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Brigadoon is a musical with a book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner, music by Frederick Loewe. Songs from the musical, such as "Almost Like Being in Love", have become standards, it features two American tourists who stumble upon Brigadoon, a mysterious Scottish village that appears for only one day every 100 years. Tommy, one of the tourists, falls in love with a young woman from Brigadoon; the original production opened at the Ziegfeld Theatre on Broadway in 1947 and ran for 581 performances. It starred David Brooks, Marion Bell, Pamela Britton, Lee Sullivan. In 1949, Brigadoon ran for 685 performances. A 1954 film version starred Gene Kelly and Cyd Charisse, a 1966 television version starred Robert Goulet and Peter Falk. Lyricist and book writer Alan Jay Lerner and composer Frederick Loewe had collaborated on three musicals. Inspired by Rodgers and Hammerstein's successful collaborations Oklahoma! and Carousel, they created Brigadoon, about a magical village in the Scottish highlands. Like Oklahoma! and Carousel, Brigadoon included a serious love story as the main plot and a lighter romance as subplot.

Thematically, the musical depicted the contrast between empty city life and the warmth and simplicity of the country, focusing on a theme of love transcending time. Agnes de Mille, who had choreographed Oklahoma! and Carousel, was hired as choreographer, her work for Brigadoon incorporated elements of traditional Scottish folk dance: a traditional sword dance, a chase scene, a funeral dance. Though Lerner and Loewe took Brigadoon to producer Billy Rose, Cheryl Crawford was the producer who brought Brigadoon to Broadway. Lerner explained the change in producer by saying: "The contract which wished us to sign negated Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation that freed the slaves." Under Loewe's guidance, Ted Royal received a sole orchestrator credit for his work on the original production. His atmospheric arrangements have been used for the revivals. Though the village of Brigadoon is fictional, it's named after the bridge Brig o' Doon, located in Ayrshire, being the setting for the final verse of the Robert Burns's poem Tam o' Shanter.

The New York Times's theater critic George Jean Nathan wrote that Lerner's book was based on a German story, published in 1860 by Friedrich Gerstäcker translated by Charles Brandon Schaeffer, about the mythical village of Germelshausen that fell under a magic curse. However, Lerner denied that he had based the book on an older story, and, in an explanation published in The New York Times, stated that he didn't learn of the existence of the Germelshausen story until after he had completed the first draft of Brigadoon. Lerner said that in his subsequent research, he found many other legends of disappearing towns in various countries' folklore, he pronounced their similarities "unconscious coincidence". Act INew Yorkers Tommy Albright and Jeff Douglas have travelled to the Scottish Highlands on a game-hunting vacation, but they get lost on their first night out, they begin to hear music coming from a nearby village. They head over there to get directions back to their inn and find a fair in progress, with villagers dressed in traditional Scottish tartan.

Andrew MacLaren and his daughters arrive at the fair to purchase supplies for younger daughter Jean's wedding to Charlie Dalrymple. Harry Beaton, son of Archie Beaton, is madly in love with Jean and is depressed at the thought of her marrying another, unable to find comfort in Maggie Anderson's devotion to him. One of the girls asks Jean's older sister Fiona when she'll marry, Fiona answers she's waiting for the right person. Tommy and Jeff ask where they are. Fiona invites the wanderers to have a rest at the MacLaren home. Flirtatious dairymaid Meg Brockie takes a liking to Jeff and leads him off. Charlie Dalrymple appears, he shares a drink with Tommy, toasting to a Mr. Forsythe whom he thanks for "postponing the miracle"; when Tommy asks what that means, Fiona shushes him and leads him away as Charlie celebrates the end of his bachelorhood. Tommy tells Fiona that he has a fiancée, Jane, in New York, but he's in no hurry to marry her, Fiona reveals that she likes Tommy much. Tommy insists on accompanying Fiona to gather heather for the wedding.

Meanwhile, Meg takes Jeff to a place in the forest with a cot. She tells him she's "highly attracted" to him, she reflects on her'eventful' love life. At the MacLarens', Jean's friends help her pack her things to move into Charlie's home. Charlie arrives to sign the MacLarens' family Bible, he wants to see Jean. Tommy and Fiona return with a basket full of heather, Fiona goes upstairs to help Jean dress for the wedding. Jeff arrives wearing a pair of Highland trews. Jeff finds that Tommy is so happy that he can contain it. Tommy notices that all the events listed in the family Bible, including Jean's wedding, are listed as if they had happened 200 years earlier; when he asks Fiona about this

Wynnere and Wastoure

Wynnere and Wastoure is a fragmentary Middle English poem written in alliterative verse sometime around the middle of the 14th century. The poem occurs in a single manuscript, British Library Additional MS. 31042 called the London Thornton Manuscript. This manuscript was compiled in the mid-15th century by Robert Thornton, a member of the provincial landed gentry of Yorkshire, who seems to have made a collection of instructional and other texts for the use of his family, it is not known where Thornton found the text of Wynnere and Wastoure, which has not survived in any other sources, but the dialect of the poem indicates that it most written by someone originating from the north Midlands. The poem can be dated with some confidence due to its prominent reference to William Shareshull, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, who left the post in 1361 and died in 1370, it appears to make reference to the Treason Act 1351 and the Statute of Labourers 1351. Wynnere and Wastoure is written in a four-stress unrhymed alliterative line thought to be a late development, or revival, of the alliterative line used in Old English poetry.

Bot I schall tell yow a tale that me bytyde ones Als I went in the weste, wandrynge myn one, Bi a bonke of a bourne. I layde myn hede one ane hill ane hawthorne besyde. Wynnere and Wastoure is the earliest datable poem of the so-called "Alliterative Revival", when the alliterative style re-emerged in Middle English; the sophistication and confidence of the poet's style, seems to indicate that poetry in the alliterative "long line" was well established in Middle English by the time Wynnere and Wastoure was written. The poem begins with a brief reference to the legend, derived from Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, of the founding of Britain by Brutus, the great-grandson of Aeneas; the poet goes on to speak of the marvels and disorder seen in the land, commenting that Doomsday must be approaching. Wandering by himself, the poet lies down by a hawthorn tree and has a dream vision, a "sweven", in which he sees two opposing armies, a gold and red pavilion raised on top of a hill. Inside the pavilion is a richly-dressed, brown-bearded king, identified as Edward III of England.

One army is led by a figure representing monetary gain and financial prudence. The king, after sending his herald to intervene between the two armies, agrees to listen to Wynnere and Wastoure's complaints against each other and to give his judgement on them. There follows a lengthy debate between Wynnere and Wastoure, each giving complex arguments against the other and about the effects on society of the principles they represent. At the end, the King gives his judgement, though the poem breaks off, at line 503, before this has been completed, he appears to endorse elements of both Wynnere's sparing and Wastoure's spending, though the poem seems to condemn both viewpoints as unbalanced and leading to inequality and social abuses. It seems that the poem forms a sophisticated comment on the pressures facing the king and on the principles of good governance, with additional satire directed against the rising merchant class in the person of Wynnere. Though his subject is the feudal economy, the poet's themes are moralistic.

The poem is within both the strong mediaeval tradition of the poetic debate, in which two opposing positions are argued, within the tradition of the "dream vision", in which the narrator falls asleep and witnesses an event with an allegorical character. It has something in common with the genre of the chanson d'aventure, in which the solitary, wandering poet overhears a complaint or debate. Wynnere and Wastoure has some form of relationship to the Piers Plowman tradition; some critics, such as John Burrow, have argued that Langland was influenced by Wynnere and Wastoure, but that he deliberately diluted its style to make it more accessible to southern readers. The writer of Wynnere and Wastoure was a sophisticated poet, confident in both the alliterative verse-form and in handling complex satire. However, we know nothing about the author's identity other than what can be deduced from the poem's language. Modern opinion identifies the dialect, therefore the author, as originating from the north-west Midlands as far north as southern Lancashire.

The presence of some East Midland forms - those of the contemporary dialect of London - has led to the suggestion that the poet may have been part of the household of a lord whose seat was in the north-west, but who ha


Ampelita is a genus of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Acavidae. Species within the genus Ampelita include: Ampelita alluaudi Ampelita ambatoensis Emberton & Griffiths, 2009 Ampelita andriamamonjyi Griffiths & Herbert, 2013 Ampelita atropos Ampelita bathiei Fischer-Piette, 1952 Ampelita battistinii Fischer-Piette & Garreau, 1965 Ampelita beanka Griffiths & Herbert, 2013 Ampelita bizonalis Odhner, 1919 Ampelita caderyi Fischer-Piette, Blanc, C. P. Blanc, F. & Salvat, 1994 Ampelita caduca Fischer-Piette, Blanc, F. & Salvat, 1975 Ampelita calida Fischer-Piette, Blanc, F. & Salvat, 1975 Ampelita calypso Ampelita chlorozona Ampelita clotho Ampelita consanguinea Ampelita covani Ampelita culminans Fischer-Piette, 1952 Ampelita decaryi Fischer-Piette, 1952 Ampelita denisi Dautzenberg, 1928 Ampelita dingeoni Fischer-Piette, Blanc, F. & Salvat, 1975 Ampelita duvalii Ampelita fulgurata Ampelita funebris Ampelita futura Fischer-Piette & Garreau, 1965 Ampelita galactostoma Ampelita gaudens Ampelita globulus Fischer-Piette, Blanc, F. & Vukadinovic, 1974 Ampelita grandidieri Fischer-Piette, 1952 Ampelita granulosa Ampelita julii Fischer-Piette & Garreau, 1965 - Ampelita julii soa Emberton & Griffiths, 2009 Ampelita lachesis Ampelita lamarei Ampelita lancula Ampelita lindae Griffiths & Herbert, 2013 Ampelita lourdoni Fischer-Piette, Blanc, C.

P. Blanc, F. & Salvat, 1994 Ampelita madagascariensis Ampelita madecassina Ampelita milloti Fischer-Piette, 1952 Ampelita namerokoensis Fischer-Piette, 1952 Ampelita neoglobulus Fischer-Piette, Blanc, C. P. Blanc, F. & Salvat, 1994 Ampelita omphalolodes Ampelita owengriffithsi Ampelita parva Fischer-Piette & Garreau, 1965 Ampelita percyana Ampelita petiti Fischer-Piette, 1952 Ampelita pfeifferi Fischer-Piette, 1952 Ampelita pilosa Fischer-Piette & Garreau, 1965 Ampelita robillardi Ampelita sepulcralis Ampelita shavi E. A. Smith, 1879 Ampelita soulaiana Fischer Cauquoin Tes, 1973 Ampelita stilpna Ampelita stumpfii Ampelita suarezensis Ampelita subatropos Ampelita subsepulcralis Ampelita sylvatica Fischer-Piette & Garreau, 1965 Ampelita unicolor Ampelita vanoci Fischer-Piette, Blanc, C. P. Blanc, F. & Salvat, 1994 Ampelita vesconis Ampelita xystera Bank, R.. Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017

Parade, Leamington Spa

Parade is a 0.51 mile long street in the town of Royal Leamington Spa, England. Running in a north-south direction, it forms part of the longer B4087 which runs from the A445 in Leamington to the B4086 in Wellesbourne; the road is the central shopping hub of the town, upon it sit many of the town’s high street stores, as well as some of the best examples of Regency architecture, for which the town is known. It is erroneously called "The Parade", spoken of as such, but all maps and resources such as the Royal Mail's postcode database have "Parade"; until the first part of the 19th century Leamington Priors, as the town was known, was a small village, of equal size with the nearby village of Lillington. The southern part of what is now Parade was part of Lillington Lane which connected the two settlements. Between 1808 and 1860 Leamington developed northwards away from its village origins meaning Lillington Lane was extended to the length of the current Parade and named "Lower Union Parade", "Upper Union Parade" and "Lansdowne Place" in sections from south to north.

In 1860 the street took on its current name. The name Parade itself came from the fact that so many of the facilities that made Leamington as a spa town famous lined the street; the Royal Pump Rooms were opened in 1814, the Regent Hotel in 1818 and the Jephson Gardens in 1834. Most of the fashionable housing in the town was found north of the river as well as the main library and the theatre. Victorian buildings of note include an obelisk/drinking fountain dedicated to local politician and philanthropist Henry Bright and the large Town Hall with tower. In 1988 the towns main shopping precinct, the Royal Priors Shopping Centre, opened. For a short period of time there was a second precinct, the Regency Arcade, but this is now closed and has been converted into a shop and hotel. Many visitors would assume that the continuation of Parade on the south side of the River Leam is part of the same street; however it is was never part of it. Although many people would term Parade the town's high street, High Street itself is the major road of the original village, found south of and parallel to the river.

Today it is still a major through road for traffic and part of the A425

Afghanistan national under-19 cricket team

The Afghanistan Under-19 cricket team represents the country of Afghanistan in U-19 international cricket. Afghanistan finished second in the 2009 Under-19 Cricket World Cup Qualifier, held in Canada; the team gained victories over Sierra Leone, Hong Kong, the United States, the Netherlands, Papua New Guinea. The team lost just two matches to Canada. Afghanistan have finished fourth in 2011 Under-19 Cricket World Cup Qualifier which gained them qualification to 2012 Under-19 Cricket World Cup; the team played in the 2010 Under-19 Cricket World Cup in New Zealand. Afghanistan were drawn in Group A, where they played Hong Kong and India. Afghanistan got an wooden spoon in this World Cup. Afghanistan played in the 2012 Under-19 Cricket World Cup, they played against New Zealand and Scotland. Afghanistan had qualified for 2014 Under-19 Cricket World Cup, they were drawn against Australia, Bangladesh & Namibia in group B who they beat, qualifying for Super league, where they lost to South Africa. They finished tournament well by securing 7th position.

The team made it to the semifinals of the 2016 ACC Under-19 Asia Cup, losing out to India by 77 runs. In the league stages of the tournament Afghanistan lost their first match, being defeated by Bangladesh. However, they won their next two matches against Singapore, they advanced to the semifinals on the basis of NRR. Afghanistan won the 2017 ACC Under-19 Asia Cup, defeating Pakistan in the final by a huge margin of 185 runs. In the league stages, Afghanistan lost to Sri Lanka, they faced Nepal in the semifinals. The Afghanistan U-19 Cricket squad selected for 2016 Under-19 Cricket World Cup: Afghanistan at Cricinfo 2010 Under-19 Cricket World Cup squads ICC Under-19 World Cup Qualifier, 2012

Zhang Xiuping

Zhang Xiuping is a Chinese politician from Shanxi province. Between 2013 and 2014 she served as the Deputy Communist Party Secretary of Jinzhong, a prefecture-level city in Shanxi. In August 2014, she was put under investigation by the Communist Party's anti-corruption agency she was removed from office and expelled from the party in November 2014. Chinese media reported that she had close relations with Jin Daoming, the former Secretary of the Shanxi Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection. Zhang was raised in Shanyin County, Shanxi, she earned a Ph. D degree from Shanxi University in 2007. Zhang began her political career in June 1985, joined the Communist Party of China in July 1989, she spent five years working in the Organization Department of Shuozhou Municipal Party Committee before serving as Deputy Director of General Office of Shuozhou Municipal Party Committee. In March 2000 Zhang was transferred to Taiyuan, capital of Shanxi province, she worked in Shanxi Provincial Commission for Discipline and Shanxi Provincial Inspection and Supervision Bureau.

She was promoted to director in August 2002. In October 2006, he became a member of the Standing Committee of Shanxi Provincial Commission for Discipline. In April 2013, she was appointed the Deputy CPC Party Chief of Jinzhong, she remained in that position until November 2014, when she was removed from office and expelled from the party for "took advantage of her post to seek profits for others, accepted a huge amount of money and property.