Bresse is a former French province. It is located in the regions of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté of eastern France; the geographical term Bresse has two meanings: Bresse bourguignonne, situated in the east of the department of Saône-et-Loire, Bresse, located in the department of Ain. The corresponding adjective is bressan, the inhabitants are Bressans. Bresse extends from the Dombes on the south to the Doubs River on the north, from the Saône eastwards to the Jura mountains, measuring some 60 miles in the former, 20 miles in the latter direction, it is a plain varying from 600 to 800 feet above the sea, with few eminences and a slight inclination westwards. Heaths and coppice alternate with pastures and arable land, its chief rivers are all tributaries of the Saône. The soil is a gravelly clay but moderately fertile, cattle-raising is carried on; the region is, more celebrated for its table poultry. During the Middle Ages Bresse belonged to the lords of Bâgé, from whom it passed to the House of Savoy in 1272.

It was not until the first half of the 15th century that the province, with Bourg as its capital, was founded as such. In 1601 it was ceded to France by the Treaty of Lyon, after which it formed first a separate government and part of the government of Burgundy. Bâgé was the principal city of the province, but its location, close to the borders of France, encouraged the emergence of Bourg-en-Bresse, which became the capital. The province was coveted by the King of France; the flat nature of Bresse was difficult to defend. The sovereigns of Savoy agreed to relocate to the Alpine part of the Duchy and to give up Bresse and Bugey in exchange for Château-Dauphin in Piedmont. Bresse is noted for the 1,200,000 chickens per year which are raised outdoors by 330 stockbreeders, with a minimum of 10 square metres per bird, they are sold at an average of 10 euros per kilo. The chickens of Bresse ranging were the first animals to have an Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée. Bresse chickens are noted as the best quality chicken for cooking.

The Bleu de Bresse cheese originates here. Bourg-en-Bresse Louhans A chiefly rural region, Bresse was organized around an agricultural economy; the countryside is bocage, resulting in independent individuals within the community, organized around the parish and the commune. Social structures are defined by a mixture of conservatism, attachment to ancestral values, direct democratic participation in community life; the traditional festival costumes of Bresse are preserved by historical societies. They include, in the shape of plate, topped by a black cone. For men, they comprise a long bonnet, long trousers and shoes; the "conscripts' festival" is a ceremony for young people, 20 years of age. It has its roots in the period of "conscription" founded by General Jourdan in 1798, who required that every man between 20 and 25 years could be called to national service; the people organized festivals before their departure. The ceremonies survive to the present, are appreciated by the population, seeing them as a way of maintaining social bonds.

These festivals take place between January and March. The people gather in a large banquet during which traditional "rigodon" music is played by two musicians, on clarinet and drum; the banquet is organized by 20-year-old people, who make it a point of honor to invite each guest to visit their home. They are given rosettes, in distinctive designs corresponding to their age; the conscripts' festivals coincide with patron saints' days. Those are the occasions of a weekend festival. Bressan, a dialect of the Franco-Provençal language, was the principal language of informal communication in the Bressan countryside until the 1950s, it is still spoken, though more rarely. The church of Brou Saracen chimneys Bressan farmsVisit Bresse and Louhans, the true France This article is based on the equivalent French-language Wikipedia article

Leslie E. Kobayashi

Leslie Emi Kobayashi is a United States District Judge for the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii. Kobayashi was born in 1957 in Mount Holly Township, New Jersey, received her Bachelor of Arts degree from Wellesley College in 1979 and her Juris Doctor from the Boston College Law School in 1983. Kobayashi worked as a trial attorney and managing partner of the law firm of Fujiyama, Duffy & Fujiyama for a period of 17 years, she worked as a deputy prosecuting attorney in Honolulu before becoming a United States Magistrate Judge on August 2, 1999. She has taught at the William S. Richardson School of Law. On April 21, 2010 Kobayashi was nominated to a seat as a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii by Barack Obama, she was nominated to fill the seat vacated by Helen Gillmor who took senior status in 2009. The United States Senate confirmed the nomination on December 18, 2010; this makes her the first Japanese American federal judge confirmed during the Obama Administration.

She received her commission on December 22, 2010. Leslie E. Kobayashi at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Leslie Kobayashi at Ballotpedia

Frankie DePaula

Frankie DePaula was a boxer from Jersey City, New Jersey DePaula was born on July 4, 1939 in Jersey City, N. J. to Basil and Virginia DePaula. He attended St. Aloysius's Roman Catholic Grammar School. DePaula was raised on Duncan Avenue in Jersey City along with his family. After his release from prison, DePaula, who had boxed while incarcerated, began training as an amateur at the Police Athletic League gym in Bayonne, he won the Novice 175 lb New York Golden Gloves title in 1962. DePaula made his professional boxing debut on April 27, 1962 at the Gladiator Arena in Totowa, New Jersey, winning by third-round knockout over Bill McKeever, his career was interrupted by a spell in prison. There are no recorded bouts for the years 1965 on his record, he returned to the ring in September 1966. In May 1967, Anthony'Gary' Garafola, an ex-professional fighter, took over as his manager after the death of Patty Amato. DePaula lost to Charlie'The Devil' Green by a second round stoppage in September 1967 but a winning streak of five bouts including knockouts over Juan'Rocky' Rivero and Jimmy McDermott earned him a fight against Dick Tiger a former world middleweight and light heavyweight champion.

On October 25, 1968, DePaula met Tiger, in a non-title bout at Madison Square Garden. In an exciting brawl, each fighter knocked the other to the canvas on two occasions; the bout was awarded the Ring Magazine's'Fight of the Year' for 1968. Although DePaula's bout with Dick Tiger had been announced as being an eliminator for the world light heavyweight title, his drawing power ensured that the matchmakers at Madison Square Garden elected that he go on to fight the champion, Bob Foster. After knocking down Foster moments into their match. In May 1969, DePaula was arrested by federal agents along with a group including Gary Garafola, Maxim Griesler, Henry Marler, Paul Evans, John Gardner, John DiMayo and Richard Brunell and charged with conspiracy and possession of stolen copper; the offences were alleged to have taken place in March 1968. A few days his licence was suspended by the New York State Athletic Commission, he was subpoenaed by the New York District Attorney's Office to appear before a grand jury investigating corruption in the boxing industry.

On December 16, 1969, DePaula was indicted for perjury in regard to one of the responses he had given to prosecutors at the grand jury hearings earlier in the year. His co-indictees. B. I. and N. Y. P. D. Task force of having fixed DePaula's bout with Bob Foster. DePaula's trial in regard to the copper heist began on April 14, 1970 at the Federal Criminal Court in Newark, New Jersey. On May 7, the jury acquitted him of charges of possession and theft, but failed to reach a verdict on the charge of conspiracy. In the early hours of the morning of May 14, 1970, DePaula, in the company of Sharon Elwell, his 18-year-old girlfriend, was dropped off in front of Elwell's apartment situated on Harrison Avenue on Jersey City's Westside, they found a note stuck on the front entrance which informed them that the door was not working and to use the back entrance. DePaula was shot, he was taken to the Jersey City Medical Center. He died four months later; the trial of DePaula's alleged assailants and Richard'Ricky' Phelan was held at the Municipal Court Building in Jersey City between February and March 1971.

Both were acquitted of all charges. Makinde, Adeyinka. Jersey Boy: The Life and Mob Slaying of Frankie DePaula. IUniverse Publishers. ISBN 978-1-4502-0637-2. Collins, Nigel. Boxing Babylon: Behind the Shadowy World of the Prize Ring. Carol Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8065-1183-4. Coffey, Joseph; the Coffey Files: One Cop's War Against the Mob. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-06934-0. "Frankie DePaula Professional Boxing Record at BoxRec" "Frankie DePaula Fan Page on Facebook" "JERSEY BOY: The Life and Mob Slaying of Frankie DePaula Group on Facebook" "The Frankie DePaula Story" on YouTube "Audio interview with Adeyinka Makinde, author of JERSEY BOY: The Life and Mob Slaying of Frankie DePaula on Talkin' Boxing With Billy C, September 2010" Kane, Martin Frankie the Banger gets Banged Sports Illustrated Makinde, Adeyinka Frankie DePaula: In Memoriam Makinde, Adeyinka Mysteries of Frankie DePaula Makinde, Adeyinka Frankie DePaula's Curious Bout with Bob Foster Klimes, Michael The Weigh-in: JERSEY BOY: The Life and Mob Slaying of Frankie DePaula by Adeyinka Makinde Mulcahey, Marty A Real Jersey Boy