The Scudetto is a decoration worn by Italian sports clubs that win the annual championship of their respective sport in the previous season. It was created in the 1920s to honour the winner of the association football league. Later it was adopted by the teams of other sports, sources generally agree that the inventor of the Scudetto was the Italian poet and playwright Gabriele DAnnunzio. In 1924 the Italian Football Federation approved the decision to honour the incumbent champion allowing them to wear the Scudetto on their jerseys, since the Scudetto has become the symbol of the incumbent champions of every sports league in Italy. The Italian rugby union championship which started in 1928 adopted the Scudetto on the teams jerseys, too
Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing teams goal, and are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards normally score more goals on behalf of their team than other players, modern team formations generally include one to three forwards, for example, the common 4–2–3–1 formation includes one forward. Unconventional formations may include more than three forwards, or none, the centre-forward is often a tall player, typically known as a target man, whose main function is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the strikers or central attacking midfielders. The present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder, a centre-forward usually must be strong, to win key headers and outmuscle defenders. The term centre-forward is taken from the football playing formation in which there were five forward players.
The number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. Strikers are known for their ability to peel off defenders and to run into space via the side of the defender and to receive the ball in a good goalscoring position. They are typically fast players with ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short burst speed, a good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, and have the ability to pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. Deep-lying forwards have a history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years. Originally such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards, in fact, a coined term, the nine-and-a-half, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. In Italy, this role is known as a rifinitore or seconda punta, whereas in Brazil, it is known as segundo atacante.
An outside forward plays as the forward on the right or left wing – as an outside right or outside left. As football tactics have largely developed, and wingers have dropped back to become midfielders, many commentators and football analysts still refer to the wing positions as outside right and outside left. However, in the British game they are counted as part of the midfield. It is a duty to beat opposing full-backs, deliver cut-backs or crosses from wide positions and, to a lesser extent, to beat defenders. They are usually some of the quickest players in the team, in their Dutch and Portuguese usage, the defensive duties of the winger have been usually confined to pressing the opposition fullbacks when they have the ball
U.S. Catanzaro 1929
U. S. Catanzaro 1929 is an Italian football club based in Catanzaro, Calabria. Their last run in Serie A ended in 1983, the club currently plays in Lega Pro. The club were founded in 1929 as Catanzarese, changed their denomination to Unione Sportiva Catanzaro in 1946, shortly after the end of World War II, the team assumed the current title in 2011, following the cancellation of the previous clubs registration because of financial troubles. Catanzaro achieved promotion to Serie B in 1959, and reached the Coppa Italia final in 1966, in 1971, they defeated Bari in a play-off to win promotion to Serie A for the first time. Catanzaros inaugural Serie A season saw them struggle and succumb to relegation on the day with only 3 wins and 15 draws for 21 points. However, their first-ever Serie A win came in Round 16 with a 1–0 win over Juventus, after narrowly missing out on a return to Serie A in 1975, they bounced back in 1976 but once again lasted just one year. A third promotion in 1978 ushered in the golden era with a five-year stay in Serie A.
With a team including Claudio Ranieri, Gianni Improta and the iconic Massimo Palanca, though they finished 14th and would have been relegated for the following season, they won a reprieve thanks to forced relegations of AC Milan and Lazio. They managed 8th place in 1981 and 7th the following year before a relegation in 1983. Much of the four years was spent bouncing between Serie B and C1. Catanzaro emerged as promotion contenders once more in 1988, with the ageless Palanca having returned to the club after a spell at Napoli. Finishing 5th, they succumbed to successive relegations in 1990 and 1991, in 2005, after two consecutive promotions, Catanzaro returned to Serie B after a 15-year absence. However, after a season they ended their Serie B campaign in last place. Catanzaro would immediately get another chance, the team being reinstated to Serie B due to related to the exclusion of other teams from Serie B. In the summer 2006 the club was refounded with the new name of F. C. Catanzaro and registered to Serie C2 for the 2006–2007 season, with the hope to return to the upper divisions.
In season 2010–11, they were relegated from Lega Pro Seconda Divisione group C to Serie D, but due to the relegation of Pomezia to last place. On 18 July 2011 it is excluded by the Federal Council from Lega Pro Seconda Divisione, on 30 June 2011 the company Catanzaro Calcio 2011 acquired permanently the company branch of the bankrupt F. C. Catanzaro. Since 6 August 2011, the company switched to the current denomination, after having purchased the historical brand, in the 2011–12 season, Catanzaro obtained a respectable second place in the Lega Pro Seconda Divisione and was promoted to Lega Pro Prima Divisione after playoffs
Bologna F.C. 1909
Bologna Football Club 1909, known simply as Bologna, is an Italian football club based in Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, formed in 1909. The club are nicknamed the rossoblu due to the striped shirts which they wear. Bologna were founding members of Serie A in 1929, during its history, the club has won the Italian league championship seven times, making them the sixth most successful team in the history of the league. Bologna Football Clubs formation was orchestrated by Emilio Arnstein, an Austrian who became interested in football at university in Vienna and he and his brother had previously founded another football club, Black Star, in Austria. The club was founded on 3 October 1909, in the Northern Italian city of Bologna, on 20 March 1910, Bologna played their first ever game, against Virtus, who wore white shirts. Bologna outclassed their opponents, winning 9–1, the first football squad featured, Chiara, Bragaglia, Guido Della Valle, Donati, Bernabeu and Gradi. Their formative season was spent in the league under Arrigo Gradi as captain.
They spent four seasons in league, never finishing lower than fifth. Bologna were entered into the Northern League before all football leagues were postponed for World War I, after the first war, Bologna began to become more successful. First reaching the semi-finals of the Northern Italian competition in 1919–20, they went one better the season by reaching the Northern League finals. They would equal this again in 1923–24, coming runner up to national champions Genoa. Bologna became Northern and National League champions for the first time during 1924–25, the finals against the Ligurian giants were marred by heavy crowd troubles. The Scudetto was won by Bologna four more times before World War II, after World War II, the club was less successful. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the club generally floated between fourth and sixth position in the league, until they took the title back in 1963–64. To date this remains their last Serie A championship, bringing the total to seven. This qualified Bologna to the 1964–65 European Cup, but they were eliminated in the round against Anderlecht.
It was not all doom and gloom for the club, however, in the 1970s, they won the Italian Cup twice, the game was tense and finished 1–1 before going to a penalty shootout, where Bologna won 4–3. Beginning in the 1981–82 season, the club began to slide, they were relegated from Serie A after battling it out for survival with Cagliari and Genoa
A football player, footballer, or soccer player is a sportsperson who plays one of the different types of football. The main types of football are association football, American football, Canadian football, Australian rules football, Gaelic football, rugby league and it has been estimated that there are 250 million association football players in the world, and many play the other forms of football. Jean-Pierre Papin has described football as a universal language, footballers generally begin as amateurs and the best players progress to become professional players. Normally they start at a team and from there, based on skill and talent. Once signed, some learn to play football and a few advance to the senior or professional teams. Wages in some top leagues may be significantly higher to other jobs. Players in the Premier League earn average wages of about $1 million per year, in the wealthiest clubs in European football leagues, players can even earn an average wage up to $6 to $8 million per year.
The best players of those clubs can earn up to $70 million per year, only a fraction of professional football players play at this level. Wages may be more moderate in other divisions and leagues. For example, the annual salary for soccer players in the Major League Soccer for the 2013 season was $148,693 per year. Soccer players in lower levels in European football leagues may only earn an average of $2.5 million per year, average salaries in womens teams are far lower, both in American clubs and in Europe. For example, players in the National Womens Soccer League earn, a minority of retired footballers continue working full-time within football, for instance as football managers. A1979 study reported that former first-team ballplayers were over-represented as top ranking executives in their companies and had greater mobility than second teamers. However, some chronic health issues, see below. Footballers perform more poorly when playing for a team than a home team. In science, causes for this phenomenon have been proposed but never confirmed, an Irish 2002 study of association and Gaelic football players characterised players as lean and muscular with a reasonably high level of capacity in all areas of physical performance.
The opposite is the case for American football, where obesity could be the cause of health problems. A2000 study documented injuries sustained by Czech football players at all levels, Trauma was the cause of 81. 5% of the injuries, joint sprains predominated, followed by fractures, muscle strains, ligament ruptures, meniscal tears and contusions, and other injuries
Associazione Calcio Milan, commonly referred to as A. C. Milan, is a professional football club in Milan, founded in 1899. The club has spent its entire history, with the exception of the 1980–81 and 1982–83 seasons, in the top flight of Italian football, known as Serie A since 1929–30. With 18 officially recognised UEFA and FIFA titles, they are the fourth most successful club in the world, with 18 league titles, Milan is the joint-second most successful club in Serie A, along with local rivals Internazionale. They have won the Coppa Italia five times, and the Supercoppa Italiana seven, Milans home games are played at San Siro, known as the Stadio Giuseppe Meazza. The stadium, which is shared with city rivals Internazionale, is the largest in Italian football, inter are considered their biggest rivals, and matches between the two teams are called Derby della Madonnina, which is one of the most followed derbies in football. The owner of the club is former Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi, the club is one of the wealthiest in Italian and world football.
It was a member of the now-defunct G-14 group of Europes leading football clubs as well as its replacement. A. C. Milan was founded as Milan Cricket and Foot-Ball Club on 13 December 1899 by English expatriates Alfred Edwards and Herbert Kilpin, who came from the English city of Nottingham. In honour of its English origins, the club has retained the English spelling of the name, as opposed to the Italian spelling Milano. Milan won its first Italian championship in 1901 and a two in succession in 1906 and 1907. In 1908, Milan experienced a split caused by disagreements over the signing of foreign players. Following these events, Milan did not manage to win a domestic title until 1950–51. The 1950s saw the return to the top of Italian football, headed by the famous Gre-No-Li Swedish trio Gunnar Gren, Gunnar Nordahl. This was one of the clubs most successful periods domestically, with the Scudetto going to Milan in 1951,1955,1957,1959 and 1962, in 1963, Milan won its first continental title by beating Benfica in the final of the European Cup.
This success was repeated in 1969, with a 4–1 win over Ajax in the final, during this period Milan won its first Coppa Italia, with victory over Padova in the 1967 final, and two European Cup Winners Cups, in 1967–68 and 1972–73. Milan won a league title in 1979, but after the retirement of Gianni Rivera in the same year. The club was involved in the 1980 Totonero scandal and as punishment was relegated to Serie B for the first time in its history, the scandal was centred around a betting syndicate paying players and officials to fix the outcome of matches. Milan achieved promotion back to Serie A at the first attempt, winning the 1980–81 Serie B title, in 1983, Milan won the Serie B title for the second time in three seasons to return to Serie A, where they achieved a sixth-place finish in 1983–84
Azeglio Vicini is an Italian retired football coach and footballer, who served as the President of the Technical Sector of the Italian Football Federation. He moved to Sampdoria, playing with the club for 7 seasons in the top division and he made his club debut on 15 September 1963, in a 4–0 away defeat to Varese, narrowly missing out on Serie A promotion during his first season with the club. The following season, he won the Serie B title with the club, after suffering relegation, the team immediately won back Serie A promotion the following season. He was named the coach of the Italy national under-21 football team. He subsequently managed the senior Italian team from 1986 to 1991, after the team failed to qualify for the 1992 UEFA European Football Championship, he was replaced as Italys head coach by former Milan manager Arrigo Sacchi. In 1991, he was awarded the Panchina dOro Award for his career, he managed his hometown team Cesena from 1992–93. He took up the position as head of the sector of the FIGC.
Vicini was awarded the Premio Malatesta Novello by his hometown of Cesena in 2008, 5th Class/Knight, Cavaliere Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana,1991
L'Aquila Calcio 1927
LAquila Calcio 1927 is an Italian association football club located in LAquila, Abruzzo. They currently play in the Serie D, existence of football clubs in LAquila can be traced back to 1910, when an amateur club called Football Club LAquila, unregistered to the Italian Football Federation, already existed. In 1926, the club began using red and blue as their official colors, in 1929, a new club called Società Sportiva Città dellAquila was founded, but lasted only a few years. In September 1931, Associazione Sportiva LAquila was founded as local fascist sports organizations starting playing in the locally-organized Seconda Divisione, after two promotions, LAquila spent its first season in the second-tier Serie B. In 1936, an accident on the Terni–Sulmona railway near Contigliano, Lazio seriously injured several of the teams players. Later, the did not manage to escape relegation. On December 1937, LAquila played a Coppa Italia game against Juventus and lost by a three-goal margin, the club spent a total of five consecutive seasons in third-tier Serie C before they were dismissed from play during World War II.
In 1943, the club was refounded as Sportiva LAquila 1944 playing in Serie C three more seasons from 1945 to 1948. After spending several seasons in the lower tiered leagues, the club was readmitted to Serie C in 1958, the club won promotion to Serie C2 in 1979, though again, they were relegated to amateur football status in 1982. In 1993, the club was readmitted to Serie C2 to fill a league vacancy, in 1994, Associazione Sportiva LAquila was founded and admitted to Eccellenza, and became Vis LAquila in 1995 after a merger with Serie D squad Paganica Calcio. In 1998, the club won promotion to Serie C2, in 2004, the club was relegated back to Serie C2, only to fall through once again and readmitted to Eccellenza under their current name. In the 2009–10 season, the club was promoted from Serie D to the Lega Pro Seconda Divisione, another promotion, this time to Lega Pro Prima Divisione, came through playoffs in 2012–13, this was followed by an impressive fifth place and subsequent qualification promotion playoff.
In the summer 2015 it was penalized of a point for sporting fraud and it is clearly not yet complete and all inclusive, and additions and refinements will continue to be made over time. Ottavio Barbieri András Kuttik Giovanni Degni János Nehadoma Dino Bovoli Renato Benaglia Sergio Petrelli Leonardo Acori Bruno Nobili Paolo Stringara Bruno Giordano Official site
In sports, dribbling is maneuvering of a ball by a single player while moving in a given direction, avoiding defenders attempts to intercept the ball. Such control may be exercised with the legs, stick or swimming strokes, a successful dribble will bring the ball past defenders legally and create opportunities to score. In association football, a dribble is one of the most difficult skills to master. In typical game play, players attempt to propel the ball toward their opponents goal through individual control of the ball, dribbling is often invaluable especially in the third part of a pitch or at the wings, where most attacks take place. Dribbling creates space in tight situations where the dribbler is marked, dribbling, if poorly mastered and used, may result in the loss of possession either when the ball is intercepted or tackled by a defender. A skilful dribbler is often hard to dispossess, unsuccessful tackles may result in a free kick situation. Early references to dribbling come from accounts of football games in England.
For example, Geoffrey Chaucer offered an allusion to such ball skills in fourteenth century England, in the Canterbury Tales he uses the following line, rolleth under foot as doth a ball. Similarly at the end of the 15th century comes a Latin account of a game which was played at Cawston, Nottinghamshire. It is included in a collection of the miracles of King Henry VI of England. Although the precise date is uncertain it certainly comes from between 1481 and 1500 and this is the first account of an exclusively kicking game and the first description of dribbling, he game at which they had met for common recreation is called by some the foot-ball game. In basketball, dribbling is the method of advancing the ball by oneself. It consists of bouncing the ball on the floor continuously with one hand while walking or running down the court, james Naismiths original rules said nothing about dribbling, merely stating that passing the ball was the legal way of advancing it. Players soon developed the strategy of passing to themselves, which Naismith himself both endorsed and admired for its ingenuity, and which evolved into the dribble as it is known today, the first known team to dribble was Yale University in 1897.
The dribble allows for much faster advancement and thus opportunities for scoring. It provides an opportunity for a crafty player on the team to steal the ball in mid-bounce. A double dribble may be called if the player tries to dribble with both hands at the same time. Dribbling should be done with finger pads and the fingers should be relaxed and spread, The wrist should be pushing the basketball, skilled ball handlers bounce the ball low to the ground, reducing the risk of a defender reaching in to steal the ball
The Coppa Italia is an Italian football annual cup competition. Its first edition was held in 1922, but the champions were not crowned until 1936. Juventus is the competitions most successful club with 11 wins, followed by Roma with 9, Roma has contested the most finals with 17, followed by Juventus with 16. The holder can wear a cockade, like the roundels that appear on military aircraft. The competition is a tournament with pairings for each round made in advance. Each tie is played as a leg, with the exception of the two-legged semi-finals. If a match is drawn, extra time is played, in the event of a draw after 120 minutes, a penalty shoot-out is contested. As well as being presented with the trophy, the team qualifies for the UEFA Europa League. There are a total of eight rounds in the competition, the competition begins in August with the first round and is contested only by the lowest-ranked clubs – those outside the top two divisions. The remaining eight Serie A teams join the competition in the round in January.
The rather unusual two-leg final was eliminated since the 2007–08 edition, note,1922 tournament was contested only by minor teams, the biggest clubs having left FIGC to form a private league of their own. Note, from 1968 to 1971, FIGC introduced a group instead of semifinals and finals. For statistical equity, only champions and runners-up of those groups are counted as finalists, moreover, in 1971, a decisive match between the two best clubs was played to assign the cup. The stages of the competition are broadcast by BT Sport in both Ireland and the United Kingdom, in Spain, the stages of the competition are broadcast by Teledeporte since the 2016–17 edition. In MENA, Abu Dhabi Sports started broadcasting the competition since the 2015–16 edition, italy – List of Cup Finals from RSSSF Coppa Italia Fixtures and Results Coppa Italia all matches by season
Calcio Lecco 1912
Calcio Lecco 1912 is an Italian football club, based in Lecco, Lombardy. Lecco currently plays in serie D, having last been in Serie A in 1967, the club was founded in 1912. It played 3 seasons in Serie A and 10 seasons in Serie B, in 2004–05 Serie D season, Lecco won the playoff of Group B. On 16 August Lecco was promoted to 2005–06 Serie C2 to replace the vacancies, in the 2011–12 season it was relegated from Lega Pro Seconda Divisione/A to Serie D. The teams colours are blue and dark blue
It had been organized by Lega Calcio until 2010, but a new league, the Lega Serie A, was created for the 2010–11 season. Serie A is regarded as one of the best football leagues in the world, Serie A led the UEFA ranking from 1986 to 1988 and from 1990 to 1999. In its current format, the Italian Football Championship was revised from having regional and interregional rounds, the championship titles won prior to 1929 are officially recognised by FIGC with the same weighting as titles that were subsequently awarded. However, the 1945–46 season, when the league was played over two groups due to the ravages of WWII, is not statistically considered, even if its title is fully official. All the winning teams are recognised with the title of Campione dItalia, Italys most successful club of the 20th century and the most successful Italian team, is tied for fourth in Europe and eighth in the world with the most official international titles. The club is the one in the world to have won all possible official continental competitions.
Milan is joint third club for international titles won in the world. Internazionale, following their achievements in the 2009–10 season, became the first Italian team to have achieved a treble, Juventus and Inter, along with Roma, Fiorentina and Napoli, are known as the Seven Sisters of Italian football. For most of Serie As history, there were 16 or 18 clubs competing at the top level, since 2004–05, there have been 20 clubs altogether. One season was played with 21 teams for political reasons, thus, in Italian football a true round-robin format is used. In the first half of the season, called the andata, each team plays once against each league opponent, since the 1994–95 season, teams are awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and no points for a loss. Since Italy is currently rated fourth in Europe in terms of club football ratings, teams finishing fourth and fifth qualify for the UEFA Europa League tournament. A third UEFA Europa League spot is reserved for the winner of the Coppa Italia, if both Coppa Italia finalists finish among the top five teams in Serie A, the sixth-ranked team in Serie A is awarded the UEFA Europa League spot.
The three lowest-placed teams are relegated to Serie B, any play-off was held after the end of regular season. The last championship playoff occurred in the 1963-64 season when Bologna, below is a list of Serie A clubs who have competed in the competition when it has been a league format. There are 66 teams that have taken part in 85 Serie A championships in a round that was played from the 1929–30 season until the 2016–17 season. The teams in bold compete in Serie A currently, Internazionale is the only team that has played Serie A football in every season. Serie A, as it is structured today, began during the 1929–1930 season, from 1898 to 1922, the competition was organised into regional groups