Brussels-South railway station

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Brussels-South
SNCB logo.svg Railway Station
Gare de Bruxelles-Midi Station Brussel-Zuid.jpg
Main hall of Brussels-South railway station
Location 47B Avenue Fonsny/Fonsnylaan, 1060 Brussels
Coordinates 50°50′07″N 4°20′07″E / 50.835161°N 4.335222°E / 50.835161; 4.335222Coordinates: 50°50′07″N 4°20′07″E / 50.835161°N 4.335222°E / 50.835161; 4.335222
Elevation 26 m
Owned by SNCB
Line(s) 0, 50A, 96, 124
Platforms 12
Tracks 22
Construction
Architect Adrien Blomme, Yvan Blomme, Fernand Petit
Architectural style Modernism
Other information
Station code FBMZ
Website Official website
History
Opened 1952 (1952)
Services
Eurostar, Thalys, IZY, TGV, ICE, InterCity (IC), RER/GEN (S)
Location
Brussels-South is located in Brussels
Brussels-South
Brussels-South
Location within Brussels

Brussels-South (French: Bruxelles-Midi, Dutch: Brussel-Zuid, IATA code: ZYR) is one of the three major railway stations in Brussels (the other two are Brussels Central and Brussels North) and the busiest station in Belgium. It is located on the territory of the municipality of Saint Gilles/Sint Gillis.

As the Brussels-Capital Region is bilingual, both the French and Dutch names of the station are official, this often leads to the usage of combined shorthands outside Belgium; for example in the Thomas Cook European Rail Timetable, Brussels-South is designated as "Brussels Midi/Zuid"; Dutch Railways announce the station as "Brussel Zuid/Midi".

The station is also connected to the Gare du Midi/Zuidstation station of the Brussels Metro system.

History[edit]

A station known as Station des Bogards/Bogaardenstation existed since 1840 near the Place Rouppe/Rouppeplein in the southern part of the City of Brussels. During the second half of the 19th century, the Belgian railway network grew rapidly and the old station quickly became too small, so it had to be demolished. A new monumental station designed by architect Auguste Payen opened in 1869, a short distance south from the original one. Payen's terminal station was itself demolished in 1949 and replaced on its present site by a through station, as part of the North-South connection project. Most the current buildings were erected between 1939 and 1954, in modernist style, according to plans by architects Adrien and Yvan Blomme and Fernand Petit, the rear part, built in front of the Victor Horta square, and designed in 1992 by architect Marc De Vreese, serves as a terminal for high-speed trains.

Features[edit]

The station is surrounded by Avenue Fonsny/Fonsnylaan to the east, Rue de France/Frankrijkstraat to the west, Rue Couverte/Bedektestraat to the north and Rue des Vétérinaires/Veeartsenstraat to the south; in the 1990s, the Eurostar terminal was added on Rue de France/Frankrijkstraat side. This contains two bay platforms with no onward northbound connection.

Train services[edit]

TGV and Thalys share a platform

The station is served by the following services:[citation needed]

  • High speed services (Eurostar) London - Lille - Brussels
  • High speed services (Eurostar) London - Brussels - Rotterdam - Amsterdam
  • High speed services (ICE) Brussels - Liège - Cologne - Frankfurt
  • High speed services (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Paris
  • High speed services (Thalys) Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Liège - Brussels - Paris
  • High speed services (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Lille
  • High speed services (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Chambéry - Bourg-Saint-Maurice (in winter)
  • High speed services (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Avignon - Marseille (in summer)
  • High speed services (TGV) Brussels - Lille - Aéroport CDG - Lyon - Avignon - Marseille - Nice
  • High speed services (TGV) Brussels - Lille - Aéroport CDG - Lyon - Nîmes - Montpellier
  • High speed services (TGV) Brussels - Lille - Aéroport CDG - Strasbourg
  • Intercity services (IC-35) Amsterdam - The Hague - Rotterdam - Roosendaal - Antwerp - Brussels Airport - Brussels
  • Intercity services (IC-16) Brussels - Namur - Arlon - Luxembourg
  • Intercity services (IC-01) Ostend - Bruges - Ghent - Brussels - Leuven - Liège - Welkenraedt - Eupen
  • Intercity services (IC-03) Knokke/Blankenberge - Bruges - Ghent - Brussels - Leuven - Hasselt - Genk
  • Intercity services (IC-05) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels - Nivelles - Charleroi (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-06) Tournai - Ath - Halle - Brussels - Brussels Airport
  • Intercity services (IC-06A) Mons - Braine-le-Comte - Brussels - Brussels Airport
  • Intercity services (IC-11) Binche - Braine-le-Comte - Halle - Brussels - Mechelen - Turnhout (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-12) Kortrijk - Ghent - Brussels - Leuven - Liège - Welkenraedt (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-14) Quiévrain - Mons - Braine-le-Comte - Brussels - Leuven - Liège (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-17) Brussels - Namur - Dinant (weekends)
  • Intercity services (IC-18) Brussels - Namur - Liège (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-20) Ghent - Aalst - Brussels - Hasselt - Tongeren (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-20) Ghent - Aalst - Brussels - Dendermonde - Lokeren (weekends)
  • Intercity services (IC-22) Essen - Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-22) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels - Halle - Braine-le-Comte - Binche (weekends)
  • Intercity services (IC-23) Ostend - Bruges - Kortrijk - Zottegem - Brussels - Brussels Airport
  • Intercity services (IC-23A) Bruges - Ghent - Brussels - Brussels Airport (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-23A) Ghent - Brussels - Brussels Airport (weekends)
  • Intercity services (IC-26) Kortrijk - Tournai - Halle - Brussels - Dendermonde - Lokeren - Sint Niklaas (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-29) De Panne - Gent - Aalst - Brussels - Brussels Airport - Leuven - Landen
  • Intercity services (IC-31) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-31) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels - Nivelles - Charleroi (weekends)
  • Brussels RER services (S1) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels - Waterloo - Nivelles (weekdays)
  • Brussels RER services (S1) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels (weekends)
  • Brussels RER services (S1) Brussels - Waterloo - Nivelles (weekends)
  • Brussels RER services (S2) Leuven - Brussels - Halle - Braine-le-Comte
  • Brussels RER services (S3) Dendermonde - Brussels - Denderleeuw - Zottegem - Oudenaarde (weekdays)
  • Brussels RER services (S6) Aalst - Denderleeuw - Geraardsbergen - Halle - Brussels - Schaarbeek
  • Brussels RER services (S8) Brussels - Etterbeek - Ottignies - Louvain-le-Neuve
  • Brussels RER services (S10) Dendermonde - Brussels - Denderleeuw - Aalst


  International connections  
Preceding station   Eurostar   Following station
EurostarTerminus
Eurostar
Preceding station   Thalys   Following station
Terminus
Thalys
toward Dortmund Hbf
Terminus
Thalys
Thalys Neige (winter)
Thalys Soleil (summer)
Preceding station   DB AG   Following station
TerminusICE 79
Preceding station   SNCF   Following station
TerminusTGV
toward Nice
TerminusTGV
TerminusTGV
toward Strasbourg
Preceding station   NMBS/SNCB   Following station
TerminusIC J
IC "des Ardennes" & Luxembourg
toward Luxembourg
Intercity Direct 9200Terminus
  National connections  
Preceding station   NMBS/SNCB   Following station
toward Oostende
IC 01
toward Eupen
toward Blankenberge and Knokke
IC 03
toward Genk
IC 05
weekdays
toward Tournai
IC 06
toward Mons
IC 06A
toward Binche
IC 11
weekdays
toward Turnhout
toward Kortrijk
IC 12
weekdays
toward Welkenraedt
toward Quiévrain
IC 14
weekdays
TerminusIC 17
weekends
toward Dinant
TerminusIC 18
weekdays
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
IC 20
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
toward Tongeren
On weekends and holidays
On weekends and holidays
toward Lokeren
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
toward Essen
IC 22Terminus
On weekends and holidays
On weekends and holidays
toward Binche
toward Oostende
IC 23
toward Brugge
IC 23A
toward Kortrijk
IC 26
weekdays
toward Sint-Niklaas
toward De Panne
IC 29
toward Landen
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
IC 31Terminus
On weekends and holidays
On weekends and holidays
S 1
weekdays
toward Nivelles
S 1
weekends
S 1
weekends
Terminus
S 1
toward Nivelles
toward Leuven
S 2
toward Dendermonde
S 3
toward Oudenaarde
toward Schaarbeek
S 6
toward Denderleeuw
S 8Terminus
toward Aalst
S 10
toward Dendermonde

Metro and premetro station[edit]

(STIB-MIVB) Panneau Gare du Midi.png
Der Brüsseler Untergrund.jpg
Owned by STIB/MIVB
Connections
  Line 3
  Line 4
History
Opened 1988
Services
Preceding station   Brussels Metro   Following station
Line 2
Line 6

The metro station, called Gare du Midi/Zuidstation, opened in 1988 as (at that time) the final stop of metro line 2 from Simonis. Line 2 has since been extended beyond Brussels-South to Clemenceau in 1993, Delacroix in 2006, and Gare de l'Ouest/Weststation in 2009. Since 1993, the station also accommodates premetro (underground tram) services at separate platforms, with cross-platform interchange between metro and premetro in both directions.[citation needed]

Ouibus[edit]

Since 23 July 2012, SNCF's international coach network, OUIBUS, serves Brussels South.

  • Paris - Lille - Brussels
  • Amsterdam - Brussels (from 28 April 2014)
  • Amsterdam - Brussels - London (from 28 April 2014)

Other bus services[edit]

A shuttle service to Brussels South Charleroi Airport leaves from a stop located on Rue de France/Frankrijkstraat.[1]

Places of interest[edit]

The South Tower, the tallest building in Belgium[2], stands in front of the station's main exit (the crossroad of Avenue Fonsny/Fonsnylaan and Rue Couverte/Overdektestraat) and houses the Belgian Federal Pensions Service (FPS).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brussels City-Charleroi airport shuttle bus service
  2. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Belgium | Statistics | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-03-23. 
  3. ^ "SFPD". www.sfpd.fgov.be. Retrieved 2018-03-23. 

External links[edit]