BBC Radio 2 Electric Proms
The BBC Radio 2 Electric Proms was an October music festival in London run by the BBC for five years, 2006–2010. On 31 January 2011, the BBC announced that the event would be discontinued with immediate effect due to financial cutbacks; the name was taken from The Proms, a classical music festival running since 1895, borrowed a few traditions from its counterpart such as the final night culminating in an interpretation of "Land of Hope and Glory". The musical performances at the festival involved indie rock bands incorporating instruments outside of their usual arrangement, most in the form of collaborations with the BBC Concert Orchestra; the festival's headline acts played at The Roundhouse in Camden but events, which included a programme of film, were not limited to this venue. For example, acoustic events took place at Cecil Sharp House. In 2008 in acknowledgement of its status as European Capital of Culture, events were staged in both Liverpool and London. In Australia, this program started airing on ABC2 from 1 May 2009 with episodes in a scattered order.
The 2010 event took place in The Roundhouse and ran from Thursday 28 October to Saturday 30 October. The entire event catered to the Radio 2 audience, whereas the Electric Proms events featured the involvement of all four of the BBC's national popular music stations. There were three acts, which were announced by Chris Evans on BBC Radio 2. Elton John Robert Plant Neil Diamond with Lulu and Amy MacDonald The 2009 event takes place in The Roundhouse and runs from Tuesday 20 October to Saturday 24 October. Robbie Williams Dizzee Rascal With The Heritage Orchestra. BBC Radio 1Xtra After Party London:Doves with the London Bulgarian Choir and arrangements by Avshalom Caspi. Vashti Bunyan. Donovan both on the same set; the Proms List of music festivals in the United Kingdom BBC Radio 2 Electric Proms at BBC Online
A disc jockey abbreviated as DJ, is a person who plays existing recorded music for a live audience. Most common types of DJs include radio DJ, club DJ who performs at a nightclub or music festival and turntablist who uses record players turntables, to manipulate sounds on phonograph records; the disc in disc jockey referred to gramophone records, but now DJ is used as an all-encompassing term to describe someone who mixes recorded music from any source, including cassettes, CDs or digital audio files on a CDJ or laptop. The title DJ is used by DJs in front of their real names or adopted pseudonyms or stage names. In recent years it has become common for DJs to be featured as the credited artist on tracks they produced despite having a guest vocalist that performs the entire song: like for example Uptown Funk. DJs use audio equipment that can play at least two sources of recorded music and mix them together to create seamless transitions between recordings and develop unique mixes of songs; this involves aligning the beats of the music sources so their rhythms do not clash when played together or to enable a smooth transition from one song to another.
DJs use specialized DJ mixers, small audio mixers with crossfader and cue functions to blend or transition from one song to another. Mixers are used to pre-listen to sources of recorded music in headphones and adjust upcoming tracks to mix with playing music. DJ software can be used with a DJ controller device to mix audio files on a computer instead of a console mixer. DJs may use a microphone to speak to the audience; the "disc" in "disc jockey" referred to gramophone records, but now "DJ" is used as an all-encompassing term to describe someone who mixes recorded music from any source, including vinyl records, cassettes, CDs, or digital audio files stored on USB stick or laptop. DJs perform for a live audience in a nightclub or dance club or a TV, radio broadcast audience, or in the 2010s, an online radio audience. DJs create mixes and tracks that are recorded for sale and distribution. In hip hop music, DJs may create beats, using percussion breaks and other musical content sampled from pre-existing records.
In hip hop, rappers and MCs use. DJs use equipment that can play at least two sources of recorded music and mix them together; this allows the DJ to create seamless transitions between recordings and develop unique mixes of songs. This involves aligning the beats of the music sources so their rhythms do not clash when they are played together, either so two records can be played at the same time, or to enable the DJ to make a smooth transition from one song to another. An important tool for DJs is the specialized DJ mixer, a small audio mixer with a crossfader and cue functions; the crossfader enables the DJ to transition from one song to another. The cue knobs or switches allow the DJ to listen to a source of recorded music in headphones before playing it for the live club or broadcast audience. Previewing the music in headphones helps the DJ pick the next track they want to play, cue up the track to the desired starting location, align the two tracks' beats in traditional situations where auto sync technology is not being used.
This process ensures that the selected song will mix well with the playing music. DJs may use a microphone to speak to the audience; the title "DJ" is commonly used by DJs in front of their real names or adopted pseudonyms or stage names as a title to denote their profession. Some DJs focus on creating a good mix of songs for the club dancers or radio audience. Other DJs use turntablism techniques such as scratching, in which the DJ or turntablist manipulates the record player turntable to create new rhythms and sounds. DJs need to have a mixture of artistic and technical skills for their profession, because they have to understand both the creative aspects of making new musical beats and tracks, the technical aspects of using mixing consoles, professional audio equipment, and, in the 2010s, digital audio workstations and other computerized music gear. In many types of DJing, including club DJing and radio/TV DJing, a DJ has to have charisma and develop a good rapport with the audience. Professional DJs specialize in a specific genre of music, such as house music or hip hop music.
DJs have an extensive knowledge about the music they specialize in. Many DJs are avid music collectors of rare or obscure tracks and records. Radio DJs or radio personalities introduce and play music broadcast on AM, FM, digital or Internet radio stations. Club DJs referred as DJs in general, play music at musical events, such as parties at music venues or bars, music festivals and private events. Club DJs mix music recordings from two or more sources using different mixing techniques in order to produce non-stopping flow of music. One key technique used for seamlessly transitioning from one song to another is beatmatching. A DJ who plays and mixes one specific music genre is given the title of that genre; the quality of a DJ performance consists of two main features: technical skills, or how well can DJ operate the equipment and produce sm
South London is the southern part of London, England. Situated south of the River Thames, it includes the historic districts of Southwark, Lambeth and Greenwich. South London emerged from Southwark, first recorded as Suthriganaweorc, meaning "fort of the men of Surrey". From Southwark, London extended further down into northern Surrey and western Kent. South London consists of 11 whole boroughs, plus Richmond which includes land on both sides of the river, with part of its Twickenham district lying north of the river. South London began at Southwark at the southern end of London Bridge, the first permanent crossing over the river, with the initial development of the area being a direct result of the existence and location of the bridge. In 1720, John Strype’s ‘Survey of London’ described Southwark as one of the four distinct areas of London; the area now referred to as North London developed later. As late as the mid 18th century, there were no other bridges crossing the river and as a result urban growth was slower in the south than in areas north of the Thames.
The opening of Westminster Bridge and other subsequent bridges to the west encouraged growth in the south-west, but only Tower Bridge was built to the east of London Bridge, so south-east London grew more at least until the Surrey Commercial Docks were built. The development of a dense network of railway lines in the mid nineteenth century accelerated growth. A significant feature of south London’s economic geography is that while there are more than thirty bridges linking the area with West London and the City, there is only one, Tower Bridge, linking the area with East London. Little of London’s underground rail network lies south of the river due to the challenging geology, however 21st century technology makes tunnelling much cheaper than before and this may well lead to an improved underground provision in south London with the Crossrail 2 line proposed alongside extensions to the Northern and Bakerloo Lines. South London contains a extensive overground rail network and all of London’s trams operate within the area.
The 12 boroughs included, in whole or part are: The term ‘south London' has been used for a variety of formal purposes with the boundaries defined according to the purposes of the designation. In 2013 the government asked the Boundary Commission for England to reconsider the boundaries of parliamentary constituencies; the Commission's study, was to start with existing regions of England and group the local authorities within that area into sub-regions for further sub-division. The south London sub-region included all 12 boroughs which lay in part south of the river; the recommendations of the report were not adopted, the 2017 study has taken a different approach. For the purposes of progress reporting on the London Plan, there was a south London sub-region in operation from 2004 to 2008 consisting of Bromley, Kingston, Merton and Sutton. In 2001 this area had a population of 1,329,000; this definition is used by organisations such as Connexions. Between 2008 and 2011 it was replaced with a South East sub-region consisting of Southwark, Greenwich and Bromley and a South West sub-region consisting of Croydon, Lambeth, Sutton and Wandsworth.
In 2011 a new south London region was created consisting of Bromley, the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, Richmond upon Thames, Sutton, Bexley and Lewisham. South London is, like other parts of London and the UK in general, a temperate maritime climate according to the Köppen climate classification system. Three Met Office weather stations collect climate data south of the river. Long term climate observations dating back to 1763 are available for Greenwich, although observations ceased here in 2003. Temperatures increase towards the Thames, firstly because of the urban warming effect of the surrounding area, but secondly due to altitude decreasing towards the river, meaning the southern margins of south London are a couple of degrees cooler than those areas adjacent to the Thames. Snow can be seen to lie on the North Downs near Croydon when central London is snow free; the record high temperature at Greenwich is 37.5 °C recorded during August 2003. Sunshine is notably lower than other London area weather stations, suggesting Greenwich may be a fog trap in winter, that the hillier land to the south may obscure early morning and late evening sunshine.
The highest temperature recorded across south London was 38.1 °C on the same occasion at Kew Gardens. Although the Met Office accepts a higher reading from Brogdale in Kent, many have questioned the accuracy of this and regard the Kew reading as the most reliable highest UK temperature reading. South Bank Time Out editors. "North London v South London – The debate". Time Out London. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list Alan Rutter and Peter Watts. "North London v South London – The debate". Time Out London
BBC Two is the second flagship television channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands. It covers a wide range of subject matter, but tends to broadcast more "highbrow" programmes than the more mainstream and popular BBC One. Like the BBC's other domestic TV and radio channels, it is funded by the television licence, is therefore free of commercial advertising, it is a comparatively well-funded public-service network attaining a much higher audience share than most public-service networks worldwide. Styled BBC2, it was the third British television station to be launched, from 1 July 1967, Europe's first television channel to broadcast in colour, it was envisaged as a home for less mainstream and more ambitious programming, while this tendency has continued to date, most special-interest programmes of a kind broadcast on BBC Two, for example the BBC Proms, now tend to appear on BBC Four instead. British television at the time of BBC2's launch consisted of two channels: the BBC Television Service and the ITV network made up of smaller regional companies.
Both channels had existed in a state of competition since ITV's launch in 1955, both had aimed for a populist approach in response. The 1962 Pilkington Report on the future of broadcasting noticed this, that ITV lacked any serious programming, it therefore decided that Britain's third television station should be awarded to the BBC. Prior to its launch, the new BBC2 was promoted on the BBC Television Service: the soon to be renamed BBC1; the animated adverts featured the campaign mascots "Hullabaloo", a mother kangaroo, "Custard", her joey. Prior to, several years after, the channel's formal launch, the channel broadcast "Trade Test Transmissions", short films made externally by companies such as Shell and BP, which served to enable engineers to test reception, but became cult viewing; the channel was scheduled to begin at 19:20 on 20 April 1964, showing an evening of light entertainment, starting with the comedy show The Alberts, a performance from Soviet comedian Arkady Raikin, a production of Cole Porter's Kiss Me, culminating with a fireworks display.
However, at around 18:45 a huge power failure, originating from a fire at Battersea Power Station, caused Television Centre, indeed much of west London, to lose all power. BBC1 was able to continue broadcasting via its facilities at Alexandra Palace, but all attempts to show the scheduled programmes on the new channel failed. Associated-Rediffusion, the London weekday ITV franchise-holder, offered to transmit on the BBC's behalf, but their gesture was rejected. At 22:00 programming was postponed until the following morning; as the BBC's news centre at Alexandra Palace was unaffected, they did in fact broadcast brief bulletins on BBC2 that evening, beginning with an announcement by the newsreader Gerald Priestland at around 19:25. There was believed to be no recording made of this bulletin, but a videotape was discovered in early 2003. By 11:00 on 21 April, power had been restored to the studios and programming began, thus making Play School the first programme to be shown on the channel; the launch schedule, postponed from the night before, was successfully shown that evening, albeit with minor changes.
In reference to the power cut, the transmission opened with a shot of a lit candle, sarcastically blown out by presenter Denis Tuohy. To establish the new channel's identity and draw viewers to it, the BBC decided that a promoted, lavish series would be essential in its earliest days; the production chosen was The Forsyte Saga, a no-expense-spared adaptation of the novels by John Galsworthy, featuring well-established actors Kenneth More and Eric Porter. Critically for the future of the fledgling channel, the BBC's gamble was hugely successful, with an average of six million viewers tuning in per episode: a feat made more prominent by the fact that only 9 million were able to receive the channel at the time. Unlike BBC1 and ITV, BBC2 was broadcast only on the 625 line UHF system, so was not available to viewers still using sets on the 405-line VHF system; this created a market for dual standard receivers. Set manufacturers ramped up production of UHF sets in anticipation of a large market demand for the new BBC2, but the market did not materialise.
The early technical problems, which included being unable to transmit US-recorded videotapes due to a lack of system conversion from the US NTSC system, were resolved by a committee headed by James Redmond. On 1 July 1967, during the Wimbledon Championships, BBC2 became the first channel in Europe to begin regular broadcasts in colour, using the PAL system; the thirteen part series Civilisation was created as a celebration of two millennia of western art and culture to showpiece the new colour technology. BBC1 and ITV joined BBC2 on 625-line UHF band, but continued to simulcast on 405-line VHF until 1985. BBC1 and ITV introduced PAL colour on UHF on 15 November 1969, although they both had broadcast some programmes in colour "unofficially" since September 1969. In 1979, the station adopted the first computer-generated channel identification in Britain, with its use of the double striped, orange'2' logo; the ident, created in house by BBC engineers, lasted until March 1986 and heralded the start of computer-generated logos.
As the switch to digital-only terrestrial transmission progressed, BBC Two was the first analogue TV channel to be replaced with the BBC multiplex, at first four two weeks ahead of the other four channels. This was required for those relay transmitters that had no current Freeview service giving vie
Here Come the Double Deckers
Here Come the Double Deckers was a 17-part British children's TV series from 1970 to 1971, revolving around the adventures of seven children whose den was an old red double-decker London bus in an unused junk yard. A co-production between British independent film company Century Films and the television division of 20th Century Fox, it was a children's adventure sitcom; the shows are about 22 minutes in length. Each week saw the gang in a separate adventure including episodes based around a runaway homemade hovercraft, a chocolate factory and invading'Martians' with guns that shoot out chocolate candy, a disastrous camping holiday, collecting tin foil for a guide dog, becoming pop moguls with their protégé'The Cool Cavalier' and a haunted stately home; some of the cast were unknown, though Melvyn Hayes was an established adult actor, Gillian Bailey was experienced for a child actor and both Brinsley Forde and Michael Audreson had appeared in The Magnificent Six and a Half, a series of Children's Film Foundation films on which the Double Deckers were based.
Melvyn Hayes wrote the episode "Man's Best Friend", co-wrote the episode "Get a Movie On!", co-wrote the series' theme song, acted as a dialogue coach for the series. Bailey is now head of the drama department at University of London. Peter Firth has gone on to a prominent acting career, appearing in Equus, The Hunt for Red October, Pearl Harbor and Spooks. Co-star Brinsley Forde became the lead singer in Aswad; the programme made its debut on 12 September 1970 at 10:30 am ET in the US on ABC, at 4:55 pm on 1 January 1971 in Britain on BBC 1. In the US, the series was repeated on Sunday mornings during the 1971-72 TV season on ABC from 12 September 1971 to 3 September 1972, in the same time slot; the series was scheduled for 26 episodes, but production ceased after 17 had been completed. The entire series was released on 1 November 2010 on DVD in the UK. Michael Audreson - Brains, the group's resident science geek. Gillian Bailey - Billie, the tomboyish mother of the group. Bruce Clark - Sticks, the only American in the group, so-named because of his drumming skills.
Peter Firth - Scooper, the leader of the group. Brinsley Forde - Spring, the only black member of the group. Debbie Russ - Tiger, the youngest member of the group, who has a stuffed tiger called "Tiger". Douglas Simmonds - Doughnut, not the brightest member and is eating. Melvyn Hayes - Albert. Ivor Salter was in many of the episodes as a policeman. Julian Orchard, Jack Haig, Roy Evans in episode 2. Norman Vaughan in episode 3. David Lodge, Hugh Walters, Bob Todd, Liz Fraser in episode 4. Clive Dunn, Frederick Peisley, Pat Coombs in episode 5. Betty Marsden, Hugh Paddick, George Woodbridge in episode 6. Anthony May in episode 7. Jane Seymour, Bonnie May, Tim Barrett, George Benson, John Barrard, Bob Hornery, Ruth Kettlewell in episode 8. Frank Thornton, Michael Sharvell-Martin in episode 9. David Hutcheson, Jimmy Gardner, Robin Askwith in episode 10. Graham Stark, Nora Nicholson, Nicholas Phipps, Jennifer Daniel in episode 11. Sam Kydd, Dervis Ward, John Horsley, Michael Brennan in episode 12. Julian Chagrin in episode 13.
Pat Coombs, Derek Royle, Jack Haig, Bob Todd, John Barrard in episode 15. Timothy Bateson, Ann Lancaster in episode 16. Georgina Simpson, Brian Hayes, Damaris Hayman, John Clive, Lucy Griffiths, Bryan Hunt in episode 17. Tiger Takes Off The Case of the Missing Doughnut Get a Movie On Starstruck Happy Haunting Summer Camp The Pop Singer Scooper Strikes Out Robbie the Robot The Go-Karters A Helping Hound Invaders from Space Barney Man's Best Friend United We Stand Up to Scratch A Hit for a Miss Music played a prominent part in the programme, with an original soun
Aswad are a long-lasting British reggae group, noted for adding strong R&B and soul influences to the reggae sound. They have been performing since the mid-1970s. "Aswad" means "black" in Arabic. The members of Aswad are UK descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean, they attended John Kelly/Holland Park School. The original members of Aswad were guitarist/vocalist Brinsley "Chaka B" Forde, drummer/vocalist Angus "Drummie Zeb" Gaye, lead guitarist/vocalist Donald "Dee" Griffiths, bassist George "Ras" Oban, keyboardist Courtney "Khaki" Hemmings. Aswad were the backing band of Burning Spear's 1977 Live album, recorded at the Rainbow Theatre in London. Other contributors included Vin Gordon, Karl Pitterson; the band produced music in the Roots Reggae-vein, with members' contributing songs individually and with Forde acting as the band's principle songwriter. The band's dynamic soon began to change however. Shortly after the release of their self-titled debut album in 1976, Hemmings left and was replaced by Tony "Gad" Robinson.
The band released their second studio effort, Hulet, in 1978, before Oban departed the band in 1979, with Robinson taking over Oban's role in addition to Hemmings'. The following year saw Griffiths depart. During this early period in the band's history they were distinctly different from Jamaican reggae acts, in that they wrote songs that dealt with the issues surrounding the experiences of black youths growing-up in the UK. Once the band's line-up had stabilised into the trio of Forde and Robinson, Aswad followed a more commercial Reggae style, gaining a wider audience with the New Chapter album, they followed this with the Michael Reuben Campbell-produced "A New Chapter of Dub" LP, a dub of the entire New Chapter album. "Not Satisfied" was a London roots-reggae album released in 1982. In August of'82 Aswad played live at Meanwhile Gardens on the Sunday of Notting Hill Carnival and the resulting live album "Live and Direct" is a faithful record of that event, where they played a live dub set.
"Love Fire" gained wide recognition when it was used as the backing rhythm for Dennis Brown's "Promised Land". Among Aswad's catalogue of hits is "Don't Turn Around", a UK No. 1 hit in 1988 recorded by Tina Turner as a B-side to her "Typical Male" single. They followed this up with UK No. 11 hit "Give A Little Love", a reggae-flavoured rendition of "Best of My Love", first popularised and written by The Eagles. In 1989, they contributed the single "Set Them Free" to the Greenpeace Rainbow Warriors album. In the same year they performed together with Sir Cliff Richard the song "Share A Dream", recorded the previous year, at Wembley Stadium as part of The Event, their next hit, "Shine", was released in 1994. Another track was the upbeat 1998 remake of The Police's "Invisible Sun", performed with Sting; the band hold the distinction of having played with each one of the ex-Wailers. The band has toured extensively, playing in diverse locations from London's Royal Albert Hall and Montego Bay's Reggae Sunsplash, to gigs in West Africa and Japan.
Aswad suffered their first line-up change in sixteen years in 1996, when Forde departed the band for spiritual reasons. Once again the remaining members opted not to seek to recruit a replacement musician to the line-up, thus Aswad became a duo of Gaye and Robinson. With the exception of a brief reunion with Forde in 2009 for the Island record label's 50th anniversary celebrations, the band's line-up has remained the same to the present day. Aswad released their most recent material with the album City Lock, they released singles "What Is Love?" and "Do That Thing" in the same year. Additional musicians 1976: Aswad – Mango Records 1978: Hulet – Mango Records 1981: New Chapter – Columbia Records 1981: Showcase – Mango Records 1982: A New Chapter of Dub – Mango Records 1982: Not Satisfied – Columbia Records UK No. 50 1983: Live and Direct – Island Records UK No. 57 1984: Rebel Souls – Island Records UK No. 48 1986: To the Top – Simba UK No. 71 1988: Jah Shaka Meets Aswad in Addis Ababa Studio – Jah Shaka 1988: Distant Thunder – Mango Records UK No. 10 1988: Renaissance – 20 Crucial Tracks – Stylus UK No. 52 1989: Aswad: Crucial Tracks 1990: Next to You – Alex 1990: Too Wicked – Mango Records UK No. 51 1993: Firesticks – Alex 1994: Rise and Shine – Bubblin' Records UK No. 38 1995: Rise and Shine Again!
– Mesa 1995: Dub: The Next Frontier – Mesa 1995: Greatest Hits – Bubblin' Records UK No. 20 1997: Big Up – Atlantic Records 1997: The BBC Sessions 1997: Roots Rocking: Island Anthology 1999: Roots Revival – Ark 21 2001: 25 Live: 25th Anniversary 2002: Cool Summer Reggae – Universal Music TV UK No. 54 2009: City Lock – Bubblin' Records UK No. 63 Ace of Base remix of "Don't Turn Around" Vanessa Mae – "Classical Gas" Janet Kay – "Missing You" List of reggae musicians John Arnison Biography and discography "Aswad: Reggae Gold", interview by Pete Lewis, Blues & Soul, July 2009. Gallery of Aswad party pictures by dz studios Myspace profile Aswad UK chart placings, Chart Stats
The London Gazette
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. The London Gazette claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK, having been first published on 7 November 1665 as The Oxford Gazette; this claim is made by the Stamford Mercury and Berrow's Worcester Journal, because The Gazette is not a conventional newspaper offering general news coverage. It does not have a large circulation. Other official newspapers of the UK government are The Edinburgh Gazette and The Belfast Gazette, apart from reproducing certain materials of nationwide interest published in The London Gazette contain publications specific to Scotland and Northern Ireland, respectively. In turn, The London Gazette carries not only notices of UK-wide interest, but those relating to entities or people in England and Wales.
However, certain notices that are only of specific interest to Scotland or Northern Ireland are required to be published in The London Gazette. The London and Belfast Gazettes are published by TSO on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationery Office, they are subject to Crown copyright. The London Gazette is published each weekday, except for bank holidays. Notices for the following, among others, are published: Granting of royal assent to bills of the Parliament of the United Kingdom or of the Scottish Parliament The issuance of writs of election when a vacancy occurs in the House of Commons Appointments to certain public offices Commissions in the Armed Forces and subsequent promotion of officers Corporate and personal insolvency Granting of awards of honours and military medals Changes of names or of coats of arms Royal Proclamations and other DeclarationsHer Majesty's Stationery Office has digitised all issues of the Gazette, these are available online; the official Gazettes are published by The Stationery Office.
The content, apart from insolvency notices, is available in a number of machine-readable formats, including XML and XML/RDFa via Atom feed. The London Gazette was first published as The Oxford Gazette on 7 November 1665. Charles II and the Royal Court had moved to Oxford to escape the Great Plague of London, courtiers were unwilling to touch London newspapers for fear of contagion; the Gazette was "Published by Authority" by Henry Muddiman, its first publication is noted by Samuel Pepys in his diary. The King returned to London as the plague dissipated, the Gazette moved too, with the first issue of The London Gazette being published on 5 February 1666; the Gazette was not a newspaper in the modern sense: it was sent by post to subscribers, not printed for sale to the general public. Her Majesty's Stationery Office took over the publication of the Gazette in 1889. Publication of the Gazette was transferred to the private sector, under government supervision, in the 1990s, when HMSO was sold and renamed The Stationery Office.
In time of war, despatches from the various conflicts are published in The London Gazette. People referred to are said to have been mentioned in despatches; when members of the armed forces are promoted, these promotions are published here, the person is said to have been "gazetted". Being "gazetted" sometimes meant having official notice of one's bankruptcy published, as in the classic ten-line poem comparing the stolid tenant farmer of 1722 to the lavishly spending faux-genteel farmers of 1822: Notices of engagement and marriage were formerly published in the Gazette. Gazettes, modelled on The London Gazette, were issued for most British colonial possessions. History of British newspapers Iris Oifigiúil The Dublin Gazette – in Ireland London Gazette index Official Journal of the European Union List of government gazettes London and Belfast Gazettes official site Great Fire of London 1666 – Facsimile and transcript of London Gazette report