Bringing Up Father was an American comic strip created by cartoonist George McManus. Distributed by King Features Syndicate, it ran for 87 years, from January 12, 1913, to May 28, 2000; the strip is known as "Jiggs and Maggie", after its two main characters. According to McManus, he introduced these same characters in other strips as early as November 1911; the humor centers on an immigrant Irishman named Jiggs, a former hod carrier who came into wealth in the United States by winning a million dollars in a sweepstakes. Now nouveau-riche, he still longs to revert to his former working class habits and lifestyle, his constant attempts to sneak out with his old gang of boisterous, rough-edged pals, eat corned beef and cabbage and hang out at the local tavern were thwarted by his formidable, social-climbing harridan of a wife, their lovely young daughter and infrequently their lazy son, Ethelbert known as just Sonny. A character presented in the strip was named fittingly Titus Canby; the strip deals with "lace-curtain Irish", with Maggie as the middle-class Irish American desiring assimilation into mainstream society in counterpoint to an older, more raffish "shanty Irish" sensibility represented by Jiggs.
Her lofty goal—frustrated in nearly every strip—is to bring father "up" to upper class standards, hence the title, Bringing Up Father. The occasional malapropisms and left-footed social blunders of these upward mobiles were gleefully lampooned in vaudeville and popular song, formed the basis for Bringing Up Father; the strip presented multiple perceptions of Irish Catholic ethnics during the early 20th century. Through the character Jiggs, McManus gave voice to their aspirations. Varied interpretations of McManus's work highlight difficult issues of ethnicity and class, such as the conflicts over assimilation and social mobility that second- and third-generation immigrants confronted. McManus took a middle position, which aided ethnic readers in becoming accepted in American society without losing their identity. A cross-country tour that the characters took in September 1939 into 1940 gave the strip a big promotional boost and raised its profile in the cities they visited. Jiggs and Maggie were drawn with circles for eyes, a feature more associated with the strip, Little Orphan Annie.
McManus, who numbered Aubrey Beardsley among his influences, had a clean-cut cartooning line. His strong sense of composition and Art Nouveau and Art Deco design made the strip a stand-out on the comics page. McManus was inspired by The Rising Generation, a musical comedy by William Gill that he had seen as a boy in St. Louis, Missouri's Grand Opera House, where his father was manager. In The Rising Generation, Irish-American bricklayer Martin McShayne becomes a wealthy contractor, yet his society-minded wife and daughter were ashamed of him and his lowbrow buddies, prompting McShayne to sneak out to join his pals for poker. McManus used him as the basis for his drawings of Jiggs. McManus' wife, the former Florence Bergere, was the model for daughter Nora. One of McManus' friends, restaurateur James Moore, claimed he was the inspiration for the character Dinty Moore, the owner of Jiggs' favorite tavern. James Moore founded a real-life restaurant chain; the restaurant owner, did not begin the successful line of Dinty Moore canned goods marketed today by Hormel.
A surrealistic running gag throughout the strip, always removed from the main action of the story, involved hanging wall paintings that "come to life", with subjects "breaking the fourth wall", escaping the confines of the picture frames, or changing position from panel to panel within the same strip. None of the nominal stars of the strip seemed to notice the animated figures, or anything unusual happening on the walls in the background directly behind them. Comics historian Don Markstein wrote about McManus' characters: On January 12, 1913, he debuted Bringing Up Father, about an Irishman named Jiggs, who doesn't understand why his ascension to wealth via the Irish Sweepstakes means he can't hang out with his friends, his nagging, social-climbing wife, Maggie; the strip was an instant hit because of its combination of an appealing cast of characters with a unique look of art-nouveau splendor... Before McManus died, in 1954, Bringing Up Father made him two fortunes. By that time, Jiggs's Irishness had faded—the new generation saw him as just a rich guy that liked to hang out with a regular crowd.
An uncredited script collaborator on the strip was McManus' brother, Charles W. McManus, 61 when he died August 31, 1941, he had his own comic strips in the 1920s, Dorothy Darnit and Mr. Broad. In 1926, McManus added a Sunday topper strip above Bringing Up Father, beginning with No Brains But and Good Morning, Boss!. Starting on June 13, 1926, McManus changed the topper to Rosie's Beau, a revival of his previous Sunday page. Rosie's Beau continued as the topper until November 12, 1944. On April 17, 1938, an absent-minded character named Sir Von Platter in Rosie's Beau realized he was in the wrong place and climbed down into the first panel of Bringing Up Father, arriving in the living room of Maggie and Jiggs. Starting November 19, 1944, McManus replaced Rosie's Beau with Snookums, itself a revival of a 1904-1916 McManus strip, The Newlyweds and Their Baby, now focused on their son, the titular character. S
Summative assessment, summative evaluation, or assessment of learning refers to the assessment of participants where the focus is on the outcome of a program. This contrasts with formative assessment, which summarizes the participants' development at a particular time. Summative assessment is taught in educational programs in the United States. Scriven claims; the goal of summative assessment is to evaluate student learning at the end of an instructional unit by comparing it against a standard or benchmark. Note,'the end' does not mean the end of an entire course or module of study. Summative assessments may be distributed throughout a course, after a particular unit has been taught, there are advantages to doing so. In many disciplines in the UK Higher Education sector, there has been a move away from 100% end of course assessments, to a model where summative assessments are distributed across a course, which helps to scaffold students' learning. Summative assessment involves students receiving a grade that indicates their level of performance, be it a percentage, pass/fail, or some other form of scale grade.
Summative assessments are weighted more than formative assessments. For example-test after 6 months in schools, Semester exams in B. Ed after each 6 months. Summative assessment is used as an evaluation technique in instructional design, it can provide information on an intervention's efficacy. Summative evaluation judges the worth, or value, of an intervention at its conclusion. Summative assessment can be used to refer to assessment of educational faculty by their respective supervisor, with the object of measuring all teachers on the same criteria to determine the level of their performance. In this context summative assessment is meant to meet the school or district's needs for teacher accountability; the evaluation takes the shape of a form, consists of check lists and narratives. Areas evaluated include classroom climate, instruction and planning and preparation. Methods of summative assessment aim to summarize overall learning at the completion of the course or unit. Questionnaires Surveys Interviews Observations Testing Projects Examination Educational assessment Formative assessment Computer aided assessment Types of assessment
The 2011 NHL Winter Classic was an outdoor regular season National Hockey League game, part of the Winter Classic series, played on January 1, 2011, at Heinz Field in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The visiting Washington Capitals defeated the Pittsburgh Penguins, 3–1; the game, rescheduled from its original 1:00 p.m. ET start time to 8:00 p.m. due to weather concerns, was telecast on NBC in the United States, CBC and RDS in Canada. Pittsburgh native Jackie Evancho performed the Star Spangled Banner and Pittsburgh sports legends Mario Lemieux, Franco Harris and Jerome Bettis presided over the ceremonial dropping of the puck, during the second intermission Harris and Bettis hosted a fan event at the outside rink; the 2011 Winter Classic was the second time. Most notably, the Classic pitted two recent number-one draft picks against each other: Capitals winger Alexander Ovechkin and Penguins center Sidney Crosby. At the event, the teams wore vintage uniforms based on Reebok's "Edge" template; the visiting Capitals wore a replica of their inaugural 1974–75 white uniform which they wore through the 1994–95 season, with red helmets.
The uniforms would remain the Capitals alternate until 2015, when they were replaced by their red counterpart. The Penguins wore new uniforms, based on those of their inaugural 1967–68 season; the jerseys would replace the team's previous throwbacks from the 2008 Winter Classic as their alternate uniforms, but would subsequently be dubbed the "Blue Jerseys of Doom" after Sidney Crosby suffering a career-altering concussion in the Winter Classic, which ended Crosby's season at the half-way mark. The bad luck with the jersey continued, as Crosby, Evgeni Malkin, Jordan Staal all suffered injuries in other games wearing the uniforms. Three days after Crosby sustained a broken jaw wearing the blue jerseys in 2013, the uniform was permanently mothballed and the Penguins opted to wear their standard black uniforms in their remaining games they were scheduled to wear the blue jerseys; the game had been scheduled for 1:00 p.m. but due to concerns about rain, on December 31 the game was shifted to an 8:00 p.m. start.
A few weeks prior, the possibility was raised that the Winter Classic might be postponed or canceled altogether. All major weather outlets forecast unseasonably warm temperatures for the day of the game, with the possibility of rain. Heavy or constant rain was the greater concern for the NHL, as it could make the ice surface unplayable. Light rain would have frozen on contact and made the surface uneven, while hard rain could have flooded the rink. Early on the NHL had contingency plans to push the game back to January 2 if necessary, but preferred not to do so since this would have conflicted with telecasts of NFL games. If neither date had reasonable weather, the game would have been postponed and the matchup rescheduled indoors at Consol Energy Center in the season. New Year's Weekend was the only time the Steelers would have allowed Heinz Field to be available, since they needed time to get it ready for any postseason home game; as New Year's Day approached weather forecasts solidified that by late afternoon the Pittsburgh region would be cooling to the 40s and 30s, major precipitation would be over by early evening for the duration of the weekend.
As it turned out, the few fast-moving bands of light rain in the area had no effect on the surface, no problems were reported. Canadian singer and former Barenaked Ladies frontman Steven Page performed the Canadian national anthem and Pittsburgh native Jackie Evancho sang the American national anthem. Following their performances, Pittsburgh sports legends Franco Harris, Jerome Bettis and Mario Lemieux joined U. S. Army Sergeant First Class Bradley T. Tinstman for the ceremonial puck drop; as with the 2008 and 2009 games in Ralph Wilson Stadium and Wrigley Field, the NHL announced a rule change to account for any adverse weather conditions that could give either team an unfair advantage. Due to high winds, the teams changed sides an additional time, at the first whistle after the halfway point of the third period; this was done at the halfway point of the third period in 2008 because of falling snow and again in 2009 due to high winds. Capitals goalie Semyon Varlamov made 32 saves in the win.
After a scoreless first period, the Penguins scored first early in the second period with Evgeni Malkin's goal. Washington scored three unanswered goals, one by Mike Knuble and two by Eric Fehr, to win the game. Number in parenthesis represents the player's total in goals or assists to that point of the season ^ Brent Johnson dressed for the Pittsburgh Penguins as the back-up goalie and did not enter the game. ^ Michal Neuvirth dressed for the Washington Capitals as the back-up goalie and did not enter the game. Washington Capitals: Tom Poti, Tyler Sloan Pittsburgh Penguins: Eric Godard, Chris Conner, Ben Lovejoy Referees — Paul Devorski, Stephen Walkom Linesmen — Pierre Champoux, Derek Amell The 20
Miklavž pri Taboru is a dispersed settlement in the Municipality of Tabor in central Slovenia. The area is part of the traditional region of Styria; the municipality is now included in the Savinja Statistical Region. The name of the settlement was changed from Sveti Miklavž pri Taboru to Miklavž pri Taboru in 1955; the name was changed on the basis of the 1948 Law on Names of Settlements and Designations of Squares and Buildings as part of efforts by Slovenia's postwar communist government to remove religious elements from toponyms. The local church from which the settlement gets its name is dedicated to Saint Nicholas and belongs to the Parish of Sveti Jurij ob Taboru, it is a 15th-century church, rebuilt in the 19th century. Miklavž pri Taboru at Geopedia
Jerusalem War Cemetery is one of the smallest Second World War cemetery of Commonwealth soldiers in Normandy, France. It is located between Tilly-sur-Seulles, close to the commune of Chouain; the cemetery contains 46 Commonwealth war graves, 1 Czech grave, 1 unknown British grave. The majority of the soldiers interred in the cemetery were killed in June and July 1944 as the Allies pushed south of Bayeux and south-west to encircle Caen. Many casualties were involved in fighting around Tilly-sur-Seulles; the graveyard has two chaplains interred in it. This cemetery was the first Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery in France to have a Cross of Sacrifice erected; the cemetery is on the D. 9 kilometres south-east of Bayeux, close to the commune of Choain. American Battle Monuments Commission UK National Inventory of War Memorials German War Graves Commission List of military cemeteries in Normandy Shilleto and Tolhurst, Mike. "A Traveler’s Guide to D-Day and the Battle of Normandy". Northampton, Mass.: Interlink.
Nandyal Diocese is a diocese of Church of South India in Andhra Pradesh state of India. The diocese is one among the 22 dioceses of Church of South India in India; the first missionaries who came to Nandyal were Arthur Inman and Alfred Briton in the year 1881. These two missionaries were responsible to establish the SPG High School in 1884 and to build the Holy Cross Church in 1905 in Nandyal; these two missionaries who resided in Nandyal lived in tents and went about preaching the gospel in and around Nandyal in various villages and building churches. Their mode of travel in those days were bullock carts on cart tracks, they learned the local language Telugu and traveled extensively beyond Nandyal to place like Kurnool, Kalasapad and Nandikotkur and planted churches in the villages. In this church first SPG telugu Graduate Priest Rev. David Gnanamuthu served from 1912 to 1923, he came from Medras Christian Theological College and his son Re. John Yesudas Gnanamuthu served in this diocese; when Dornakal diocese joined the united Church of South India in 1947, Nandyal instead chose to remain in the Indian Anglican church, under the Diocese of Calcutta.
Nandyal diocese was formed on 29 April 1963 as part of Church of India. The cathedral church of the diocese is CSI Holy Cross Cathedral in Nandyal. 1963–1967, Clement Venkataramiah 1967–1974, Ernest John 1977–1985, Puvvada John 1985–1992, Ryder Devapriam 1994–2005, G. T. Abraham 2006–2012, P. J. Lawrence 2013 onwards, E. Pushpa Lalitha Bunyan Joseph, Bishop of erstwhile Anantapur-Kurnool Diocese, B. E. Devaraj, translator of the Bible into Lambadi language, Emani Sambayya, non-episcopal commissary to Nandyal, The SPG High School, was established in the year 1882. Kevin Ward. "A History of Global Anglicanism". K. M. George. "Church of South India: Life in Union, 1947-1997". ISBN 8172145128. Constance M. Millington. "Led by the Spirit: a biography of Bishop Arthur Michael Hollis, onetime Anglican Bishop of Madras, first moderator of the C. S. I." ISBN 81-7086-189-6. Constance M. Millington. "An Ecumenical Venture: The History of Nandyal Diocese in Andhra Pradesh, 1947-1990". ISBN 81-7086-153-5. Rajaiah David Paul.
"Ecumenism in action: a historical survey of the Church of South India". Rajaiah David Paul. "The First Decade: An Account of the Church of South India". All Saints Church Nandyal