Uwe Boll is a German restaurateur and retired filmmaker. He financed his own films through his production companies Boll Event Film Productions. Many of his films were produced on low budgets and Boll himself had backed his projects financially or made use of crowdfunding platforms. Boll's filmmaking career is divided into two distinct phases: the first consists of big budget films with a renowned cast, most of which gained him a reputation as a "schlock maestro", while receiving negative reviews from critics, with Alone in the Dark being considered one of the worst films made, his second phase is marked by films with a smaller budget or were independently made unknown actors and different approaches to filmmaking. Boll decided to branch out from filmmaking in 2016 to work in the restaurant industry, he opened his Bauhaus Restaurant in Vancouver. Boll was born in Wermelskirchen, he studied at the University of Cologne and the University of Siegen, holds a doctorate in literature. Boll first decided to go into the movie business at ten years old after seeing Marlon Brando's Mutiny on the Bounty.
Boll's first two major releases were the horror movie Blackwoods and the drama Heart of America, both of which he directed and co-wrote. Boll is best known for loosely adapting video games into movies, having directed and produced a number of such adaptations, including House of the Dead, Alone in the Dark, Alone in the Dark II, BloodRayne, BloodRayne 2: Deliverance, BloodRayne: The Third Reich, In the Name of the King: A Dungeon Siege Tale and Far Cry. In the opening credits to Seed, Boll used footage of animal abuse and torture he acquired from PETA to underscore the film's nihilism, he has promised to donate 2.5 percent of his net profits from Seed to PETA. In September 2010, a trailer for Boll's film, titled Auschwitz, about the concentration camp, was posted on YouTube; the trailer, in which Boll appears as an SS gas-chamber guard, contains explicit scenes of the brutalization and killing of concentration camp inmates. Boll has been quoted as saying that films such as Schindler's List "no longer had the ability to reach young people and that it was his duty as a German to make the film as a way of confronting the past."Boll is the subject of a documentary film titled Raging Boll, directed by Dan West, which premiered at the Austin Film Festival in October 2010.
In March 2012, it was announced he had finished directing a short horror story for the anthology film The Profane Exhibit. The story, inspired by Josef Fritzl, focuses on parents with a daughter locked in a room, where they can partake in immoral acts against her. Uwe Boll planned a fourth entry in the BloodRayne franchise in a contemporary setting involving her trying to live a normal life. Natassia Malthe was expected to return, was expected to be loosely based on the video game BloodRayne 2. In August 2013, Boll announced plans to produce a sequel to Postal based on achieving $500,000 from a Kickstarter campaign; the campaign was however cancelled on October 5, 2013. In October 2016, during an interview with the Toronto edition of Metro, Boll announced his retirement from filmmaking, chiefly citing the decline of DVD and Blu-ray sales, noting that he's had to use his own money to finance his work since 2005; as of 2017, he still works as a film producer. In February 2018, he revealed in his vlog that he intends to return to film and has sent proposals to Netflix.
However, he no longer wants to finance his projects. Boll's films have performed poorly at the box office in the United States and around the world. House of the Dead, budgeted at $12 million, made $5.73 million in its opening weekend, Alone in the Dark, budgeted at $20 million, made $5.1 million, BloodRayne, made for $25 million, made $2.42 million. The least profitable commercial performance of his career was In the Name of the King: A Dungeon Siege Tale, which grossed a little over $10 million worldwide on a $60 million budget. In the DVD commentary of Alone in the Dark, Boll explains how he funds his films: "Maybe you know it but it's not so easy to finance movies in total, and the reason I am able to do these kind of movies is I have a tax shelter fund in Germany, if you invest in a movie in Germany you get fifty percent back from the government." Boll has received significant negative publicity regarding this funding method, attributed to a loophole in the German tax laws, closed in 2006.
Boll has written two books, Wie man in Deutschland einen Film drehen muss and Die Gattung Serie und ihre Genres, on themes of serial television. As of April 2015, House of the Dead, Alone in the Dark appear on the IMDB's Bottom 100 film list. In a review of Alone in the Dark, Rob Vaux states that the movie makes other "bad" movie directors feel better in comparison: "'It's okay,' they'll tell themselves,'I didn't make Alone in the Dark.'" Another reviewer wrote that Alone in the Dark was "so poorly built, so horribly acted and so sloppily stitched together that it's not at the straight-to-DVD level." One critic has dubbed him as the "Jonas Brothers of movie directors". Boll made a bid to direct the 2016 Warcraft movie, but was turned away by the owners of the Warcraft franchise, Blizzard Entertainment who said: "We will not sell the movie rights, not to you…especially not to you." Boll commented: "Because it’s such a big online game
Hell on Wheels (TV series)
Hell on Wheels is an American Western television series about the construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad across the United States. The series, which featured Anson Mount, Colm Meaney and Dominique McElligott, chronicled the Union Pacific Railroad and its laborers, prostitutes and others who lived and died in the mobile encampment, called "Hell on Wheels", that followed the railhead west across the Great Plains. In particular, the story focused on Cullen Bohannon, a former Confederate soldier who tracked down the Union soldiers who murdered his wife and young son during the American Civil War. In the process he became a foreman and chief engineer on the railroad, after his quest led him to Hell on Wheels; the series, which broadcast in the United States and Canada on the cable channel AMC, aired from November 6, 2011 to July 23, 2016. The series was created and produced by Joe and Tony Gayton, developed by Endemol USA, under the stewardship of senior vice-president of scripted programming Jeremy Gold, it is produced by Entertainment One and Nomadic Pictures.
In 2012, AMC announced creators Joe and Tony Gayton were no longer involved in the day-to-day production of the series. On December 12, 2012, AMC announced that writer John Wirth would take over as showrunner for the third season. Season one began in 1865, shortly after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, season two covered 1866, seasons three and four opened in 1867, season five carries the series into 1869. Anson Mount as Cullen Bohannon, a former Confederate soldier, determined to avenge the deaths of his wife Mary, his son. However, Bohannon leaves revenge in the past and becomes a "railroad man". Colm Meaney as Thomas "Doc" Durant, a businessman and investor in the First Transcontinental Railroad, where he hopes to make his fortune. Common as Elam Ferguson, a freed slave, trying to find his place in the world, he works as general assistant to Bohannon. Dominique McElligott as Lily Bell, a recent widow. Tom Noonan as Reverend Nathaniel Cole, a minister who participated in Bleeding Kansas prior to the Civil War.
Eddie Spears as Joseph Black Moon, a Cheyenne who must choose between the new world and the traditions of his ancestors. Ben Esler as Seán McGinnes, an ambitious young Irishman looking to make his fortune in the West. Phil Burke as Mickey McGinnes, Sean's brother, who has travelled with Seán to America. Christopher Heyerdahl as Thor Gundersen, Durant's head of security, he is known as "The Swede" though he is Norwegian. Robin McLeavy as Eva, a woman with a prominent chin-tattoo given to her while in the captivity of Indians, she supports herself by working in the Hell on Wheels brothel. Kasha Kropinski as Ruth Cole, Reverend Cole's abandoned daughter and the heir to his church. Dohn Norwood as Psalms Jackson, a freed former slave and criminal, whose prison sentence has been purchased by the railroad. Jennifer Ferrin as Louise Ellison, a smart and flirtatious journalist hired by the New York Tribune to cover the "story of the century". MacKenzie Porter as Naomi Hatch, Aaron Hatch's daughter and Cullen's second wife.
Siobhan Williams portrayed Naomi in a recurring role in the third season. Jake Weber as John Allen Campbell, Wyoming's first governor. Tim Guinee as Collis Huntington, investor in the Central Pacific Railroad Byron Mann as Chang, supplier for the Chinese workers for not only shops but the opium dens and brothels. Reg Rogers as James Strobridge, a worker for the Central Pacific Railroad. Angela Zhou as Mei/Fong, a Chinese railroad worker for the Central Pacific Railroad. Chelah Horsdal as Maggie Palmer, a prominent businesswoman in Cheyenne and an investor in the Union Pacific Railroad. April Telek as Nell, the madam of the Hell on Wheels brothel. Duncan Ollerenshaw as Gregory Toole, an Irish laborer on the railroad. Ian Tracey as Bolan. James D. Hopkin as Senator Jordan Crane, both ally and antagonist to Durant. Wes Studi as Chief Many Horses, Joseph's father. Gerald Auger as Pawnee Killer, Chief Many Horses' son and Joseph's brother. Virginia Madsen as Mrs. Hannah Durant, Thomas' headstrong wife.
Grainger Hines as Doc Whitehead, a southerner and father figure to Cullen, who knew him before the war. Ryan Robbins as Hawkins, leader of a gang of ex-Confederate train robbers. Serge Houde as Congressman Oakes Ames. Damian O'Hare as Declan Toole, Gregory's brother. Leon Ingulsrud as Major Augustus Bendix. Victor Slezak as Ulysses S. Grant. Jonathan Scarfe as Sydney Snow, former Confederate soldier. Gregg Henry as Brigham Young, leader of the Mormons and President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Tzi Ma as Tao, head of the Chinese crew for the Central Pacific Railroad and Fong/Mei's father. Amber Chardae Robinson as Mary Fields, stagecoach driver. In 1865, former Confederate soldier Cullen Bohannon journeys to the Union Pacific Railroad's westward construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad, seeking both work and vengeance on the Union soldiers who killed his wife and son. Cullen gets hired by the railroad and supervises an all-black "cut crew", including Elam, whose job is to prepare the terrain for track laying.
Through conversation with the railroad foreman, Daniel Johnson, Cullen learns more about his wife's death, but tragedy strikes before Johnson r
Arrow (TV series)
Arrow is an American superhero television series developed by writer/producers Greg Berlanti, Marc Guggenheim, Andrew Kreisberg, based on the DC Comics character Green Arrow. The series premiered in the United States on The CW on October 10, 2012, with international broadcasting taking place in late 2012. Filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia, Arrow follows billionaire playboy Oliver Queen, five years after being stranded on a hostile island, returns home to fight crime and corruption as a secret vigilante whose weapon of choice is a bow and arrow; the series takes a new look at the Green Arrow character, as well as other characters from the DC Comics universe. Although Oliver Queen/Green Arrow had been featured in the television series Smallville from 2006 to 2011, on the CW, the producers decided to start clean and find a new actor to portray the character. Arrow focuses on the humanity of Oliver Queen, how he was changed by time spent shipwrecked on an island. Most episodes in the first five seasons have flashback scenes to the five years in which Oliver was missing.
After Oliver's flashback arc is completed, episodes starting during season seven, have flash-forward scenes twenty years ahead focus on Oliver's unknown son William and aged protégé Roy Harper, exploring Green Arrow's legacy through them. Arrow has received positive reviews from critics; the series averaged about 3.68 million viewers over the course of the first season and received several awards and multiple nominations. To promote it, a preview comic book was released before the television series began, while webisodes featuring a product tie-in with Bose were developed for the second season; the first six seasons are available on DVD and Blu-ray in regions 1, 2 and 4. In October 2014, a spin-off series entitled The Flash premiered. In August 2015, an animated spin-off, was released, while a second live-action spin-off, Legends of Tomorrow, premiered in January 2016, featuring several characters from Arrow and The Flash. All four shows are set in a shared universe collectively known as the Arrowverse.
The seventh season premiered on October 15, 2018. In January 2019, The CW renewed the series for an eighth season. In March, it was announced this would serve as the final season of the series, with an abbreviated ten-episode order; the series follows Oliver Queen, billionaire playboy of Starling City, discovered on the mysterious island of Lian Yu five years after he and his father were shipwrecked. Upon his return to Starling City, he is reunited with his mother, Moira Queen, his sister, Thea Queen, his friends, Tommy Merlyn and Laurel Lance. In the first season, Oliver rekindles relationships and spends nights as a hooded vigilante hunting wealthy criminals listed in his father's notebook, he uncovers Malcolm Merlyn's plot to destroy "The Glades", a poorer, crime-ridden section of the city. John Diggle and Felicity Smoak assist Oliver's crusade. Oliver reconnects with old flame Dinah Laurel Lance, who blames him for her sister's death; the season features flashbacks to Oliver's first year on the island, how it changed him, while trying to stop a mercenary force targeting the Chinese economy.
In season two, Oliver has vowed to stop killing criminals. His family and allies are attacked by Slade Wilson, a man from Oliver's time on the island who returns to destroy his life. Oliver accepts aspiring vigilante Roy Harper as his protégé, gains assistance from Laurel's father, Quentin. Oliver teams with a woman in black, revealed to be Laurel's sister, who survived the shipwreck. Flashbacks depict Oliver's continued time on the island with Slade and the archer Shado, along with the origins of his feud with Slade. In season three, Oliver's company Queen Consolidated is sold to businessman and aspiring hero Ray Palmer. After Sara is found murdered, Oliver becomes embroiled in a conflict with Ra's al Ghul, he struggles to reconnect with his sister, who knows Malcolm is her father, Laurel sets out to follow Sara as the Black Canary. Meanwhile, Diggle struggles as a family man and Felicity becomes Vice President of Palmer Technologies. In flashbacks, Oliver is forced to work for A. R. G. U. S. Leader Amanda Waller in Hong Kong.
In season four, Oliver ends a short retirement and becomes the "Green Arrow". His team fights the terrorist group H. I. V. E. Headed by the mystically enhanced Damien Darhk, attacking Star City. Diggle discovers his brother Andy is alive and a H. I. V. E. Soldier. Oliver's life as a vigilante and with Felicity are complicated by his mayoral run and the discovery of his son. Laurel dies in a fight with Damien, Oliver discovers his plan to detonate nuclear weapons and rule the Earth's remains. In flashbacks, Oliver returns to Lian Yu to infiltrate Shadowspire for Waller, encounters a mystical idol used by Darhk in the present-day narrative. In season five, Oliver trains young heroes Wild Dog, Mister Terrific and Ragman to join his war on crime following Laurel's death and Thea's resignation, he recruits a new Black Canary. Oliver tries to balance vigilantism with his new role as mayor, yet is threatened by the mysterious and deadly Prometheus, who has a connection to Oliver's past. Oliver is forced to contend with Prometheus' ally Black Siren, a twisted doppelganger of Laurel Lance with a sonic scream.
In flashbacks, Oliver joins the Bratva in Ru
The George Foster Peabody Awards program, named for the American businessman and philanthropist George Peabody, honor the most powerful and invigorating stories in television and online media. Programs are recognized in seven categories: news, documentaries, children's programming, interactive programming, public service. Peabody Award winners include radio and television stations, online media, producing organizations, individuals from around the world. Established in 1940 by a committee of the National Association of Broadcasters, the Peabody Award was created to honor excellence in radio broadcasting, it is the oldest major electronic media award in the United States and some say the most prestigious, sometimes competing for recognition with the Alfred I. duPont–Columbia University Award. Final Peabody Award winners are selected unanimously by the program's Board of Jurors. Reflecting excellence in quality storytelling, rather than popularity or commercial success, Peabody Awards are distributed annually to 30 out of 60 finalists culled from more than 1,000 entries.
Because submissions are accepted from a wide variety of sources and styles, deliberations seek "Excellence On Its Own Terms". Each entry is evaluated on the achievement of standards established within its own context. Entries, for which a US$350 fee is required, are self-selected by those making submissions. In 1938, the National Association of Broadcasters formed a committee to recognize outstanding achievement in radio broadcasting. Committee member Lambdin Kay, public-service director for WSB radio in Atlanta, Georgia, at the time, is credited for creating the award, named for businessman and philanthropist George Foster Peabody, who donated the funds that made the awards possible. Fellow WSB employee Lessie Smithgall introduced Lambdin to John E. Drewry, of the University of Georgia's Henry W. Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication, who endorsed the idea; the Peabody Award was established in 1940 with the Grady College of Journalism as its permanent home. The Peabody Awards were issued only for radio programming, but television awards were introduced in 1948.
In the late 1990s additional categories for material distributed via the World Wide Web were added. Materials created for theatrical motion picture release are not eligible; the Peabody Awards judging process is unusually rigorous. Each year, more than 1,000 entries are evaluated by some 30 committees composed of a number of faculty and students from the University of Georgia and other higher education institutions across the country; each committee is charged with screening or listening to a small number of entries and delivering written recommendations to the Peabody Board of Jurors, a ~17-member panel of scholars and media-industry professionals. Board members discuss recommended entries as well as their own selections at intensive preliminary meetings in California and Texas; the Board convenes at the University of Georgia in early April for final screenings and deliberations. Each entrant is judged on its own merit, only unanimously selected programs receive a Peabody Award. For many years, there was no set number of awards issued.
However, in 2016 the program instituted the Peabody 30, representing the best programs out of a field of 60 nominees. Prior to this, the all-time record for Peabody Award recipients in a single year was 46 in 2013. George Foster Peabody, namesake of the awards, was a successful investment banker who devoted much of his fortune to education and social enterprise. Lambdin Kay was the awards chairman for The National Association of Broadcasters when he was asked to create a prize to honor the nation's premier radio programs and performances. John E. Drewry was the first dean of the University of Georgia's Henry W. Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication, he accepted the position of dean when it was created in 1940. That same year he helped Lambdin Kay, general manager of Atlanta's WSB Radio, create the Peabody Awards recognizing excellence in broadcasting. Dr. Worth McDougald served as Director of the Peabody Awards program from 1963 until his retirement in 1991. Barry Sherman was the Director of the George Foster Peabody Awards program at the University of Georgia from 1991 until his death in 2000.
Horace Newcomb held the Lambdin Kay Chair for the Peabodys in the Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Georgia from 2001 to 2013. Jeffrey P. Jones succeeded Horace Newcomb in July 2013 as the Lambdin Kay Chair for the Peabodys in the Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Georgia; each spring, the Peabody Awards Board of Jurors announce award recipients for work released during the previous year. Traditionally, the winners' announcements have been made via a simple press release and/or a press conference. In recent years, organizers have taken to television to reveal some Peabody Award recipients in an effort to expand public awareness of the awards. An April 2014 segment of CBS This Morning included an announcement of 2013 Peabody winners. In April 2015, the 2014 Peabodys were revealed over an 8-day period, with the entertainment-based recipients revealed on ABC's Good Morning America. Formal presentation of the Peabody Awards are traditionally held in early June.
For many years, the awards were given during a luncheon in New York City. The ceremony moved to a red carpet evening event for the first time on May 31, 2015, with Fred Armisen serving as host. Several famous names have served as Peabody Awards ceremony hosts over the years, among them Walter Cronkite, Lesley Stahl, Jackie Gleason, Jon Stewart, Morley Safer, Cr
Supernatural (U.S. TV series)
Supernatural is an American dark fantasy television series created by Eric Kripke. It was first broadcast on September 13, 2005, on The WB, subsequently became part of successor The CW's lineup. Starring Jared Padalecki as Sam Winchester and Jensen Ackles as Dean Winchester, the series follows the two brothers as they hunt demons, ghosts and other supernatural beings; the series is produced by Warner Bros. Television, in association with Wonderland Sound and Vision. Along with Kripke, executive producers have been McG, Robert Singer, Phil Sgriccia, Sera Gamble, Jeremy Carver, John Shiban, Ben Edlund and Adam Glass. Former executive producer and director Kim Manners died of lung cancer during production of the fourth season; the series is filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia and surrounding areas and was in development for nearly ten years, as creator Kripke spent several years unsuccessfully pitching it. The pilot was viewed by an estimated 5.69 million viewers, the ratings of the first four episodes prompted The WB to pick up the series for a full season.
Kripke planned the series for three seasons but expanded it to five. The fifth season concluded the series' main storyline, Kripke departed the series as showrunner; the series has continued on for several more seasons with new showrunners, including Sera Gamble, Jeremy Carver, Robert Singer and Andrew Dabb. With its eleventh season, Supernatural became the longest-running American live-action fantasy TV series. On April 2, 2018, The CW renewed the series for a fourteenth season, which premiered on October 11, 2018, will consist of 20 episodes; the series has been renewed for final season to consist of 20 episodes. Before bringing Supernatural to television, creator Eric Kripke had been developing the series for nearly ten years, having been fascinated with urban legends since he was a child, he had envisioned Supernatural as a movie. He developed it as a TV series and spent a few years pitching it before it was picked up by The WB; the concept went through several phases before becoming the eventual product, shifting from the original idea of an anthology series to one of tabloid reporters driving around the country in a van "fighting the demons in search of the truth".
Kripke wanted it to be a road trip series, feeling that it was the "best vehicle to tell these stories because it's pure, stripped down and uniquely American... These stories exist in these small towns all across the country, it just makes so much sense to drive in and out of these stories."As he had written for The WB series Tarzan, Kripke was offered the chance to pitch show ideas to the network and used the opportunity for Supernatural. However, the network disliked his tabloid reporter idea, so Kripke pitched his last-minute idea of the characters being brothers, he decided to have the brothers be from Lawrence, because of its closeness to Stull Cemetery, a location famous for its urban legends. When it came time to name the two lead characters, Kripke decided on "Sal" and "Dean" as an homage to Jack Kerouac's road-trip novel On the Road. However, he felt that "Sal" was inappropriate for a main character and changed the name to "Sam", it was intended for the brothers' last name to be "Harrison" as a nod to actor Harrison Ford, as Kripke wanted Dean to have the "devil-may-care swagger of Han Solo".
However, there was a Sam Harrison living in Kansas. Combining his interest in the Winchester Mystery House and his desire to give the series the feel of "a modern-day Western", Kripke settled on the surname of "Winchester". However, this presented a problem; the first name of Sam and Dean's father was "Jack", there was a Jack Winchester residing in Kansas, so Kripke was forced to change the character's name to "John". Growing up, Kripke connected to television shows that had signature cars, such as The Dukes of Hazzard and Knight Rider; this prompted him to include one in Supernatural. "We say it's a modern American Western – two gunslingers who ride into town, fight the bad guys, kiss the girl and ride out into the sunset again. And we were always talking from the beginning that if you're going to have cowboys, they need a trusty horse." He intended for the car to be a'65 Mustang, but his neighbor convinced him to change it to a'67 Impala, since "you can put a body in the trunk" and because "you want a car that, when people stop next to it at the lights, they lock their doors."
Kripke has commented, "It's a Rottweiler of a car, I think it adds authenticity for fans of automobiles because of that, because it's not a pretty ride. It's an aggressive, muscular car, I think that's what people respond to, why it fits so well into the tone of our show."Kripke had pitched the series to Fox executive Peter Johnson, when Johnson moved to Wonderland Sound and Vision as president of TV, he contacted Kripke. Johnson soon signed on as co-executive producer, as did Wonderland owner McG as executive producer, with the production company set to make the pilot episode. Before it could be filmed, script issues needed to be dealt with; the brothers were not raised by their father, but rather by their aunt and uncle. Thus, when Dean comes to Sam for assistance in the pilot episode, he has to convince him that the supernatural exists. However, Kripke realized that this made the backstory too complicated and reworked it with Peter Johnson so that their father raised them to be hunters; the script went through many additional revisions.
One of the original ideas was for Sam's girlfriend Jessica to be revealed as a demon, which prompts him to join Dean on the road.
Supernatural (season 1)
The first season of Supernatural, an American dark fantasy television series created by Eric Kripke, premiered on September 13, 2005, concluded on May 4, 2006 after 22 episodes. It focuses on brothers Sam and Dean Winchester as they track down their father, on the trail of the demon who killed their mother and Sam's girlfriend. During their travels, they use their father's journal to help them carry on the family business—saving people and hunting supernatural creatures. Jared Padalecki and Jensen Ackles star as Sam and Dean, with Jeffrey Dean Morgan recurring as their father and Nicki Aycox as the demonic Meg Masters; this is the only season to air on The WB, with all subsequent seasons airing on The CW, a joint venture of The WB and UPN. As of 2019, Supernatural is the only continuing series that originated on The WB, by far the longest running show to have aired on that network with over 300 episodes produced; the first sixteen episodes of the season aired on Tuesdays at 9:00 pm ET in the United States, after which the series was rescheduled to Thursdays.
Overall, the season averaged about 3.81 million American viewers. The season gained many award nominations, among them two Primetime Emmy Awards for work done on the pilot episode. While some critics did not like the anthology-like format, others praised the show for the emotional moments and noted the brotherly chemistry between the lead actors; the season was internationally syndicated, airing in the United Kingdom on ITV, in Canada on Citytv, in Australia on Network Ten. The first season was released on DVD as a six-disc box set on September 5, 2006, by Warner Home Video in Region 1. Although the season was split into two separate releases in Region 2, the complete set was released on October 2, 2006, in Region 4 on October 2, 2007; the episodes are available through digital retailers such as Apple's iTunes Store, Microsoft's Xbox Live Marketplace, Amazon.com's on-demand TV service. Jared Padalecki as Sam Winchester Jensen Ackles as Dean Winchester In this table, the number in the first column refers to the episode's number within the entire series, whereas the number in the second column indicates the episode's number within this particular season.
"U. S. viewers in millions" refers to how many Americans watched the episode live or on the day of broadcast. The first season's mythology follows Sam and Dean's search for their missing father. Series creator Eric Kripke summarized this storyline as "find Dad", which he deemed "simple", "emotional", "clean". However, he found the self-enclosed episodes—independent stories which attain closure at the end of each episode and add little to the overarching storylines—to be "hit and miss"; because the first ten episodes consist of self-enclosed stories, the series mythology does not begin until the eleventh episode, "Scarecrow". This episode introduces the demon Meg Masters, which executive producer Kim Manners felt was "desperately needed". Though uncertain at what direction to take the character, the writers intended Meg to be an antagonist for the Winchesters throughout her story arc; the series mythology further expands with the addition of the demon-killing Colt handgun near the season's end, lending to the "modern American Western" theme the producers were going for.
Although the weekly adversaries for the Winchesters were based on urban legends, the writers tried to put their own spin on the stories for each of the episodes. For example, Kripke combined the well-known urban legend of the vanishing hitchhiker with the Mexican legend of La Llorona to give the spirit more motivation and characterization in the pilot; the episode "Hook Man", borrowed three or four elements from the numerous variations of the Hook Man legend. The figure is an escaped mental patient in the traditional myth, but the writers decided for the purposes of the show to make him the ghost of a hook-handed killer, they added a poltergeist element by having him attached to the conflicting emotions of the guest star—she wears a cross made from his melted hook. Rather than focus on modern interpretations, Kripke and co-executive producer John Shiban decided that Supernatural's vampires would stem more from the original legends; the vampires were given retractable fangs—these were inspired by the rowed teeth of sharks—as well as no aversion to sunlight or the crucifix.
Kripke added the fact that vampires would become weak if given the blood of a dead man. Other aspects grew out of basic ideas. For the episode "Skin", writer Shiban felt that the shapeshifting villain had to change into one of the lead characters; the character chosen was Dean, the writers decided not to clear his name of attempted murder at the end of the episode. Though they at first feared that having one of the main characters be a wanted man would ruin the show, the writers felt it was "a great layer to add", opening up new potential storylines and characters. Dean's reputation is addressed again in "The Benders", catches up to him in the second and third seasons. Another element that would influence future episodes came about in "Hook Man" when writers Milbauer and Burton realized that shotguns shoot salt, a weakness for spirits. Kripke deemed it the "perfect combination of occult element", as it brought together a "folkloric repellent of evil" with the "blue-collar aspect of shotguns".
The episode "Asylum" established iron as another weapon against ghosts. "Faith", on the other hand, stemmed from the question of whether it was wrong to heal good people of their illnesses at the cost of the lives of strangers. Kripke noted, " a great girl and she deserves to live, some stranger you don't know will die... and maybe that's worth it." Reapers were not in the orig
The Genie Awards were given out annually by the Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television to recognize the best of Canadian cinema from 1980–2012. They succeeded the Canadian Film Awards. Genie Award candidates were selected from submissions made by the owners of Canadian films or their representatives, based on the criteria laid out in the Genie Rules and Regulations booklet, distributed to Academy members and industry members. Peer-group juries, assembled from volunteer members of the Academy, meet to screen the submissions and select a group of nominees. Academy members vote on these nominations. In 2012, the Academy announced that the Genies would merge with its sister presentation for English-language television, the Gemini Awards, to form a new award presentation known as the Canadian Screen Awards; the Genie Awards were aired by CBC from 1979 to 2003, before moving to CHUM Limited's networks. After CTVglobemedia purchased CHUM Limited, the Genie Awards moved to Canwest Global's E and IFC for 2008.
The last two Genie Awards were broadcast by the CBC. The following is a listing of all Genie Awards ceremonies; the Special Achievement Genie is an award given irregularly to an individual or individuals in recognition of lifetime achievement or an important career milestone. Prix Jutra – Canadian French-language counterpart Canadian Screen Awards Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television