Women's Championship Lola González at Cagematch.net Lola González at WrestlingData.com Profile Card: Lola González Lola González at Luchawiki
The Charles Miles House is a historic house at 131 Lincoln Street in Worcester, Massachusetts. Built about 1850, it was one of the city's finest surviving Italianate residences when it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. Many of its exterior features have been lost due to the application of modern siding; the Charles Miles House is located in Worcester's northeastern Brittan Square neighborhood, on the east side of Lincoln Street at its corner with Forestdale Road. It is a two-story wood frame house, three bays wide, with modern siding. A single-story hip-roofed porch extends across its front facade, with square posts rising to arched openings; the porch roof eave is lined with dentil moulding, a detail repeated in a projecting polygonal window bay on the right side. When listed on the National Register, the building was described as one of Worcester's finest Italianate residences, with corner quoining, a modillioned cornice, a widow's walk. Windows were capped by lintels set on consoles.
All of these features have since been lost to exterior alteration. The house was built c. 1850 by a clerk working the city's treasury department. National Register of Historic Places listings in eastern Worcester, Massachusetts