Martin Brian Mulroney is a Canadian politician who served as the 18th prime minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993. His tenure as prime minister was marked by the introduction of major economic reforms, such as the Canada-U. S. Free Trade Agreement and the Goods and Services Tax. Prior to his political career, he was a prominent businessman in Montreal, he ran for the Progressive Conservatives and won in a landslide in the 1984 Canadian federal election, defeating John Turner of the Liberals and Ed Broadbent of the NDP, not only winning every single province and territory but capturing over 50% of the vote for the first time since 1958 and increasing his party's seats by 111, up to 211 seats, the highest amount of seats won by any party in Canadian history. The 6.3 million votes won by Mulroney remained a record until the Liberals' victory in 2015. Throughout his political career, Mulroney's fluency in English and French gave him a decisive advantage, he brought forth a constitutional reform, the Meech Lake Accord, in 1987, meant to persuade the government of Quebec to endorse the 1982 constitutional amendments.
It was not ratified by the provincial governments of Manitoba and Newfoundland before the June ratification deadline, thus met its demise in 1990. This loss led to another round of meetings in Charlottetown in 1991 and 1992; these negotiations culminated in Mulroney introducing the Charlottetown Accord, which would create extensive changes to the constitution, including recognition of Quebec as a distinct society. However, the agreement was defeated by a large margin in a national referendum in October 1992. Many blamed Mulroney's rising unpopularity for the fall of the Accord; the end of the Meech Lake Accord in 1990 created division in the country and sparked a revival of Quebec separatism, culminating in the creation and rise of the Bloc Quebecois. In foreign policy, Mulroney opposed the apartheid regime in South Africa and he met with many of the regime's opposition leaders throughout his tenure, his position put him at odds with the American and British governments, but won him respect elsewhere.
He led the Western response to strong public reaction. Canada's response was overwhelming and led the US and Britain to follow suit immediately — an unprecedented situation in foreign affairs at that time in a country, isolated by Western governments; the Mulroney government was strongly against the U. S. intervention in Nicaragua under Reagan, accepted refugees from El Salvador and other countries with repressive regimes that were supported by the Reagan administration. On December 2, 1991, Canada became the first Western nation to recognize Ukraine as an independent country, next day after the landslide referendum in favour of independence in Ukraine. During his first term, the Air India Flight 182 bombing occurred; this was the largest terrorist act of the time, with the majority of the 329 victims being Canadian citizens. Mulroney sent a letter of condolence to Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, which sparked an uproar in Canada since he did not call families of the actual victims to offer condolences.
Gandhi replied that he should be the one providing condolences to Mulroney, given that the majority of victims were Canadians. There were several warnings from the Indian government to the Mulroney government about terrorist threats towards Air India flights, which arised questions remain as to why these warnings were not taken more and whether the events leading to the bombing could have been prevented. On the environment, Mulroney made it a key focus of his government, moved Canada to become the first industrialized country to ratify both the biodiversity convention and the climate change convention, which were agreed to at the United Nations Conference on the Environment, his government added significant new national parks and passed the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act and the Canadian Environmental Protection Act. In response to the decline of cod in Atlantic Canada, the Mulroney government imposed a moratorium on the cod fishery there, putting an end to a large portion of the Newfoundland fishing industry.
This caused rising economic hardship. His government instituted various programs designed to mitigate these problems, but still started to become unpopular in the Atlantic provinces. On social issues, Mulroney opposed capital punishment and attempted a compromise on abortion, to the dismay of social conservatives. Mulroney's second term was marked by an economic recession, he proposed the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax. When it was introduced in 1991, it replaced the Manufacturers' Sales Tax, applied to goods manufactured in Canada; this was contentious among the Senate, public polling showed that as many as 80% of Canadians were opposed to it. Mulroney used Section 26, a Constitutional provision, to allow him in an emergency situation to ask the Queen to appoint 8 new Senators. Although the government argued that the tax was not a tax increase, but a tax shift, the visible nature of the tax was unpopular, many resented Mulroney's use of an "emergency" clause in the constitution. Fiscal conservatives did not approve of Mulroney's tax increases and his failure to curtail expansion of "big government" programs and political patronage.
This caused a stark decline in Mulroney's popularity, which induced him to resign and hand over his power to Kim Campbell, who became the 19th Prime Minister of Canada on June 25, 1993. Brian Mulroney is particularly famous for delivering one of the few "knockout blows"
Gyêgu Subdistrict a part of the Gyêgu town is a township-level division in Yushu, Yushu TAP, China. The name Gyêgu is still a common name for the Yushu city proper, which include Gyêgu subdistrict and three other subdistricts evolved from the former Gyêgu town; the four subdistricts altogether forms a modern town which developed from the old Tibetan trade mart called Jyekundo or Gyêgumdo in Tibetan and most Western sources. The town is referred to as Yushu, synonymous with the prefecture of Yushu and the city of Yushu; the present name Gyêgu is derived from Gyêgudo. The Tibetan designation Gyêgumdo indicates that it is a place where one valley opens into another one, here formed by two tributaries of the Batang River, Za Qu and Bai Qu. Since Gyêgu means men, mankind or all beings, the name could be interpreted as the ‘dwelling place of men at a valley junction’. Chinese maps show the "main" river flowing through the town as the Batang River. Gyêgu is located at an elevation of 3,700 m; the town is located in the Batang River valley, surrounded by mountains.
The town is reached by a two-day car ride on China National Highway 214 - a good metalled road leading all the way from Xining, the provincial capital, via the Sun and Moon Pass, Gonghe-Chabcha of Hainan prefecture and Madoi in Golog across the Bayankara Mountains. 25 km before arriving at Gyêgu, the Dri Chu is crossed. In 2007 the construction of an airstrip was begun; the facility, named Yushu Batang Airport, was opened on August 1, 2009. Located 18 kilometers to the south of the town at the 3,890 meters elevation about the sea level, this the highest airport in Qinghai Province; the airport has a 3,800 meter-long runway, can receive A319 aircraft. The passenger terminal is designed to serve up to 80,000 passengers per year; the official 2009 statistics show that the airport served 7,484 passengers during 2009, the first year of its operation. Given the fact that the entire area of the Yushu region is a realm of nomadic pastoralists, Gyêgu is one of the few places in this part of the vast Tibetan highlands where permanent settlement proved to provide a livelihood for Tibetan farmers and traders.
Here, peasants grow barley on riverside fields. The significance of Gyêgu developed from its being an old trade hub, situated at the crossroads of important trade routes between Ya'an in China’s Sichuan province and Xining in Amdo’s heartland, as well as between Xining and Lhasa. In 1893 W. W. Rockhill stressed the strategic and commercial importance of the town:...fairly good roads radiate from it all over the country. Commercially considered it is a distributing point for the Chinese trade in the northeastern part of K’amdo, is the only town in that region where Chinese merchants are allowed to reside; the most important road starting from this point is that leading to Ta-chien-lu in Ssû-ch’uan, which I followed. Another leads across the steppes on the west to Nag ch’u-k’a, where it meets the ‘northern route’ from Hsi-ning, thence reaches Lh’asa in nine days. Another leads in about ten days. Still another passes by Tumbumdo and Tendo, going through the Golok country comes to Sung-p’an t’ing in northwestern Ssû-ch’uan.
The capital of Dérgé is reached from Jyékundo in six days, from that town Bat’ang is only eight days farther south. At that time, from one of the main tea trade centres in China's southwest, Ya'an in Sichuan, some 90,000 loads of tea bricks were carried annually to Gyêgu. More than half of those, 50,000 loads, continued to be transported to Lhasa and the Tibet Autonomous Region; the better qualities of tea were ordinarily taken on this Janglam, i.e. the northern route of the China trade route to Lhasa leading from Kangding via Dawu and Kardse to Gyêgu. The caravans doing trade here were led by well-mounted merchants. In the early 20th century, when trade was at its peak in Gyêgu, the town had a native population of about 100 Tibetan families—400 persons—plus 300 to 400 monks in Döndrub Ling monastery; the population doubled periodically with the advent of several hundred Han and Hui merchants from the TAR and Sichuan, with some Mongols from China's northwestern provinces of Shaanxi and Gansu.
Gyêgu, like most parts of Yushu prefecture, is rich in Buddhist monasteries. Being a constituent of the late Nangchen kingdom, the area was, for most of the time, not under domination by the Dalai Lama’s Gelugpa order in Lhasa; the different balance of power in this part of Kham enabled the older Tibetan Buddhist orders to prevail in Yushu, thus Gyêgu. The main lamasery in town is the Sakyapa monastery Doendrub Ling just called Yushu Gompa. Like at the beginning of the 20th centuryOther nearby monastic sites include the important Karma-Kagyupa lamaseries Domkar Gompa and Thrangu Gompa, the famous Mahavairocana Temple and the popular religious site of Gyanamani with its billions of mani stones; the 9th Panchen Lama died here. "It was only after the 13th Dalai Lama's death. He died en route in Jyekundo on December 1, 1937."Prior to collectivization in 1958, the entire monastic population of present-day Yushu TAP amounted to more than 25,000 Buddhist monks and nuns, with 3
Imbaba is a working-class neighbourhood in northern Giza, located west of the Nile and northwest of and near Gezira Island and downtown Cairo, within the Giza Governorate. The district is located in the historic upper Nile Delta, is part of the Greater Cairo metropolitan area. Imbaba is the name of an adjacent administrative centre in rural Giza Governorate, which has 18 villages in its jurisdiction. For centuries Imbaba was the final destination for camels brought from as far as Sudan and the Horn of Africa, to be sold in the village's Friday market; the market still exists, but is no longer as important as it was up to the turn of the 20th century due to increasing urbanisation. A map created by the General Authority for Physical Planning in 2012, shows details of areas within Imbaba which were unplanned, that at the time, were considered unsafe. Imbaba is densely populated. Pigeon breeding is a favorite activity of some of the neighborhood residents with access to rooftops. In late 1992, the "Islamic Group" expanded its influence in parts of Imbaba.
In November, the group purportedly announced the establishment of the "Emirate of Imbaba". This challenge to the sovereignty of the Egyptian state triggered the siege of Imbaba, beginning on December 8, 1992. In its course, the government deployed over 12,000 police and State Security forces, along with one hundred personnel carriers and bulldozers, all of which put an end to the Emirate; the Battle of the Pyramids known as the Battle of Embabeh, was a battle fought on July 21, 1798 between the French army in Egypt under Napoleon Bonaparte, local Mamluk forces. It occurred during France's Egyptian Campaign and was the battle where Napoleon put into use one of his significant contributions to tactics, the massive divisional square. Napoleon named the battle after the Egyptian pyramids, although they were only faintly visible on the horizon when the battle took place; the origin of the name Imbaba is not certain. So it is possible that the area was called so by Tigre speaking camel merchants and herders to describe the place where they met to do business.
Madinat Al-Umal Madinat Al-Tahrir Al-Muniera Ard Al-Gameya Ali Al Hagar Egyptian Singer Mohamed Henedi Egyptian Actor Mohamed Esmat - Egyptian PublicRelations Diab - Egyptian Singer Mahmoud Abdel Moghny Egyptian Actor 2011 Imbaba Church Attacks "Few Focus on Religion in One Cairo Neighborhood" by Anthony Shadid, New York Times February 15, 2011
Mano Po is Regal Entertainment's entry for the 2002 Metro Manila Film Festival. The film focuses on the lives of the Chinese Filipino community. Mano Po stars an all-star cast headed by Richard Gomez, Kris Aquino and Ara Mina. Eddie Garcia and Boots Anson-Roa play the matriarch of the Go clan respectively; the film won the most major awards in the film-awarding bodies, including 12 awards in the 28th Manila Film Festival in 2002. It was named Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Supporting Actress and Best Director. Mano Po was among the top-grossing films in time for the Metro Manila Filmfest; the film's success was followed by another episode, Mano Po 2: My Home and a spin-off, Bahay Kubo: A Pinoy Mano Po!, released in 2007. The film was the first entry into. Don Luis Go is a Chinese immigrant who married Elisa. In 1949, the young Luis brought Elisa to China. There Elisa suffered discrimination from Luis' parents; when she decided to go back to the Philippines, Luis joined her. Luis became Elisa a laundrywoman.
Their hardwork paid off and they became one of the most prominent Chinese businessmen. Maricel Soriano as Vera Go Kris Aquino as Juliet Go-Co Richard Gomez as PInsp. Rafael "Raf" Bala Ara Mina as Richelle Go-Bala Eddie Garcia as Don Luis Go Tirso Cruz III as Daniel Go Eric Quizon as Joseph Co Cogie Domingo as young Luis/Fong Huan Jay Manalo as Emerson Lau Gina Alajar as Gina Chua-Go Amy Austria as Linda Go-De la Madrid Boots Anson-Roa as Elisa Malimban-Go Maxene Magalona as Young Elisa Kristoffer Marlowe Cruz as Kim Allan Paule as Antonio "Tonyo" De la Madrid Jim Pebanco as Mike Richard Quan as Joey Yang Carlo Maceda as Jimmy Go Nanding Josef as Gen. Dioscoro Blanco Menggie Cobarrubias as Bernie Tony Mabesa as Raf's Father Jenine Desiderio as Trina / Raf's Girlfriend Elizabeth Ty Chua as Luis' Mother Samuel Tan as Luis' Father Bon Vibar as Governor Irma Adlawan as Congresswoman Pocholo Montes as Congressman Dido De La Paz as Congressman Tom Olivar as NBI Agent Franz Mano Po Mano Po 2 Mano Po III: My Love Ako Legal Wife Mano Po 5: Gua Ai Di Bahay Kubo: A Pinoy Mano Po!
The Pugwash River is a river in Nova Scotia, Canada. It flows north into the Northumberland Strait in the village of Pugwash An 1845 account said, "Pugwash Bay is one of the finest harbours in the county. According to Sailing Directions for Nova Scotia, Bay of Fundy, South Shore of Gulf of St. Lawrence, "Pugwash Harbor, at the head of the bay and entrance of the river of the same name, is small but quite secure, has more than sufficient depth of water for any vessel that can pass the bar, on which the depth is 14 feet at low water, in ordinary spring tides; the bar is about 1⁄2 mile within the entrance of the bay, a crooked channel, from 100 to 200 yards wide, through flats of sand and weeds, for the distance of one mile, leads from it to the harbor's mouth. No directions would avail for this channel, the assistance of one of the able pilots of the place is indispensable, will be obtained in answer to the usual signal; the "schoolhouse" design Pugwash Lighthouse was built in 1871 on Fishing Point at the entrance to Pugwash Harbour.
The last keeper left in 1959, by 2017 the building was in severe disrepair. The village of Pugwash was settled in the part of the 1700s by settlers from New England who were given land grants by the Nova Scotia government, by United Empire Loyalists from the newly-independent United States of America, it thrived on export of lumber to Europe. The 1891 Sailing Directions says, "The town of Pugwash, with its wharves and small wooden English church, stands on the east side of the entrance of the harbor. Within there is a fine little land-locked basin, with a depth of nearly 7 fathoms, in which vessels lie moored in security, to take in cargoes of lumber that are brought down the river." The Canadian Salt Mine Company opened an underground mine in November 1959, with most of the shafts running under the river near the village. As of 2010 the mine was still in operation. Pugwash is known as the location of the first of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, where Bertrand Russell invited nuclear scientists from the USA, USSR and other countries to discuss world peace in July 1957.
The conference was held at the Thinker's Lodge, built in the 1830s and owned by the millionaire Cyrus S. Eaton, born in Pugwash; the 1891 Sailing Directions says, "Pugwash River within the harbor, expands into a small lake, 11⁄2 miles long and one mile wide. On the western side the narrow channel of Lime Creek leads to quarries of limestone, unfit for building, but which supply Prince Edward Island as well as the neighboring country with lime; the river continues navigable for small vessels about 2 miles above the lake, for boats to a distance of 7 miles from its entrance. The Pugwash River Estuary is the largest estuary along Nova Scotia's Northumberland Strait shore; the shoreline is unspoilt, although there is some threat of vacation cottage development. The waters are unusually warm; the estuary contains sandy beaches and salt marshes bordered by forest. The riparian forest contains betula alleghaniensis and acer saccharum; the estuary is used by migrating waterfowl such as Canada goose, American black duck, great blue heron and green-winged teal.
Shorebirds such as semipalmated sandpiper and willet rest in the region in the fall and spring. The piping plover and Barrow's goldeneye are found here; the Nature Conservancy of Canada protects 417 hectares of the estuary. The Pugwash river originates in various brooks that run down from the thickly forested Cobequid Mountains, which run east and west along the Cobequid Isthmus and rise to an elevation of about 1,000 feet; the river rises just south to the southeast of Oxford. It runs in a northeast direction to Pugwash, a distance of 20 kilometres as the crow flies; the river flows past Birchwood and East Hansford, where it receives the outflow from McPherson Lake. It starts to broaden out near Conns Mill, turns north east north again before entering Pugwash Basin to the south of Pugwash village. An October 1881 report said that large shoals of alewife herring had been seen in the tideway the previous spring. However, 5 miles up the river, just at the tideway, the river was dammed for McPherson's saw mill.
There was no ladder or other way for fish to get up the river past the 8 feet dam. It went on, "There are 8 miles of good water between this point and McArthur's saw mill at the foot of McArthur's Lake, but at present, denied both to salmon and gaspereaux. Large shoals of the latter, were seen in the tide-way last spring. I cannot think they could spawn below the mill, for the water, when I saw it, was thick with sawdust and buckwheat shells. McArthur's dam is without a ladder."In 1891 the Pugwash fisheries overseer A. M. Wills reported that the smelt fishery in his division was a failure; the run was abundant but the fish were too small for market. His report noted, "The main abuses to the fisheries were caused by mill refuse, old trees and sawdust. All the oysters taken in this division were caught in Pugwash River, and men who were raking there reported acres of grounds in the river so covered with sawdust they could not get their rakes down. There are three fish-ways in this division—one at Doyle's mills, two on the Shinimicas.
That at Somer's mills is in good o
Arthur Stoll was a Swiss biochemist. The son of a teacher and school headmaster, he studied chemistry at the ETH Zurich, with a PhD in 1911, where he studied with Richard Willstätter. In 1912, he became a research assistant at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry in Berlin, with Richard Willstätter, with whom he explored important insights on the importance of chlorophyll in carbon assimilation. In 1917, he was appointed professor of chemistry at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. In the same year, he was hired as head of the pharmaceutical department of the Sandoz chemical factory in Basel. In this company, he was president from 1949 to 1956, Director from 1964 he held the office of President of the Board. Together with Sandoz employees, he developed a range of methods for producing drugs. Thus, he developed the first isolation of ergot alkaloids and cardiac glycosides, which are used as a medicine for heart diseases and migraines. A continuous process for the production of soluble calcium salts was developed.
He worked with Albert Hofmann. Stoll collected modern art, including paintings by Ferdinand Hodler. member of the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina Foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Foreign Member of the Royal Society 1959 Paul Karrer Gold Medal