Levante Unión Deportiva, S. A. D. is a Spanish football club in the namesake autonomous community. Founded on 9 September 1909, it plays in La Liga, holding home games at Ciutat de Valencia Stadium. Levante UD was registered as Levante Football Club on 9 September 1909. Levante Union Deportiva has the eastern region of the Iberian Peninsula as its namesake. Levante is the coast where the sun always rises. Levante UD's name is attributed to the Levant wind that comes from the east and reminiscent of the Levante beach in La Malvarrosa, where Levante Football Club clashed some of its earliest fixtures. Backed, Levante Union Deportiva is the most senior football club in Valencia. Local rival team Valencia CF was not formed until 1919. Levante's earliest games were played at La Platjeta, near the docks on a plot of land owned by a perfume entrepreneur, its next ground was near the port area, the club began to become associated with the working class. In 1919, the side played Valencia CF for the first time, losing 0–1.
In 1928, Levante FC won the Valencian Championship. 1909 saw the birth of Gimnástico Football Club, which played at Patronato de la Juventud Obrera, being named Gimnástico-Patronato. In 1919, Gimnástico became the champion of the Campeonato de Valencia, beating CD Castellón in two leg finals. In 1931, with the emergence of the Second Spanish Republic, the club dropped the Real from its name. In 1934–35, both Levante and Gimnástico debuted in the second division, when the league was expanded from 10 teams to 24. In 1935, Levante won the Campeonato Levante-Sur, a competition that featured teams from Valencia and Andalusia, subsequently reached the semi-finals of the Spanish Cup, consecutively beating Valencia and Barcelona before losing to eventual runners-up Sabadell. During the Spanish Civil War and Gimnástico played in the Mediterranean League, finishing fifth and sixth – teams from this league competed in the Copa de la España Libre, it was intended that the top four teams from the league would enter the cup, but Barcelona opted to tour Mexico and the United States, as a result, Levante took its place.
The first round of the competition was a mini-league with the top two teams and Valencia, qualifying for the final. On 18 July 1937, Levante defeated. During the Civil War, Levante's ground was destroyed. In contrast, Gimnástico had lost most of their players; as a result, in 1939 Levante FC and Gimnástico FC merged into Levante Unión Deportiva. Levante UD thus having origin from at least 1909 from both Levante FC and Gimnástico FC. At first being named Unión Deportiva Levante-Gimnástico changing it a few years to Levante Unión Deportiva, with current club colours dating from this era. Moreover, Levante UD not only inherited their colors from Gimnástico FC but their nickname, "Granota", the Frogs. Levante had to wait until the 1960s to make its La Liga debut. In 1963, the club finished runner-up in Group II of the second division, defeating Deportivo de La Coruña 4–2 on aggregate in the promotion play-offs. During the first top flight season, it managed to win both games against Valencia, managing a 5–1 home win against Barcelona in the 1964–65 campaign but being relegated nonetheless after losing in the playoffs against Málaga.
It spent most of the following two decades in the third divisions. In the early 1980s, Dutch superstar Johan Cruyff played half a season for the club, retiring three years later. After winning 2003–04's second division, Levante returned to the top level but survived only one season. Finishing third in 2005–06, it returned for two additional campaigns, the decisive match in the 2006–07 season being a 4–2 home win against Valencia courtesy of Riga Mustapha and Laurent Courtois. Levante's financial status worsened and there were reports that the players had only received one-fifth of their contractual payments. News reports stated that the club had incurred a debt of over €18 million in payments due to its players; the team plummeted down the standings, it was confirmed that the club would be playing in the second division in 2008–09, with several matches to go. The players protested at their lack of payments at one point, refusing to move for several seconds after the opening whistle against Deportivo and announcing that they would issue a job action during the season-ending game at Real Madrid.
The action was resolved when league officials announced that a benefit game would be played between Levante team members, a team made up of players from the first division, with all benefits going to pay the wages due to the players. On 13 June 2010, Levante returned to La Liga after a 3–1 home win against relegated Castellón, it lost in the final round 0–4 at Real Betis, but its opponents only managed to
Regional rail known as local trains and stopping trains, are passenger rail services that operate between towns and cities. These trains operate with more stops over shorter distances than inter-city rail, but fewer stops and faster service than commuter rail. Regional rail services operate beyond the limits of urban areas, either connect similarly-sized smaller cities and towns, or cities and surrounding towns, outside or at the outer rim of a suburban belt. Regional rail operates with an service load throughout the day, although increased services may be provided during rush-hour; the service is less oriented around bringing commuters to the urban centers, although this may generate part of the traffic on some systems. Other regional rail services operate between two large urban areas, but make many intermediate stops. In the United States, "regional rail" more refers to commuter rail systems that offer bidirectional all-day service and may provide useful connections between suburbs and edge cities, rather than transporting workers to a central business district.
The main difference between regional rail and commuter rail is that the latter is focused on moving people between where they live and where they work on a daily basis. Regional rail operates outside major cities. Unlike inter-city, it stops at all stations, it provides a service between smaller communities along the line, connections with long-distance services. Regional rail operates throughout the day but at low frequency, whereas commuter rail provides a high-frequency service within a conurbation. Regional rail services are much less to be profitable than inter-city and hence require government subsidy; this is justified on social or environmental grounds, because regional rail services act as feeders for more profitable inter-city lines. Since their invention, the distinction between regional and long-distance rail has commonly been the use of multiple-unit propulsion, with longer-distance trains tending to be locomotive-hauled, although the development of trains such as the British Rail Class 390 and V/Line VLocity has blurred this distinction.
Shorter regional rail services still be operated by multiple units where they exist, which have a shorter range and operate at lower average speeds than services on inter-city rail networks. Not using a locomotive provides greater passenger capacity in the commuter role at peak periods. There are trains that are something in between regional and inter-city, like the Oresundtrain with stopping pattern like a regional train and pass prices attracting work commuters; this list describes the terms used for regional rail in various countries. Train categories in Europe Passenger rail terminology
Yátova is a municipality in the comarca of Hoya de Buñol in the Valencian Community, Spain
Alborache is a municipality in the comarca of Hoya de Buñol in the Valencian Community, Spain
Albaida, Province of Valencia
Albaida is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the Valencian Community, Spain. Palace of Milà i Aragó Segrelles Museum Route of the Borgias Route of the Valencian classics Daniel Olcina, footballer
La Tomatina is a festival, held in the Valencian town of Buñol, in the East of Spain 30 kilometres from the Mediterranean, in which participants throw tomatoes and get involved in a tomato fight purely for entertainment purposes. Since 1945 it has been held during a week of festivities in Buñol, it started the last Wednesday of August in 1945 when some young people spent the time in the town square to attend the Giants and Big-Heads figures parade. The young boys decided to take part in a parade with musicians and Big-Heads figures; the energy of jovialities caused one participant's big head to fall off. The participant began hitting everything in his path. There was a market stall of vegetable. People started to pelt each other with tomatoes; the following year, some young people engaged in a pre-planned quarrel and brought their own tomatoes from home. Although the police broke it up, this began the early tradition. In the following years, the young boys' example had unwittingly made history. La Tomatina was banned in the early 50s, however this did not stop the participants who were arrested.
But the people protested the prohibition and the festivity was again allowed with more participants and increased passions. The festivity was again cancelled till 1957, it was a demonstration. The parade was accompanied by a music band; the protest was successful. La Tomatina Festival was permitted and became an official festival; as a result of the report of Javier Basilio, a broadcaster from the Spanish television program called Informe Semanal, the festivity started to be known throughout the rest of Spain. Since the number of participants increased year after year as well as the excitement about La Tomatina Festival. In 2002, La Tomatina of Buñol was declared Festivity of International Tourist Interest by the Secretary Department of Tourism due to its success; the fight lasts for about two hours, after which the town square is covered with tomato debris. Fire trucks hose down the streets and participants use hoses that locals provide to remove the tomatoes from their bodies; some participants go to the “Los Peñones” pool to wash.
The citric acid in the tomatoes leads to the washed surfaces in the town becoming clean. Since 2013 participation in the event has been restricted to the holders of paid tickets. In 2015, it was estimated that 145000 kg of tomatoes were thrown; the city council follows a short list of instructions for the safety of the participants and the festival: Do not throw bottles or hard objects Do not tear or throw t-shirts Squash tomatoes before throwing them to avoid hurting others Keep a safe distance from trucks Stop throwing tomatoes after the second starter pistol shot Follow the directions of security staff La Tomatina Buñol has inspired similar celebrations in other parts of the world: Since 1982, the town of Twin Lakes, Lake County, Colorado has held a tomato fight called the "Colorado Texas Tomato War," in which Texans and Coloradans square off. The Coloradans attempt to overtake the Texans' straw Alamo effigy succeeding. Since 2004 the Colombian town of Sutamarchán holds a similar event on 15 June when a surplus of tomatoes is harvested.
In Costa Rica the town of San José de Trojas celebrates a Tomatina during the local Tomato Fair. In the town of Dongguan in southern Guangdong province in China, a tomato fight is held on October 19, during which they use up to 15 tons of tomatoes; the City of Reno, Nevada in the United States has an annual hour-long tomato fight that started in 2009. The event seems to take place on the last Sunday of August and is organized by the American Cancer Society. Organizers named the festival La Tomatina, give full credit for the idea to the Spanish festival. In the Indian state of Karnataka, the Karnataka Government banned the hosting of such a Tomatina event in Bangalore and Mysore, after private organizers tried to organize one. Chief Minister D. V. Sadananda Gowda is quoted as saying: "In the name of'La Tomatina' festival, permission should not be granted to waste tomatoes". A similar event planned in Delhi was cancelled. Milwaukee's East Side Association holds an annual Tomato Romp during September in coordination with a Bloody Mary drink contest.
Held since at least 2009 it is limited to 250 people in a caged-in area. Funtasia Island, Patna hosted a similar La tomatina Holi event on March 26, 2013 at Funtasia Water Park in Patna, India. In Chicago, Tomato Blast hosted its first tomato fight at Soldier Field similar to La Tomatina on July 27th, 2013, where 50,000 pounds of rotten tomatoes unfit for consumption were used promoting environmental awareness; the festival was re-created for the song "Ik Junoon" from the 2011 Bollywood film Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara. The opening scene of the film We Need to Talk About Kevin depicts the character Eva attending La Tomatina; the Movie Spanish Masala has a scene showing the La Tomatina festival. The 2014 British musical film Walking on Sunshine features a tomato fight in an Apulian village, it was shot in Italy. Battle of the Oranges, similar traditional festival in Ivrea, Italy Fiestas of International Tourist Interest of Spain Running of the Bulls Official website of La Tomatina Ayuntamiento de Buñol - La Tomatina
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia