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Bristol County, Rhode Island

Bristol County is a county located in the U. S. state of Rhode Island. As of the 2010 census, the population was 49,875, making it the least populous county in Rhode Island. In terms of land area, it is the third-smallest county in the United States, at only 25 square miles; the county was created in 1747 when it was separated from Massachusetts. Bristol County is included in the Providence-Warwick, RI-MA Metropolitan Statistical Area, in turn constitutes a portion of the greater Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area; the county was formed by the transfer of part of Bristol County, Massachusetts, to the state of Rhode Island, was the subject of a long-running border dispute. The original county was part of the Plymouth Colony and named after its "shire town", what is now Bristol, Rhode Island; the new Rhode Island county was formed in 1746 with the full modern territory of Bristol and Warren. See Bristol County, Massachusetts for land transfers between Massachusetts and Rhode Island.

According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 45 square miles, of which 24 square miles is land and 21 square miles is water, it is the smallest county in Rhode Island. In land area only, it is the third-smallest county in the United States, following Kalawao County and New York County, New York; the highest point in the county is Mount Hope, in Bristol. Bristol County, Massachusetts: east Providence County, Rhode Island: north Kent County, Rhode Island: west Newport County, Rhode Island: south As of the census of 2000, there were 50,648 people, 19,033 households, 13,361 families living in the county; the population density was 2,052 people per square mile. There were 19,881 housing units at an average density of 805 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.81% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, 1.01% from two or more races. Of the population 1.13 % were Latino of any race.

24.7 % were of Portuguese, 12.4 % Irish, 10.5 % English and 5.9 % French ancestry. 85.4 % spoke 1.3 % Spanish as their first language. The United States Census Bureau reported Bristol County as being one of two counties in the United States with a plurality of people of Portuguese ancestry. There were 19,033 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.80% were non-families. Of all households 25.10% were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,737, the median income for a family was $63,114. Males had a median income of $41,902 versus $28,985 for females; the per capita income for the county was $26,503. About 4.40% of families and 6.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.20% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 49,875 people, 19,150 households, 12,750 families living in the county; the population density was 2,064.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 20,850 housing units at an average density of 862.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 95.7% white, 1.4% Asian, 0.8% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were: 24.8% Portuguese 22.2% Irish 21.0% Italian 14.5% English 9.8% French 8.1% German 4.4% French Canadian 4.3% Polish 2.9% Scottish 2.7% American 2.4% Swedish 2.0% Scotch-Irish 1.5% Greek 1.4% RussianOf the 19,150 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.4% were non-families, 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals.

The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99. The median age was 42.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $68,333 and the median income for a family was $87,781. Males had a median income of $59,725 versus $44,060 for females; the per capita income for the county was $35,588. About 3.5% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over. The following towns are located in Bristol County: Barrington Bristol Warren National Register of Historic Places listings in Bristol County, Rhode Island

Start Today

Start Today is an album by Gorilla Biscuits. It is considered an influential recording in hardcore punk and melodic hardcore, with NME naming it among the 15 best hardcore punk albums of all time, it is the biggest selling record released by Revelation Records with copies in excess of 100,000 sold on CD alone. All songs written except where noted. Tracks 13 and 14 are available on the Gorilla Biscuits album and are unlisted. Anthony "CIV" Civarelli - vocals Walter Schreifels - guitar Alex Brown - guitar Arthur Smilios - bass guitar Luke Abbey - drums Toby Morse - backing vocals

Camp Bullis

Camp Bullis Military Training Reservation is a U. S. Army training camp comprising 27,990 acres in Bexar County, Texas, USA, just northwest of San Antonio. Camp Bullis provides Base Operations Training Support to Joint Base San Antonio; the camp is named for Brigadier General John L. Bullis,Camp Bullis and Camp Stanley make up the Leon Springs Military Reservation. Camp Bullis is used as maneuvering grounds for U. S. Army, Air Force and Marines combat units, it is utilized as a field training site for the various medical units stationed at Brooke Army Medical Center in nearby Fort Sam Houston. In 1906 United States military bought over 17,000 acres from parts of six ranches; this area was designated the Leon Springs Military Reservation and was to be used as a maneuvers and training area for troops based at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. Leon Springs was praised for varied terrain. Use of the new training area began immediately. In July and August 1907, the target ranges in present-day Camp Stanley were used for the Southwestern Rifle and Pistol Competition.

The first major maneuvers were held in 1908, involving regular army and National Guard infantry and field artillery units. The first documented firing of artillery occurred in 1909. Mobilization of troops in response to upheavals in Mexico in 1911 led to large-scale maneuvers at the Reservation. With the increased tensions along the United States-Mexico border between 1912 and 1916, activity at the Reservation decreased as troops from Fort Sam Houston were deployed along the border. Activity increased again in 1916, as large numbers of troops were called up for training after the raid of Columbus, New Mexico, by Pancho Villa. In 1916, a large remount station was built near Anderson Hill in present-day Camp Stanley. In February 1917, the facilities at the reservation were renamed Camp Funston in honor of Major General Frederick Funston. In May 1917 while preparing for World War I, Camp Funston established the First Officers Training Camp. Drills and training at the FOTC included practice marches, target practice, trench warfare training.

Officers of the FOTC graduated in August 1917, after which a Second Series Officer Training Camp began. In October 1917, Camp Funston was renamed Camp Stanley to avoid confusion with Camp Funston in Kansas; the Camp Bullis cantonment was located across Salado Creek from the old Scheele Ranch. Training facilities at Camp Bullis included cavalry camps, maneuver grounds, target ranges. Construction of permanent facilities was limited to a camp headquarters, an administrative building, spaces for rows of mess halls and tents; the 315th Engineer Regiment of the 90th Division constructed rifle ranges and a pistol range between Hogan Ridge and Salado Creek that could accommodate 3,000-4,000 men. Between World Wars I and II, Camp Bullis grew in size; the leased properties of Camp Bullis and additional adjacent properties were purchased. In addition, 1,760 acres of Camp Stanley the inner cantonment of present-day Camp Stanley, were transferred to the Chief of Ordnance for the San Antonio Arsenal, located in the City of San Antonio to the south.

The remaining area known as the Leon Springs Military Reservation, was transferred to Camp Bullis. During this period and engineering units of the 2d Division and other troop units in the San Antonio area used Camp Bullis. Training and drills by the Citizens Military Training Camp and the Reserve Officers Training Corps took place at Camp Bullis. Troops took part in target and combat practice, firing Stokes mortars, maneuvering in regiment-sized units. Starting in 1937, the Second Division tested new divisional structures meant to increase mobility and flexibility through mechanization and motorization; these tests, featured in a 1939 LIFE Magazine issue and employed the use of antitank units and the 6th Infantry Regiment, lasted through 1939. The resulting concept, known as the triangular division was built around three infantry regiments and gave commanders at each level of organization, from platoon to division, three forces to face enemy units: one to confront the enemy, one to maneuver and outflank the enemy, one to exploit enemy failures or weaknesses and act as a reserve.

In 1939, Army Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall ordered that the triangular division design be adopted for all infantry divisions; the formal reorganization of the Second Division included the addition of the 38th Infantry Regiment, two artillery battalions, a change from 75-mm to 105-mm howitzers. In 1942 and 1943, the triangular division was replaced when the need for tank and other armored units became essential parts of division-sized units. Prior to World War II, Camp Bullis had hosted a number of nonmilitary activities. In 1926, portions of two movies—The Rough Riders and Wings—were filmed at the installation; the Rough Riders was filmed using troops of the 5th Cavalry regiments as extras. Palmtree Hill, stormed by the troops, was planted with palm trees to resemble San Juan Hill in Cuba; the flying fields at Camp Bullis were used in the production of Wings, the winner of the first Academy Award for best picture. In the early 1930s, Camp Bullis was one of many military installations across the country used for the organization of Civilian Conservation Corps personnel.

Personnel from the CCC, as well as the Works Progress Administration, participated in the construction of some of the camp's facilities during this period. As the war in Europe began and more troops trained at Camp Bullis. T


A bartender is a person who formulates and serves alcoholic or soft drink beverages behind the bar in a licensed establishment. Bartenders usually maintain the supplies and inventory for the bar. A bartender can mix classic cocktails such as a Cosmopolitan, Old Fashioned, Mojito. Bartenders are usually responsible for confirming that customers meet the legal drinking age requirements before serving them alcoholic beverages. In certain countries, such as Canada, the United Kingdom, Sweden, bartenders are required to refuse more alcohol to drunk customers. Bartending was a profession with a low reputation, it was perceived through the lens of ethical issues and various legal constraints related to the serving of alcohol. The pioneers of bartending as a serious profession appeared in the 19th century. "Professor" Jerry Thomas established the image of the bartender as a creative professional. Harry Johnson established the first bar management consulting agency. At the turn of the 20th century less than half the bartenders in London were women, such as Ada Coleman.

"Barmaids", as they were called, were the daughters of tradesmen or mechanics or young women from the "better-born" classes, "thrown upon their own resources" and needed an income. The bartending profession was a second occupation, used as transitional work for students to gain customer experience or to save money for university fees; the reason for this is because bartenders in tipping countries such as Canada and the United States, can make significant money from their tips. This view of bartending as a career is changing around the world and bartending has become a profession by choice rather than necessity, it includes specialized education — European Bartender School operates in 23 countries. Cocktail competitions such as World Class and Bacardi Legacy have recognised talented bartenders in the past decade and these bartenders, others, spread the love of cocktails and hospitality throughout the world. Kathy Sullivan owner of Sidecar Bartending expressed the difficulties with becoming a prolific bartender, comparing you to the drink you make: “In drinks you want balance.

And you have to be balanced physically and mentally.” In the United Kingdom, bar work is not regarded as a long-term profession, but more as a second occupation, or transitional work for students to gain customer experience or to save money for university fees. As such, it therefore has a high turnover; the high turnover of staff due to low wages and poor employee benefits results in a shortage of skilled bartenders. Whereas a career bartender would know drink recipes, serving techniques, alcohol contents, correct gas mixes and licensing law and would have cordial relations with regular customers, short-term staff may lack these skills; some pubs prefer experienced staff, although pub chains tend to accept inexperienced staff and provide training. Tipping bartenders in the United Kingdom is uncommon, not considered mandatory but is appreciated by the bartender; the appropriate way to tip a bartender in the UK is to say'have one for yourself', encouraging the bartender to buy themselves a drink with one's money, where a bartender may instead opt to add a modest amount to a bill to take in cash at the end of their shift.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics data on occupations in the United States, including that of bartender, publishes a detailed description of the bartender's typical duties and employment and earning statistics by those so employed, with 55% of a bartender's take-home pay coming in the form of tips. The hourly wage a bartender receives can vary depending on the state; the federal Fair Labor Standards Act, the laws of most states, allow employers a tip credit, which counts employees tips toward minimum wage. As of January 1, 2019, the federal minimum wage rate is $7.25/hour. Bartenders in the United States may work in a large variety of bars; these include hotel bars, restaurant bars, sports bars, gay bars, piano bars, dive bars. Growing in popularity is the portable bar, which can be moved to different venues and special events. Bartenders may learn while on the job. Bartenders in the United States have on-the-job training, from the owners, management, or other superior stuff with experience. Prospective bartenders may gain experience by working as wait staff in a restaurant with a bar.

Some vocational schools offer. Some US states require a health certificate issued from the state. Most pubs and bars seek to recruit personable individuals as bartenders. All bartenders must comply in the United States. All bartenders in the United States should be knowledgeable in mixing and serving drinks with a positive attitude and excellent communication skills; the competition for jobs is high in this field of work. Bar-back, or runner, a bartender's assistant Hospitality List of bartenders List of public house topics List of restaurant terminology Tavern Vintner Media related to Bartenders at Wikimedia Commons

Jack Burke (boxer)

Jack Burke was a boxer who fought in the longest gloved ring battle on record in the late 19th century. Burke went 110 rounds with Andy Bowen at the Olympic Club in New Orleans on April 6, 1893, in a bout which lasted 7 hours and 19 minutes; the marathon fight was called a "no contest" by referee John Duffy. Burke remained bed ridden for 6 weeks after the fight. Burke chose to continue competing. Andy Bowen had scheduled the fight with another opponent, however after dropping out of the fight, Jack Burke, the latter's trainer, fought the bout instead, it was reported that the fight went for so long, that the spectators who stayed to watch the fight had fallen asleep in their seats. It was recorded that at round 108, with no clear end in sight, referee John Duffy made the decision that if no winner had emerged in the next 2 rounds, the bout would be ruled a no contest. "Texas" Jack Burke died at Mublenberg Hospital in October 1913 at the age of 44. Http://

Cayenne (Dutch colony)

Cayenne the capital of French Guiana, was a hotly contested area between French and Dutch colonizers in the 17th century. In 1615, Theodore Claessen founded a Dutch colony at Cayenne. Another expedition to found a settlement at Cayenne left Flushing in 1626, under the captaincy of Claude Prevost. Whereas these early Dutch colonization attempts were organized from the County of Zeeland, in 1635 an expedition was organized from the city of Amsterdam in the County of Holland, much to the dismay of Zeelanders. Under the leadership of David Pietersz. de Vries, a group of about thirty colonists restored an abandoned French fort on Mecoria island on the Cayenne River and tried to cultivate the land. The colonization attempt seems to have ended with De Vries' departure. In the late 1650s, a more serious attempt at colonization followed. Jan Claessen Langendyck's request to colonize the area again was approved by the Dutch West India Company, he had set up a colony by 1659, he remained in charge of the colony until 1663, when Quirijn Spranger took over the leadership of the colony.

The Langendyck colony was followed by a Jewish settlement initiated by David Cohen Nassy, consisting of Jewish planters who had to leave Dutch Brazil upon its recapture by Portugal. Nassy received permission to found a colony in January 1658, to be located at some distance from the older colony of Langendyck. Both the Langendyck colony and the Nassy colony were seized by the French in 1664. Nassy and his Jewish colonists moved to the neighbouring colony of Surinam, at the time still an English colony, where they joined the Jewish colonists at Jodensavanne. During the Franco-Dutch War, Jacob Binckes captured Cayenne for the Dutch in 1676; the same year, the French recaptured their colony under the command of Jean II d'Estrées. By that time, contention over the colonies in the Guianas had ended, little changed until the United Kingdom took over the colonies of Berbice and Essequibo in 1814. Cayenne is still a French overseas department to this day. Goslinga, Cornelis Ch.. A Short History of the Netherlands Antilles and Surinam.

The Hague and London: Martinus Nijhoff. ISBN 978-90-247-2118-4