The Bride of Frankenstein is a 1935 American science fiction horror film, the first sequel to Universal Pictures' 1931 film Frankenstein. It is regarded as one of the greatest sequels in cinematic history, with many fans and critics considering it to be an improvement on the original Frankenstein; as with the first film, Bride of Frankenstein was directed by James Whale and stars Boris Karloff as the Monster. The sequel features Elsa Lanchester in the dual role of Mary Shelley and the Monster's mate at the end of the film. Colin Clive reprises his role as Henry Frankenstein, Ernest Thesiger plays the role of Doctor Septimus Pretorius; the movie starts as an immediate sequel to the events that concluded the earlier film, is rooted in a subplot of the original Mary Shelley novel, Frankenstein. In the film, a chastened Henry Frankenstein abandons his plans to create life, only to be tempted and coerced by his old mentor Dr. Pretorius, along with threats from the Monster, into constructing a mate for the Monster.
The preparation to film the sequel began shortly after the premiere of the first film, but script problems delayed the project. Principal photography began in January 1935, with creative personnel from the original returning in front of and behind the camera. Bride of Frankenstein was released to critical and popular acclaim, although it encountered difficulties with some state and national censorship boards. Since its release the film's reputation has grown, it is now considered one of the greatest sequels made, it has been hailed as Whale's masterpiece. In 1998, it was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the United States National Film Registry, having been deemed "culturally or aesthetically significant". On a stormy night, Percy Bysshe Shelley and Lord Byron praise Mary Shelley for her story of Frankenstein and his Monster. Reminding them that her intention was to impart a moral lesson, Mary says she has more of the story to tell; the scene shifts to the end of the 1931 Frankenstein, in 1899.
Villagers gathered around the burning windmill cheer the apparent death of the Monster. Their joy is tempered by the realization that Henry Frankenstein is apparently dead. Hans, father of the girl the creature drowned in the previous film, wants to see the Monster's bones, he falls into a flooded pit underneath the mill, where the Monster – having survived the fire – strangles him. Hauling himself from the pit, the Monster casts Hans' wife to her death, he next encounters Minnie. Henry's body is returned to his fiancée Elizabeth at his ancestral castle home. Minnie arrives to sound the alarm about the Monster. Elizabeth, seeing Henry move, realizes. Nursed back to health by Elizabeth, Henry has renounced his creation, but still believes he may be destined to unlock the secret of life and immortality. A hysterical Elizabeth cries that she sees death coming, foreshadowing the arrival of Henry's former mentor, Doctor Septimus Pretorius. Henry goes to Pretorius's lab, where he shows Henry several homunculi he has created, including a miniature queen, archbishop, devil and mermaid.
Pretorius wishes to work with Henry to create a mate for the Monster and offers a toast to their venture: "To a new world of gods and monsters!" Upon forcing Henry to help him, Pretorius will grow an artificial brain while Henry gathers the parts for the mate. The Monster saves a young shepherdess from drowning, her screams upon seeing him injure the creature. The hunters raise a mob. Captured and trussed to a pole, the Monster is hauled to chained. Left alone, he breaks his chains, kills the guards, escapes into the woods; that night, the Monster burns his hand in their campfire. Following the sound of a violin playing "Ave Maria", the Monster encounters an old blind hermit who thanks God for sending him a friend, he shares a meal with him. Two lost hunters recognize the Monster, he accidentally burns down the cottage as the hunters lead the hermit away. Taking refuge from another angry mob in a crypt, the Monster spies Pretorius and his cronies Karl and Ludwig breaking open a grave; the henchmen depart.
The Monster approaches Pretorius, learns that Pretorius plans to create a mate for him. Henry and Elizabeth, now married, are visited by Pretorius, he is ready for Henry to do his part in their "supreme collaboration". Henry Pretorius calls in the Monster who demands Henry's help. Henry again refuses and Pretorius orders the Monster out, secretly signaling him to kidnap Elizabeth. Pretorius guarantees her safe return upon Henry's participation. Henry returns to his tower laboratory. After being assured of Elizabeth's safety, Henry completes the Bride's body. A storm rages as final preparations are made to bring the Bride to life, her bandage-wrapped body is raised through the roof. Lightning strikes a kite, sending electricity through the Bride. Henry and Pretorius realize their success. Henry cries: "She's alive! Alive!" They help her to stand. Doctor Pretorius declares: "The bride of Frankenstein!" The Monster sees his mate. The excited Monster reaches out to her and asks: "Friend?" The B
Adam Gates is a graphic designer and musician from Orinda, California. Gates played with many bands in his formative years, establishing relationships that would inform his entire musical career; some of his early projects were Town Number Eight and various hardcore punk rock bands that were all influenced by the LA Hardcore sound. In 1981 Gates sang and played bass for Monkey Rhythm, a band started while attending Miramonte High School in Orinda California. With the band's musical references at odds with local suburban musical tastes, Monkey Rhythm ventured into the San Francisco club circuit, playing numerous shows at The Mabuhay Gardens, On Broadway, The Stone, Berkeley Square and many others; the band toured until securing a record deal with Howie Klien’s 415/CBS Music. Their debut album “This Must Be The Place” was released in 1985. In 1987 the original band dissolved and Gates, keeping the name Monkey Rhythm, played with various local musicians and friends while continuing to study Graphic Design at San Francisco State.
While intermittently writing music with keyboardist John Berg Gates started working with multi-instrumentalist Matt Winegar. Gates and Winegar developed a fruitful working relationship, which had them sequestered away in Winegars Fremont CA home for months, recording on a primitive Tascam 388; the musical pair developed their melodic pop style while amassing a large collection of original songs. With the help of Matt Wallace the duo secured a publishing deal with publishing giant Peer Music. While still tentatively using the name Monkey Rhythm, Gates and Winegar created a live band; the band soon generated interest from various labels until signing with Geffen Records. The band soon after changed their name to “The Spent Poets”; the Spent Poets recorded their debut album for Geffen and toured nationally with the band Live. Soon after, members John Berg and Michael Urbano left the band, leaving the core trio of Gates and Greenberg to record their sophomore effort “Steve" for Geffen. With their relationship with Geffen waining, the second album was never released.
"Steve" is traded on the Internet and is considered by the band as their best effort. With his interest in electronic music growing Gates released multiple albums under the name No Force Field with friends Brian “Brain” Mantea and Larry “Ler” LaLonde. Gates worked with Turntablist DJ DISK on various 12 inch releases. Gates met Les Claypool at the radio station "The Quake" while both musicians tried to secure air play from DJ Big Rick Stewart. Gates' band Monkey Rhythm and Claypool’s Primus would play countless shows together in the SF Bay Area. Gates shared bass duties with Claypool for the “Thrash Metal” band Blind Illusion on a national tour in 1988, where Gates met future Primus guitarist Larry LaLonde. While ascending in popularity, Primus would play “acoustic” shows with Gates fronting a character named “Bob C Cock”. Bob Cock would feature throughout the career of Primus, most notably at their annual New Year's Eve performances. Gates toured with Claypool’s band in support of his first solo album “Highball With The Devil" On Primus “Tour De Fromage” Claypool asked Gates to develop a projection system that would allow for images to be projected on three weather balloons suspended behind the band.
Gates worked with the video company Livid, helping to test video software that would allow for a new way to perform various video clips. Gates toured extensively with Primus for both the legs of their Tour De Fromage and is still known by industry icon /Road Manager Quake as “the only guy on my crews to wear a suit to work”; the projections can be seen on the live Primus DVD “Halluciogenetics”. Gates played the character of bass player Steve "Aiwass" Hampton Trouzdale in Claypool's film Electric Apricot Gates played Keyboards and sang for the SF Bay Area band MIRV; the band played local San Francisco shows to MIRV’s considerable home following and toured nationally with Les Claypool. The band would record one album with Gates. Gates formally left MIRV in 2006. With bassist/engineer Craig McFarland Gates started the studio project Madame Blavatsky Overdrive, a return to performing “progressive pop” music; as the chief songwriter and Bassist/Engineer McFarland recorded a full-length album “Idiot Jones Will Have His Day” as well as the “Eris Cycle” a 5 EP Box set.
The albums gained considerable international attention and MBO played as a live act. In 2015 all online indicators of MBO were removed from the internet; the MBO catalog has since resurfaced on SoundCloud. In an online interview, Gates mentioned his latest project "The Black Pope Of Lafayette County” -, a song cycle consisting of 23 songs about death”; as of this writing “The Black Pope" remains unreleased. With his involvement in the music industry growing in the late
USS Daniel T. Griffin, a Buckley-class destroyer escort of the United States Navy, was named in honor of Ordnanceman Daniel T. Griffin, killed in action during the Japanese attack on the Hawaiian Islands. Daniel T. Griffin was launched on 25 February 1943 by the Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Massachusetts, sponsored by Mrs. D. T. Griffin, commissioned on 9 June with Lieutenant-Commander P. M. Fenton, of the USNR, in command. After a voyage escorting a convoy to Casablanca, French Morocco, between 15 August and 24 September 1943 Daniel T. Griffin took up convoy duty between New York and Northern Ireland, making eight transatlantic voyages between 13 October 1943 and 23 September 1944, she arrived at Staten Island, New York on 22 October for conversion to a Charles Lawrence-class high speed transport. She was reclassified APD-38 on 23 October 1944. Sailing from Norfolk on 13 January 1945 Daniel T. Griffin arrived at Pearl Harbor on 6 February to serve with Underwater Demolition Teams, she cleared on 14 February on convoy duty to Ulithi and Kossol Passage arrived at San Pedro Bay, Leyte, on 5 March for invasion rehearsals off Hononhan Island.
On 19 March she got underway for Kerama Retto. During the assault on Okinawa, she screened ships at Kerama Retto and swept mines, delivered explosives to the Okinawa beaches, acted as rescue ship until 18 May. On 6 April she fought off several suicide attacks destroying at least two enemy planes; when the destroyer Morris was hit Daniel T. Griffin protected her against further attack assisted in putting out her fires, escorted her into Kerama Retto. Daniel T. Griffin served on local escort duty at Saipan between 20 May and 19 June 1945 escorted a convoy back to Okinawa, another from Okinawa to Ulithi. On 11 July she arrived in San Pedro Bay, for varied duty in the Philippines until 22 September when she sailed with occupation troops to Kure, landing her passengers from 6 to 11 October. Returning to Manila on 16 October she redeployed troops in the Philippines until 2 December when she sailed for the United States, she called at San Diego, arrived at Norfolk on 11 January 1946 and Green Cove Springs, Florida, on 4 March.
She was placed out of commission in reserve there on 30 May 1946. Daniel T. Griffin was transferred to Chile on 15 November 1966, renamed Luis Virgilio Uribe, she was decommissioned and broken up for scrap in 1995. Daniel T. Griffin received one battle star for World War II service. List of ship launches in 1943 List of ship commissionings in 1943 List of ship commissionings in 1966 List of ship decommissionings in 1946 List of ship decommissionings in 1995 This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. Photo gallery of USS Daniel T. Griffin at NavSource Naval History