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Brick and mortar

Brick and mortar refers to a physical presence of an organization or business in a building or other structure. The term brick-and-mortar business is used to refer to a company that possesses or leases retail shops, factory production facilities, or warehouses for its operations. More in the jargon of e-commerce businesses in the 2000s, brick-and-mortar businesses are companies that have a physical presence and offer face-to-face customer experiences; this term is used to contrast with a transitory business or an Internet-only presence, such as online shops, which have no physical presence for shoppers to visit, talk with staff in person and handle products and buy from the firm in person. However, such online businesses have non-public physical facilities from which they either run business operations, and/or warehouses for storing and distributing products. Concerns such as foot traffic, storefront visibility, appealing interior design apply to brick-and-mortar businesses rather than online ones.

An online-only business needs to have an attractive, well-designed website, a reliable e-commerce system for payment, a good delivery or shipping service and effective online marketing tactics to drive web traffic to the site. Governments are adopting e-government approaches, the use of online services for citizens to enable them to fill in government forms, pay tax bills and register for government programs online; the name is a metonym derived from the traditional building materials associated with physical buildings: bricks and mortar. The term was used by 19th century American novelist Herman Melville in the book Moby Dick; the term brick-and-mortar businesses is a retronym, in that most shops had a physical presence before the advent of the Internet. The term is applicable in a pre-Internet era, when contrasting businesses with physical retail presence with those that operated in an order-by-mail capacity pre-Internet; the history of brick and mortar businesses cannot be dated but it existed in the earliest vendor stalls in the first towns, where merchants brought their agricultural produce, clay pots and handmade clothing to sell in a village market.

Bricks and mortar businesses remain important in the 2010s, though many shops and services, ranging from consumer electronics shops to clothing shops and grocery shops have begun offering online shopping. This physical presence, either of a retail shop, a customer service location with staff, where clients can go in person to ask questions about a product or service, or a service center or repair facility where customers can bring their products, has played a crucial role in providing goods and services to consumers throughout history. All large retailers in the 19th and the early to mid-20th century started off with a smaller brick and mortar presence, which increased as the businesses grew. A prime example of this is McDonald’s, a company that started with one small restaurant and now has nearly 36,000 restaurants in over 120 countries and plans to grow further. For many small businesses, their business model is limited to a bricks and mortar model, such as a diner restaurant or a dry cleaning service.

Service-based businesses can use websites and "apps" to reach new customers or improve their services. For example, a dry cleaning service could use a website to let customers know of the hours and location of their bricks and mortar stores. Netflix, an online movie streaming website founded in 1997, is an example of how an online business has affected a B&M businesses such as video rental stores. After Netflix and similar companies became popular, traditional DVD rental stores such as Blockbuster LLC went out of business. Customers preferred to be able to watch movies and TV shows using "streaming", without having to go to a physical rental store to rent a DVD, return to the store to give the DVD back. "The rapid rise of online film streaming offered by the likes of Lovefilm and Netflix made Blockbuster's video and DVD business model obsolete.'There has been an increase in online retailers in the 2000s, as people are using e-commerce to fulfill basic needs ranging from grocery shopping to book purchases.

Sales through mobile devices such as tablet computers and smartphones have risen in the 2000s: "While total online sales rose 18% year-on-year in December to £11.1, according to the latest figures from e-tail industry body IMRG and advisory firm Capgemini, sales via mobile devices doubled to £3.'The increase in households where both adults work outside the home, combined with the convenience of shopping for and buying products and services online, has decreased the number of customers going to retail outlets, as consumers can access the same information about products and services without paying for gas and other costs, thus saving them time and money. "Today’s consumers lead busy lives and shopping takes time. It is a task. Consumers find researching and shopping on the Web far more convenient than brick-and-mortar visits." Another example of this is the introduction of online banking, which has affected bank branches on the High Street: "Barclays will shut at least 50 branches this year."

Brick and mortar businesses are not limited to having a physical presence only, they ma

Prestige (film)

Prestige is a 1932 American pre-Code drama film directed by Tay Garnett and written by Tay Garnett, Rollo Lloyd and Francis Edward Faragoh. The film stars Adolphe Menjou, Melvyn Douglas and Guy Bates Post; the film was released on January 1932, by RKO Pictures. Synopses for Prestige are available on AFI Catalog. Both entries are identical; the film is shown. Ann Harding as Therese Du Flos Adolphe Menjou as Capt. Remy Bandoin Melvyn Douglas as Capt. Andre Verlaine Ian Maclaren as Colonel Du Flos Guy Bates Post as Major Rollo Lloyd as Capt. Emil de Fontenac Clarence Muse as Nham Tetsu Komai as Sergeant Melvyn Douglas was called in to replace Adolphe Menjou. In years, Douglas recalled that Ann Harding was so unhappy with the picture that she asked the studio to let her buy up every print. Prestige became available on DVD in 2013, through a Spanish distributor. Prestige on IMDb

Pierre Maudet

Pierre Maudet is a Swiss and French politician. Maudet is a member of FDP; the Liberals. He was the mayor of Geneva from 1 June 2011 to 31 May 2012. Pierre Maudet is the son of Henri Maudet, a Frenchman who first studied theology in Paris before moving to Geneva and becoming a lawyer, Susanna Willy, a teacher. Maudet attended the University of Fribourg. On 17 June 2012, he was elected to the Council of State of Geneva, the executive council of the Canton of Geneva with 40,966 votes out of 104,375 cast. In 2017, he was nominated by his party to run for the Federal Council, he lost the election in the second ballot receiving 90 votes against Ignazio Cassis who received 125 votes and therefore achieved the absolute majority. The election took place on 20 September 2017. In 2018, he writes a regular column in the German-speaking newspaper Blick. In November 2015, Pierre Maudet and his family, his former chief of staff Patrick Baud-Lavigne and Antoine Daher, a friend active in real estate in Geneva, made a luxury trip to Abu Dhabi.

Pierre Maudet claimed until May 2018 that the trip, including business class flights, accommodation at the Emirates Palace and access to the Formula One race was a private trip, paid for by his friend and it was by chance that he met Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi. Following this meeting, he held talks with senior officials on political issues. A police report on the trip was submitted to the courts in August 2017, proceedings were opened against an unknown person, Pierre Maudet and his chief of staff. In August 2018, the public prosecutor claims Pierre Maudet accepted flights and accommodation for an amount estimated at several tens of thousands of Swiss francs. While denying a conflit of interest, Pierre Maudet admitted “having hidden part of the truth”. In September 2018, the Council of State of Geneva decided to temporarily withdraw the Presidential Department from Pierre Maudet, now entrusted to Antonio Hodgers. Pierre Maudet lost responsibility for the police to Mauro Poggia and for Geneva Airport to Serge Dal Busco.

On 23 November 2018, an online petition on was launched urging Maudet to resign and Pierre Maudet was criticized by Swiss Liberal Party president Petra Gössi, who stated: "If I were Pierre Maudet, I would have resigned". Politics of Switzerland Philippe Reichen: Pierre Maudet − sein Fall. Stämpfli, Bern 2019, ISBN 978-3-7272-6048-3. Pierre Maudet — Pierre Maudet's Blog

Gustaf Adolph Lutheran Church

The Gustaf Adolph Lutheran Church is a historic church at 29 Capitol Hill Road in New Sweden, Maine. The congregation was established by Swedish immigrants to the area in 1871, the Gothic Revival sanctuary was built in 1879-80. In 1896 the church was named in honor of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997. The church congregation was in 2003 subjected to one of the nation's largest cases of arsenic poisoning perpetrated by one of its parishioners; the Gustaf Adolph Lutheran Church is set on the east side of Capitol Hill Road, about 0.5 miles north of its junction with New Sweden Road. The church is a single-story wood frame structure, its windows are uniformly Gothic style lancet-arch windows. It has a two-stage square tower; the belfry is topped by an octagonal steeple with a cross at the top. An entrance vestibule with gable roof projects from the front facade, with a double-door topped by a lancet-arched stained-glass window. One ell extends southward from the rear of the building, forming Svea Hall, the parish hall, another smaller one extends east.

The interior of the sanctuary is white plastered walls, with dark stained pews and painted woodwork. The altar area is separated from the sanctuary by an elliptical carved railing and its rear wall is decorated by a large painting depicting Christ at Gethsemane; the Svea Hall, added in 1912, has pressed metal decorative ceilings. The first Swedish immigrants arrived in the area in 1870, as part of a program by the state to recruit settlers for the remote northern part of the state; these early settlers began Lutheran church services the following year, in 1874 began planning construction of a church. The main part of the present building was completed in 1880 and dedicated in 1881 as the First Swedish Evangelical Church in Maine. In 1896 it was renamed Gustaf Adolph Lutheran Church after the 17th-century King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden; the town of New Sweden was incorporated in 1895. The church parsonage was built in 1886, the church hall was added in 1911-12; the interior of the church underwent major renovations in 1930, at which time the exterior was redone in stucco.

The small eastern addition was made in the 1940s. The church received nationwide press coverage in 2003 when sixteen of its parishioners were poisoned, one fatally, by arsenic, added to coffee served after a church service. One week a parishioner committed suicide, leaving a note claiming responsibility for the poisoning and claiming church politics as the reason. Another parishioner died several years from complications associated with the poisoning. National Register of Historic Places listings in Aroostook County, Maine Official church website

Miladhoo (Noonu Atoll)

Miladhoo is one of the inhabited islands that comprises the Noonu Atoll in the Maldives. The island is 179.13 km north of the country's capital, Malé. Miladhoo was the most developed and most populous island in Noonu Atoll, it is the second most populous island in Noonu Atoll. Miladhoo is noted for its political activities. Most economic activity centres around fishing and tourism, followed by rendering taxi service in Male'. There is a secondary school named Hidhaayaa school; until the late 1990s, grade 7 was the highest grade taught on the island. Now students are taught up to grade 10. There is a health centre with a community health worker. Miladhoo is best known as the most successful island in football in the atoll. Miladhoo DX Sports Club won the Zone Champions League in 2004. Miladhoo is famous for its Eid Kulhivaru festivities

Battle of the Nobles

The Battle of the Nobles was an important confrontation in the Berber Revolt in c. 740 AD. It resulted in a major Berber victory over the Arabs near Tangier. During the battle, numerous Arab aristocrats were slaughtered, which led to the conflict being called the "Battle of the Nobles". Zenata Berber chieftain Khalid ibn Hamid al-Zanati led the revolting Berber soldiers; the Maghreb in the early eighth century was under Umayyad rule. The Berber Revolt broke out in early 740 in western Morocco, in response to the oppressive, unfair tax-collection and slave-tribute policies imposed upon Muslim Berbers by the governor Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab of Kairouan, governor of Ifriqiya and overlord of the Maghreb and al-Andalus; the Berber rebellion was inspired by Kharijite activists of the Sufrite sect, who held out the promise of a new puritan Islamic order, without ethnic or tribal discrimination, a prospect appealing to the long-suffering Berbers. The revolt began under the leadership of the Berber chieftain Maysara al-Matghari.

The Berber rebels seized Tangiers and much of western Morocco by the late summer of 740. The Berbers had timed their uprising carefully; the bulk of the Ifriqiyan army, under command of the general Habib ibn Abi Obeida al-Fihri, was at that moment overseas, on an expedition to conquer Sicily. The governor Obeid Allah ibn el-Habhab dispatched instructions ordering Habib to break off the expedition and ship the army back to Africa, but this would take time. So, in the meantime, Obeid Allah assembled a cavalry-heavy column composed of much of the aristocratic elite of Kairouan, placed it under the command of Khalid ibn Abi Habib al-Fihri; this column was dispatched to Tangiers and instructed to serve as the vanguard and to keep the Berber rebels in check, until the Sicilian expeditionary force disembarked and caught up with them. A second, smaller reserve army, under Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Mughira al-Adhari, was sent to Tlemcen, instructed to hold there in case the Berber army should break through to Ifriqiya.

Maysara's Berber forces encountered the vanguard Ifrqiyan column of Khalid ibn Abi Habib somewhere on the outskirts of Tangiers. After a brief skirmish, Maysara ordered the Berber armies to fall back. Rather than give pursuit, the Arab cavalry commander Khalid ibn Abi Habib held the line just south of Tangiers, blockading the Berber-held city while awaiting the reinforcements from the Sicilian expedition. Regrouping after these skirmishes, the Berber rebels deposed and killed their leader, Maysara al-Matghari, elected the Zenata Berber chieftain, Khalid ibn Hamid al-Zanati, as the new Berber commander; the reasons for Maysara's fall are not altogether clear - because his sudden cowardice shown before the Arab cavalry column proved him military unfit because the puritan Sufrite preachers found a flaw in the piety of his character, or because the Zenata tribal chieftains, being closer to the Ifriqiyan frontline, felt they should be the ones leading the rebellion. The chronicler Ibn Khaldun claims Khalid ibn Abi Obeida encountered the Berber forces and held his position at the'Shalif' river, which many commentators have taken to be the well-known Chelif river in central Algeria.

However, it is improbable that the Berber rebel army would have been that far east by then. Modern historians have suggested his transcribers made a mistake here. Julien suggests Ibn Khaldun meant to say the Sebou River, whose upper reaches would indeed appropriately place the Ifriqiyan column close to Tangiers; the chronicler En-Nuweri indeed reports. Khalid ibn Hamid al-Zanati opted to attack the Ifriqiyan army mulling around the'Shalif' before the arrival of the reinforcements from Sicily; the Berber rebels under Khalid ibn Hamid overwhelmed and defeated the army of Khalid ibn Abi Habib, massacring the cream of the Ifriqiyan Arab nobility. News of the slaughter of the Ifriqiyan nobles spread like a shock-wave; the reserve army of Ibn al-Mughira in Tlemcen fell into a panic. Seeing Sufrite preachers everywhere around the city, the troops launched a series of indiscriminate massacres, provoking a massive uprising in the hitherto-quiet city; the Sicilian expeditionary army of Habib ibn Abi Obeida arrived too late to prevent the massacre of the nobles.

Realizing they were in no position to take on the Berbers by themselves, they retreated to Tlemcen to gather the reserves, only to find that that city too was now in disarray and the troops killed or scattered. Habib ibn Abi Obeida entrenched what remained of the Ifriqiyan army in the vicinity of Tlemcen, called upon Kairouan for reinforcements; the request was forwarded to Damascus. Hearing of the defeat of the nobles, Caliph Hisham is said to have exclaimed "By God, I will most rage against them with an Arab rage, I will send against them an army whose beginning is where they are and whose end is where I am!". In February, 741, the Umayyad Caliph Hisham appointed Kulthum ibn Iyad al-Qasi to replace the disgraced Obeid Allah as governor in Ifriqiya. Kulthum was to be accompanied by a fresh Arab army of 30,000 raised from the Syrian regiments (junds in Arabic} of the east; this would set up the more momentous Battle of Bagdoura in late 741. Berbers and Islam Umayyad conquest of North Africa