The Brisbane Water National Park is a protected national park, located in the Central Coast region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 11,506-hectare national park is situated 47 kilometres north of Sydney, 10 kilometres west of Woy Woy, 12 kilometres southwest of Gosford; the park has many interesting walks that can vary from mild to rugged. One walk that can be accessed via public transport, is the walk to Pindar Cave on the escarpment above the Wondabyne railway station, a request-stop on the Central Coast railway line; the Great North Walk, that leads from Sydney to Newcastle, passes through the park. The national park is bounded to the south by the Hawkesbury River; the Hawkesbury River Railway Bridge, part of the Central Coast Highway, part of the Pacific Highway and part of the M1 Motorway bisect various sections of the national park. Brisbane Water National Park is described as a ‘living space’ for plant and animal communities in the National Parks Plan of Management; the park is a sanctuary for plant and animal communities to adapt and migrate in the face of climate change.
The size and shape of the park should allow adjustment in the Northwest and South for biological adjustment. The park is a system of reserves protecting the states significant waterways of the lower Hawkesbury River, Broken Bay and Brisbane Water; the park protects a range of Aboriginal sites and extends the representation of rock art from the Sydney Basin in the National Park systems. The geology is in the Hawksbury series of cross bedded quarts sandstone and grey and red shales; the park covers enough area to provide critical nesting and breeding sites for several species whose territories range over surrounding rural and urban areas. For many of these species the park provides the only secure available land for them to find seclusion from human impacts. For many of these plant and animal species the park is the only available habitat which provides the necessary resources for their survival such as tree hollows; the main vegetation communities found in the park are low-open forests, low-open woodland, open woodland accompanied by either a dry or moist understorey.
Rainforest communities occur in sheltered sections of valleys and along streams. 20 vegetation communities are represented in the park, all of which are considered endangered under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995. 5 are listed as critically endangered under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. The critically endangered communities listed in the EPBC act in the park are: Blue Gum High Forest in the Sydney Basin Bioregion, Littoral Rainforest in the New South Wales North Coast, Lowland Rainforest in the NSW North Coast and Sydney Basin Bioregions, Shale Sandstone Transition Forest in the Sydney Basin Bioregion, Western Sydney Dry Rainforest in the Sydney Basin Bioregion; the Blue Gum High Forest is a tall open forest community where the Sydney blue gum dominates the canopy layer. Other tree species that occur in this community are: blackbutt, forest oak, Sydney red gum. Species occurring in the shrub layer are ones adapted to moist habitats. Only around 4.5% of the Blue Gum High Forest remains, now occurring in small remnants.
It only occurs in areas where soil fertility is good. For this reason it can only occur in small sections. Understorey species rely on bird and mammal species to distribute seeds and this community does not cope well in fire events; the Blue Gum High Forest is known to occur in Brisbane Water National Park and is now reliant on national park status as protection from habitat degradation, as well as good park management with regards to invasive species control and fire regimes. A number of areas in Brisbane Water National Park contain rare and endangered plants, it is that these remnant populations demonstrate the ways that environmental conditions have changed in the past few thousand years. In some cases these rare species are remnants of populations that would have been extensive before widespread clearing took place for urban and agricultural use; the park encompasses a wide variety of flora with 814 species recorded. The diversity of plant species and plant communities is reflective of variations in geology, hydrology and fire history.
Ten of the recorded plant species are considered to be rare and several others are uncommon or restricted in their distribution. The park hosts a number of threatened species as listed under the EPBC act. Vulnerable species include: thick-leaf star-hair, Camfield's stringybark, Deane's paperbark]], Grevillea shiressii; the endangered Somersby mintbush is present in the park. The donkey orchid has been recorded in the area in recent times after having been listed as extinct under the commonwealth status; the donkey orchid resides in dry sclerophyll woodland and forest with a predominantly grassy understorey. Recordings in the Gosford and Wyong areas are the only existing species known to survive; the vulnerable Camfield stringybarks range in NSW has contracted and is now only found in small numbers isolated to nationals parks surrounding Sydney. The species is either a mallee-like shrub or a tree up to 9 metres bearing heart shaped leaves as a juv
The Pee Dee is a region of South Carolina located in the northeastern corner of the state. It lies along the lower watershed of the Pee Dee River, named after the Pee Dee Indian Tribe, state-recognized tribe of 200 members; the region was the homeland of the Pee Dee Native Americans, a people who occupied the area as part of the South Appalachian Mississippian Culture from about 1000 to 1400, leaving some centers for unknown reasons. The people reside in the area to this day, with the seat of the tribal government having been located in neighboring Marlboro County since 1976; the region's largest city is Florence. It encompasses the Grand Strand, which includes the beaches running from the North Carolina state border to the Winyah Bay in Georgetown County in South Carolina. On the coast, the economy is dominated by tourism, features beaches, amusement parks, shopping and golf; the area has become a major retirement center in the United States, in part because of its low cost of living, mild weather, its many golf courses.
Inland is a belt featuring rivers, carolina bays, sandy rises where forestry is predominant. There are pine baldcypress timbering. Further inland, on higher ground, but still of only slight relief, is an agricultural belt of cultivation of tobacco, cotton and produce. There is no agreed definition on; the region takes its name from the Pee Dee River. The counties in the Pee Dee region are located, either or within the river's watershed. Chesterfield County Darlington County Dillon County Florence County Marlboro County Marion County Horry County Georgetown County Williamsburg County Clarendon County Lee County Sumter County The Pee Dee region has remained constant during the first decade of the 21st century in terms of its voting history; the region's voters have been close during the previous four presidential elections, but lean toward the Republican Party. The tilt of the region is due to the numerous Republicans resident in Horry County along the Atlantic coast. At the congressional level, the region, including the included counties, is located within three congressional districts.
The Pee Dee region is contained in South Carolina's 7th congressional district. Williamsburg, parts of Sumter, parts of Florence counties are located in the majority-minority 6th district. Lee and the remaining parts of Sumter counties are located in 5th district; the 5th and 6th districts are represented by Republican Mick Mulvaney and Democrat Jim Clyburn, respectively. The 7th district was established following the 2010 census. In the 2012 elections, incumbents Mulvaney and Clyburn won re-election. Republican Tom Rice defeated Democrat Gloria Tinubu, both of Horry County, 54.9% to 45.1%, to represent South Carolina's new House seat. Florence: 37,056 Myrtle Beach: 27,109 Bennettsville: 9,425 Cheraw: 9,069 Conway: 15,584 Darlington: 6,720 Dillon: 6,316 Georgetown: 8,950 Hartsville: 7,556 Lake City: 6,478 Marion: 7,042 North Myrtle Beach: 15,516 Coastal Carolina University- Conway Coker College- Hartsville Francis Marion University- Florence Florence-Darlington Technical College-Florence Horry-Georgetown Technical College- Conway Northeastern Technical College- Cheraw Williamsburg Technical College- Kingstree Webster University- Myrtle Beach The area is served by four commercial broadcast television stations, WBTW CBS 13, WPDE ABC 15, WMBF NBC 32 and WFXB Fox 43, the first two with twin studios at Florence and Myrtle Beach, as well as two educational television stations substations, WHMC-TV, in Conway, South Carolina, WJPM-TV in Florence, South Carolina Daily newspapers include The Sun News of Myrtle Beach and The Morning News of Florence.
The Georgetown Times is published five times per week. Interstate 20 Interstate 95 Future Interstate 73 US Highway 1 US Highway 15 US Highway 52 US Highway 76 US Highway 301 US Highway 378 US Highway 401 US Highway 501 US Highway 701 SC Highway 22 SC Highway 9 SC Highway 38 SC Highway 41 & SC Highway 41 ALT SC Highway 51 SC Highway 145 SC Highway 151 SC Highway 177 Early history of Williamsburg, South Carolina Pee Dee Area Council Peedee Formation Pee Dee Tourism Commission
The fictional island of Atlantis appears in pop-culture in comic books. The most notable example is related to Namor of Marvel Comics and a particular version of Aquaman in DC Comics. Atlantis is a fictional location appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, it is based on the mythical island of Atlantis first mentioned in Plato's initial dialogue the Timaeus, written c. 360 BC. In the Marvel Universe, Atlantis was a small continent with many human settlements. Over 21,000 years ago, an event called; the inhabitants of ancient Atlantis built an enormous glass-like dome over the capital city known as Atlantis. When barbarians sent by the Deviant Lemuria empire attacked Atlantis, King Kamuu opened the magma-pits which were the city's means of heating; this caused the continent to sink. Kamuu was warned of the Great Cataclysm by Zhered-Na; when she refused to recant, he had her exiled to the mainland, where she was stabbed to death by survivors of the submersion. The priests and intellectuals of the city Netheria foresaw the Lemurian attack and fortified their city, thus it sank intact.
Netheria still exists today, ruled by Queen Kala. Other ancient Atlanteans survived the sinking of the continent by various methods, including Dakimh the Enchanter and Stygyro. About 8,000 years ago, a group of Homo mermanus nomads discovered the ruins of the city of Atlantis, they made the ruins of the human settlements in Atlantis their home and went on to develop a society there using as much of the material as they could salvage from the wreckage. These people are thus referred to as "Atlanteans", as it is in the city of Atlantis that their first complex society emerged. Five hundred years after the settlement of Atlantis, another group of Homo mermanus leave Atlantis to find their own city; these "Lemurians", as they now call themselves, discover the Serpent Crown in the ruins of their city. The Serpent Crown had been crafted by ancient Atlantean alchemists as a vessel empowered by the demonic Elder God Set. Through their leader Naga's exposure and extensive use of the ancient mystical device, they become more serpent-like in appearance than their Atlantean cousins.
Atlanteans have little or no contact with their human cousins for millennia. However, the two races come into sustained contact hostile, beginning in the 20th century. On occasions, Atlanteans invade the surface world; the current Prince, Namor the Sub-Mariner, is hostile to the surface world, but fights in alliance with the Allied Powers against the Axis Powers during World War II. Namor defends Atlantis against villains like Attuma and Warlord Krang, who plot to overthrow him and take over Atlantis; the city of Atlantis is damaged when the super-villain Nitro explodes, taking with him Namor's traitorous son, Kamar. Following Namor's attack on Wakanda during Avengers vs. X-Men, the two nations engage in a violent conflict. After much bloodshed, Namor reaches out to Black Panther and extends a peace offering to Queen Shuri. Despite this, Wakanda launches an all out strike on Atlantis, destroying the city and killing a number of Namor's soldiers in the process. In Tales of Suspense #43, Iron Man meets a separate tribe of Atlanteans whose city sank to the bottom of the sea and has been renamed the Netherworld.
He soon discovers that their Queen, Kala, is planning to invade the surface with advanced technology. Iron Man stops her by bringing her to the surface, where it is revealed that Netherworlders age when above ground. Though she is restored to her desired age when she returns to the Netherworld, Kala’s hopes of ruling the surface world are diminished, though she attempts to do so several more times, all without success. In a “Tuk the Caveboy” story sequence from Captain America #2 & 3, Tuk and Tanir meet Eve, princess of the not-yet lost kingdom of Atlantis, whom they aid in reclaiming the throne from her wicked uncle; the Exiles visited other realities. On Earth-1016, the Exiles came across a reality where the forces of Atlantis were exterminating mankind, they teamed up with that reality's Doctor Doom to fend off the Atlanteans. Counter-Earth has its version of Atlantis. Proteus trapped the Atleanteans inside as a way to suffocate them. In the Marvel Noir reality, Atlantis matched the descriptions of Plato with it being near the Pillars of Heracles, being highly-advanced, powered by the Orichalcum.
As the Orichalcum proved to be too powerful to be the Atlantean's superconductor, it created a vortex that sunk Atlantis beneath the ocean. The ruins of the Ultimate Marvel version of Atlantis are discovered by the Fantastic Four during an expedition. Unlike its Earth-616 counterpart, this version of Atlantis is shown to have been devoid of any life for thousands of years. Upon being found by the Four, Namor suggests that the continent had been destroyed by Lemuria at some point during his time in stasis. During the Ultimatum storyline, it is revealed that the ruins of Atlantis do contain a small pocket of survivors led by Namora. One of the earliest mentions of Atlantis occurs in Action Comics #17, in a "Zatara the Magician" story; the city was visually depicted in the following month's "Zatara" story in Action Comics #18. The city appeared in several DC comics of the 1940s and 1950s: In Batman #19, Atlantis is shown to be inhabited by an advanced people ruled by an Emperor; the Nazis are using it as a Naval Base.
Batman and Robin discover the base and are able to reveal the deception of t