Larsens Plads is a waterfront in Copenhagen, which runs along the Zealand side of the main harbour from the Nyhavn canal in the south to the Nordre Toldbod area just south of Langelinie to the north. The name refers to a shipyard which used to occupy the grounds but is now more associated with emigration to America after it became a major hub for trans-Atlantic traffic in the century, it is dominated by Amalienborg Palace with the Amalie Garden and a number of late 18th-century warehouses, converted to other uses. The buildings facing the waterfront have their address on the parallel street Toldbodgade; the waterfront was created by extensive land fills which led to the establishment of Ny Toldbodgade in 1719 and expanded the Port northwards. The new quay was used for storage of timber; when Frederiksstaden was founded and the area along the waterfront came under redevelopment as an elegant new residential district, it was decided to relocate the timberyards from the area due to the risk of fires.
They found a temporary home at Greenland, a greenspace next to Nyboder, was moved to a filled site south of Lange Bridge, at present day Tietgensgade. However, in spite of the wealthy new neighbours, the waterfront remained in use for port activities, In 1802, the site was acquired by a wealthy shipowner, Lars Larsen, who established a shipyard in the grounds which became known as Larsen's Place after its founder. In 1844, when Larsen died, Larsens Plads was acquired by Jacob Holm, the owner of the largest shipping company in Denmark at the time as well as a shipyard on Christianshavn, he used Larsens Plads for repairing ships. In 1870, the shipyard was closed and a new port terminal was established at the site in 1879 by the Thingvalla Line which began operating a direct route between Scandinavian ports and America, offering the growing number of Scandinavian emigrants affordable and safe voyages. In 1898, the Thingvalla Line was acquired by DFDS, another Danish-based shipping company, the Scandinavian-American passenger service was operated under the name Scandinavian America Line.
The route to America with Scandinavian America Line was discontinued in 1935 and the quay area was taken over by Oslo Ferries which started in 1866 and have since relocated to the Free Port Terminal at Amerika Quay further north. West Indies Warehouse Blue Warehouse Yellow Warehouse Double Warehouse. An untitled sculpture by Søren Georg Jensen was installed at the quay in 1979. Outside the West India Warehouse is a replica of Michelangelo's David. Amerika Plads Wilders Plads Source
House of Oldenburg
The House of Oldenburg is a European dynasty of North German origin. It is one of Europe's most influential royal houses, with branches that rule or have ruled in Denmark, Greece, Russia, Schleswig and Oldenburg; the current Queen of Denmark and King of Norway, the former King of Greece, the consort of the monarch of the United Kingdom, as well as the first thirteen persons in the line of succession to the British throne, are all patrilineal members of the Glücksburg branch of this house. The dynasty rose to prominence when Count Christian I of Oldenburg was elected as King of Denmark in 1448, of Norway in 1450 and of Sweden in 1457; the house has occupied the Danish throne since. Marriages of medieval counts of Oldenburg had paved the way for their heirs to become kings of various Scandinavian kingdoms. Through marriage with a descendant of King Valdemar I of Sweden and of King Eric IV of Denmark, a claim to Sweden and Denmark was staked, since 1350. At that time, its competitors were the successors of Margaret I of Denmark.
In the 15th century, the Oldenburg heir of that claim married Hedwig of Schauenburg, a descendant of Euphemia of Sweden and Norway and a descendant of Eric V of Denmark and Abel of Denmark. Since descendants better situated in genealogical charts died out, their son Christian became the king of all three kingdoms of the whole Kalmar Union; the House of Mecklenburg was its chief competitor regarding the Northern thrones, other aspirants included the Duke of Lauenburg. Different Oldenburgine branches have reigned in several countries; the House of Oldenburg was poised to claim the British thrones through the marriage of Queen Anne and Prince George of Denmark and Norway. Kings of Denmark Kings of Norway Kings of Sweden Counts of Oldenburg Dukes of Schleswig and Counts of Holstein Dukes of Schleswig and Holstein, ruling only part of the Duchies Dukes of Schleswig Dukes of Holstein Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, extinct in male line in 1931 Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein Kings of Denmark King of Iceland Kings of the Hellenes Mountbatten-Windsor line: although Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, his children and his sons' children are patrilineally descended from this branch, his male-line descendants bearing the style of "Royal Highness" are de jure members of the House of Windsor, by declaration of the British monarch.
Kings of Norway Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp Emperors of Russia Holstein-Gottorp, extinct Kings of Sweden King of Norway Holstein-Gottorp Dukes of Oldenburg Media related to House of Oldenburg at Wikimedia Commons Marek, The House of Oldenburg, Genealogy. EU
Christianshavn is a neighbourhood in Copenhagen, Denmark. Part of the Indre By District, it is located on several artificial islands between the islands of Zealand and Amager and separated from the rest of the city centre by the Inner Harbour, it was founded in the early 17th century by Christian IV as part of his extension of the fortifications of Copenhagen. It was laid out as an independent privileged merchant's town with inspiration from Dutch cities but it was soon incorporated into Copenhagen proper. Dominated by canals, it is the part of Copenhagen with the most nautical atmosphere. For much of the 20th century a working-class neighbourhood, Christianshavn developed a bohemian reputation in the 1970s and it is now a fashionable and lively part of the city with its own distinctive personality. Businessmen, artists and traditional families with children live side-by-side. Administratively, Christianshavn has been part of Indre By since 2007, but it still has its own local council. Christianshavn covers an area of 3.43 km², includes three minor islands to the north, jointly referred to as Holmen.
It has a population of 10,140 and a population density of 2,960 per km². To the south and east Christianshavn is defined by its old ramparts. To the west Christianshavn borders on the Inner Harbour that separates it from Slotsholmen and the rest of Copenhagen's city centre. In 1612, Christian IV initiated an ambitious programme to fortify Copenhagen. During the period 1618-1623, he erected earthen embarkments with five bastions in the marshy area between Copenhagen and the island of Amager. At the same time the idea was hatched of creating a new merchant town in the area. In 1639 the little merchant and fortress town of Christianshavn was established. However, competition from Copenhagen soon proved too strong for the little town, by 1674 it was incorporated into its larger neighbour; the fortifications were further developed with six more bastions in the 1660s, seven more bastions between 1682-1692. Additional reinforcements occurred between 1779–1791, again in 1810-1813. Though the fortifications around the Inner City were being dismantled in the late 19th century, Christianshavn's fortifications continued in use into the 20th century.
Some areas were opened up in the late 1910s-1920s, the final areas were made public space in 1961. The fortifications are a part of the total fortification system around the old part of Copenhagen, are one of Denmark’s best preserved fortifications from the 17th century. Today the area around the fortifications is a park area. Christianshavn is a lively residential area, it is quartered by the Christianshavn Canal, running north-south along its length, Torvegade, the main thoroughfare of Christianshavn, running east-west, connecting Amager Side Copenhagen to the city centre across Knippelsbro. Where the canal and the street intersects, at the geographical centre of Christianshavn, lies the square Christianshavns Torv. Along the eastern shoreline of the island runs Christianshavns Vold which now serves as the principal greenspace of the neighbourhood; the Lower City Side of Christianshavn known as Christiansbro, is the most affluent part of the neighbourhood, with several modern residential developments built on the grounds of the former Burmeister & Wain / B&W Shipyard.
Several headquarters are found in the area, including most notably the Danish headquarters of Nordea along its entire harbourfront, while its most important historic building is Christian's Church. On the other—Rampar Sidet—side of the canal, the area is dominated by historic residential buildings and institutions. Christianshavn's Upper City Side, stretching along Strandgade from Torvegade to the Trangaven Canal, is dominated by old renovated warehousess and merchant's houses. A number of large institutions are located in the area, including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Cultural institutions include the North Atlantic House. On the other side of the canal, Christianshavn's Upper Rampart Side is the densest and most neglected part of the neighbourhood with around half of Christianshavn's 10,000 inhabitants living in that area, it is in this area that the Church of Christiania are found. Holmen is characterized by a mixture of old military buildings and new residential developments and is the home of many creative business like advertising agencies and architectural practices as well as creative educational institutions like Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts and the Danish Film School.
Freetown Christiania, a self-governing neighborhood which has established semi-legal status as an independent community in an area of abandoned military barracks, appears as a "city within the city". It has a considerable population and is a venue for many cultural events as well as experimental and idiosyncratic "Architecture Without Architects". Church of Our Saviour Christian's Church North Atlantic House with Restaurant Noma Christiania Christianshavn Rampart Danish Architecture Centre Lille Mølle Copenhagen Opera House Nyholm Arsenal Island Christianshavn metro station is located at Christianshavns Torv at the intersection of Christianshavn Canal and Torvegade; the station serves both the M2 lines of the Copenhagen Metro. The 901 & 902 lines of the Copenhagen Harbour Buses have a stop at Christianshavn at the end of Knippelsbro. In Søren Kierkegaard's philosophical work Stages on Life's Way, his pseudonymous alter ego Hilarius Bookbinder states that in Christianshavn "one is far far away from Copenhagen" and therefore Langebro deserves its name.
The Church of Our Saviour in Christianshavn appears in a chapter of Jules Verne's A Journey to the Center of the Earth. The character Axel is m
Nyhavn is a 17th-century waterfront and entertainment district in Copenhagen, Denmark. Stretching from Kongens Nytorv to the harbour front just south of the Royal Playhouse, it is lined by brightly coloured 17th and early 18th century townhouses and bars and restaurants; the canal harbours many historical wooden ships. Nyhavn was constructed by King Christian V from 1670 to 1673, dug by Swedish prisoners of war from the Dano-Swedish War 1658–1660, it is a gateway from the sea to the old inner city at Kongens Nytorv, where ships handled cargo and fishermens' catch. It was notorious for beer and prostitution. Danish author Hans Christian Andersen lived at Nyhavn for some 18 years; the first bridge across Nyhavn opened on 6 February 1875. It was a temporary wooden footbridge, it was replaced by the current bridge in 1912. As ocean-going ships grew larger, Nyhavn was taken over by internal Danish small vessel freight traffic. After World War II land transport took over this role and small vessel traffic disappeared from the Port of Copenhagen, leaving Nyhavn deserted of ships.
In the mid-1960s, the Nyhavn Society was founded with the aim of revitalising the area. In 1977, Nyhavn was inaugurated as a veteran ship and museum harbour by Copenhagen’s Lord Mayor Egon Weidekamp. In 1980 Nyhavn quay was pedestrianised. Since it has become a popular spot for tourists and locals alike, serving the function of a square according to architects Jan Gehl and Lars Gemzøe; the northern side of Nyhavn is lined by brightly coloured townhouses built with wood and plaster. The oldest house, at No. 9, dates from 1681. Between 1845 and 1864, Hans Christian Andersen lived at No. 67, where a memorial plaque now stands. From 1871-1875 Andersen lived at Nyhavn 18, which houses an Andersen-themed souvenir shop; the southern side of Nyhavn has lavish mansions lining the canal, including Charlottenborg Palace at the corner of Kongens Nytorv. Nyhavn Veteran Ship and Museum Harbour, occupying the inner section of Nyhavn, between the Nyhavn Bridge and Kongens Nytorv, is lined with old ships. From the foundation of the heritage harbour in 1977, the south side of the canal has been reserved for museum ships owned by the Danish National Museum, which received a donation of restored ships from A. P. Møller, while the northern side of the canal was put at the disposal of the Nyhavn Society and owned, still usable wooden ships.
Harbor ships include: Lightvessel XVII Gedser Rev – lightvessel built in Odense in 1895, in operation until 1972 acquired by the National Museum and now serving as a museum ship. Svalan af Nyhavn – galease built in Jungfrusund in 1924 Anna Møller – galease built in Randers in 1906 MA-RI – purpose-built smuggling ship built in 1920. Mira – two-masted schooner built in Fåborg in 1898, considered one of the finest ships of the Danish small vessel traffic of the time. For many years it transported chalk from Stevns; the first ship on the north side of Nyhavn, coming from Kongens Nytorv. The Boat Theatre - a lighter-type barge built in Copenhagen in 1898, since 1972 operated as a theatre boat; the great Memorial Anchor at the end of Nyhavn, where it meets Kongens Nytorv, is a monument commemorating the more than 1,700 Danish officers and sailors in service for the Navy, merchant fleet or Allied Forces, who sacrificed their lives during World War II. The Anchor was inaugurated in 1951, replacing a temporary wooden cross erected on the spot in 1945, has a plaque with a monogram of King Frederik VII on it.
The Memorial Anchor is from 1872 and was used on the Frigate Fyn, docked at Holmen Naval Base during the Second World War. Every year on May 5 – Denmark’s Liberation day 1945 – an official ceremony is held to honour and commemorate the fallen at the Memorial Anchor. Along its northern, sunnier side, Nyhavn is lined with restaurants facing the harbor. Nyhavn serves as a hub of canal tours. Kongens Nytorv metro station is located at the end of Nyhavn, though situated at the far end of the namesake square outside Magasin du Nord; the station is served by both lines M2 of the Copenhagen Metro. The Copenhagen Harbour Buses has a stop at the mouth of Nyhavn. All four routes of the harbour buses, Routes 901, 902, 903 and 904, stop at the bus stop next to the Royal Playhouse. In 2016 the Inner Harbor Bridge connecting Nyhavn and Christianshavn was opened after years of setbacks and delays; the 180 m cycling and pedestrian drawbridge has been nicknamed the Kissing Bridge because its contour resembles two tongues meeting.
Nyhavn has been seen in numerous Danish films. It is for instance used as a location in a number of Olsen-banden films, for instance at 0:25:44 in The Olsen Gang on the Track and at 0:28:56 in the 1977 Olsen Gang film The Olsen Gang Outta Sight; the Memorial Anchor is seen at 1:16:57 in The Olsen Gang Sees Red.. Nyhavn has been featured in a number of international films; the closing scenes of Ingmar Bergman's A Lesson in Love takes place in Nyhavn. In the 1957 British-American action film Hidden Fear, Nyhavn is used as a central location. In the 1960 Alfred Hitchcock spy film Torn Curtain, on the way to DDR, is told to contact a used book seller at Kanalgade 1 which turns out to be Nyhavn when his fiancée visits the address. In the 1963 German film Das Feuers
Indre By known as Copenhagen Center or K or Downtown Copenhagen, is an administrative district in central Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark. It covers an area of 4.65 square kilometres, has a population of 26,223, a population density of 5,638 per km². Neighboring city districts are as follows: to the east and south east is Christianshavn, separated from the Inner City by the Inner Harbour and Copenhagen Harbour to the north is Indre Østerbro to the west is Indre Nørrebro and Frederiksberg municipality, not a part of Copenhagen municipality but rather an enclave surrounded by the municipality, with both being separated from the Indre By along the "lakes" to the southwest is Vesterbro to the south is Vestamager, separated from the Inner City by the South Harbour This district is the historic and political heart of present-day Copenhagen, reflects the history of Denmark, its boundaries pretty much reflect the entire city’s extent during the reign of King Christian IV. At the time it was a fortified city and its borders were made of defensive walls with moats.
To ensure water for the moats there was a series of dams. Entry and exit to the city was through the town's four gates: Vesterport near the current Copenhagen City Hall, Nørreport near the current Nørreport station, Østerport by Kastellet, Amagerport between Christianshavn and the island of Amager; the gates were dismantled in 1856. The locations are now commemorated. Additionally artificial lakes were constructed as part of Christian IV's large building project; these still exist to this day, are referred to as the "lakes". The area beyond the lakes, now populated city districts, was used for grazing, it was prohibited to build beyond these original city limits so that the fortification’s cannons could have clear shot and so that the enemy could not find any hiding areas. The line that marked this "no build" zone was called the Demarcation Line The line was moved further out as the shooting range of canons improved, was not abolished until after the cholera epidemic of 1853; the fortification system was sold to Copenhagen municipality in 1869 and dismantled the year after.
Evidence of the walls can be found in the street names outlining the central part of the city. From Kastellet at the northeast point of the district runs Øster Voldgade to the southwest; the street continues as Nørre Voldgade. Vester Voldgade starts at Ørsteds Park and runs southeast until it reaches the water of Copenhagen Harbour; the fortification system continues on the other side of the water in the Christianshavn city district. A ring of parks has been erected outside where the walls once stood, remnants of the bastions and moats can be seen in Østre Anlæg park, the Botanical Gardens, Ørsted Park and Tivoli Gardens. Copenhagen was founded around year 1000 by his son Canute the Great, it was only a fishing village until the middle of the 12th century when Havn, as the town was called, assumed increasing importance in the Danish kingdom. Around 1160 King Waldemar the Great gave control of Copenhagen to Absalon, Bishop of Roskilde. Whereas other cities in the Danish realm were under the governance of the king, Havn or Købmannehavn as it comes to be known, was given to the Bishop of Roskilde.
Bishop Absalon built his fortified "Castle at Havn" in 1167 on a little island outside the harbour itself, the remains of which can still be seen under present day Christiansborg Palace. The castle stood 200 years; the Catholic Church erected cathedrals in Roskilde and in Lund, in what is now Sweden, which laid the basis for further development in those regional centres, as Havn was midway between the two cities, it was centrally located for traffic and trading. In the years that follow, the town grew tenfold in size; the excellent harbour encouraged Copenhagen's growth until it became an important centre of commerce. Churches and abbeys were founded. Købmannehavn's economy blossomed due to the income from an enormous herring fishery trade, which provided large parts of Catholic Europe with salted herring for Lent. In 1254, it received its charter as a city under Bishop Jakob Erlandsen. Copenhagen was located at the most important approach to the Baltic Sea and the rich North German trading towns of the Hanseatic League, providing Copenhagen with power and wealth, but threatening its existence.
It was attacked by Wend pirates and the Hanseatic League. Time and again the town was laid waste by the Hanseatic League. In 1369 they tore down the castle. At the same time the Danish king was attempting to take Copenhagen back from the bishop; the crown succeeded in 1416. Thenceforth Copenhagen belonged to the Danish Crown. Despite centuries of power struggles and warring the town grew rich. Copenhageners did a brisk trade with foe alike. Foreign merchants came to the town. Craft guilds were established and the University of Copenhagen was founded. By the time of Christian IV's coronation in 1596, Copenhagen had become rich and powerful
Frederiksstaden is a district in Copenhagen, Denmark. Constructed during the reign of Frederick V in the second half of the 18th century, it is considered to be one of the most important rococo complexes in Europe and was included in the 2006 Danish Culture Canon, it was developed to commemorate the 300 years jubilee of the House of Oldenburg ascending to the Danish throne. A. G. Moltke was in charge of the project and Nicolai Eigtved was the main architect. Frederiksstaden has Amalienborg Palace, the Danish residence palace complex with François Joseph Saly's equestrian statue monument to King Frederik V of Denmark in the middle of the octoganal plaza, Frederik's Church at its center. Together they create an axis, extended with the creation of the new Copenhagen Opera House in 2005 on the other side of the harbor basin; the district is characterized by straight broad streets in a straight-angled street layout. The streets are lined by bourgeois houses and palaces. Another important building in the district is the royal Frederiks Hospital, Denmark's first hospital in the present-day meaning of the word.
It now houses the Danish Museum of Design. Amalienborg Frederik's Church The Odd Fellow Mansion Moltke's Mansion Royal Danish Playhouse
Garrison Church, Copenhagen
The Garrison Church is a church at Sankt Annæ Plads in Copenhagen, Denmark. In the 17th century, Copenhagen had become home to a sizeable garrison. A military church was built at Kastellet in 1670, but its modest size only allowed it to serve the personnel at the fortress; the rest of the troops in the city had to use Church of Holmen, a former anchor forge, converted into a naval church in 1619. When Sophie Amalienborg burned down in 1689, its chapel survived the flames and was subsequently put at the disposal of the Army. However, the small building, built for members of the royal court only served as a temporary solution. Christian V therefore provided a tract of land at Dronningens Tværgade for the construction of a new church for the Army and military engineer Georg Philip Müller completed a set of renderings in 1697; when Frederick IV ascended the throne in 1699, he moved the project to a site in the southernmost section of Sophie Amalienborg's former gardens. Construction began in 1703, still under the supervision of Domenico Pelli.
The following year it was decided to build the church to a larger and somewhat modified design and the project was taken over by General Master Builder Wilhelm Friedrich von Platen. The church was inaugurated on 24 March 1706. Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann, painter Christian August Lorentzen, painter lfert Ricard and priest Garrison Church Web site