Erie County, New York
Erie County is a populated county in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 919,040; the county seat is Buffalo. The county's name comes from Lake Erie, it was named by European colonists for the regional Iroquoian language-speaking Erie tribe of Native Americans, who lived south and east of the lake before 1654. Since the late 20th century, Erie County has been considered part of the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area; the county's southern part is known as the Southtowns. When counties were established by the English colonial government in the Province of New York in 1683, present-day Erie County was part of Indian territory occupied by Iroquoian-speaking peoples, it was administered as part of New York colony. Significant European-American settlement did not begin until after the United States had gained independence with the end of the American Revolutionary War in 1783, they forced the Iroquois to cede most of their lands. About 1800 the Holland Land Company, formed by Americans and Dutch associates, extinguished Indian claims by purchasing the land from New York, acquired the title to the territory of what are today the eight western-most counties of New York, surveyed their holdings, established towns, began selling lots to individuals.
The state was eager to have farms and businesses developed. At this time, all of western New York was included in Ontario County; as the population increased, the state legislature created Genesee County in 1802 out of part of Ontario County. In 1808, Niagara County was created out of Genesee County. In 1821, Erie County was created out of Niagara County, encompassing all the land between Tonawanda Creek and Cattaraugus Creek; the first towns formed in present-day Erie County were the Town of Willink. Clarence comprised the northern portion of Erie county, Willink the southern part. Clarence is still a distinct town, but Willink was subdivided into other towns; when Erie County was established in 1821, it consisted of the towns of Amherst, Boston, Collins, Eden, Hamburg, Holland and Wales. The county has a number of houses and other properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Erie County, New York. In 1861, the hamlet of Town Line, in the Town of Lancaster, voted 85 to 40 to secede from the Union and join the Confederate States of America.
It sent five soldiers for the Confederate Army, did not rejoin the Union until January 1946. The Town Line Fire Department supports the slogan "Last of the Rebels", due to their Confederate ties. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,227 square miles, of which 1,043 square miles is land and 184 square miles is water. Erie County is in the western portion of upstate New York, bordering on the lake of the same name. Part of the industrial area that has included Buffalo, it is the most populous county in upstate New York outside of the New York City metropolitan area; the county lies on the international border between the United States and Canada, bordering the Province of Ontario. The northern border of the county is Tonawanda Creek. Part of the southern border is Cattaraugus Creek. Other major streams include Buffalo Creek, Cayuga Creek, Cazenovia Creek, Scajaquada Creek, Eighteen Mile Creek, Ellicott Creek; the county's northern half, including Buffalo and its suburbs, is flat and rises up from the lake.
The southern half, known as the Southtowns, is much hillier. It has the northwesternmost foothills of the Appalachian Mountains; the highest elevation in the county is a hill in the Town of Sardinia that tops out at around 1,940 feet above sea level. The lowest ground is about 560 feet, on Grand Island at the Niagara River; the Onondaga Escarpment runs through the northern part of Erie County. Niagara County - north Genesee County - northeast Wyoming County - southeast Cattaraugus County - south Chautauqua County - southwest Niagara Region, Canada - northwest Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site As of the census of 2010, there were 919,040 people residing in the county; the population density was 910 people per square mile. There were 415,868 housing units at an average density of 398 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 82.18% White, 13.00% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 1.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.42% from other races, 1.31% from two or more races.
3.27 % of the population were Latino of any race. 19.6% were of German, 17.2% Polish, 14.9% Italian, 11.7% Irish and 5.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 91.1 % spoke 3.0 % Spanish and 1.6 % Polish as their first language. There were 380,873 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.10% were non-families. 30.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,567, the median income for a family was $49,490.
Males had a median income of $38,703 versu
Monroe County, New York
Monroe County is a county in the western portion of the state of New York, in the United States. The county is along Lake Ontario's southern shore; as of 2017, Monroe County's population was 747,642. Its county seat is the city of Rochester; the county is named after the fifth President of the United States. Monroe County is part of NY Metropolitan Statistical Area; when counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present Monroe County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean; this county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion.
The eastern boundary of Tryon County was five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State; the county was named for colonial governor of New York. In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in order to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor. In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery; the actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county including the present Allegany, Chautauqua, Genesee, Monroe, Orleans, Wyoming and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties.
Genesee County was created by a splitting of Ontario County in 1802. This was much larger than the present Genesee County, however, it contained the present Allegany, Chautauqua, Niagara, Orleans and portions of Livingston and Monroe counties. Monroe County was formed from parts of Genesee and Ontario counties in 1821. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county's total area is 1,367 square miles, of which 657 square miles is land and 710 square miles is water. Monroe County is in Western New York State's northern tier, northeast of Buffalo and northwest of Syracuse; the northern county line is the state line and the border of the United States, marked by Lake Ontario. Monroe County is north of the Finger Lakes. Wayne County - east Ontario County - southeast Livingston County - south Orleans County - west Genesee County - southwest Monroe County was chartered as a municipal corporation by the New York State Legislature in 1892 and re-chartered under New York's Municipal Home Rule Law in 1965.
The county's executive branch is headed by Cheryl Dinolfo. The executive's office is on the first floor of the County Office Building on West Main Street in Rochester; the county was governed by a Board of Supervisors for the first 114 years of its history. In 1935, the position of County Manager, appointed by the Board, was approved by popular referendum. In 1983, the position was replaced by a County Executive, directly elected by popular vote, with expanded powers. In 1993, the legislature enacted term limits for the executive office of 12 consecutive years to start in 1996; the county's legislative branch consists of a 29-member County Legislature which replaced the earlier 43-member Board of Supervisors on January 1, 1967. It meets in the Legislative Chambers on the fourth floor of the County Office Building. All 29 members of the legislature are elected from districts. District Maps Currently, there are 12 Democrats. In 1993, the legislature enacted term limits of 10 consecutive years to start in 1996.
Monroe County Court Monroe County Family Court, for matters involving children Monroe County Surrogates Court, for matters involving the deceased Rochester City Court After redistricting based on the 2010 United States Census, Monroe County was split between two congressional districts: After redistricting based on the 2010 United States Census, Monroe County was split between six state senate districts: After redistricting based on the 2010 United States Census, Monroe County was split between seven state assembly districts: Monroe County is part of The 7th Judicial District of the New York Supreme Court. The 4th Division of the New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division Monroe County is a home to a number of international businesses, including Eastman Kodak and Pictometry International, all of which make Monroe County their world headquarters. While longer headquartered in Rochester, Xerox has its principal offices and manufacturing facilities in Monroe County, Bausch and Lomb was headquartered in Rochester until it was acquired by Valeant Pharmaceuticals.
Monroe County is home to regional businesses such as Wegmans, Roberts Communications, Inc. Holding Corp. and major fashion label Hickey Freeman. Tech Valley, the technologically recognized area of eastern New York State, has spawned a western offshoot into the Rochester, Monroe County, Finger Lakes areas of New York State. Since the 2000s, as the more es
Herkimer County, New York
Herkimer County is a county in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,519, its county seat is Herkimer. The county was created in 1791 north of the Mohawk River out of part of Montgomery County, it is named after General Nicholas Herkimer, who died from battle wounds in 1777 after taking part in the Battle of Oriskany during the Revolutionary War. Herkimer County is part of the Utica–Rome Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 1791, Herkimer County was created as one of three counties split off from Montgomery as New York State was developed after the American Revolutionary War, its area was much larger than the present county and was reduced subsequently as more counties were organized. Part of Herkimer County was included in the Macomb's Purchase of 1791, during the wide-scale sale of public lands after the state forced Iroquois tribes allied with the British during the war to cede their territory; the state was selling 5 million acres of land in upstate and western New York.
In 1794, Onondaga County was split off from Herkimer County. This county was larger than the current Onondaga County, included the present Cayuga and part of Oswego counties. In 1798, portions of Herkimer and Tioga counties were taken to form Chenango County. Another part of Herkimer was split off to form Oneida County, it was larger than the current Oneida County, including the present Jefferson and part of Oswego counties. In 1802, parts of Herkimer and Montgomery counties were combined to form the new St. Lawrence County; the rural economy was first based on general agriculture and wheat, but after the opening of the Erie Canal, Herkimer farmers found that they could not compete with grain farmers to the west. By the mid-19th century, they had begun to specialize in dairy farming and created a cheese industry that supplied the New York City market, among others. By the late 20th and early 21st centuries, some small farmers had begun to revive an artisan cheese industry and sustainable dairy farming here and in other parts of the central state.
In 2008 New York had the third-largest milk production in the nation and was fourth-ranking in production of cheese, according to Cornell University. It has several inter-disciplinary programs related to the dairy industry. During the American Civil War, Herkimer contributed five companies to the 34th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, leading to the unit's nickname "The Herkimer Regiment". According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,458 square miles, of which 1,411 square miles is land and 46 square miles is water. Herkimer County is in central New York State, northwest of Albany, east of Syracuse; the northern part of the county is in the Adirondack Park. The Mohawk River flows across the south part of the county; as of the census of 2000, there were 64,427 people, 25,734 households, 17,113 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile. There were 32,026 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.83% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races.
0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.6% were of Italian, 16.3% German, 13.9% Irish, 9.3% English, 7.7% Polish, 6.2% American and 5.2% French ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.2% spoke English, 1.2% Spanish and 1.1% Italian as their first language. There were 25,734 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.50% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,924, the median income for a family was $40,570. Males had a median income of $29,908 versus $21,518 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,141. About 8.90% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over. The Herkimer County Legislature consists of each elected from single-member districts. Herkimer County is one of the most politically conservative counties in New York. In 2010, it was one of the few counties outside of Western New York to vote for Carl Paladino over Andrew Cuomo in the gubernatorial election; the county is located in the New York's 21st congressional district and is represented by Republican Elise Stefanik. She was elected in the 2014 midterm elections by a high margin of 21.7%. 30, she was the youngest woman in United States history to be elected to the House of Representatives. It is located in New York's 22nd Congressional District and is Represented by Democrat Antonio Delgado.
Herkimer County is known for producing unusual clear, doubly terminated quartz crystals, marketed as Herkimer diamonds. Ilion in Herkimer County has one of two production sites of the Remington Arms Company, where many of the company's firearms are produced. Herkimer County Community College is located in the Village of Herkimer; the following
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
New York's 22nd congressional district
The 22nd Congressional District of New York is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives represented by Democrat Anthony Brindisi. Significant cities in the district include Utica, Rome and Binghamton. Binghamton University, Hamilton College, Colgate University, Utica College are located in the district; the district includes all of Chenango, Cortland and Oneida counties, parts of Broome, Herkimer and Tioga counties. From 2003 to 2013, the district included all or parts of Broome, Dutchess, Sullivan, Tioga and Ulster counties, it included the cities of Binghamton, Kingston, Middletown and Poughkeepsie. The district stretched to include parts of the Finger Lakes region, the Catskill Mountains and the Hudson Valley. Under Old Lines Under Current Lines 2013–Present: All of Chenango, Madison, Oneida Parts of Broome, Oswego, Tioga2003–2012: All of Sullivan, Ulster Parts of Broome, Dutchess, Tioga, Tompkins1993–2003: All of Columbia, Warren, Washington Parts of Dutchess, Rensselaer, Schoharie1983–1993: All of Rockland Parts of Orange, Westchester1953–1983: Parts of Bronx1945–1953: Parts of Manhattan1919–1945: Parts of Bronx, Manhattan1913–1919: Parts of New YorkVarious New York districts have been numbered "22" over the years, including areas in New York City and various parts of upstate New York.
District was created in March 1821, split from the 2-seat 21st district. From 1833 to 1843, two seats were elected at-large on a general ticket. In New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, the final candidate votes. List of United States congressional districts New York's congressional districts United States congressional delegations from New York Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present 2008 House election data 2004 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives 2002 House election data " 2000 House election data " 1998 House election data " 1996 House election data "
Chenango County, New York
Chenango County is a county located in the south-central section U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,477, its county seat is Norwich. The county's name originates from an Oneida word meaning "large bull-thistle." This was long the territory of the Oneida people, one of the first Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy or Haudenosaunee. They occupied the area until after the Revolutionary War, when they were forced off the land, although they had been allies of the patriot colonists, they were granted a small reservation. When English colonists organized counties in 1683 in what is now New York, the present Chenango County was part of Albany County; this was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. But, territories located to the west of present-day Pennsylvania were under effective French control as part of New France. Albany County was reduced in size on July 3, 1766, by the creation of Cumberland County, further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion; the eastern boundary of Tryon County was five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area designated as Tryon County has since been organized as 37 counties of New York State; the county was named for the British colonial governor of New York. In the years prior to 1776, during the increasing tensions most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Fort Niagara on the Western Frontier. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the Americans renamed Tryon County as Montgomery County in honor of the US general, Richard Montgomery, he died attempting to capture the city of Quebec. The US residents replaced the name of the former British governor.
In 1788 the Oneida Reservation was reduced by what is known as Clinton's Purchase, when land was sold off west of the Unadilla River to create what are now 20 towns. Settlers from eastern New York and New England started farming. In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County; the area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present Ontario County, as it included the present Allegany, Chautauqua, Genesee, Monroe, Orleans, Wyoming and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties. It divide it as settlement increased. In 1791, Herkimer and Tioga counties were organized from land separated from Montgomery County. Chenango County was formed on March 1798 from 1,610 square miles of Tioga and Herkimer counties, its eastern border is formed by the Unadilla River. The land had been purchased the year before from the Oneida, who were forced into a smaller reservation to the north. On April 4, 1804, 70 square miles of Chenango County was partitioned to expand Oneida County.
On March 21, 1806, 650 square miles of Chenango County was partitioned to produce Madison County. This established the current borders of Chenango County, which have been maintained to the early 21st century; this area was developed for agriculture in the nineteenth century and is still rural. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 899 square miles, of which 894 square miles is land and 5.1 square miles is water. Chenango County is in the approximate center of the state, west of Albany, north of Binghamton, southeast of Syracuse; the county is considered to be in the Southern Tier region of New York State. The Chenango River, a tributary of the Susquehanna River, flows southward through the county. Madison County - north Otsego County - northeast Delaware County - southeast Broome County - south Cortland County - west As of the census of 2000, there were 51,401 people, 19,926 households, 13,549 families residing in the county; the population density was 58 people per square mile.
There were 23,890 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.65% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.2% were of English, 14.5% German, 13.8% Irish, 12.3% American and 8.9% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.7% spoke English and 1.3% Spanish as their first language. There were 19,926 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.00% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, 14.90% who were 65 years of age
Otsego County, New York
Otsego County is a county in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 62,259; the county seat is Cooperstown. The name Otsego is from a Mohawk or Oneida word meaning "place of the rock." In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery. The area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, as it included the present Allegany, Chautauqua, Genesee, Monroe, Orleans, Wyoming and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties. Otsego County was one of three early counties split off from Montgomery after the American Revolutionary War. Otsego County was established on February 16, 1791, with Cooperstown as its county seat, although at the time the village of Cherry Valley was much larger; the original county consisted of three large townships: Cherry Valley in the northeast, Otsego in the northwest, Harpersfield in the south. Otsego and Cherry Valley together covered the area of modern Otsego County, while Harpersfield covered the area south of the current county as far as the Delaware River.
The original appointments to Otsego County government positions, made by Governor George Clinton included: Richard R. Smith, county sheriff, from Otsego township, Jacob Morris, county clerk, from Otsego township, William Cooper, chief judge, from Otsego township, Jedediah Peck, associate justice from Otsego township, Edward Griswold, associate justice from Cherry Valley Platt Townsend, associate justice from Harpersfield, Alexander Harper, commander of the county militia, from Harpersfield. By 1793, four towns had been added to the county by division of the existing towns: The Otsego township had been divided into the towns of: Burlington in the west, Otsego in the northeast, Richfield in the north, Unadilla in the south. Harpersfield had been divided into the towns of: Harpersfield in the east. In 1795, a piece of Otsego County was joined with a portion taken from Albany County to create Schoharie County. In 1797, a piece of Otsego County was joined with a portion taken from Ulster County to create Delaware County.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,016 square miles, of which 1,002 square miles is land and 14 square miles is water. Otsego County is in central New York State, to the west of Albany, southeast of Utica, northeast of Binghamton; the county is Mohawk Valley Region of New York State. The county is considered by some to belong to the Southern Tier region of New York State, is the northernmost county of the Appalachian Region. Herkimer County - north Montgomery County - northeast Schoharie County - east Delaware County - south Chenango County - southwest Oneida County - northwest Madison County - northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 61,676 people, 23,291 households, 15,115 families residing in the county; the population density was 62 people per square mile. There were 28,481 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.80% White, 1.75% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, 1.05% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.90% of the population. 15.0% were of Irish, 14.9% English, 14.9% German, 11.3% Italian and 9.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.4% spoke English and 2.1% Spanish as their first language. There were 23,291 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.10% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 14.40% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,444, the median income for a family was $41,110.
Males had a median income of $29,988 versus $22,609 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,806. About 8.80% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.80% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over. Otsego County is bellwether. In 2004, Otsego County voted 51-48 percent in favor of George W. Bush. In 2008 and 2012, Otsego County voted in favor of Barack Obama. Democrats are prevalent in the City of Oneonta and Village of Cooperstown, whereas the majority of voters in many of the surrounding towns are registered Republicans. Otsego County is the only county in New York that names its legislative body the Board of Representatives, it consists of members elected from 14 single-member districts. The Board Chair is David Bliss; the county has an elected District Attorney, County Treasurer, County Clerk, County Sheriff. Along with Herkimer County and the eastern portion of Oneida County, Otsego County is considered part of the Utica television market.
The Village of Cooperstown is located at the south end of Otsego Lake. It attracts many tourists to the Baseball Hall of Fame and the New York State Historical Association museums. Cultural attractions include the Glimmerglass Opera, with a summer