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Bruce Nauman

Bruce Nauman is an American artist. His practice spans a broad range of media including sculpture, neon, drawing and performance. Nauman lives near New Mexico. Nauman was born in Fort Wayne, but his father's work as an engineer for General Electric meant that the family moved often, he studied mathematics and physics at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, art with William T. Wiley and Robert Arneson at the University of California, Davis. In 1964 he gave up painting to dedicate himself to sculpture and cinema collaborations with William Allan and Robert Nelson, he worked as an assistant to Wayne Thiebaud. Upon graduation, he taught at the San Francisco Art Institute from 1966 to 1968, at the University of California at Irvine in 1970. In 1968 he met the singer and performance artist Meredith Monk and signed with the dealer Leo Castelli. Nauman moved from Northern California to Pasadena in 1969. In 1979, Nauman further moved to New Mexico. In 1989, he established a home and studio in Galisteo, New Mexico, where he continues to work and live along with his second wife, the painter Susan Rothenberg.

Nauman has two children, Erik and Zoë, with his first wife, Judy Govan, he has two grandchildren. Confronted with "What to do?" in his studio soon after graduating, Nauman had the simple but profound realization that “If I was an artist and I was in the studio whatever I was doing in the studio must be art. At this point art became more of an activity and less of a product.” Nauman set up a studio in a former grocery shop in the Mission district of San Francisco and in a sublet from his university tutor in Mill Valley. These two locations provided the setting for a series of performed actions which he captured in real time, on a fixed camera, over the 10-minute duration of a 16mm film reel. Between 1966 and 1970 he made several videos, in which he used his body to explore the potentials of art and the role of the artist, to investigate psychological states and behavioural codes. Much of his work is characterized by an interest in language manifesting itself as visual puns, he has an interest in setting the metaphoric and descriptive functions of language against each other.

For example, the neon Run From Fear – Fun From Rear, or the photograph Bound To Fail, which literalizes the title phrase and shows the artist's arms tied behind his back. He seems to be fascinated by the nature of communication and language's inherent problems, as well as the role of the artist as supposed communicator and manipulator of visual symbols. In the 1960s, Nauman began to exhibit his work at Nick Wilder's gallery in Los Angeles and in New York at Leo Castelli in 1968 along with early solo shows at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the Whitney Museum in 1972. Nauman's use of neon as a medium recurs in his works over the decades, he uses neon to make allusions to the numinous connotations of light, similar to Mario Merz, who used neon to bring new life to assemblages of mundane objects. Neon connotes the public atmosphere by the means of advertising, in his works he uses it with private, erotic imagery as seen in his Hanged Man, his Self Portrait as a Fountain shows the artist spouting a stream of water from his mouth.

At the end of the 1960s, Nauman began constructing claustrophobic and enclosed corridors and rooms that could be entered by visitors and which evoked the experience of being locked in and of being abandoned. A series of works inspired by one of the artist's dreams was brought together under the title of Dream Passage and created in 1983, 1984, 1988. In his installation Changing Light Corridor with Rooms, a long corridor is shrouded in darkness, whilst two rooms on either side are illuminated by bulbs that are timed to flash at different rates. Since the mid-1980s working with sculpture and video, Nauman developed disturbing psychological and physical themes incorporating images of animal and human body parts, depicting sadistic allusions to games and torture together with themes of surveillance. In 1988, after a hiatus of nearly two decades focused on time-based media, he resumed his work with cast objects; some of Nauman's best-known works include: A Rose Has No Teeth - Lead, 7.5 x 8 x 2.25 in.

Eleven Color Photographs - Portfolio of eleven color photographs, various sizes, all approx. 19.75 x 23 in. Edition of 8 Published by Leo Castelli Gallery, New York Art Make-Up - video in which Nauman covers his face and upper torso with white pink green black makeup, until by the end he looks like a negative image Initially the films were intended to be projected on four walls of a room. Although this form of installation was never realized for this piece, Nauman employed the method for subsequent film and video installations; the True Artist Helps the World by Revealing Mystic Truths – a spiraling neon sign with this slogan. Flesh to White to Black to Flesh 51 minutes b&w, sound. Nauman puts on white makeup black makeup returns to his ordinary skin color. Burning Small Fires - artist's book for which Nauman burned Ed Ruscha's book Various Small Fires and Milk, photographed it, edited a book of his own. Wall-Floor Positions - Videotape and white, sound, 60 mins. to be repeated continuously. Pacing Upside Down 60 minutes b&w.

With his arms held over his head, hands crossed, Nauman is moving jerkily around a perimeter defined by a square drawn on the studio floor, filmed by a fixed camera, placed upside down. Audio Video Piece for London, Ontario - Nauman uses a closed-circuit television, a camera, an audio recording to confuse sensor

San Antonio del Monte

San Antonio del Monte is a subdivision of Garafía in the island of La Palma in the Canary Islands San Antonio del Monte is a municipality in the Sonsonate department of El Salvador. The town was founded at the beginning of the 18th century by the friars of the convent of Santo Domingo of Sonsonate, it is located at a kilometer to the west of the city of Las Palmeras. The image of San Antonio has always possessed a miraculous fame since maidens in their prayers request for a boyfriend to marry; the current beautiful temple initiated its construction on January 20, 1841, initiated by the Friar Jeronimo Zelaya, the funds were under the administration of the priest Miguel Rosales. The construction cost around 50,000 colones, it was blessed and inaugurated on January 30, 1861 with the concurrence of the president of the Republic, Captain General Gerardo Barrios. It is located in the town of San Antonio Del Monte, it is located at 230 meters over sea level. The construction of the temple began on January 20, 1841, the construction was finished on January 30, 1861.

It is not known who built it. The church is surrounded by an atrium; the body is decorated by two couples of paired columns of Corinth style and with decorations in oval form amid the couples of columns. In the superior body, the decorations consist on some pillars, are finished off by three arches; the roof is crowned in the steeple. This dome is finished off by lanterns; the lateral accesses are framed by two couples of a frontispiece. In the municipal report of November 25, 1856, the following is read: “It is of noticing that you are building a new temple with the product of charities and in little time will be finished; the construction is of calicanto”. Indeed on January 30, 1861, the construction ended. San Antonio del Monte was founded by Dominicos friars at the beginning of the 18th century. In the year 1733, Dominicos monks began to build a hermitage in that place, consecrated to San Antonio of Padua, sanctuary, inaugurated and blessed on August 4, 1749, by the Vicar Friar Antonio Calvo..

The patron festivities take place on June 13 in honor of San Antonio and the commercial party on the third Sunday of August, when the famous encounter of “Cumpas” is carried out

MacGregor Sharp

MacGregor Donald Bartley Sharp is a Canadian professional ice hockey centre, with the SønderjyskE Ishockey of the Metal Ligaen. He has played in the National Hockey League for the Anaheim Ducks. On March 31, 2009, Sharp signed a two-year, entry level contract with the Anaheim Ducks of the National Hockey League. Sharp became the first skater to jump from the ECHL to the National Hockey League in the same season without first stopping in the American Hockey League, playing 15 games with the Bakersfield Condors earning 4 goals, 10 assists, he played 8 games with the Anaheim Ducks going scoreless, before he was assigned to the San Antonio Rampage. On February 28, 2011, Sharp was traded along with Maxim Lapierre to the Vancouver Canucks in exchange for Joel Perrault and a third round pick in the 2012 NHL Entry Draft. On August 2, 2011, Sharp left North America and agreed to a contract with HC Bolzano of the Italian Serie A. After two seasons amongst the Foxes top scorers, Sharp remained with the club as they transferred leagues into the Austrian Hockey League for a higher level of competitiveness.

On May 30, 2014, Sharp changed European leagues, agreeing to a one-year deal with Schwenninger Wild Wings of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga. In the 2014 -- 15 season, Sharp struggled offensively with 14 points in 47 games, he was not tendered a new contract upon Schwenninger failing to qualify for the post-season. On April 15, 2015, Sharp opted to return in hope of further success in Austrian EBEL, signing a one-year deal with the Vienna Capitals. On July 12, 2019, Sharp signed a one-year deal with SønderjyskE Ishockey of the Danish Metal Ligaen. MacGregor Sharp career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database

Caffaro di Rustico da Caschifellone

Caffaro di Rustico da Caschifellone was a statesman, diplomat and historian of the Republic of Genoa. Between 1122 and 1149 he served eight terms as a consul, his most enduring work was the Annales ianuenses, the official history of the Genoese republic, which he began and, continued by successors down to 1294. He wrote Ystoria captionis Almarie et Turtuose, an account of the siege of Almería and the siege of Tortosa. Caffaro was born in the village of Caschifellone in either 1080 or 1081. While a teenager, he travelled to the Holy Land with a Genoese contingent on the First Crusade from August 1100 until January 1101, he returned to the Holy Land in the 1130s. Some time after that in 1155–56, when Genoa was in the midst of a dispute with the Kingdom of Jerusalem, Caffaro wrote De liberatione civitatum orientis, a work on the First Crusade, the relations between the West and the Byzantine Empire and travel distances between the cities of the East. Shortly thereafter he began writing his history of titled Annales.

Though Caffaro's imperfect Latin prevented the Annales from achieving greatness as literature, the chronicle was the first of its kind in Genoa and remains an important historical record. It is an important source of information on the careers of the early Embriachi. On the strength of his fame as crusader, Caffaro became a captain in the Genoese navy, fought in several battles against the Republic of Pisa and other Mediterranean powers. Toward the end of his life he became a diplomat, carried out several diplomatic missions on behalf of Genoa to the courts of Pope Callixtus II, the Emperor Frederick I and King Alfonso VII of León and Castile, to Pisa. Face, Richard D.. "Secular History in Twelfth-century Italy: Caffaro of Genoa." Journal of Medieval History, 6: 169–84. Williams, John Bryan.. "The Making of a Crusade: The Genoese Anti-Muslim Attacks in Spain, 1146–1148." Journal of Medieval History, 23: 29–53. McCormick, Michael. "Annales Ianuenses". In Kazhdan, Alexander P.. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium.

Oxford University Press. Phillips and Hall, edd. Caffaro and the Twelfth-Century Crusades. Ashgate, 2013

Fu Yiwei

Fu Yiwei is a Chinese actress. Fu is noted for her roles as Daji in the television series The Investiture of the Gods. Fu has won the Best Actress at the 1st China Film Association, 1986 Xiaobaihua Award for Best Actress and Huading Award for Best Supporting Actress, she received Most Popular Actress Award nomination at the 19th Shanghai Television Festival. Fu was born Fu Yiwei in Harbin, Heilongjiang on May 26, 1964. Fu was twice married. Wed to Yang Xiaodan, an actor in Changchun Film Group Corporation. After a turbulent divorce, she remarried in 1990, her second husband, Gao Du, is a teacher in Beijing Dance Academy, their son, Gao Yanan, was born in 1994 and they divorced in 2000. On March 2, 2016, Beijing police reported Fu was arrested for sheltering drug users. Fu Yiwei on Sina Weibo

Problem of multiple generality

The problem of multiple generality names a failure in traditional logic to describe certain intuitively valid inferences. For example, it is intuitively clear that if: Some cat is feared by every mousethen it follows logically that: All mice are afraid of at least one catThe syntax of traditional logic permits four sentence types: "All As are Bs", "No As are Bs", "Some As are Bs" and "Some As are not Bs"; each type is a quantified sentence containing one quantifier. Since the sentences above each contain two quantifiers, they cannot be adequately represented in TL; the best TL can do is to incorporate the second quantifier from each sentence into the second term, thus rendering the artificial-sounding terms'feared-by-every-mouse' and'afraid-of-at-least-one-cat'. This in effect "buries" these quantifiers, which are essential to the inference's validity, within the hyphenated terms. Hence the sentence "Some cat is feared by every mouse" is allotted the same logical form as the sentence "Some cat is hungry".

And so the logical form in TL is: Some As are Bs All Cs are Dswhich is invalid. The first logical calculus capable of dealing with such inferences was Gottlob Frege's Begriffsschrift, the ancestor of modern predicate logic, which dealt with quantifiers by means of variable bindings. Modestly, Frege did not argue that his logic was more expressive than extant logical calculi, but commentators on Frege's logic regard this as one of his key achievements. Using modern predicate calculus, we discover that the statement is ambiguous; some cat is feared by every mousecould mean by i.e.. For every mouse m, there exists a cat c, such that c is feared by m, ∀ m. in which case the conclusion is trivial. But it could mean Some cat is, i.e. There exists one cat c, such that for every mouse m, c is feared by m. ∃ c. This example illustrates the importance of specifying the scope of such quantifiers as for all and there exists. Patrick Suppes, Introduction to Logic, D. Van Nostrand, 1957, ISBN 978-0-442-08072-3.

A. G. Hamilton, Logic for Mathematicians, Cambridge University Press, 1978, ISBN 0-521-29291-3. Paul Halmos and Steven Givant, Logic as Algebra, MAA, 1998, ISBN 0-88385-327-2