Brian Douglas Wilson is an American musician, singer and record producer who co-founded the Beach Boys. After signing with Capitol Records in 1962, Wilson wrote or co-wrote more than two dozen Top 40 hits for the group. In addition to his unorthodox approaches to pop composition and mastery of recording techniques, Wilson is known for his lifelong struggles with mental illness, he is referred to as a genius and is acknowledged as one of the most innovative and significant songwriters of the late 20th century. The Beach Boys were formed by Wilson with his brothers Dennis and Carl, their cousin Mike Love, friend Al Jardine. Brian, who grew up influenced by 1950s rock and roll and jazz-based vocal groups functioned as the band's songwriter, producer, co-lead vocalist, keyboardist, de facto leader. In 1964, he suffered a nervous breakdown and stopped touring with the group, which led to more personal work such as Pet Sounds and the unfinished Smile; as his mental health deteriorated, his contributions to the band diminished, over the next decade, he was reputed for his reclusive lifestyle and substance abuse.
Following a 1992 court-ordered removal from the care of psychologist Eugene Landy, Wilson started receiving conventional medical treatment, in the late 1990s, he began performing and recording as a solo artist. He remains a member of the Beach Boys' corporation, Brother Records Inc. Wilson was the first pop artist credited for writing, arranging and performing his own material, he is considered a major innovator in the field of music production, the principal originator of the California Sound, one of the first music producer auteurs, the first rock producer to use the studio as its own instrument. The unusual creative control Capitol gave him over his own records set a precedent that allowed other bands and artists to act as their own producers or co-producers. Wilson's success led to a proliferation of like-minded California producers who helped supplant New York as the center of popular records; the zeitgeist of the early 1960s is associated with his early songs, he was a major influence on the retrospectively-termed "sunshine pop" and Flower Power music that proceeded.
In years, Wilson became influential to the spirit of punk rock and was regarded as "godfather" to an era of indie musicians who were inspired by his melodic sensibilities, chamber pop orchestrations, recording explorations. His honors include being inducted into the 1988 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame class and winning Grammy Awards for Brian Wilson Presents Smile and The Smile Sessions. In lists published by Rolling Stone, Wilson ranked 52 for the "100 Greatest Singers of All Time" in 2008 and 12 for the "100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time" in 2015. In 2012, music publication NME ranked Wilson number 8 in its "50 Greatest Producers Ever" list, elaborating "few consider quite how groundbreaking Brian Wilson's studio techniques were in the mid-60s", his life was dramatized in Mercy. Brian Douglas Wilson was born on June 20, 1942, at Centinela Hospital in Inglewood, the eldest son of Audree Neva and Murry Wilson, a musician and machinist, his two younger brothers were Carl. He has Dutch, German and Swedish ancestry.
When he was two, the family moved from Inglewood to 3701 West 119th Street in nearby Hawthorne, California. Speaking of Wilson's unusual musical abilities prior to his first birthday, his father said that, as a baby, he could repeat the melody from "When the Caissons Go Rolling Along" after only a few verses had been sung by the father. Murry Wilson said, "He was clever and quick. I just fell in love with him." At about age two, Wilson heard George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue, which had an enormous emotional impact on him. A few years he was discovered to have diminished hearing in his right ear; the exact cause of this hearing loss is unclear, though theories range from him being born deaf to a blow to the head from his father, or a neighborhood bully being to blame. A minor musician and songwriter, Wilson's father encouraged his children in the music field in numerous ways. At an early age, Wilson was given six weeks of lessons on a "toy accordion" and, at seven and eight, sang solos in church with a choir behind him.
At Hawthorne High School, Wilson was on the football team as a quarterback, played baseball and was a cross-country runner in his senior year. He sang with various students at school functions and with his family and friends at home, teaching his two brothers harmony parts that all three would practice, he played piano obsessively after school, deconstructing the harmonies of the Four Freshmen by listening to short segments of their songs on a phonograph working to recreate the blended sounds note by note on the keyboard. He received a Wollensak tape recorder on his 16th birthday, allowing him to experiment with recording songs and early group vocals. One of Wilson's earliest public performances was at a fall arts program at his high school, he enlisted his cousin and frequent singing partner Mike Love, to entice Carl into the group, named the newly formed membership "Carl and the Passions." The performance featured tunes by Dion and the Belmonts and the Four Freshmen, the latter of which proved difficult for the ensemble.
The event was notable for the impression which it made on another musician and classmate of Wilson's in the audience that night, Al Jardine. Jardine would join the three Wilson brothers and Mike Love a few years in the Beach Boys. Wilson enrolled at El Camino College in Los Angeles, majoring in psychology, in September 1960, he continued his music studies
Albert Johnson was an American politician who served as the U. S. Representative from Washington's third congressional district from 1915 to 1933. Born in Springfield, Johnson attended the schools at Atchison and Hiawatha, Kansas, he worked as a reporter on the St. Joseph Herald and the St. Louis Globe-Democrat from 1888 to 1891, as managing editor of the New Haven Register in 1896 and 1897, as news editor of the Washington Post in 1898. To edit the Tacoma News he moved to Tacoma, Washington in 1898, he became editor and publisher of Grays Harbor Washingtonian in 1907. Albert Johnson was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-third and to the nine succeeding Congresses, but was defeated in a bid for reelection in November 1932. While a Member of Congress, Johnson was commissioned a captain in the Chemical Warfare Service during the First World War, receiving an honorable discharge on November 29, 1918, he served as chairman of the Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, where he played an important role in the passage of the anti-immigrant legislation of the 1920s.
Johnson appointed one of the leading eugenicists of the era, Harry Laughlin, as the committee's Expert Eugenics Agent. Johnson was the chief author of the Immigration Act of 1924, which in 1927 he justified as a bulwark against "a stream of alien blood, with all its inherited misconceptions respecting the relationships of the governing power to the governed." Johnson has been described as "an unusually energetic and vehement racist and nativist." He was the head of'The Eugenics Research Association', a group which opposed interracial marriage and supported forced sterilization of the mentally disabled. In support of his 1919 proposal to suspend immigration he included this quote from a State Department official referring to Jewish people as "filthy, un-American, dangerous in their habits."Johnson retired from the newspaper business in 1934. He died in a veterans hospital at American Lake, January 17, 1957, he is buried in Sunset Memorial Park, Washington. Daniels, Roger. Guarding the Golden Door: American Immigration Policy and Immigrants since 1882.
Boston & New York: Hill and Wang, 2004. Goings, Aaron. Johnson, Albert - HistoryLink.org Essay 8721. United States Congress. "Albert Johnson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Media related to Albert Johnson at Wikimedia Commons Albert Johnson at Find a Grave
Nicole Victoria Aunapu Mann is an American test pilot and NASA astronaut. She is an F/A-18 Hornet pilot, a graduate of the US Naval Academy, Stanford University and the US Naval Test Pilot School, she has over 2,500 flight hours in 25 types of aircraft, 200 carrier landings, has flown 47 combat missions in Iraq and Afghanistan. Mann completed astronaut training in 2015 and was assigned in August 2018 to Boe-CFT, the first manned test flight of the Boeing CST-100 Starliner. Nicole Victoria Aunapu was born on June 27, 1977 to Howard and Victoria Aunapu and grew up in Penngrove, California. In 1995, she graduated from Rancho Cotate High School in California. Mann attended the US Naval Academy and graduated in 1999 with a Bachelor of Science degree in mechanical engineering. After commissioning in the US Marine Corps, she attended graduate school at Stanford University, where she received a Master of Science degree in mechanical engineering, specializing in fluid mechanics. After completing graduate school, Mann attended The Basic School and began flight training at NAS Pensacola.
She was awarded her Naval Aviator wings in 2002 and completed training for the F/A-18 Hornet in VFA-106 at NAS Oceana. Mann joined VMFA-251 at MCAS Beaufort and deployed twice on the USS Enterprise with CVW-1 in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, she was a member of Class 135 at the US Naval Test Pilot School and served as an F/A-18 Test Pilot in VX-23 at NAS Patuxent River. At the time of her selection as an astronaut candidate, she was Joint Mission Planning System Expeditionary Integrated Product Team Lead at PMA-281. In 2013, Mann was selected as one of the eight members of NASA Astronaut Group 21, she completed her training in 2015 and has since served as a T-38 Talon Safety and Training Officer and was the Assistant to the Chief of Exploration. She worked on development of the Orion spacecraft, Space Launch System, the Exploration Ground Systems. In August 2018 she was assigned to Boe-CFT, the first manned test flight of the Boeing CST-100 Starliner. Mann and her husband, have a son and live in Houston, Texas.
As a student at the Naval Academy, Mann was an Academic All American. She was a Distinguished Graduate. During her military career, she received two Air Medals, two Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medals, two Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medals, she was the Honor Graduate in her US Naval Test Pilot School class. She received the NASA 2015 Stephen D. Thorne Safety Award and the 2017 Jerry Yeagley Award for Exceptional Personal Achievement. Mann is a member of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots, Tailhook Association, US Naval Test Pilot School Alumni Association, United States Naval Academy Alumni Association, received the Leroy Grumman "Best Paper" Award at the East Coast Society of Experimental Test Pilots Symposium; this article incorporates public domain material from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration document "Nicole A. Mann" by Melanie Whiting. Retrieved on October 25, 2018. NASA Astronaut Bio