British Rail Class 802

The British Rail Class 802 AT300 is a type of bi-mode multiple unit train being built by Hitachi Rail Europe for Great Western Railway, TransPennine Express and Hull Trains. Based on the design of the Hitachi A-train, the train is part of the Hitachi AT300 product family; each train operating company has given their own units a unique brand. In mid-2015, Great Western Railway said it had arranged to procure 173 new rail vehicles from Hitachi Rail, with options for another 150. At the time, GWR was beginning the process of introducing a new fleet of intercity trains as part of the Government's Intercity Express Programme; this project involved the procurement of both wholly electric units, "bi-mode" trains, powered by electric traction motors capable of running from overhead electric wires or on-board diesel generators. These trains were intended to replace the existing High Speed Trains following the electrification of the Great Western Main Line. However, electrification will only go as far as Cardiff Central, with the route beyond requiring diesel traction.

The purchase of 173 additional vehicles was with the intention that these new bi-mode trains, similar to the Class 800s, would be used on services into Devon and Cornwall. These trains would consist of seven nine-car units; the option for a further 150 vehicles would be formed into another 30 five-car units. Owing to Hitachi's facility at Newton Aycliffe in County Durham being at capacity, the intention was to construct the trains at the Kasado factory in Kudamatsu in Japan. However, following Hitachi's purchase of the Italian train manufacturer AnsaldoBreda, construction was moved to Hitachi's Pistoia plant, with the first unit being completed in February 2018; the trains were expected to enter service with GWR from 2018, with the aim of reducing journey times from London to Exeter by up to five minutes, to Plymouth by up to six minutes, to Penzance by up to 14 minutes. The Class 802s are broadly identical to the Class 800 bi-mode trains used in the Intercity Express Programme, are used in a similar way.

However, they utilise higher engine operating power – 700 kW per engine as opposed to 560 kW – and are fitted with larger fuel tanks to cope with the gradients and extended running in diesel mode expected on the long unelectrified stretches they will operate on. GWR took delivery of 36 sets in 2017 and 2018: 22 five-car and 14 nine-car sets, an increase from the 29 sets ordered in 2015. Main line testing of the Class 802 began in Somerset in August 2017, they were due to be introduced on 16 July 2018. A demonstration run for invited guests from Penzance to Exeter St Davids was held on 17 August 2018; the first two units entered traffic the following day on 18 August 2018, on a Bristol Temple Meads to Swansea service. The same units were first used in passenger service in Cornwall on 20 August 2018, with the service from London Paddington to Penzance and the return to London. In November 2016, Hull Trains said it would buy five five-car AT300 sets to replace the Alstom Class 180 diesel multiple-units which it uses on the Hull to London service.

The first body shell was completed at the Kasado plant in August 2018. Driver training on Class 802s, using stock delivered to TransPennine Express, began in August 2019. In the same month Hull Trains announced that its new train would be known as the Paragon, named after Hull Paragon station. On 7 November 2019, Hull Trains took delivery of their first unit; this unit was used in the official launch of the Paragon fleet on 25 November, where the full livery was unveiled at Hull station. This same unit, unveiled entered service on Thursday 5 December working the 10:33 Hull to London King's Cross, the 13:48 return working. TransPennine Express will operate 19 five-car Class 802 sets on the North Transpennine Line between Liverpool, Leeds and Edinburgh; these trains were given the Class 803 designation, before being redesignated as 802/2s prior to delivery of the first unit. Production began in December 2017, testing began on the East Coast Main Line during July 2018, with the fleet due to enter service from summer 2019.

TransPennine Express formally accepted the first of their Class 802 trains in July 2019. TransPennine Express have branded their new overall fleet as Nova, with each of its new types designated as either'1','2' or'3' - the Class 802s are to be termed as Nova 1; the first Nova 1 entered revenue earning service on 28 September 2019, with unit 802201 working the 06:03 from Newcastle to Liverpool Lime Street and the return 09:25 service. Great Western Railway's Intercity Express Trains are being named after "inspirational people" who have influenced the regions that the company serves. On 14 September 2018 the 14:00 GWR Penzance to Paddington service broke down at 17:15 just north of Exeter. Passengers had to be transferred to another train. During testing of a Class 802 on the evening of 16 October 2018 ahead of its handover to GWR, severe damage was caused to 500 m of overhead power lines in the Hanwell area, outside London Paddington station; this led to service the following two days. Media related to British Rail Class 802 at Wikimedia Commons

Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China

The Vice-Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China are high-ranking executive assistants to the Premier. The title is held by multiple individuals at one time, with each Vice Premier holding a broad portfolio of responsibilities; the highest-ranked office holder is informally called the First-ranked Vice Premier. The 1st-ranked VP takes over duties of the Premier at the time of the latter's incapacity. Current Vice -Premiers, in order of rank, are Han Zheng, Sun Chunlan, Hu Chunhua and Liu He. In irregular instances, the position of a Senior Vice-Premier has been named either to indicate degree of power, nominal power, or when the Premier is incapacitated and requires a full-time assistant to carry out his regular duties; the most prominent case of this is Deng Xiaoping between 1978 and 1980. State Council of the People's Republic of China Premier of the People's Republic of China List of vice premiers of the People's Republic of China State Councilor Secretary-General of the State Council Political position ranking of the People's Republic of China

Robert Snell

Robert'Bob' Snell was an Australian rules footballer who played for East Perth in the West Australian Football League, West Adelaide in the South Australian National Football League and New Town in the Tasmanian National Football League between 1923 and 1933. Snell started his career in 1923 with East Perth and the following season finished second in the Sandover Medal, he sought a clearance to join West Adelaide for the 1925 season but after East Perth refused he had to wait until 1927, playing amateur and junior competitions in the meantime. A centreman, Snell was a member of a West Adelaide premiership side in his debut SANFL season in 1927. In 1929 he won the Magarey Medal, being the last medallist known to the man who donated the award, William Ashley Magarey, as Magarey passed shortly after the 1929 SANFL season. Snell moved to Tasmania in 1931 to play for New Town in the TANFL. In the height of the Great Depression Snell could earn up to A£10 per game and the same in wages playing in the Apple Isle.

He returned to West Adelaide in 1932 and stayed with the club until his retirement from playing in 1933 having played 84 games and kicking 16 goals for Wests. Snell represented South Australia 13 times in Interstate football between 1927 and 1929. Having retired from football after 1933, his life post football was spent as a licensed bookmaker. Due to race meetings being held on Saturdays, Snell saw little league football for many years, he retired from bookmaking in 1973 and spent his time playing lawn bowls twice a week at the Adelaide Bowling Club. Bob Snell died in Adelaide in April 1983 having turned 80. West Adelaide so far last SANFL Premiership in the same year. WAFC Magarey Medallists - Robert Snell 1929 State Library of South Australia