Brigham Young University is a private research university located in Provo and owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The university is run under the auspices of its parent-organization, the Church Educational System, is classified among "Doctoral Universities: High Research Activity" with "more selective, lower transfer-in" admissions; the university's primary emphasis is on undergraduate education in 179 majors, but it has 62 master's and 26 doctoral degree programs. The university administers two satellite campuses, one in Jerusalem and one in Salt Lake City. Students attending BYU agree to follow an honor code that mandates behavior in line with LDS teachings, such as academic honesty, adherence to dress and grooming standards, abstinence from extramarital sex and homosexual behavior, no consumption of illegal drugs, tea, alcohol, or tobacco. 99 percent of the students are members of the LDS Church. The university curriculum includes religious education, with required courses in the Bible, LDS scripture and history, the university sponsors weekly devotional assemblies with most speakers addressing religious topics.
Sixty-six percent of students either delay enrollment or take a hiatus from their studies to serve as LDS missionaries. An education at BYU is less expensive than at similar private universities, since "a significant portion" of the cost of operating the university is subsidized by the church's tithing funds. BYU's athletic teams are collectively known as the Cougars, their college football team is an NCAA Division I Independent, while their other sports teams compete in either the West Coast Conference or Mountain Pacific Sports Federation. BYU's sports teams have won a total of nine NCAA national championships and were named National Champions in football by multiple publications in 1984; the origin of Brigham Young University can be traced back to 1862, when Warren Dusenberry started a Provo school in Cluff Hall, a prominent adobe building in the northeast corner of 200 East and 200 North. After some financial difficulties, the school was recreated in the Kinsey and Lewis buildings on Center street in Provo, after gaining some recognition for its quality, was adopted to become the Timpanogos branch of the University of Deseret.
When financial difficulty forced another closure, on October 16, 1875, Brigham Young president of the LDS Church, deeded the property to trustees to create Brigham Young Academy after earlier hinting a school would be built in Draper, Utah, in 1867. Hence, October 16, 1875, is held as BYU's founding date. Brigham Young had been envisioning for several years the concept of a church university. Said Young about his vision: "I hope to see an Academy established in Provo... at which the children of the Latter-day Saints can receive a good education unmixed with the pernicious atheistic influences that are found in so many of the higher schools of the country." Classes at Brigham Young Academy commenced on January 3, 1876. Warren Dusenberry served as interim principal for several months until April 1876, when Brigham Young's choice for principal arrived—a German immigrant named Karl Maeser. Under Maeser's direction, the school educated many luminaries, including future U. S. Supreme Court Justice George Sutherland and future U.
S. Senator Reed Smoot; the school, did not become a university until the end of Benjamin Cluff's term at the helm of the institution. At that time, the school was still supported by members of the community and was not absorbed and sponsored by the LDS Church until July 18, 1896. A series of odd managerial decisions by Cluff led to his demotion; the suggestion received a large amount of opposition, with many members of the Board saying the school was not large enough to be a university, but the decision passed. One opponent to the decision, Anthon H. Lund said, "I hope their head will grow big enough for their hat."In 1903, Brigham Young Academy was dissolved and replaced by two institutions, Brigham Young High School and Brigham Young University. The BY High School class of 1907 was responsible for the famous giant "Y", to this day embedded on a mountain near campus; the Board elected George H. Brimhall as the new President of BYU, he had not received a high school education. He was an excellent orator and organizer.
Under his tenure in 1904 the new Brigham Young University bought 17 acres of land from Provo called "Temple Hill". After some controversy among locals over BYU's purchase of this property, construction began in 1909 on the first building on the current campus, the Karl G. Maeser Memorial. Brimhall presided over the University during a brief crisis involving the theory of evolution; the religious nature of the school seemed at the time to collide with this scientific theory. Joseph F. Smith, LDS Church president, settled the question for a time by asking that evolution not be taught at the school. A few have described the school at this time as nothing more than a "religious seminary". However, many of its graduates at this time would go on to great success and become well renowned in their fields. In 1921, Franklin S. Harris was appointed president of the university, he was the first BYU president to have a doctoral degree. Harris made several important changes to the school, reorganizing it into a true university, whereas before, its organization had remnants of the Academy days.
At the beginning of his tenure, the school was not recognized as a university by any
Ángel Zárraga Argüelles was a Mexican painter. He was a founding member of the cultural organization El Ateneo de la Juventud. Zárraga was born the son of the physician Dr. Fernando Zárraga and his wife Guadalupe Argüelles in the Barrio de Analco of Durango. While attending the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria in Mexico City, he made his first contacts with the prevailing artistic and intellectual scene, studied at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, his family made possible for him a study trip to Europe in 1904, where he visited and exhibited in Spain and Italy. He visited courses at the Royal Academies for Science and the Arts of Belgium. In 1906 he exhibited some of his pictures in the Museo del Prado, in 1907 in an exhibition of the ENBA, he participated in the 1909 Biennale di Venezia and exhibited in the Salon at the Piazzale Donatello, Florence. In 1911 he moved to France for good, he only returned to Mexico once at the outbreak of World War II for a short time. From 1914 Zárraga painted in a Cubist style and after 1921 his work was influenced by Cézanne and Giotto.
He painted murals at the Château de Vert-Cœur and in the Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, decorated the Mexican embassy in Paris. He exhibited at the Salon d'Automne, as well as in New York City; as a result of the collapse of the international art market he lost his sponsors and became depressed. During World War II he returned to his home country in 1941, where he painted murals at the Club de Banqueros and in Monterrey Cathedral, he died of pneumonia. A museum of contemporary art in Durango is named after him. Ángel Zárraga in the Ibero-American Institute catalogue, Berlin
"Fat Lip" is a song by Canadian rock band Sum 41. It is the fourth track on their debut album All Killer No Filler, was released as the lead single in April 2001, it is the band's most successful single to date. It peaked at number 66 at number 8 on the UK Singles Chart, it is featured in the video games NHL Guitar Hero in addition an episode of Smallville. The uptempo song was described as pop punk skate punk, rap rock and hip hop, with Deryck Whibley, Dave Brownsound, Stevo Jocz sharing vocal duties. "The verses are about what we do: growing up in the suburbs, going to parties and hanging out with our friends, causing trouble. A lot of people say they relate to it," said Whibley; the song gets its name from the slang term for a swollen lip as a result of being punched in the face. The song topped MTV's Total Request Live and MuchMusic's MuchMusic Countdown in the summer of 2001. In the original Canadian version, the music video combines with fellow All Killer No Filler track "Pain for Pleasure", a short Iron Maiden-esque song, the final song on the album.
The video was ranked at number 75 on "MuchMusic's 100 Best Videos". At the beginning of the music video, the band performs an a cappella of the first verse of "What We're All About", which would be their future single, for the staff of a liquor store; the song was performed on Saturday Night Live on October 6, 2001, hosted by Seann William Scott. The song has been well-received, with critics praising the song's unique style. Rolling Stone magazine described the sound of the song "as if Sum 41 went from Blink-182 to Beastie Boys to Black Sabbath, all in one song." The song is considered one of the band's signature songs. "Fat Lip" "Makes No Difference" "What I Believe" "Machine Gun" EU Import: "Fat Lip" "T. H. T." "Makes No Difference" "What I Believe" "Machine Gun" Deryck Whibley – lead vocals, rhythm guitar Dave Baksh – lead guitar, vocals Jason McCaslin – bass guitar, backing vocals Steve Jocz – lead vocals, percussion "Fat Lip" Official music video on YouTube "Pain for Pleasure" Official music video on YouTube Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics