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British Leeward Islands

The British Leeward Islands now refers to the Leeward Islands as an English and British colony from 1671 to 1958, except for the years from 1816 to 1833. The Leeward Islands was established as an English colony in 1671. In 1816, the islands were divided in two regions: Antigua and Montserrat in one colony, Saint Christopher, Nevis and the Virgin Islands in the other; the Leeward Islands as an entity were united again in 1833, coming together until 1871 under the administration of the Governor of Antigua. The islands became known as the Federal Colony of the Leeward Islands from 1871 to 1956, with Dominica becoming part of the colony in 1871 but leaving it again in 1940, in 1958 the remaining islands were absorbed into the West Indies Federation. A representative Leeward Islands cricket team continues to participate in West Indian domestic cricket; the islands of the Leeward Islands all used postage stamps inscribed "LEEWARD ISLANDS" between 1890 and 1 July 1956 concurrently with stamps inscribed with the colony's name.

The islands issued revenue stamps between 1882 and the 1930s. Includes the structures from Saint Kitts and Nevis, Antigua and British Virgin Islands. Saint Kitts and Nevis Defence Force Royal Montserrat Defence Force Royal Antigua Defense Force Dominica Defense Force List of Governors of the British Leeward Islands Attorney General of the Leeward Islands Chief Justice of the Leeward Islands British Windward Islands History of the British West Indies This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Leeward Islands". Encyclopædia Britannica. 16. Cambridge University Press. P. 371. WorldStatesmen- see each present country Leeward Islands – Flag

Ryan Martinie

Ryan Martinie is an American bassist. He is best known for being the bass player of Mudvayne, he was active with Mudvayne from 1996 until their indefinite hiatus in 2010. Martinie was raised in a Christian non-denominational church in Illinois, where his grandfather was one of the choir leaders. Therefore, he was exposed to hymns, orchestral music, other forms of non-secular music, his father played guitar, "has a nice voice that he has good control over." When asked why he decided to play bass, he said, "Why I requested the purchase of a bass is still a mystery to me. I can only articulate that I remember being drawn by the sense of connection it shared with all of the other instruments." He won several high school awards for classical vocals. Some of his early influences include Jimi Hendrix, The Beatles, The Beach Boys, several big band jazz groups, he was in a Dream Theater styled progressive rock band called Broken Altar. In 1996, Mudvayne was formed, they had a different bass player, Shawn Barclay.

In 1997, still with Shawn as their bass player, Mudvayne Kill, I Oughta. However, in 1998, after seeing Broken Altar live, Mudvayne asked Martinie to join their band. Although he was reluctant to part ways with Broken Altar, he joined Mudvayne upon realizing that they were serious about their band. Martinie became a cult bass player, receiving positive critical acclaim for his unique and technical style of playing, that "adds Mudvayne a whole new dimension". Martinie was the guest bassist on a project created by guitarist and vocalist Scott Von Heldt named "Kurai"; the drummer for the project was found in the drum tech for Korn. The group released their debut EP, "Breaking The Broken" on the 17th of December, 2013. In 2015, Martinie began playing with a jazz fusion / progressive rock trio Soften the Glare They recorded their first album Making Faces, released on September 1, 2017. Martinie has a "not yet defined" side project that he intends to materialize, saying "People are going to have to see my ugly mug again whether you want to or not.

For me this is a great time for me to gather my ideas. To spend a lot of time reading and exposing myself to lots of different types of thought. Fiction and non-fiction. I’m not sitting here idle. There is a lot going on it’s just whether these things end up being Mudvayne things or other things I’m not going to worry about what ends up being what or where it goes", he said that his playing style will differ from that, heard in Mudvayne. On 2 August 2012, Korn announced that Ryan Martinie will join them on their European tour that kicked off in Poland, as the band's bassist. Korn bassist Fieldy and his wife, were expecting a child. Martinie utilizes many techniques to make the instrumental edge of the band more rich, his bass playing is a key part of Mudvayne's sound. This is emphasized on the song "A Key to Nothing" from The End of All Things to Come, which he played with a fretless bass, he does not use any effect pedals, preferring a natural sound from his bass. He stated, "I like the natural approach to playing, I'm not – I'm not a purist, I mean, go for it.

If you like synth bass, octave pedals and stuff utilize it. I'm not against any of that stuff, but I do like to find those things with my hands." Martinie is known for pushing the envelope. His right hand is one of the major reasons for this, as he pulls from many different techniques and genres, he is known for flicks and a flamenco style, notable on "Dull Boy" and the chorus of "Out To Pasture" in some way. On the chorus of "Out To Pasture", he does a "fast flamenco guitar-picking pattern that's as fast as my hand can play. It's just this fast pattern, it's a sleeper, because it sounds like I'm playing single-notes or chords, like I'm strumming chords, but what's going on there is something different. It's the only thing you didn't mention, which makes me proud, because it's supposed to be transparent, maybe one of the most important things that has come to me – in playing and in relating to the other instruments and in particular my band." He has a unique heavy fingering technique from which he gets the percussive tone and the sharper, more extreme attack from his bass.

He uses slapping and popping techniques on the most of the L. D. 50 album, most notably on the songs like "Dig". Martinie has developed his own tapping technique on the neck where he uses his index and middle fingers to tap an octave chord high on the neck, while his left hand moves notes, doublestops or chords; this is similar to a technique used by John Entwistle. On the album Mudvayne, he plays complex bass parts in the intros of "Beautiful And Strange" and "I Can't Wait". Martinie is known as a precise player; when playing his Pedulla fretless he uses quick movements and jogs up and down the neck. Martinie tends to accentuate his work with thick low end, double stops, chords that add warmth or awkward tension, he uses harmonics that add a bright sound to his variety of styles, such as the intro to "Death Blooms" and "Out To Pasture". On his unique tapping technique, he stated: "I’m not a pedal guy, but I like the sound that people get from octave pedals. So, to organically create that effect, I used my right-hand middle and index fingers to tap two strings at once: I come down on the strings hard so they bounce off of the neck.

That way I create some top-end click. At the same time, I use my left hand to move the octave. I can do

Poland in the Turkvision Song Contest

The participation of Poland in the Turkvision Song Contest was expected to begin in Istanbul, Turkey, at the Turkvision Song Contest 2016. The national broadcaster responsible for the selection process of Poland's participants has yet to be known. Poland had selected Olga Shimanskaya with her song "Masal gibi bu dünya", as their debut entry. However, the 2016 contest was subsequently cancelled due to the December 2016 Istanbul bombings. Poland confirmed on 28 February 2017 that they will make their debut at the Turkvision Song Contest 2017, with the same representative they had selected for the 2016 edition. Turkvision is an annual song contest, created by TÜRKSOY in cooperation with the Turkish music channel TMB TV. Based on the similar format of the Eurovision Song Contest, Turkvision focuses on participating Turkic countries and regions; the participating countries and regions have to take part in the Semi Final. A juror from each nation awards between 1 and 10 points except their own. An amount of 12 to 15 nations qualify for the Grand Final.

TÜRKSOY has stated. Unlike the Eurovision Song Contest in which the winning country proceeds to host the following year's event, hosting of the Turkvision Song Contest takes place in the country or region, hosting the Turkish Capital of Culture. On 30 November 2016, it was announced that Poland would be making their Turkvision debut at the 2016 edition, had internally selected Olga Shimanskaya with the song "Masal gibi bu dünya". However, it was confirmed that both of the 2016 contests had been cancelled due to the December 2016 Istanbul bombings. Following the cancellation of the Turkvision Song Contest 2016, it was confirmed by the Ministry of Culture and Sports in Kazakhstan, that the 2017 edition would take place in Astana and would coincide with other events taking place in the city as part of Expo 2017; the contest was going to be held at the Barys Arena, with the two semi-finals taking place on 8 and 9 September, the final on 10 September 2017. However, on 27 March 2017, it was announced that the dates and venue had subsequently been changed, with the Saryarka Velodrome as the new venue, the contest itself taking place on 29 and 31 August 2017.

Poland confirmed on 28 February, that they would continue with their decision to debut at the Turkvision Song Contest, will stick with their selected representative Olga Shimanskaya and her song "Masal gibi bu dünya" to mark their debut at the Turkvision Song Contest 2017. Table key 1st place 2nd place 3rd place Last place Withdrew/Disqualified Poland in the Eurovision Dance Contest – A dance contest organised by the European Broadcasting Union. Poland in the Eurovision Song Contest – A singing competition organised by the EBU. Poland in the Eurovision Young Dancers – A competition organised by the EBU for younger dancers aged between 16 and 21. Poland in the Eurovision Young Musicians – A competition organised by the EBU for musicians aged 18 years and younger. Poland in the Intervision Song Contest – An international song contest consisting of both Post-Soviet states and members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. Poland in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest – A singing competition for children, organised by the EBU