The British Museum, in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history and culture. Its permanent collection of some eight million works is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence, having been sourced during the era of the British Empire, it documents the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present. It was the first public national museum in the world; the British Museum was established in 1753 based on the collections of the Irish physician and scientist Sir Hans Sloane. It first opened in Montagu House, on the site of the current building, its expansion over the following 250 years was a result of expanding British colonisation and has resulted in the creation of several branch institutions, the first being the Natural History Museum in 1881. In 1973, the British Library Act 1972 detached the library department from the British Museum, but it continued to host the now separated British Library in the same Reading Room and building as the museum until 1997.
The museum is a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Digital, Culture and Sport, as with all national museums in the UK it charges no admission fee, except for loan exhibitions. Its ownership of some of its most famous objects originating in other countries is disputed and remains the subject of international controversy, most notably in the case of the Parthenon Marbles. Although today principally a museum of cultural art objects and antiquities, the British Museum was founded as a "universal museum", its foundations lie in the will of the Irish physician and naturalist Sir Hans Sloane, a London-based doctor and scientist from Ulster. During the course of his lifetime, after he married the widow of a wealthy Jamaican planter, Sloane gathered a large collection of curiosities and, not wishing to see his collection broken up after death, he bequeathed it to King George II, for the nation, for a sum of £20,000. At that time, Sloane's collection consisted of around 71,000 objects of all kinds including some 40,000 printed books, 7,000 manuscripts, extensive natural history specimens including 337 volumes of dried plants and drawings including those by Albrecht Dürer and antiquities from Sudan, Greece, the Ancient Near and Far East and the Americas.
On 7 June 1753, King George II gave his Royal Assent to the Act of Parliament which established the British Museum. The British Museum Act 1753 added two other libraries to the Sloane collection, namely the Cottonian Library, assembled by Sir Robert Cotton, dating back to Elizabethan times, the Harleian Library, the collection of the Earls of Oxford, they were joined in 1757 by the "Old Royal Library", now the Royal manuscripts, assembled by various British monarchs. Together these four "foundation collections" included many of the most treasured books now in the British Library including the Lindisfarne Gospels and the sole surviving manuscript of Beowulf; the British Museum was the first of a new kind of museum – national, belonging to neither church nor king open to the public and aiming to collect everything. Sloane's collection, while including a vast miscellany of objects, tended to reflect his scientific interests; the addition of the Cotton and Harley manuscripts introduced a literary and antiquarian element and meant that the British Museum now became both National Museum and library.
The body of trustees decided on a converted 17th-century mansion, Montagu House, as a location for the museum, which it bought from the Montagu family for £20,000. The trustees rejected Buckingham House, on the site now occupied by Buckingham Palace, on the grounds of cost and the unsuitability of its location. With the acquisition of Montagu House, the first exhibition galleries and reading room for scholars opened on 15 January 1759. At this time, the largest parts of collection were the library, which took up the majority of the rooms on the ground floor of Montagu House and the natural history objects, which took up an entire wing on the second state storey of the building. In 1763, the trustees of the British Museum, under the influence of Peter Collinson and William Watson, employed the former student of Carl Linnaeus, Daniel Solander to reclassify the natural history collection according to the Linnaean system, thereby making the Museum a public centre of learning accessible to the full range of European natural historians.
In 1823, King George IV gave the King's Library assembled by George III, Parliament gave the right to a copy of every book published in the country, thereby ensuring that the museum's library would expand indefinitely. During the few years after its foundation the British Museum received several further gifts, including the Thomason Collection of Civil War Tracts and David Garrick's library of 1,000 printed plays; the predominance of natural history and manuscripts began to lessen when in 1772 the museum acquired for £8,410 its first significant antiquities in Sir William Hamilton's "first" collection of Greek vases. From 1778, a display of objects from the South Seas brought back from the round-the-world voyages of Captain James Cook and the travels of other explorers fascinated visitors with a glimpse of unknown lands; the bequest of a collection of books, engraved gems, coins and drawings by Clayton Mordaunt Cracherode in 1800 did much to raise the museum's reputation. The museum's first notable addition towards its collection of antiquities, since its foundation, was by Sir William Hamilton, British Ambassador to Naples, who sold his collection of Greek and Roman artefacts to
Battista di Biagio Sanguigni known as the Master of 1419 was an Italian painter from the region around Florence in the first half of the 15th century. The painter's work bears a good deal of resemblance to that of Lorenzo Monaco, his previous name is derived from the central panel of a now-dismantled triptych, depicting the Madonna and Child Enthroned, commissioned by Antonio di Domenico Giugni for the church of Santa Maria in Latera and now held at the Cleveland Museum of Art. In about 1415, the same artist painted the two outer panels of a triptych of the Madonna and Child with Saints James the Greater and Less, John the Baptist, Anthony Abbot, now in a Swiss collection; these paintings show a distinctly Gothic style and suggest that the artist was familiar with the work of Gherardo Starnina and Alvaro Pirez, combining some of their traits with an understanding of perspective that appears to have been derived from Masaccio. Between 1425 and 1427 Battista painted another triptych, this one depicting Saint Julian and given to the college of San Gimignano.
The Hungarian art historian Miklós Boskovits was able to attribute an additional dozen or so works to him. A single side of a triptych was sold and achieved a price of over £400,000. Citations Sources3 paintings by or after Battista di Biagio Sanguigni at the Art UK site
Justin Alejandro Fargas is a former American football running back. He played college football at University of Southern California and was drafted by the Oakland Raiders in the third round of the 2003 NFL Draft. Fargas attended the University of Michigan, as a regarded football prospect, for three years, he was named one of the Top 10 Freshmen in the country by Sports Illustrated. During his freshman year, he ran, he started there as a running back before switching to safety in the middle of the 2000 season. Yet his college career at Michigan was cut short during his freshman season, he was redshirted in 1999. After looking at both California and USC, Fargas chose to transfer to USC in 2001. Due to NCAA transfer rules he sat out the 2001 season. In 2002, his final season in college, Fargas rushed for 715 yards on 161 carries with the Trojans. Fargas was a track star at the University of Michigan, he recorded personal best of 10.37 seconds in the 100 meters while in high school at Notre Dame High School in Sherman Oaks, California while qualifying for the 1998 CIF California State Meet and 50.13 seconds in the 400 meters in 2007 during the off season while playing for the Oakland Raiders.
Fargas won the state championship in 1997. Fargas played for seven seasons for the Oakland Raiders after being drafted in the third round of the 2003 NFL Draft. Fargas did not have many rushing attempts in his first several years. In 2006 he rushed 178 times for 659 yards and one touchdown. In 2007 he took over after LaMont Jordan became injured and had a 1,000-yard season, rushing for 1,009 yards on 222 carries and four touchdowns, he was the starting running back for the Raiders for most of the 2008 season and had 218 carries for 853 yards and one touchdown. He split time in 2009 with Darren McFadden and Michael Bush, he was second on the team in rushing with 129 carries for 491 yards and three touchdowns. On March 6, 2010, he was released by the Raiders after failing his physical. Fargas disputed the claim. Fargas signed with the Denver Broncos on August 11, 2010, they needed a running back after Knowshon Moreno, Correll Buckhalter, LenDale White were all injured in training camp. It was his first action with a team since undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery in March.
He was released by the Broncos on August 30, 2010. Rushing Stats Fargas is Hutch actor Antonio Fargas, who played Huggy Bear, his mother is Taylor Hastie, Director of Design and Trend for Expo Design Center and the Home Depot at their Atlanta headquarters. His half-brother is a film producer named Matthew Chausse. Justin was indirectly referenced in an early episode of "The Simpsons", when a show titled "Old Starsky and Hutches" wins an Ace Award at a ceremony hosted by Homer as a Krusty the Klown impersonator; the award is accepted by "the son of the guy who played Huggy Bear". Fargas is married to Nikki Caldwell; the couple had their first child in March 2012. Oakland Raiders bio CNN/SI player page CBS Sportsline USC Trojans football bio