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Brisbane Lions

The Brisbane Lions Australian Football Club is a professional Australian rules football club who play in the Australian Football League. The club is based in Brisbane, Australia; the club was formed in late 1996 from the merger of the Brisbane Bears. The Lions are one of the most successful AFL clubs of the 21st century, having appeared in four consecutive AFL Grand Finals from 2001 to 2004 and winning three premierships; the club plays home matches in the AFL at the Gabba and is captained by Dayne Zorko and coached by Chris Fagan. The Lions were a foundation team in the AFL Women's competition in 2017 and have featured in two grand finals in that time, finishing runners-up on both occasions; the Brisbane Bears were the first south-east Queensland based team formed in the region. They played at their home ground at Carrara Stadium on the Gold Coast from 1987 to 1992 before relocating to the Gabba in 1993; the club continues to play its home games at the Gabba. The Brisbane Lions were launched on 1 November 1996, joining the national competition in 1997.

In their first year as a combined club the Lions made the finals, finishing in eighth position after being defeated by the St Kilda Football Club in a qualifying final. The following year, they finished in last position, despite boasting a talented playing list; as the Brisbane Lions, the club won its first AFL premiership in the 2001 AFL Grand Final, defeating Essendon 15.18 to 12.10. Lions utility player Shaun Hart won the Norm Smith Medal as best on ground in the Grand Final. In 2002, the Lions won back-to-back premierships when they defeated Collingwood 9.12 to 10.15 in the 2002 AFL Grand Final in cold and wet conditions at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Early in the contest the Lions lost both ruckman Beau McDonald and utility player Martin Pike to injury and had to complete the match with a limited bench. In 2003, the Lions would win their 3rd premiership in a row, second in a row against the Collingwood Magpies. With a number of players under an injury cloud – and having lost to Collingwood in a qualifying final at the Melbourne Cricket Ground three weeks – the Lions went into the game as underdogs.

However, they sealed their place in history as an AFL dynasty by thrashing the Magpies in cool but sunny conditions. At one stage in the final quarter the Lions led by 80 points before relaxing when the match was well and won, allowing Collingwood to score the last four goals; the final score of 20.14 to 12.12 saw the club become only the fourth in VFL/AFL history to win three consecutive premierships and the first since the creation of the AFL. Simon Black claimed the Norm Smith Medal with a dominant 39 possession match, the most possessions gathered by a player in a grand final; the 2004 season saw. Reaching the finals in second position, Brisbane controversially had to travel to Melbourne to play against Geelong in the preliminary final, due to a contract between the Melbourne Cricket Ground and the Australian Football League that required one preliminary final to be played each year at the MCG. Port Adelaide hosted the other preliminary final in Adelaide. Despite this setback, Brisbane beat Geelong and reached the AFL Grand Final for the fourth consecutive year.

Their opponents, Port Adelaide, playing in their first grand final, were too good on the day and recorded a 40-point win. The Lions began the 2006 season optimistically, but injuries again plagued the club, whose players recorded an AFL record total of 200 matches lost to injury for the season; the Brisbane Lions finished runner up in the 2007 NAB Cup and went on to create history by being the first team in the history of the AFL to have five co-captains. That year, the Lions failed to make the finals for a third successive year in 2007; the Lions began the 2008 NAB Cup shakily. The team struggled for the season and missed out on the finals with a 10–12 record, losing 3 games despite having at least 5 more scoring shots in each of those games. Coach Leigh Matthews resigned at the end of the season after 10 seasons and 3 premierships with the club; the Lions made a good start in the 2009 NAB Cup under new senior coach Michael Voss by registering a 9-point win over St Kilda. However this was followed by a series of losses in the pre-season to Essendon and Richmond.

Their season ended with a 51-point loss to the Western Bulldogs. The 2009/2010 off-season was dominated by the arrival of Brendan Fevola from Carlton, the hype was focused on Fevola and Jonathan Brown in the sense that the Lions could capitalise on their strong 2009 season. Indeed, the Lions won their first four matches of the 2010 season to be top of the ladder after four rounds, but they would only win three more games after that to crash to a lowly finish by season's end. One of those wins however, was against eventual premiers Collingwood; the Lions' 2010/2011 off-season was disrupted by the sacking of Fevola after just one season at the Lions, following repeated off-field indiscretions which included getting drunk in the Brisbane streets during New Year's Eve celebrations. On the field, the Lions won only four games for the year, but only one against any Victorian team, and, North Melbourne, in Round 9. Despite their worst season since 1998, coach Michael Voss was granted a contract extension after the board recommended that Voss was the best man to take the club forward into the future.

Leading into season 2012, only two players from the triple-premiership winning team of 2001–2003 remained: Simon Black and Jonathan Brown. The

Harbin–Manzhouli railway

Harbin–Manzhouli railway, abbreviated as the Binzhou Railway, is a double-track electrified trunk railway in Northeast China between Harbin and Manzhouli on the Russian border, where it connects to the Trans-Siberian Railway via Zabaikalsk, Russia. The Binzhou railway begins in the west at Manzhouli and runs eastward across the Hulunbuir grasslands, through the forests of the Greater Khingan range, the oilfields of Daqing, the rich farmland of the Songhua River valley to Harbin. Major cities and towns along route include Manzhouli, Hailar, Dayan and Zhalantun in Inner Mongolia, as well as Qiqihar, Anda and Harbin in Heilongjiang; this line has the only station in all of China whose name is a single character: Song station, which makes it a popular location amongst Chinese railfans. Twenty-two years after the First Sino-Japanese War of 1896, the Qing government's special envoy Li Hongzhang went to Russia to congratulate Tsar Nicholas II on his coronation, signed the Sino–Russian Secret Treaty.

Harbin was selected to be the hub of the new railway system, with three Russian-gauge lines 1,520 mm envisioned heading east and south from Harbin. Work on the western branch from Harbin to the Russian border at Manzhouli named the Haman Railway, commenced at both ends in June 1898, was completed in 1902; the eastern branch of the CER ran from Harbin to Suifenhe. The entire CER served as an alternative route to the Trans-Siberian Railway; the CER was a joint project of China and Russia, after the Russo-Japanese War, the Japanese took over the southern portion of the CER, forming the South Manchuria Railway, with the northern portions remaining under Sino-Russian control. Following the October Revolution, the railway was controlled by White Russians for a time during the Russian Civil War, but from 1917 the government of the Republic of China began taking more control of the railway to itself, until in 1922 the CER was made a Sino-Soviet joint enterprise. However, in 1929 the Chinese seized complete control of the CER, storming the Soviet consulate in Harbin and arresting the officials of the CER.

This led to the Sino-Soviet conflict of 1929, in which the Soviets defeated the Chinese army and forced the Chinese to once again accept joint control of the railway. After the Mukden Incident, the Soviets retained control over the railway despite the Japanese occupation of northeastern China. In March 1935, the government of Manchukuo bought the Soviet share of the NMR for 140 million yen, the entire network was taken over by the Manchukuo National Railway. After the Manchukuo National took over the NMR network, it changed the name of the Harbin–Manzhouli railway from Haman Railway to Binzhou Line, on 1 August 1936, conversion of the line from Russian broad gauge to standard gauge was completed, increasing the operating speed to 60 km/h. After the Soviet invasion of Manchuria and the subsequent collapse of Manchukuo, the Soviets once again took control of the region's railways, converted the Binzhou Line back to Russian gauge. After the creation of the People's Republic of China, the railways in the territory of the former Manchukuo were taken over by a new Sino-Soviet joint enterprise, called the China Changchun Railway.

Full control of the China Changchun Railway was to be turned over to the PRC on 31 December 1952, but due to the Korean War this was delayed until 1955. The Harbin–Manzhouli line became part of China Railway at that time, once again renamed, becoming the Binzhou Railway; the Harbin-Manzhouli line has undergone substantial upgrades over the years. Double-tracking began in 1983, with the Harbin–Anda section being the first section to be completed, in 1985. In 1990, semi-automatic train control was introduced, with DFH3-class diesel locomotives on passenger trains, DF4B-class diesels and Renmin-class steam locomotives on freight trains. Operating speed on the line was raised to 100 km/h; the Binzhou Railway Electrification Project was started on 25 October 2014. The entire 933 km of the line was wired, 17 new traction substations were built; the first section, from Harbin to Qiqihar, was completed on 3 November 2016. The remaining section from Qiqihar to Manzhouli was energised on 11 December 2017.

The Eastern end of the route was quadruple tracked in 2015 with the opening of the Harbin–Qiqihar intercity railway, dedicated to passenger service, increasing the passenger-carrying capacity of this section. The original Binzhou Railway Bridge was built in 1901, was replaced by a new bridge in 2014; the old bridge is now a historical landmark protected by the city of Harbin

B.B. King & Friends: 80

B. B. King & Friends: 80 is the forty first studio album by B. B. King released in 2005, it was recorded to celebrate King's 80th birthday and features duets with a variety of musicians. 80 reached #45 in the Billboard 200 top albums chart as well as #1 in the blues albums chart. The album won the Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album at the 48th Annual Grammy Awards on February 8, 2006. B. B. King – vocals, guitar Van Morrison – vocals, harmonica Billy Ward - drums Ian Thomas – drums Clem Clempson – guitar John Mahonpercussion Leland Sklarbass guitar Robbie Buchanankeyboards, Hammond organ Mark Knopfler – guitar Bob Birch – bass guitar Jerry Heytrumpet Nathaniel Kunkel – shaker Bill Reichenbach Jr. – trumpet Brian Mitchell – keyboards John Mayer – vocals, guitar Nigel Olsson – drums Brandon Fieldssaxophone Gary Grant – trumpet Glenn Frey – vocals, guitar T-Bone Wolk – bass guitar Guy Babylon – keyboards Davey Johnstone – guitar Russ Kunkel – drums Luke Smith – Hammond organ Yolanda Charles – bass guitar Dean Parks – rhythm guitar Elton John – vocals, piano Larry Campbell – bass guitar

Venezuelan Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

The Salón de la Fama y Museo del Béisbol Venezolano is a nonprofit institution operated by private interests, founded on April 18, 2002, thanks to the vision of Carlos Daniel Cárdenas Lares. The institution is located at Centro Sambil, in Valencia, the capital city of Carabobo State and the third largest city of Venezuela; the museum offers visitors the origins and growth of baseball in the world and the history of what is known as the National sport of Venezuela. It shows, through its exhibitions, the most prominent players who have made significant achievements, as well as efforts to honor people who have highlighted the activity of baseball in Venezuela and appreciating their impact on national culture and exalt those who have made outstanding contributions to the sport; the museum is laid out on two levels. The first floor of the museum includes four historical rooms, an auditorium dedicated to Luis Aparicio, an art gallery named after Andrés Galarraga, a baseball library and a shop. On the second floor are a permanent Hall of Fame exhibition, two batting cages, a newsroom.

Since its opening in 2002, the museum created two nominating committees responsible for selecting the most notable baseball figures of all time. The Contemporary Committee, comprising representatives of the media, official scorekeepers, representatives of the Venezuelan Professional Baseball League, Players Association officers, have the task of choosing both natives and foreign players who developed their careers in Venezuelan professional baseball through the 1980–2012 period. Meanwhile, the Historical Committee selects those players who made their careers in the period prior to the 1980–1981 season of the VPBL. In both cases, are recognized those managers, executives and individuals who have collaborated in the development of baseball in Venezuela. Notes Bold denotes Major League Baseball player Italics denotes National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum member Elected by Contemporary Committee † Elected by Historical Committee ‡ Elected by Special Committee ↔ In 2004 there was no selection Baseball awards#Venezuela

Jules-Albert de Dion

Marquis Jules Félix Philippe Albert de Dion de Wandonne was a pioneer of the automobile industry in France. Jules-Albert was the heir of a leading French noble family, in 1901 succeeding his father Louis Albert William Joseph de Dion de Wandonne as Count and Marquis. A "notorious duellist", he had a passion for mechanics, he had built a model steam engine when, in 1881, he saw one in a store window and asked about building another. The engineers, Georges Bouton and his brother-in-law, Charles Trépardoux, had a shop in Léon where they made scientific toys. Needing money for Trépardoux's long-time dream of a steam car, they acceded to De Dion's request. During 1883 they formed a partnership which became the De Dion-Bouton automobile company, the world's largest automobile manufacturer for a time, they tried marine steam engines, but progressed to a steam car which used belts to drive the front wheels whilst steering with the rear. This was destroyed by fire during trials. In 1884 they built another, "La Marquise", with drive to the rear wheels.

As of 2011, it is the world's oldest running car, is capable of carrying four people at up to 38 mph. Comte de Dion entered one in an 1887 trial, "Europe's first motoring competition", the brainchild of M. Paul Faussier of cycling magazine Le Vélocipède Illustré. Evidently, the promotion was insufficient, for the de Dion was the sole entrant, but it completed the course; the de Dion tube was invented by steam advocate Trépardoux, just before he resigned because the company was turning to internal combustion. In 1898 he co-founded the Mondial de l'Automobile, he died in 1946, age 90, is buried in the cemetery at Montparnasse in Paris. There is a memorial plaque in the family chapel in Wandonne, 3 km south of Audincthun in the Pas-de-Calais. Motor racing was started in France as a direct result of the enthusiasm with which the French public embraced the motor car. Manufacturers were enthusiastic due to the possibility of using motor racing as a shop window for their cars; the first motor race took place on 22 July 1894 and was organised by Le Petit Journal, a Parisian newspaper.

It was run over the 122 kilometres distance between Rouen. The race was won by de Dion, although he was not awarded the prize for first place as his steam powered car required a stoker and the judges deemed this outside of their objectives; the roots of both the Tour de France cycle race and L'Auto, a daily sporting newspaper, can be traced to the Dreyfus affair and de Dion's passionate opinion and actions regarding it. Opinions were heated and there were demonstrations by both sides in the Dreyfus affair. Historian Eugen Weber described an 1899 conflagration at the Auteuil horse-race course in Paris as "an absurd political shindig" when, among other events, the President of France was struck on the head by a walking stick wielded by de Dion, he served 15 days in jail and was fined 100 francs, his behaviour was criticised by Le Vélo, the largest daily sports newspaper in France, its Dreyfusard editor, Pierre Giffard. The result was that de Dion withdrew all his advertising from the paper, in 1900 he led a group of wealthy'anti-Dreyfusard' manufacturers, such as Adolphe Clément, to found L'Auto-Velo and compete directly with Le Velo.

After a enforced change of name to L'Auto it in turn created the Tour de France race in 1903 to boost falling circulation. In 1900 de Dion led a group of wealthy anti-Dreyfusards including Édouard Michelin to start a rival daily sports paper, L'Auto-Velo. De Dion and Michelin were concerned with Le Vélo – which reported more than cycling – because its financial backer was one of their commercial rivals, the Darracq company. De Dion believed that him too little. De Dion was an outspoken man who wrote columns for Le Figaro, Le Matin and others, his wealth allowed him to indulge his whims, which included refounding Le Nain jaune, a fortnightly publication which "answers no particular need."

Siroda (Goa Assembly constituency)

Siroda Vidhan Sabha Constituency is one of the 40 Goa Legislative Assembly constituencies of the state of Goa in southern India. Siroda is one of the 20 constituencies falling under the South Goa Lok Sabha constituency. 1967: K. V. Subrai, Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party 1972: Jayakrishna Naik, Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party 1977: Jayakrishna Naik, Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party 1980: Ramchandra Prabhu, Indian National Congress 1984: Subhash Shirodkar, Indian National Congress 1989: Subhash Shirodkar, Indian National Congress 1994: Subhash Shirodkar, Indian National Congress 1999: Subhash Shirodkar, Indian National Congress 2002: Subhash Shirodkar, Indian National Congress 2007: Mahadev Naik, Bharatiya Janata Party 2012: Mahadev Naik, Bharatiya Janata Party 2017: Subhash Shirodkar, Indian National Congress 2019: Subhash Shirodkar, Bharatiya Janata Party