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Brookwood Cemetery

Brookwood Cemetery known as the London Necropolis, is a burial ground in Brookwood, England. It is one of the largest in Europe; the cemetery is listed a Grade I site in the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens. Brookwood Cemetery was conceived by the London Necropolis Company in 1849 to house London's deceased, at a time when the capital was finding it difficult to accommodate its increasing population, of living and dead; the cemetery is said to have been landscaped by architect William Tite. In 1854, Brookwood was the largest cemetery in the world, its initial owner incorporated by Act of Parliament in 1852, Brookwood Cemetery was consecrated by Charles Sumner, Bishop of Winchester, on 7 November 1854 and opened to the public on 13 November 1854 when its first burials took place. Brookwood was accessible by rail from a special station – the London Necropolis railway station – next to Waterloo station in Central London. Trains had passenger carriages reserved for different classes and other carriages for coffins, ran into the cemetery on a dedicated branch from the adjoining South Western Main Line – there was a junction just to the west of Brookwood station.

From there and coffins were transported by horse-drawn vehicles. The original London Necropolis station was relocated in 1902 but its successor was demolished after suffering bomb damage during World War II. There were South for Anglicans, their platforms still exist along the path called Railway Avenue. For visitors wishing to use the South Western Main Line, Brookwood station has provided direct access since June 1864. A short piece of commemorative track, with signpost and plaque, purposefully gives way to a grass field and recollects the old final stage of the journey of the deceased; the LNC offered three classes of funerals: A first class funeral allowed buyers to select the grave site of their choice anywhere in the cemetery. The LNC charged extra for burials in some designated special sites. At the time of opening prices began at £2 10s for a basic 9-by-4-foot with no special coffin specifications, it was expected by the LNC that those using first class graves would erect a permanent memorial of some kind in due course following the funeral.

Second class funerals allowed some control over the burial location. The right to erect a permanent memorial cost an additional 10 shillings. Third class funerals were reserved for pauper funerals. Although the LNC was forbidden from using mass graves and thus the lowest class of funeral provided a separate grave for the deceased, third class funerals were not granted the right to erect a permanent memorial on the site. Despite this, Brookwood's pauper graves granted more dignity to the deceased than did other graveyards and cemeteries of the period, all of which other than Brookwood continued the practice of mass graves for the poor. Brookwood was one of the few cemeteries to permit burials on Sundays, which made it a popular choice with the poor as it allowed people to attend funerals without the need to take a day off work; as theatrical performances were banned on Sundays at this time, it made Brookwood a popular choice for the burial of actors for the same reason, to the extent that actors were provided with a dedicated section of the cemetery near the station entrance.

While the majority of burials conducted by the LNC were pauper funerals on behalf of London parishes, the LNC reached agreement with a number of societies, religious bodies and similar organisations. The LNC provided dedicated sections of the cemetery for these groups, on the basis that those who had lived or worked together in life could remain together after death. Although the LNC was never able to gain the domination of London's funeral industry for which its founders had hoped, it was successful at targeting specialist groups of artisans and trades, to the extent that it became nicknamed "the Westminster Abbey of the middle classes". A large number of these dedicated plots were established, ranging from Chelsea Pensioners and the Ancient Order of Foresters to the Corps of Commissionaires and the LSWR; the Nonconformist cemetery includes a Parsee burial ground established in 1862, which as of 2011 remained the only Zoroastrian burial ground in Europe. Dedicated sections in the Anglican cemetery were reserved for burials from those parishes which had made burial arrangements with the LNC.

The first burial was of the stillborn twins of a Mrs Hore of Ewer Street, Southwark Borough. The Hore twins, along with the other burials on the first day, were pauper funerals and buried in unmarked graves; the first burial at Brookwood with a permanent memorial was that of Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Goldfinch, buried on 25 November 1854, the 26th person to be buried in the cemetery. The first permanent memorial erected in the Nonconformist section of the cemetery was that of Charles Milligan Hogg, son of botanist Robert Hogg, buried on 12 December 1854. Goldfinch and Hogg's graves are not the oldest monuments in the cemetery, as on occasion gravestones were relocate

Alston's brown mouse

Alston's brown mouse called Alston's singing mouse, short-tailed singing mouse, or singing mouse, is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found from Chiapas, Mexico, to western Panama; this species produces vocalizations in both the sonic and ultrasonic range that are thought to be an important component of its communication behavior. S. teguina is found in the highland forests of Central America, from Chiapas, Mexico to western Panama, at elevations between 1100 and 2950 meters. Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico and Panama; this rodent prefers wet habitats with subtropical climates, is observed in grassy clearings and rocky areas at the forest edge. S. teguina is diurnal in the wild. In laboratory settings, it is predominantly active in the morning, with decreasing activity in the afternoon to evening hours. S. teguina is small, with a dark coat, a short tail. Its underparts are dark gray-brown to orange-brown; the tail is blackish and haired and its feet are black. It emits a noticeably strong, musky odor.

S. teguina is predominantly insectivorous, feeding on other small insects. Additionally and fruits make up a small portion of its diet. S. teguina is recognized for its unique vocalization behavior. Both males and females produce vocalizations which are characterized by singing bouts containing both sonic and ultrasonic elements. Male songs seem to share similar spectral characteristics. Although ultrasonic vocalizations have been demonstrated in numerous rodent species, few display vocalizing bouts as continuous and stereotyped as S. teguina. Because of their length and complexity, these vocalizations have been described as "song"; when singing, the mouse rears on its hind legs and extends its neck, facing upward while producing a stereotypical call of up to 10 seconds. The song is loud, with components audible to humans occurring towards the end of the call; the exact function of the singing behavior is not yet well understood, but it is believed to play an important role in social communication.

For this reason, a growing interest has emerged in studying S. teguina in laboratory settings as a potential model for animal language in mammalian species. Stereotypical calls may provide an adaptive mechanism for the localization of conspecifics, vocalizations in the ultrasonic range are inaudible to most predators. Different brain systems are responsible for the melody of the songs and the coordination of duets with another mouse; the functional role of FOXP2 expression in S. teguina and other vocalizing rodent species has been examined. Male Alston's singing mice sing to attract mates and to warn off other males of their species from their territories, they react to songs of the related, competing species, S. xerampelinus by silently retreating. S. Teguina uses olfactory cues to convey information about sex, reproductive status, conspecifics. Much of this information in transmitted through secretions of the midventral sebaceous gland

Dracula Sucks

Dracula Sucks is a 1979 American pornographic horror film directed and co-written by Philip Marshak. The film is based on the 1931 film Dracula, the 1897 novel of the same name by Bram Stoker, it stars Jamie Gillis as Count Dracula, a vampire who purchases an estate next to a mental institution. The film stars Annette Haven, John Leslie, Reggie Nalder, Kay Parker, John Holmes. An alternate cut of Dracula Sucks, titled Lust at First Bite, has been released. Jamie Gillis as Dracula Annette Haven as Mina John Leslie as Dr. Arthur Seward Serena as Lucy Webster Reggie Nalder as Dr. Van Helsing Kay Parker as Dr. Sybil Seward John Holmes as Dr. John Stoker Mike Ranger as Dr. Peter Bradley Paul Thomas as Jonathan Harker Richard Bulik as Richard Renfield Pat Manning as Irene Renfield David Lee Bynum as Jarvis Seka as Nurse Betty Lawson Kristen Sollee of Bustle called the film "a gem from the first wave of horror porn." In October 2014, Dracula Sucks was released on DVD by Vinegar Syndrome. In August 2018, Vinegar Syndrome released the film on Blu-ray as part of their 5 Films 5 Years Volume #3 set, a release which contains four other films.

Dracula Sucks on IMDb