Frankenstein's Army is a 2013 Dutch-American-Czech found footage horror film directed by Richard Raaphorst, written by Chris M. Mitchell and Miguel Tejada-Flores, starring Karel Roden, Joshua Sasse and Robert Gwilym. In the film, Soviet troops invading Germany encounter undead mechanical soldiers created by a mad scientist descended from Victor Frankenstein. During the final stages of World War II, a Soviet reconnaissance party receives a distress call that would lead them further into Germany; the message seems to repeat without any response to their queries, at the same time that they begin to receive the message, they lose radio contact with their command. Although the others are dubious about the existence of other Soviet forces in the area, their commander Novikov orders them to investigate. Dmitri, a Soviet propagandist, filming the mission, interviews the soldiers and documents the proceedings; as they draw closer to the designated coordinates, Dmitri takes an interest in and films several odd occurrences, such as unexplained dead Nazis, a burnt convent full of massacred nuns, strange machinery.
When the soldiers arrive at their destination, they find an abandoned church guarded by a'zombot' - an undead with metal implants. The zombot kills Sergei takes charge; the hotheaded Vassili challenges his authority. When a caretaker enters the church, Dmitri interrogates him, but Vassili becomes impatient and tortures the man for information; the caretaker escapes. Overwhelmed, the surviving soldiers flee deeper into the catacombs, along the way encountering a few Nazi survivors. In the midst of the carnage, Sergei discovers that Dmitri has deceived them: the distress call was just a ruse by Dmitri, responsible for jamming their signal. Dmitri demands the others join him on his secret mission to capture or kill the Nazi scientist who created the zombots. Furious that they were deceived and led unprepared into this mission, they threaten to kill Dmitri, but he takes command after threatening their families with retribution; as Dmitri leads them deeper into the catacombs and they encounter bizarre aberrations, the troops mutiny and abandon Dmitri after throwing him down a chute.
Dmitri explores the main laboratory, only to be knocked unconscious by the zombots. When Dmitri wakes, he is a prisoner of the caretaker, who reveals himself to be Dr. Viktor Frankenstein, a deranged descendent of the original Victor Frankenstein, who went rogue and turned against his Nazi masters. Dmitri attempts to recruit Frankenstein. Instead, Frankenstein proposes an experiment he says will end the war: fusing together the brains from the captured Sergei and a Nazi officer into one whole. Dmitri does nothing to save Sergei. Frankenstein moves on to experimenting on Dmitri, but aircraft begin bombing the laboratory and the last surviving Soviet soldier, shoots Frankenstein dead. Sacha takes the camera from Dmitri and flees, just as the composite being made of Sergei's body comes to life and kills Dmitri. Stories of Frankenstein's monster disturbed director Richard Raaphorst as a child; when he was thinking of ideas for a monster film, he went back to the Frankenstein mythology, which he extended to World War II.
Raaphorst said he was drawn the idea of an army of Frankensteins in World War II because the idea was "insane". Raaphorst had worked on a similar film titled Worst Case Scenario but Frankenstein's Army is unrelated to it. Principal photography began in March 2012 at Karlovy Vary in Czechia. Although the film used CGI, most of the effects were practical; the practical effects, inspired by John Carpenter's The Thing, necessitated what Raaphorst described as long, complicated single takes. He said. Frankenstein's Army premiered at the International Film Festival Rotterdam on January 26, 2013, it was released in the United States on July 26, 2013. MPI Media Group and Dark Sky released it on home video on September 10, 2013. Rotten Tomatoes reported. Metacritic, which assigns a normalized score, rated it 49 out of 100 based on nine reviews. Scott Foundas of Variety wrote that the film is "short on plot and long on ingeniously gruesome creature designs and practical special effects that hark back to the industrious 1980s schlockfests churned out by the likes of Frank Henenlotter and Stuart Gordon."
Foundas compared the film's "junkyard chic" to the steampunk films of Shinya Tsukamoto. John DeFore of The Hollywood Reporter wrote that the film's monsters and gory special effects will appeal to horror fans, but it should have focused more on black humor and satire to appeal to broader midnight movie audiences. Andy Webster of The New York Times described the monsters as steampunk cyborgs and wrote, "Narrative depth may be in short supply, but the energy and humor are bracing."Ignatiy Vishnevetsky of The A. V. Club rated it C− and called it "a ludicrous World War II horror flick bogged down by its found-footage gimmick" that only works near the end when the film plays up the "imaginatively grotesque monsters". Jason Jenkins of Dread Central rated it 3 out of 5 stars and called it "a fun, furious and gory good time" for forgiving horror fans. Lauren Taylor of Bloody Disgusting rated it 1.5 out of 5 stars and said that the visuals and effects did not make up for the lack of a plot and unnecessary "found footage" style.
Bill Gibron of PopMatters called it "an amazing steampunk splatter fest" whose visual imagery makes up for its narrative faults. List of films fe
The Dentist 2
The Dentist 2 is a 1998 American horror film, sequel to the 1996 film The Dentist. It was directed by Brian Yuzna; the film stars Corbin Bernsen, Jillian McWhirter, Jeff Doucette, Susanne Wright. Dr. Alan Feinstone is in the maximum security mental hospital he was sentenced to at the end of the first film. While talking to the psychiatrist, he remembers the murders he committed in his own mind, while convincing the doctor that it was another man who did those things, his remorseful story distracts her from seeing him pull a sharpened tool that he stitched into his own leg, he uses her as a hostage to escape. Alan's wife Brooke is alive despite her missing inability to speak, she hires an investigator to find out where Alan has escaped to, believing that he had been putting away money before he went crazy. Brooke has in her possession some postcards that Alan had left behind, she believes he is in one of those places. Alan winds up in the small town of Paradise, pretending that he had grown upset at life in the big city.
He uses a established false identity of Dr. Lawrence Caine, has a bank account where he had been sending the money he skimmed off from his practice to hide from the IRS; the bank officer Mr. Wilkes introduces Alan to his niece Jamie, hoping that she can rent out her small cottage for "Larry" to live in so she could collect money from it. Jamie, who physically resembles Brooke, becomes a target of Alan’s affections; when he has problems with a cap on one of his teeth, Alan visits the inept town dentist, Dr. Burns, whom he takes an instant disliking to. Alan threatens Dr. Burns with a golf club, causing him to accidentally fall down the stairs to his death. Mr. Wilkes convinces Alan; as the private detective tracks Alan down to Paradise, Alan learns that Jamie has an admirer named Robbie, the drywall contractor hired to finish his new office. Alan's jealousy causes him to ruin a romantic dinner when it is interrupted by a call from Robbie on her answering machine, despite Jamie's insistence that she only thinks of Robbie as a friend.
Meanwhile, Beverley, a teller at the bank, has doubts about "Larry" and finds out his real identity while researching on the computer. Beverley sets up an appointment to tell him she knows the truth, but when she asks too many questions he realizes that she knows something, he sedates her with nitrous oxide. She begs him to let her go, he puts a mouth clamp in her mouth to keep it open and drills her bottom-right molar tooth to the raw nerve as a "lie detector" to find out who else she has told. If she lied, he would take a sharp plaque scraping hook and painfully force it into the nerve of the tooth he drilled, wiggling the tooth hard at the same time, he jams the hook into the exposed nerve causing Beverly tremendous pain. Robbie comes to install some more drywall and rings the office door bell, leaving Alan no choice but to pause his torture session and answer the door. Robbie asks after Beverley screams Robbie goes rushing to check on her. Just as Robbie is about to rescue her, Feinstone attacks him from outside the doorway.
In the ensuing fight, Alan kills Robbie with a hammer, turns back to Beverley and re-tapes her to the dental chair. He takes a pair of dental pliers and plays a game of "truth or tooth", he asks her what did she tell Jeremy about Washington but he doesn't believe her pulls out her left front tooth he asks her what she did tell Jamie. He attempts to pull her left incisor tooth out, but instead he breaks it by accident which angers Feinstone more. Alan painfully drills one of her bottom front teeth down to the nerve, continues to drill so hard that the dental clamp holding her mouth slips out from the pressure he's applying. Out of a final act of desperation and what seems to be her only defense, she bites down hard on the drill causing it to lock up and jam inside her teeth. Infuriated, the mad dentist tells her he has a much better idea, that he will cut the drill out of her mouth, she screams, the scene comes to a close. That night Alan begins to have his obsessive-compulsive visions of germs and decay again after seeing his blood-stained uniform.
Brooke appears, begins to seduce him into one of his chairs. However, as Jamie is calling the police about Brooke, she spots the bloody hatchet, opens a closet door to find Robbie's and Beverley's maimed corpses. Alan turns on Jamie and a fight ensues, with him chasing her to an upstairs bathroom and overpowering her, he takes her to an unfinished room in the office, which in his mind is spotless, germ-free and pure white, with opera music playing, picks up an electric drill and tries to drill her teeth. Jamie hides, until Brooke has revived and she and Jamie trap Alan in a hallway. Brooke lunges to stab him with a pair of scissors, but Jamie inadvertently hits her over the head with a 2x4, killing her. Alan finds Jamie hiding behind some drywall, after banter between the two, Jamie fires a nail gun and hits him with numerous nails. Stunned, Alan walks downstairs into the midst of a surprise welcome party being given to him by the people of Paradise. Alan calmly exits out the front door, leaving the townpeople shocked and Ja
Dolls (1987 film)
Dolls is a 1987 Italian-American horror film directed by Stuart Gordon, produced by Charles Band and Brian Yuzna and was written by Ed Naha. It stars Guy Rolfe, Hilary Mason, Ian Patrick Williams and Bunty Bailey. In the film, during a harsh thunderstorm, a group of six people arrives at the mansion of an old puppetmaker and his wife; the film reveals that the puppetmaker's puppets in the house are cursed immoral people, killed and imprisoned in puppet bodies for years in order to pay for their crimes. The film was released on March 6, 1987 and was a commercial failure, grossing $3.5 million worldwide against a budget of only $2 million. A violent thunderstorm strands a couple and child in the gothic English countryside: little Judy, traveling with her selfish, uncaring father and her rich, arrogant stepmother Rosemary. David only has Judy due to a court order and tolerates her presence. After their car is stuck in mud and the rain begins, they find a mansion. After breaking in, they are found by the owners, a kindly older couple and Hilary Hartwicke.
Rosemary threw Judy's beloved teddy bear into the bushes while out in the rain, so Gabriel gifts her a new doll, Mr. Punch, they are invited to stay and while eating and Enid barge in with the person who picked them up, Ralph. Gabriel reveals himself to be a talented toy maker; the Hartwickes invite the stranded travelers to join them to stay as guests until the storm ends and show them to their rooms. Isabel has thievery on her mind and before taking Ralph's wallet and car, she plans on stealing the Hartwickes' antiques. Enid just wants to get through the night. Isabel sneaks out and while casing a room, is brutally attacked and beaten by the dolls and thrown into the hallway in front of Judy. Unable to ask for help, she extends her hand and before Judy could assist, she is dragged to the attic. Judy goes to Ralph's room to tell him what happened and since she woke him up, he thinks she's dreaming; however as she turns to leave, he notices blood on her slippers. However on the way downstairs, some of the dolls trip Ralph and he falls down the stairs.
He's fine. They arrive at David and Rosemary's room and Judy tries to tell him what happened, but they along with Enid accuse him of attacking Isabel and being a pedophile. Upset at the treatment of her new friend, Judy runs off with her father behind her. While looking for Judy, Ralph runs into Gabriel who tells him that it's not blood but paint that he and Judy stepped in and Isabel got lost in one of the halls in the large house. Satisfied, he continues his search for Judy, she continues to try to convince him, but he doesn't believe in the dolls until Punch himself speaks up. Rosemary is ambushed and attacked by the toys before accidentally leaping to her death out of a window. Enid goes looking for Isabel and finds her-at the end of her doll transformation, but still able to attempt to warn her to "go back." She is attacked by a legion of toys and shot to death by toy soldiers. Rosemary's body has been taken to their bedroom, covered in a sheet, her death is not yet noticed by David. A locked room opens itself to Ralph.
Ralph asks if they are Judy's little people and she informs him that they are. Encountering the dolls gathered together, Ralph ends up getting caught up in a trap the toys set for the other adults and is nearly hurt badly until Judy convinces them to save him since he is her friend. Afterwards, they are stuck. David, fresh out of the shower, tries to talk to his wife, but finds her dead. Believing Ralph murdered her, David prepares to kill him. Now safe and Ralph run into the workshop where an angry David finds them. Ralph attempts to tell him what is going on. Ralph has learned the truth about the dolls and refuses to use them to fight, but David doesn't believe after being attacked by a Punch doll. During their fight, the other dolls drag the unconscious Judy away to safety. Mr. Punch is destroyed by David with a mallet after a fierce struggle. David is confronted by Gabriel and Hilary, it is revealed that Gabriel and Hilary are a wizard and witch couple who see toys as the heart and soul of childhood and believe toys will be around for as long as children want them.
They believe that the bitterness adults feel can turn to love if they surrender to the goodwill that toys provide. They explain that people come to their house every now and and spend the night; when this happens, they test their visitors to see if they can change or were good from the start, giving them a sporting chance to save themselves. Some people like Ralph and children are saved/spared and leave the house with a much better perspective of life. However, the ones like David, Rosemary and Enid who refuse to change their ways can never leave, since they must play a new role in the world of children, it is shown that that new role is to become a child's toy when David is transformed into a doll to replace Mr. Punch; the next morning and Judy wake up and are convinced by Gabriel and Hilary that the night's events were all just a dream, receive a letter saying that David is leaving Judy behind because he never was a good father to her and that she will be much
Stuart Gordon is an American filmmaker, theatre director and playwright. Recognized for his provocative and controversial work in experimental theatre, Gordon is more known for work in film. Most of Gordon's cinematic work is in the horror genre, though he has ventured into science fiction and film noir. Like his friend and fellow filmmaker Brian Yuzna, Gordon is a fan of H. P. Lovecraft and has adapted several of the author's stories for the screen, including Re-Animator, From Beyond, Dagon, as well as the Masters of Horror episode Dreams in the Witch-House, he has turned to the work of Edgar Allan Poe on two occasions, directing The Pit and the Pendulum in 1991 and The Black Cat for Masters of Horror Showtime series in 2007. His science fiction films Robot Jox and Fortress have both become cult classics. Gordon soon after formed Screw Theater. In March 1967 Gordon produced The Game Show at the UW Memorial Union; the play, intended to be an attack on apathy, locked the audience in the theater and humiliated and raped them Every performance ended with the audience rioting and stopping the show.
He formed Screw Theater in the summer of 1968 and produced and directed four shows, the final one, in the fall of 1968, a political version of Peter Pan that got him and his future wife arrested for obscenity. The story made national headlines until the charges were dropped in November 1968; as Gordon described it in a 2001 interview: I had been protesting against the war in Viet Nam, got tear-gassed by the Chicago police, it struck me that you could take Peter Pan and turn it into a political cartoon about the whole situation. So, Peter Pan became the leader of the hippies and yippies, Captain Hook became Mayor Daley, the pirates became the Chicago police. We left all of the James Barrie dialogue intact, so when they all went off to Neverland they sprinkled pixie dust on themselves and think lovely thoughts, up they go; that was an acid trip, visualized by a psychedelic light show, projected onto the bodies of seven naked young ladies... After the University of Wisconsin demanded future theatrical productions by Screw Theater be overseen by a university professor, Gordon cut his University ties to form Broom Street Theater.
Its first production, the new translation of the risque Lysistrata, premiered in May 1969. With Brian Yuzna and writer Ed Naha he co-created Honey, I Shrunk the Kids for Disney Studios and executive produced the sequel Honey, I Blew Up the Kid, he co-wrote Body Snatchers for Warner Brothers in 1993 and The Dentist for Trimark in 1998. He produced, co-wrote and directed the science fiction comedy Space Truckers starring Dennis Hopper in 1996, he produced and directed The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit written by Ray Bradbury in 1998. In 2003 he turned to film noir and produced and directed King of the Ants based on the novel by Charlie Higson; this was followed by a film adaptation of David Mamet's dark play Edmond starring William H. Macy in 2006, and in 2007 he co-wrote and directed Stuck starring Stephen Rea and Mena Suvari. In 2009, he directed the one-man theatrical show, Nevermore... An Evening with Edgar Allan Poe, which reunited him with Re-Animator alumnus, actor Jeffrey Combs and writer Dennis Paoli.
Nominated for a Saturn award, the show enjoyed much success at its premiere in Los Angeles and is now in the process of touring the country. In 2011 Gordon directed and co-wrote the book for Re-Animator: The Musical, it played to sold out houses, rave reviews and standing ovations for six months at the Steve Allen Theater. In 2012, it was performed at the New York Musical Theater Festival and the Edinburgh Fringe Festival. Gordon's next play Taste, premiered at Los Angeles' Sacred Fools Theater Company in April 2014; the play, based on the true story of Armin Meiwes, the Rotenburg Cannibal, was written by Benjamin Brand. He directed "Eater", an episode of Fear Itself, for NBC in 2008. Stuart Gordon has been a contributor to Blu-ray/DVD extras content for cult film distributors Grindhouse Releasing/Box Office Spectaculars on one of his favorite films and Eleanor Perry's The Swimmer starring Burt Lancaster. Gordon is married to Carolyn Purdy-Gordon, whom he casts and murders in his movies. Together in 1969, they founded the Chicago Organic Theater Company, for which Gordon served as artistic director.
With the company, he produced and directed thirty-seven plays, among them the world premieres of The Warp Trilogy, David Mamet's Sexual Perversity in Chicago, Bleacher Bums, E/R Emergency Room, Bloody Bess-A Tale of Piracy and Revenge and a two part adaptation of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. He is the father of three daughters- Suzanna and Margaret. ^ I Credited for story only^ II Credited for executive producer only Bleacher Bums E/R Emergency Room Nevermore... An Evening with Edgar Allan Poe Re-Animator: The Musical Taste Stuart Gordon on IMDb Sci Fi Weekly interview Yog Radio audio interview
Amphibious is a 2010 creature thriller film, directed by Brian Yuzna and written by Yuzna, John Penney, Somtow Sucharitkul and San Fu Maltha. It stars Francis Magee, Janna Fassaert and Michael Paré. Skyler Shane, a marine biologist, meets Jack Bowman, at a northern Sumatran lake to search for prehistoric samples. During this expedition, they encounter some smugglers. Tamal, an orphan, sold to the smugglers as a slave, begs Skyler to save her. Since the child reminds Skyler of her lost daughter Rebecca, she agrees, not knowing what secret is lurking in the water. Since Tamal has been on the lake, strange things have been happening: more and more people disappear and are devoured by a creature from the deep. Monica Sayangbati as Tamal Janna Fassaert as Skylar Shane Michael Paré as Jack Bowman Dorman Borisman as Bimo Francis Bosco as Boss Harris Francis Magee as Jimmy Kudrow Verdi Solaiman as Andi Mohammad Aditya as Big Rudi Ronald Reagen as Rizal Herlian Ujang as Nanung Mikael C. Jehian as Aris Bambang Budi Santoso as Dukun Ida Jessica Peter as Rebekka "Bekka" Shane Joshua Pandelaki as Santoso Timo Ottevanger as Logan Elke Salverda as Julie Yuzna returned first time back on the director's chair after the 2005 released Beneath Still Waters.
The project marks the first Dutch 3D production and was filmed in summer 2009 at various locations in Indonesia. The theatrical release date for the film in the Netherlands was 1 November 2010. Amphibious on IMDb Official site
Society is a 1989 American body horror film directed by Brian Yuzna, starring Billy Warlock, Devin DeVasquez, Evan Richards, Ben Meyerson. Its plot follows a Beverly Hills teenager who finds his wealthy parents are part of a gruesome cult for the social elite. Though the film was completed in 1989, it was not released until 1992, it was Yuzna's directorial debut and was written by Rick Fry and Woody Keith. Screaming Mad George was responsible for the special effects. A sequel, Society 2: Body Modification, was with a script written by Stephan Biro. Bill Whitney seems to have it all, his family is wealthy and he lives in a mansion in Beverly Hills, California. He's popular at his high school, looks to be a shoo-in for class president, has a cute cheerleader girlfriend and owns a new Jeep Wrangler to drive around in. Despite this, he tells his therapist that he does not fit in with his high-society family; when his sister's ex-boyfriend Blanchard gives him a surreptitiously recorded tape of what sounds like his family engaged in a vile, murderous orgy, Bill begins to suspect that his feelings are justified.
Bill gives the tape to his therapist Dr. Cleveland to listen to; when he comes back for his appointment, Dr. Cleveland plays the tape back for Bill; the audio has now changed and now contains the sounds of his sister Jenny enjoying her coming out party. Bill insists that what he'd heard before calls Blanchard to get another copy; when he arrives at their meeting place, Bill discovers an ambulance and police officers gathered around Blanchard's crashed van. A body is placed into the back of the ambulance. Bill attends. There, Ferguson lasciviously confirms that the first audio tape Bill listened to—with the sounds of an orgy on it—was the real tape. Angry and confused, he leaves the party with Clarissa, a beautiful girl, they have sex at her house and Bill meets Clarissa's bizarre, hair-loving mother. Bill returns home the next day and confronts his parents and sister, who are all in the master bedroom dressed in lingerie. At Blanchard's funeral and his friend Milo discover that Blanchard's corpse either needed a lot of reconstructive work for display, or is not real.
Bill is approached by Martin Petrie, his rival for the high school presidency, who says he must speak with Bill and agrees to a secret meeting. Bill discovers Petrie with his throat cut, he is spied on, sees someone race off through the woods runs off to get the police. When he returns with the cops, the car and the body are missing, with a different car in their place; the next day at school, Petrie shows up, well. When Bill arrives at home, he confronts his family again, but with Dr. Cleveland's help, they drug Bill; as Milo secretly trails him, Bill is taken to a hospital. Bill awakens in a hospital bed and thinks he hears Blanchard crying out, but discovers that nothing is there, he finds his Jeep waiting for him. Milo tries to warn him. Back home again, Bill finds a formal party, he is snared by the neck and Dr. Cleveland reveals all of the secrets he has been searching for, he is not related to his family after all. In fact, his family and their high-society friends are a different species from Bill.
To demonstrate, they bring in a still-living Blanchard. The wealthy party guests strip to their underwear and begin "shunting"; the rich feed on the poor, physically deforming and melding with each other as they suck the nutrients out of Blanchard's body. Their intention is to do the same to Bill, but after escaping them and running about the house—seeing his family melding with each other as well—Bill manages to goad Ferguson into a fight; as the "aliens" cheer Ferguson on, Bill is subdued, but in a surprise attack, Bill manages to reach inside the pliable Ferguson and pull his head out through his buttocks, turning him inside-out. With the help of Milo and Clarissa—who is of the alternate species but has fallen in love with Bill—he escapes, as one of the men at the party tells another he may have an "opening in Washington". After having several of his productions fail for lack of finding a director, Yuzna decided to move into directing; as producer of Re-Animator, he knew he could find financing.
He used this as leverage for a two-picture deal. Yuzna said that he wanted the safety of having two pictures to establish himself as a successful director. Society's script appealed to Yuzna because it was thematically similar to a failed project he had begun with Dan O'Bannon. Yuzna altered the script from a traditional slasher film climax about a religious cult to the surrealistic aliens; the production company introduced him to Screaming Mad George, who they knew to be interested in surreal gore. For the film's most surreal and gory sequence, the "shunting," Yuzna based it on his nightmares; the sequence was further inspired by a Dali painting. Author Jon Towlson identifies political themes imported from paranoid science fiction thrillers, such as Invasion of the Body Snatchers and Invaders from Mars. Yuzna cited the film's mix of paranoia, black humor and gore as alienating mainstream audiences. Society premiered at the Shock Around the Clock Film Festival in London in 1989. For its British release, Society was marketed in Video Trade Weekly with a picture of the film's theatrical premiere.
Mark Kermode called this "stupid yet brilliant", as it demonstrated that the distributor did not know how to market the film properly but showed recognition that traditional marketing for a gen
H. P. Lovecraft
Howard Phillips Lovecraft was an American writer who achieved posthumous fame through his influential works of horror fiction. He was unknown during his lifetime and published only in pulp magazines before he died in poverty, but he is now regarded as one of the most significant 20th-century authors of horror and weird fiction. Lovecraft was born in Rhode Island, where he spent most of his life. Among his most celebrated tales are The Rats in the Walls, The Call of Cthulhu, At the Mountains of Madness, The Shadow over Innsmouth, The Shadow Out of Time, all canonical to the Cthulhu Mythos. Lovecraft was never able to support himself from earnings as an author and editor, he saw commercial success elude him in his latter period, he subsisted in progressively strained circumstances in his last years. Lovecraft was born in his family home on August 1890, in Providence, Rhode Island, he was the only child of Sarah Susan Phillips Lovecraft. Though his employment is hard to discern, Lovecraft's future wife, Sonia Greene, stated that Winfield was employed by Gorham Manufacturing Company as a traveling salesman.
Susie's family was of substantial means at the time of their marriage, her father, Whipple Van Buren Phillips, being involved in many significant business ventures. In April 1893, after a psychotic episode in a Chicago hotel, Winfield was committed to Butler Hospital in Providence. Though it is not clear who reported Winfield's prior behavior to the hospital, medical records indicate that he had been "doing and saying strange things at times" for a year before his commitment. Winfield spent five years in Butler before dying in 1898, his death certificate listed the cause of death as general paresis, a term synonymous with late-stage syphilis. Susie never exhibited symptoms of the disease, leading to questions regarding the intimacy of their relationship. In 1969, Sonia Greene ventured that Susie was a "touch-me-not" wife and that Winfield, being a traveling salesmen, "took his sexual pleasures wherever he could find them." How Greene came to this opinion is unknown, as she never met Lovecraft's parents, though Lovecraft himself termed his mother a "touch-me-not" in a 1937 letter noting that, after his early childhood, she avoided all physical contact with him.
This is contrary to Susie's treatment of a young Lovecraft soon after his father's breakdown. According to the accounts of family friends, Susie doted over the young Lovecraft to a fault, pampering him and never letting him out of her sight. Throughout his life, Lovecraft maintained that his father fell into a paralytic state, due to insomnia and being overworked, remained that way until his death, it is unknown if Lovecraft was kept ignorant of his father's illness or if his remarks were intentionally misleading. After his father's hospitalization, Lovecraft resided in the family home with his mother, his maternal aunts Lillian and Annie, his maternal grandparents Whipple and Robie. Lovecraft recollected that after his father's illness his mother was "permanently stricken with grief." Whipple became a father figure to Lovecraft in this time, Lovecraft noting that his grandfather became the "centre of my entire universe." Whipple, who traveled on business, maintained correspondence by letter with the young Lovecraft who, by the age of three, was proficient at reading and writing.
When home Whipple would share weird tales of his own invention and show Lovecraft objects of art he had acquired in his European travels. Lovecraft credits Whipple with being instrumental in overcoming his fear of the dark when Whipple forced Lovecraft, at five years old, to walk through several darkened rooms in the family home, it was in this period that Lovecraft was introduced to some of his earliest literary influences such as The Rime of the Ancient Mariner illustrated by Doré, One Thousand and One Nights, a gift from his mother, Thomas Bulfinch's Age of Fable and Ovid's Metamorphoses. While there is no indication that Lovecraft was close to his grandmother Robie, her death in 1896 had a profound effect. By his own account, it sent his family into "a gloom from which it never recovered." His mother and aunts' wearing of black mourning dresses "terrified" him, it is at this time that Lovecraft five and half years old, started having nightmares that would inform his writing. He began to have recurring nightmares of beings he termed "night-gaunts".
Thirty years night gaunts would appear in Lovecraft's writing. Lovecraft's earliest known literary works began at age seven with poems restyling the Odyssey and other mythological stories. Lovecraft has said that as a child he was enamored with the Roman pantheon of gods, accepting them as genuine expressions of divinity and foregoing his Christian upbringing, he recalls, at five years old, being told Santa Claus did not exist and retorting by asking why "God is not a myth." At the age of eight he took a keen interest in the sciences astronomy and chemistry. He examined the anatomy books available to him in the family library, learning the specifics of human reproduction that had yet to be explained to him, found that it "virtually killed my interest in the subject." In 1902, according to Lovecraft's own correspondence, astronomy became a guiding influence on his world view. He began producing the periodical Rhode Island Journal of Astronomy, of which 69