The Topper (comics)
The Topper was a UK comic published by D. C. Thomson & Co. Ltd that ran from 7 February 1953 to 15 September 1990, a strip named Mickey the Monkey originally appeared on the front cover. In the early 1970s, it was replaced by Send for Kelly, by Dannys Tranny in 1975, beryl the Peril took over on 24 May 1986, and remained there until the merger with The Beezer. Unlike most other comics at the time, which were half tabloid size and it changed to A4 in 1980, one year before The Beezer. Two comics were merged into The Topper during its run, these were Buzz in 1975, in issue 1260 on 26 March 1977, Big News was announced on the front cover redirecting the reader to page 7 of the comic. The announcement was that starting from issue number 1261 the comic would include a Special Pull-out section that brought back classic Topper Characters such as Splodge and these lasted until issue 1276, when the pull out section was used for the Sparky comic, creating the Special Sparky Pull-Out. The Sparky Pull out section was continued until the change to the A4 format, the Topper produced an annual collection, The Topper Book.
In September 1990, it was decided to merge the Topper with another of D. C, thomsons long-running comics, The Beezer and the two comics combined as Beezer and Topper. Despite the closure of the Topper as a title, The Topper Book continued as an annual, separate from The Beezer Book. Vintage stories from the Topper appeared alongside stories from other D. C. Thomson publications in Classics from the Comics, on 19 March The Royal Mail launched a special stamp collection to celebrate Britains rich comic book history. The collection featured The Beano, The Dandy, The Topper, Roy of the Rovers, Buster, appeared on cover from 1986 to the merge with Beezer in 1990. Big Uggy - a caveman and an anthropomorphic dinosaur friend Dopey Dannys Tranny - a boy, Desert Island Dick - a short strip about a castaway, his pet octopus and his incompetent attempts to summon rescue. The name is a parody of Desert Island Discs on BBC Radio 4, Dopey Joe - a short strip about an incompetent Indian Figaro - an overweight Mexican bandit and his gang, and his donkey or mule Pedro.
Foxy - A fox forever trying to steal chickens and forever getting blasted by The Farmer, joins the Dandy Fred the Flop - Incompetent petty criminal whose scheme slaways fail. Ghastly Manor - A group of ghosts and monsters who live in a run down manor which is perpetually for sale, each episode is based on them scaring away a prospective buyer. Hungry Horace - the kid with the bottomless appetite who is always after food, the Iron Eaters An extra terrestrial invasion of Earth by pink sponge-like creatures which ate iron and other metals. Jimmy Jinx and what he thinks - Originally from Buzz (appears as a character in Fun Size Dandy Julius Cheeser - a short strip about a cats failures to catch a mouse, keyhole Kate - Revival from The Dandy, this version was originally in Sparky. King Gussie Everybody laughs to see the antics of His Majesty - a short strip about a king, like such as Desperate Dan
Warlord (DC Thomson)
Warlord was a comics anthology published weekly in the United Kingdom between 28 September 1974 and 27 September 1986. It was first published in 1974 by D. C, the comic was dedicated to wartime adventures and was a popular success, leading IPC Magazines to create a competitor, Battle Picture Weekly, in 1975. Warlord included several stories per issue, initially centred on a character called Lord Peter Flint, at the end of 1978 Warlord absorbed D. C. In total, Warlord ran for years, from 1974 until 1986. For the next four years after the demise the publishers produced summer specials. Characters and stories included the popular Union Jack Jackson, Spider Wells, Bomber Braddock, features included True Life War Story and articles on weaponry called Weapons In Action. After Bullet was added to the comic, it featured that publications main story Fireball — a secret agent who was Lord Peter Flints nephew, often the comic would include free gifts and toys and offered membership to an exclusive club for a small fee.
Before the addition of the more generally action-orientated Bullet, Warlord had been geared towards stories and articles about World War II. Much of the used in the stories was modern. The Allied forces always won in the end, and both Germans and Japanese were frequently negatively stereotyped, sometimes the Germans were shown in a heroic light, usually with honourable Wehrmacht or Luftwaffe officers as the heroes and committed Nazis, or SS officers as the bad guys. These tales were set on the Eastern Front to ensure the Germans were not shown killing their British or US enemies. Warlord included many stories and characters set mainly in World War II, though most of them featured heroes from Allied nations such as the UK and the US, there were some series which took the German point of view. They included, Union Jack Jackson, a British Royal Marine serving with the US Marine Corps in the Pacific campaign during World War II, to distinguish himself from his American comrades Sgt. Lonnegan and G.
I OBannion he painted a Union Jack on his helmet and he was often referred to as U. J. J. by his American comrades, and served in the Pacific and European theatres of war. He actually originated in the pages of Hotspur in 1957, debuting as a feature before becoming a comic strip star in the New Hotspur in 1962. Not to be confused with Union Jack, a Marvel comics character created by Roy Thomas, Warlord, He was a British secret agent and can be considered a World War II James Bond. His real name/cover was Lord Peter Flint, a conscientious objector who refused to participate in the war. His usual opponents were the Gestapo and Japanese intelligence and his boss in London was the Churchillian and probably purposefully so, secret service head Kingpin who was to Warlord as M is to James Bond
Twinkle, the picture paper specially for little girls was a popular British comics magazine, published by D. C. Thomson & Co. Ltd from 27 January 1968 to 1999 and it was aimed at young girls and came out weekly, supplemented each year with a Summer Special and a hardcover Annual. The comics were introduced by Twinkle herself and featured comic strips, dress-up dolls, a Twinkle Club letters page, on March 192012, the Royal Mail launched a special stamp collection to celebrate Britains rich comic book history. The collection featured The Beano, The Dandy, The Topper, Roy of the Rovers, Buster, nurse Nancy - Nancy and her grandad have a toy hospital. Jean Genie - every time Gemma slaps the back pocket of her jeans a genie appears to grant her wish, the story is probably named after the song by David Bowie. Goody Gumdrops - Goody lives in Sweetie Town, where everyone is named after sweets, Jenny Wren - Jenny is a little girl who likes to dress up and make herself look pretty. Witch Winkle - Wendy Wilson has an unusual friend - a witch called Winkle.
Pollys Magic Paintbox - Whatever Polly paints comes to life because of her magic paints and her Three Bears My Baby Brother - The adventures of a young girl and her baby brother. The Three Pennys - The adventures of 3 girls, all named Penny and her Magic Car - Caroline has a magic car that will take her anywhere. Patsy Panda Silly Milly - She tries to do things right, patty Pickle - similar to Silly Milly. Sally Sweet Molly and her Dollies Dandy Lion Jilly of Jingle Bell School
A newspaper is a serial publication containing news about current events, other informative articles about politics, arts, and so on, and advertising. A newspaper is usually, but not exclusively, printed on relatively inexpensive, the journalism organizations that publish newspapers are themselves often metonymically called newspapers. As of 2017, most newspapers are now published online as well as in print, the online versions are called online newspapers or news websites. Newspapers are typically published daily or weekly, News magazines are weekly, but they have a magazine format. General-interest newspapers typically publish news articles and feature articles on national and international news as well as local news, typically the paper is divided into sections for each of those major groupings. Papers include articles which have no byline, these articles are written by staff writers, a wide variety of material has been published in newspapers. As of 2017, newspapers may provide information about new movies, most newspapers are businesses, and they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, and advertising revenue.
Some newspapers are government-run or at least government-funded, their reliance on advertising revenue, the editorial independence of a newspaper is thus always subject to the interests of someone, whether owners, advertisers, or a government. Some newspapers with high editorial independence, high quality. This is a way to avoid duplicating the expense of reporting from around the world, circa 2005, there were approximately 6,580 daily newspaper titles in the world selling 395 million print copies a day. Worldwide annual revenue approached $100 billion in 2005-7, plunged during the financial crisis of 2008-9. Revenue in 2016 fell to only $53 billion, hurting every major publisher as their efforts to gain online income fell far short of the goal. Besides remodeling advertising, the internet has challenged the business models of the era by crowdsourcing both publishing in general and, more specifically, journalism. In addition, the rise of news aggregators, which bundle linked articles from online newspapers.
Increasing paywalling of online newspapers may be counteracting those effects, the oldest newspaper still published is the Gazzetta di Mantova, which was established in Mantua in 1664. While online newspapers have increased access to newspapers by people with Internet access, literacy is a factor which prevents people who cannot read from being able to benefit from reading newspapers. Periodicity, They are published at intervals, typically daily or weekly. This ensures that newspapers can provide information on newly-emerging news stories or events, Its information is as up to date as its publication schedule allows
St Pancras, London
St Pancras is an area of central London. The district now encompassed by the term St Pancras is not easy to define, the name is sometimes applied to the immediate vicinity of the eponymous railway station, but Kings Cross is the usual name for the area around the two mainline stations as a whole. However, as the choice of name for the borough suggests, the original focus of the area was the church, now known by the retronym of St Pancras Old Church. The building is in the half of the parish, and is believed by many to be one of the oldest sites of Christian worship in Great Britain. However, in the 14th century the population moved en masse to Kentish Town, probably due to flooding by the River Fleet and the availability of better wells at the new location. A chapel of ease was established there, and the old settlement was abandoned, except for a few farms, in the 1790s Earl Camden began to develop some fields to the north and west of the old church as Camden Town. About the same time, a district was built to the south and east of the church.
In 1822 the new church of St Pancras was dedicated as the parish church, the site was chosen on what was called the New Road, now Euston Road, which had been built as Londons first bypass, the M25 of its day. The two sites are about a kilometer apart, the new church is Grade I listed for its Greek Revival style, the old church was rebuilt in 1847. In the mid 19th century two major stations were built to the south of the Old Church, first Kings Cross. The new church is closer to Euston Station, by the end of the nineteenth century the ancient parish had been divided into 37 parishes, including one for the old church. The parish of St Pancras was administered by a vestry until the Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras was established in 1900, in 1965 the former area of the borough was combined with that of two others to form the London Borough of Camden. Georges Church, and St George the Martyr and these were all closed under the Extramural Interment Act in 1854, the parish was required to purchase land some distance away, and chose East Finchley for its new St Pancras Cemetery.
The disused graveyard at St Pancras Old Church was left alone for over thirty years, Thomas Hardy, a junior architect and a novelist and poet, was involved in this work. Particularly, he placed a number of gravestones around a tree, the cemetery was disturbed again in 2002-03 by the construction of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link, but much more care was given to the removal of remains than in the 19th century. The name St Pancras survives in the name of the parliamentary constituency, Holborn. Old St Pancras Church and its graveyard have links to Charles Dickens, Thomas Hardy, immediately to the north of the churchyard is St Pancras Hospital, originally the parish workhouse and latterly the London Hospital for Tropical Diseases. St Pancras is one of the railway stations in England
The Cyrillic script /sᵻˈrɪlɪk/ is a writing system used for various alphabets across eastern Europe and north and central Asia. It is based on the Early Cyrillic, which was developed in the First Bulgarian Empire during the 9th century AD at the Preslav Literary School. As of 2011, around 252 million people in Eurasia use it as the alphabet for their national languages. With the accession of Bulgaria to the European Union on 1 January 2007, Cyrillic became the official script of the European Union, following the Latin script. Cyrillic is derived from the Greek uncial script, augmented by letters from the older Glagolitic alphabet and these additional letters were used for Old Church Slavonic sounds not found in Greek. The script is named in honor of the two Byzantine brothers, Saints Cyril and Methodius, who created the Glagolitic alphabet earlier on, modern scholars believe that Cyrillic was developed and formalized by early disciples of Cyril and Methodius. In the early 18th century the Cyrillic script used in Russia was heavily reformed by Peter the Great, the new form of letters became closer to the Latin alphabet, several archaic letters were removed and several letters were personally designed by Peter the Great.
West European typography culture was adopted, Cyrillic script spread throughout the East and South Slavic territories, being adopted for writing local languages, such as Old East Slavic. Its adaptation to local languages produced a number of Cyrillic alphabets and lowercase letters were not distinguished in old manuscripts. Yeri was originally a ligature of Yer and I, iotation was indicated by ligatures formed with the letter І, Ꙗ, Ѥ, Ю, Ѩ, Ѭ. Sometimes different letters were used interchangeably, for example И = І = Ї, there were commonly used ligatures like ѠТ = Ѿ. The letters had values, based not on Cyrillic alphabetical order. The early Cyrillic alphabet is difficult to represent on computers, many of the letterforms differed from modern Cyrillic, varied a great deal in manuscripts, and changed over time. Few fonts include adequate glyphs to reproduce the alphabet, the Unicode 5.1 standard, released on 4 April 2008, greatly improves computer support for the early Cyrillic and the modern Church Slavonic language.
In Microsoft Windows, Segoe UI is notable for having complete support for the archaic Cyrillic letters since Windows 8, the development of Cyrillic typography passed directly from the medieval stage to the late Baroque, without a Renaissance phase as in Western Europe. Late Medieval Cyrillic letters show a tendency to be very tall and narrow. Peter the Great, Czar of Russia, mandated the use of westernized letter forms in the early 18th century, over time, these were largely adopted in the other languages that use the script. The development of some Cyrillic computer typefaces from Latin ones has contributed to the visual Latinization of Cyrillic type, Cyrillic uppercase and lowercase letter forms are not as differentiated as in Latin typography
The Dandy was a long-running British childrens comic published by DC Thomson. The first issue was printed in December 1937, making it the worlds third-longest running comic, after Detective Comics, from August 2007 until October 2010, it was rebranded as Dandy Xtreme. One of the best selling comics in British popular culture, along with The Beano, the final printed edition was issued on 4 December 2012, the comics 75th anniversary, after sales slumped to 8,000 a week. On the same day, The Dandy relaunched as a comic, The Digital Dandy, appearing on the Dandy website. The digital relaunch was not successful and the comic ended just six months later, the first issue, under the name The Dandy Comic, was published on 4 December 1937. The most notable difference between this and other comics of the day was the use of speech instead of captions under the frame. It was published weekly until 6 September 1941, when wartime paper shortages forced it to change to fortnightly and it returned to weekly publication on 30 July 1949.
From 17 July 1950 the magazine changed its name to The Dandy, in 1938, less than a year after the comics debut, the first Dandy Annual was released. Originally called The Dandy Monster comic, this was a bumper edition of the comic and has been released annually since then. In 1954 the first Desperate Dan Book was released, mostly consisting of reprints, another was released in 1978, and it was released yearly between 1990 and 1992. Bananaman and Black Bob had their own annuals, although issues were all comic strips, early issues had many text strips, with some illustrations. In 1940, this meant 12 pages of comic strips and 8 pages of text stories, text stories at two pages each were Jimmys Pocket Grandpa, British Boys and Girls Go West, Theres a Curse on the King and Swallowed by a Whale. In 1963 the first Dandy summer special was published, a joint Dandy-The Beano summer special, in 1982 the Dandy comic libraries were released, which became known as the Fun Size Dandy. These were small-format comics usually featuring one or two long stories starring characters from The Dandy and occasionally other DC Thomson comics, in September 1985, the ailing Nutty was merged with The Dandy, bringing with it the Bananaman strip, currently the third-longest-running strip still in the comic.
After issue 3282 The Dandy underwent a radical format overhaul, the comic changed format and content, reflecting a more television-oriented style, now printed on glossy magazine paper instead of gravure. The price was raised from 70p to £1.20, a new strip called Office Hours appeared. In August 2007, The Dandy had another update, becoming the fortnightly comic-magazine hybrid Dandy Xtreme, the Dandy Xtreme had a theme for each issue, usually a movie or TV show. From 27 October 2010 The Dandy returned as a weekly comic, the contents received a major overhaul, and all the comic strips from the Xtreme era except for Desperate Dan and The Bogies were dropped
The Courier (Dundee)
The Courier & Advertiser, more commonly known as simply The Courier, is a newspaper published by D. C. Thomson & Co. in Dundee, Scotland. As of 2013, it is printed in six editions, Angus & The Mearns, West Fife, Perthshire. Established in 1801 as the Dundee Courier & Argus, the front page of The Courier used to contain classified advertisements – a traditional newspaper format for many years. In 1926, during the General Strike The Courier was merged with The Advertiser, just over a year later, a digital version of the newspaper was launched. Historical copies of the Dundee Courier, dating back to 1844, are available to search, the Courier D. C. Thomson & Co
Dame Jacqueline Wilson, DBE, FRSL is an English writer of childrens literature. As her childrens novels are frequently themed around adoption and mental illness, for her lifetime contribution as a childrens writer, Wilson was a UK nominee for the international Hans Christian Andersen Award in 2014. Wilson is the author of book series. Jacqueline Wilson was born in Bath, Somerset, in 1945 and her father was a civil servant, her mother was an antiques dealer. Jacqueline spent most of her childhood in Kingston upon Thames, where she went to Latchmere Primary School and she was an imaginative child who enjoyed both reading and inventing stories. She particularly enjoyed books by Noel Streatfeild, as well as American classics like Little Women, as early as aged seven, she filled Woolworths notebooks with stories of her imaginary games. At the age of nine she wrote her first novel which was 21 sides long and that story, Meet the Maggots, was about a family with seven children. Jacqueline Wilson used the nickname as the title of the first stage of her autobiography and she did very well at school.
After Latchmere, she attended Coombe Girls School, which she still visits regularly, a lecture hall at Kingston Universitys Penrhyn Road campus has been named after her. After leaving school at age 16, she began training as a secretary but applied to work with the Dundee-based publishing company DC Thomson on a new girls magazine, DC Thomson offered the 17-year-old a job after she penned a piece on the horrors of teen discos. She fell in love with a printer named Millar Wilson, when he joined the police force, the couple moved south for his work, marrying in 1965 when Jackie was 19. Two years later, they had a daughter, when Wilson focused on writing, she completed a few crime fiction novels before dedicating herself to childrens books. At the age of 40, she took A-level English and earned a grade A and she had mixed success with about 40 books before the breakthrough to fame in 1991 with The Story of Tracy Beaker, published by Doubleday. Two decades later, Wilson lives in a Victorian villa in Kingston upon Thames and it is filled with books, her library of some 15,000 books extends into the outbuilding at the bottom of her garden.
She remains a keen reader, completing a book a week despite her hectic schedule and her favourite writers for adults include Katherine Mansfield and Sylvia Plath. Wilson is patron of the charity Momentum in Kingston upon Thames, which helps Surrey children undergoing treatment for cancer, and she is patron of The Friends of Richmond Park. In 2007 Wilson became a patron of the Letterbox Club, a Booktrust In June 2013, Wilson was appointed Professorial Fellow of the University of Roehampton and she teaches modules in both the Childrens Literature and Creative Writing masters degree programs offered by the university. In February 2014 it was announced that she will be appointed Chancellor of the University from August 2014, fourteen books by Wilson ranked in the top 200
Yorkshire Evening Post
The Yorkshire Evening Post is a daily evening publication published by Yorkshire Post Newspapers in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. The paper provides a regional slant on the news, and traditionally provides close reporting on Leeds United. The newspaper generally takes a left position, unlike The Yorkshire Post. Despite its title implies the paper is Yorkshire wide it is a Leeds-based paper, still widely circulated in Bradford, Harrogate. The City of Leeds has two widely circulated local papers, being the Wetherby News and the Wharfedale and Airedale Observer. For many years, the Evening Post produced an edition for South Yorkshire printed simultaneously in Doncaster. In 1970 that was converted into the now-closed Doncaster Evening Post, in his 2015 memoir former reporter Revel Barker recalls the 1960s, During the cricket season. the Evening Post would be on the streets at 10.30 a. m. The First would be out about noon, the Final at 2 p. m. the One-star final around 3.30, the Post was selling around 250,000 copies a night.
From 1926 on, Yorkshire Evening Post sponsored motorcycle trial events on Post Hill, in September 2013, it was announced the Wellington Street premises would be demolished as journalists had already moved out. Preliminary demolition began in March 2014, April 2014 it was announced the tower would be spared, the Yorkshire Evening Post is widely available across the City of Leeds as well as areas around Harrogate, Wakefield and Ilkley. An on-line edition is available, official website YEP Community Websites Digitised copies of the Yorkshire Evening Post, 1890-1904 at the British Newspaper Archive
The Hotspur was a British boys paper published by D. C. Thomson & Co. From 1933 to 1959, it was a story paper, it was relaunched as a comic in 1959, initially called the New Hotspur. The Hotspur was launched on 2 September 1933 as a story paper, the first issue came with a black mask as a free gift and contained an offer for an electric shock machine, Its a great prize, absolutely harmless and will give hours of fun. Just watch your pals face when you give him his first electric shock, thomsons Big Five papers were extremely successful, the name was used by both readers and the industry. In 1939 the company advertised combined weekly sales of over a million for the group, the Hotspur specialised in school stories, its Red Circle School stories replaced the public school stories in The Gem and The Magnet as reader favourites. The original Hotspur story paper published 1197 issues, the last on 17 October 1959, Red Circle School, a public school with pupils from all over the world. Bill Sampson, known as The Wolf of Kabul, an agent of the British Intelligence Corps, first introduced in The Wizard, the new format contained comic strips as opposed to the old text story format.
The word new in the title was dropped with issue #174, there had been several mergers during the 1970s, with The Hornet in 1976, and with The Crunch in 1980. In January 1981 The Hotspur finally merged with The Victor, jonny Jett King Cobra - journalist Bill King transforms into the UKs very own high-tech superhero. Spring Heeled Jack Union Jack Jackson, a British Royal Marine serving with the US Marine Corps in the Pacific campaign during World War II, in Warlord. X-Bow The Hotspur at the Grand Comics Database Japers of the Red Circle, the Red Circle School story from The Hotspur issue number 1, at Vic Whittles British Comics site