British Film Institute

The British Film Institute is a film and charitable organisation which promotes and preserves filmmaking and television in the United Kingdom. The BFI uses lottery funds to encourage film production and education, it is sponsored by the Department of Digital, Culture and Sport. It was established by Royal Charter to encourage the development of the arts of film and the moving image throughout the United Kingdom, to promote their use as a record of contemporary life and manners, to promote education about film and the moving image and their impact on society, to promote access to and appreciation of the widest possible range of British and world cinema and to establish, care for and develop collections reflecting the moving image history and heritage of the United Kingdom; the BFI maintains the world's largest film archive, the BFI National Archive called National Film Library, National Film Archive, National Film and Television Archive. The archive contains more than 50,000 fiction films, over 100,000 non-fiction titles, around 625,000 television programmes.

The majority of the collection is British material but it features internationally significant holdings from around the world. The Archive collects films which feature key British actors and the work of British directors; the BFI runs the BFI Southbank and London IMAX cinema, both located on the south bank of the River Thames in London. The IMAX has the largest cinema screen in the UK and shows popular recent releases and short films showcasing its technology, which includes 3D screenings and 11,600 watts of digital surround sound. BFI Southbank shows films from all over the world critically acclaimed historical & specialised films that may not otherwise get a cinema showing; the BFI distributes archival and cultural cinema to other venues – each year to more than 800 venues all across the UK, as well as to a substantial number of overseas venues. The BFI offers a range of education initiatives, in particular to support the teaching of film and media studies in schools. In late 2012, the BFI received money from the Department for Education to create the BFI Film Academy Network for young people aged between 16-25.

A residential scheme is held at the NFTS every year. The BFI runs the annual London Film Festival along with BFI Flare: London LGBT Film Festival and the youth-orientated Future Film Festival; the BFI publishes the monthly Sound magazine as well as films on Blu-ray, DVD and books. It runs the BFI National Library, maintains the BFI Film & TV Database and Summary of Information on Film and Television, which are databases of credits and other information about film and television productions. SIFT has a collection of about 7 million still frames from television; the BFI has co-produced a number of television series featuring footage from the BFI National Archive, in partnership with the BBC, including The Lost World of Mitchell & Kenyon, The Lost World of Friese-Greene, The Lost World of Tibet. The BFI has produced contemporary artists' moving image work, most notably through the programme of the BFI Gallery, located at BFI Southbank from March 2007 to March 2011; the programme of the gallery resulted in several new commissions by leading artists, including projects which engaged directly with the BFI National Archive, among which: Patrick Keiller's'The City of the Future', Iain Forsyth and Jane Pollard's'RadioMania: An Abandoned Work' and Deimantas Narkevicious"Into the Unknown'.

The Gallery initiated projects by filmmakers such as Michael Snow, Apichatpong Weerasethakul and Louise Wilson and John Akomfrah.. The institute was founded in 1933. Despite its foundation resulting from a recommendation in a report on Film in National Life, at that time the institute was a private company, though it has received public money throughout its history—from the Privy Council and Treasury until 1965 and the various culture departments since then; the institute was restructured following the Radcliffe Report of 1948 which recommended that it should concentrate on developing the appreciation of filmic art, rather than creating film itself. Thus control of educational film production passed to the National Committee for Visual Aids in Education and the British Film Academy assumed control for promoting production. From 1952 to 2000, the BFI provided funding for new and experimental filmmakers via the BFI Production Board; the institute received a Royal Charter in 1983. This was updated in 2000, in the same year the newly established UK Film Council took responsibility for providing the BFI's annual grant-in-aid.

As an independent registered charity, the BFI is regulated by the Charity Commission and the Privy Council. In 1988, the BFI opened the London Museum of the Moving Image on the South Bank. MOMI was acclaimed internationally and set new standards for education through entertainment, but subsequently it did not receive the high levels of continuing investment that might have enabled it to keep pace with technological developments and ever-rising audience expectations; the Museum was "temporarily" closed in 1999. This did not happen, MOMI's closure became permanent in 2002 when it was decided to redevelop the South Bank site; this redevelopment was itself further delayed. The BFI is managed on a day-to-day basis by its chief executive, Amanda Nevill. Supreme decision-making authority rests with a board of up to 14 governors; the current chair is Josh Berger, who took up the post in February 2016


Galactosyltransferase is a type of glycosyltransferase which catalyzes the transfer of galactose. An example is B-N-acetylglucosaminyl-glycopeptide b-1,4-galactosyltransferase; the biosynthesis of disaccharides and polysaccharides involves the action of hundreds of different glycosyltransferases. These enzymes catalyse the transfer of sugar moieties from activated donor molecules to specific acceptor molecules, forming glycosidic bonds. A classification of glycosyltransferases using nucleotide diphospho-sugar, nucleotide monophospho-sugar and sugar phosphates and related proteins into distinct sequence based families has been described; this classification is available on the CAZy web site. The same three-dimensional fold is expected to occur within each of the families; because 3-D structures are better conserved than sequences, several of the families defined on the basis of sequence similarities may have similar 3-D structures and therefore form'clans'. Glycosyltransferase family 31 comprises enzymes with a number of known activities.


Production and Operations Management

Production and Operations Management Journal is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering research on all topics in product and process design and supply chain management. Production and Operations Management is published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Production and Operations Management Society, it is listed as one of the 45 journals used by the Financial Times to compile its business-school research ranks and Bloomberg Businessweek's Top 20 Journals. According to ISI Journal Citation Reports, the journal is ranked 5th out of 37 titles in the engineering and manufacturing category and 17th out of 74 in the operations research and management science category; the mission of the Production and Operations Management journal is to publish high-quality scientific research in the general areas of operations management and supply chain management. The POM journal is the flagship research journal of POM society; the journal publishes original research articles cover a wide variety of topics including Behavioral Operations Management, Data Science, Stochastic Optimization, Disaster Management, Disruptive Technologies, E-Business and Operations, Global Operations Strategy, Health Care Operations Management, Public Policy, Management of Technology, Manufacturing Operations, New Product Development and Development, Project Management, OM-Accounting Interface, OM-Economics Interface, OM-Finance Interface, OM-Information Systems Interface, OM-Marketing Interface, Retail Operations, Revenue Management, Service Operations Management, Supply Chain Management, Sustainable Operations.

POM journal accepts papers that use any research paradigm including analytical models, empirical models, theory development, case-based research, action-based research, economic models. The POM journal was founded by Prof. Kalyan Singhal, Merrick School of Business, University of Baltimore. Prof. Singhal serves as the Editor-in-Chief of the journal. Prof. Subodha Kumar, Fox School of Business, Temple University is the Deputy Editor of the Journal. Professor Jaya Singhal, Merrick School of Business, University of Baltimore is the Executive Editor. There are 24 departments within the journal; each of departments has at least one department editor. Official website