Bristol Cars

Bristol Cars is a dormant manufacturer of hand-built luxury cars headquartered at Mychett Place, England. After the Second World War, the car division of the Bristol Aeroplane Company was formed becoming Bristol Cars Limited. Bristol has only one sales showroom, on Kensington High Street in London; the company maintains an enthusiastic and loyal clientele. Bristol has always been a low-volume manufacturer; the company suspended manufacturing in March 2011, when administrators were appointed, 22 staff were made redundant at the factory in Filton and subsequently the company was dissolved. In April 2011, a new company was formed by the administrator to sell the original assets to Kamkorp. Since 2011, the company has been restoring and selling all models of the marque while a new model was being developed; the company had revealed a desire to return to automotive production in 2018 with an all-new model, called the "Bullet" dubbed "Project Pinnacle". The car was first revealed to the public on 26 July 2016, homologation was set to have begun some time in 2018.

The British aircraft industry suffered a dramatic loss of orders and great financial difficulties following the Armistice of 1918. To provide immediate employment for its considerable workforce, the Bristol Aeroplane Company undertook the manufacture of a light car, the construction of car bodies for Armstrong Siddeley and bus bodies for their sister company, Bristol Tramways. On the outbreak of World War II, Sir George Stanley White, managing director of the Bristol Aeroplane Company from 1911–1954, was determined not to suffer the same difficulties a second time; the company now employed 70,000 and he knew he must plan for the time when the voracious wartime demand for Bristol aircraft and aircraft engines would end. The company began working with AFN Ltd, makers of Frazer Nash cars and British importer of BMWs before the war, on plans for a joint venture in automotive manufacture; as early as 1941, a number of papers were written or commissioned by George S. M. White, Sir Stanley's son, proposing a post-war car manufacturing division.

It was decided to purchase an existing manufacturer for this purpose. Alvis, Aston Martin, Lagonda, ERA and Lea-Francis were considered. A chance discussion took place in May 1945, between D. A. Aldington, a director of Frazer Nash serving as an inspector for the wartime Ministry of Aircraft Production, Eric Storey, an assistant of George White at the Bristol Aeroplane Company, it led to the immediate take-over of Frazer Nash by the Aeroplane Company. Aldington and his two brothers had marketed the Frazer Nash BMW before the war, proposed to build an updated version after demobilisation; this seemed the perfect match for the aeroplane company's own ambitions to manufacture a high quality sports car. With the support of the War Reparations Board, H. J. Aldington travelled to Munich and purchased the rights to manufacture three BMW models and the 328 engine. By July 1945, BAC had created a car division and bought a controlling stake in AFN. A factory was established near Bristol. George White and Reginald Verdon-Smith of the Aeroplane Company joined the new Frazer Nash Board, but in January 1947, soon after the first cars had been produced, differences between the Aldingtons and Bristol led to the resale of Frazer Nash.

The Bristol Car Division became an independent entity. Bristol Cars was sold after its parent joined with other British aircraft companies in 1960 to create the British Aircraft Corporation, which became part of British Aerospace; the car division merged with Bristol Siddeley Engines, was marked for closure, but was bought in September 1960 by George S. M. White the chairman and effective founder. White retained the direction of the company, but sold a forty per cent shareholding to Tony Crook, a leading Bristol agent. Crook became sole distributor. In September 1969, only a month before the unveiling of the new Bristol 411 at the Earl's Court Motor Show, Sir George White suffered a serious accident in his Bristol 410; the car was only superficially damaged. As time passed it became clear that he would never regain his health sufficiently to return to full-time work. To safeguard the future of his workforce, he decided in 1973 to sell his majority shareholding to Crook; as the ties with the White family were severed, British Aerospace requested the company to move its factory from Filton Aerodrome and it found new premises in nearby Patchway.

The showroom on Kensington High Street became the head office, with Crook shuttling between the two in Bristol's light aircraft. Under Crook's direction the company produced at least six types, the names of which were borrowed from Bristol's distinguished aeronautical past: the Beaufighter, Blenheim and Brigand. In February 1997, Crook aged 77, sold a fifty per cent holding in Bristol Cars to Toby Silverton, with an option to take full control within four years. Silverton son-in-law of Joe Lewis of the Tavistock Group and son of Arthur Silverton of Overfinch, joined the board with his father. Crook and Toby Silverton produced the Speedster, Bullet and 411 Series 6, though 2002 saw the transfer of Bristol Cars into the ownership of Silverton and the Tavistock Group, with Silverton in the chair and Crook remaining as managing director. Together they developed a two-seater V10 named after the first Sir George White's world-famous First World War two-seater aircraft, the Bristol Fighter. Crook relinquished his connection with Bristol Cars in August

1796 in Great Britain

Events from the year 1796 in Great Britain. Monarch – George III Prime Minister – William Pitt the Younger Parliament – 17th, 18th 1 February – protests over the price of bread culminate in Queen Charlotte being hit by a stone as she and King George return from a trip to the theatre. 16 February – Britain takes control of Ceylon from the Batavian Republic following the previous day's peaceful surrender of Colombo to Major-General James Stuart, ending the Invasion of Ceylon. 14 May – Edward Jenner administers the smallpox vaccine to James Phipps in Gloucestershire. 20 May – the last mock Garrat Elections are held in Surrey. 21 June – explorer Mungo Park becomes the first European to reach the Niger River. 9 August – opening to traffic of Wearmouth Bridge, designed by Thomas Paine in cast iron. Its span of 237 feet makes it the world's longest single-span vehicular bridge extant at this date. 19 August – by the Second Treaty of San Ildefonso and France form an alliance against Great Britain. 22 September – Mary Lamb commits matricide.

5 October – Anglo-Spanish War: Spain declares war on Britain. December – the government begins work on a 40-acre site at Norman Cross for the world's first purpose-built prisoner-of-war camp. Undated Summer – Ribchester Hoard and helmet found in Lancashire; the Retreat established in York. Last resident family leaves St Ninian's Isle. Earliest known reference to the sea song Spanish Ladies. French Revolutionary Wars, First Coalition. Fanny Burney's novel Camilla: or, A Picture of Youth. Mary Hays' epistolary novel Memoirs of Emma Courtney; the popular Gothic novels Matthew Lewis's The Monk and Regina Maria Roche's The Children of the Abbey. Samuel Ireland publishes a collection of Shakespearean forgeries in his Miscellaneous Papers and Legal Instruments Under the Hand and Seal of William Shakespeare. Edmond Malone exposes them in his An Inquiry into the Authenticity of Certain Miscellaneous Papers and Legal Instruments on 31 March, the forged'Shakespearean' play and Rowena, is able to sustain just a single performance at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London, on 2 April.

Ireland's son, William Henry, confesses to the fraud in An Authentic Account of the Shakespearean Manuscripts. The volume of The Scots Musical Museum published this year includes Robert Burns' versions of Auld Lang Syne and Charlie Is My Darling. 25 January – William MacGillivray and ornithologist 17 February – Frederick William Beechey, explorer 28 February – Pablo Fanque, black circus owner, popularized by The Beatles in song March – Durham Ox, shorthorn bull 27 June – George Vincent, painter 25 August – Edwin Beard Budding, inventor August – William Marsden, surgeon 4 September – Henry Foster, scientist 13 September – James Finlay Weir Johnston, chemist 14 September – Woodbine Parish, diplomat 22 August – Baden Powell, mathematician 9 October – Fitzroy Kelly and Member of Parliament, last Chief Baron of the Exchequer 17 October – James Matheson, Member of Parliament December – William Banting and dietician 12 February – John Hamilton, Member of Parliament 19 March Hugh Palliser, naval officer and administrator Stephen Storace, theatre composer 27 May – Lord Charles Townshend, Member of Parliament 16 July – George Howard, Army officer and politician 21 July – Robert Burns, national poet of Scotland 1 August – Robert Pigot, Army officer and Member of Parliament 6 August – David Allan, painter 1 September – David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield, politician October – Thomas Christie, writer 12 December – William Wilson, Member of Parliament List of MPs elected in the British general election, 1796

Athletics at the 1964 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metres

The men's 100 metres was the shortest of the men's track races in the Athletics at the 1964 Summer Olympics program in Tokyo, Japan. It was held at the Olympic Stadium on 14 and 15 October 1964. 76 athletes from 49 nations entered, with 3 not starting in the first round. The first two rounds were held on 14 October, with the semifinals and the final on the following day. In the final, American Bob Hayes won the gold medal. Enrique Figuerola of Cuba and Harry Jerome of Canada tied the old Olympic record time and both won silver. Wind speed= +1.1 m/s Note that until the Tokyo Olympics world records were measured by officials with stopwatches, measured to the nearest tenth of a second. Although automatic timing was used in Tokyo, the times were given the appearance of manual timing; this was done by subtracting 0.05 seconds from the automatic time and rounding to the nearest tenth of a second, making Hayes' time of 10.06 seconds convert to 10.0 seconds, despite the fact that the officials with stopwatches had measured Hayes' time to be 9.9 seconds, the average difference between manual and automatic times was 0.15 to 0.20 seconds.

This unique method of determining the official time therefore denied Hayes the record of being the first to record 9.9 seconds for the 100 meters. The first official times of 9.9 seconds were recorded at the "Night of Speed" in 1968. The top three runners in each of the 10 heats advanced; the Official Report describes the weather for these heats as'rainy'. Wind, -2.51 m/s The top four runners in each of the four second round heats advanced to the semifinals. Wind, +1.90 m/s. The tailwind speed of 5.28 m/s meant. Official Report