SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Bucephalus

Bucephalus or Bucephalas was the horse of Alexander the Great, one of the most famous horses of antiquity. Ancient accounts state that Bucephalus died after the Battle of the Hydaspes in 326 BC, in what is now modern Punjab Province of Pakistan, is buried in Jalalpur Sharif outside Jhelum, Pakistan. Another account states that Bucephalus is buried in Phalia, a town in Pakistan's Mandi Bahauddin District in Punjab Province, named after him. Bucephalus was named after a branding mark depicting an ox's head on his haunch. A massive creature with a massive head, Bucephalus is described as having a black coat with a large white star on his brow, he is supposed to have had a "wall eye", his breeding was that of the "best Thessalian strain." Plutarch says in 344 BC, at twelve or thirteen years of age, Alexander of Macedonia won the horse by making a wager with his father: A horse dealer named Philonicus the Thessalian offered Bucephalus to King Philip II for the remarkably high sum of 13 talents. Because no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested.

However, Alexander was, he offered to pay himself should he fail. Alexander was surprised all by subduing it, he spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it toward the sun so that it could no longer see its own shadow, the cause of its distress. Dropping his fluttering cloak as well, Alexander tamed the horse. Plutarch says that the incident so impressed Philip that he told the boy, "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee." Philip's speech strikes the only false note in the anecdote, according to AR Anderson, who noted his words as the embryo of the legend developed in the History of Alexander the Great I.15, 17. The Alexander Romance presents a mythic variant of Bucephalus's origin. In this tale, the colt, whose heroic attributes surpassed those of Pegasus, is bred and presented to Philip on his own estates; the mythic attributes of the animal are further reinforced in the romance by the Delphic Oracle who tells Philip that the destined king of the world will be the one who rides Bucephalus, a horse with the mark of the ox's head on his haunch.

As one of his chargers, Bucephalus served Alexander in numerous battles. The value which Alexander placed on Bucephalus emulated his hero and supposed ancestor Achilles, who claimed that his horses were "known to excel all others—for they are immortal. Poseidon gave them to my father Peleus, who in his turn gave them to me."Arrian states, with Onesicritus as his source, that Bucephalus died at the age of thirty. Other sources, give as the cause of death not old age or weariness, but fatal injuries at the Battle of the Hydaspes, in which Alexander's army defeated King Porus. Alexander promptly founded Bucephala, in honour of his horse, it lay on the west bank of the Hydaspes river. The modern-day town of Jalalpur Sharif, outside Jhelum, is said to be; the legend of Bucephalus grew in association with that of Alexander, beginning with the fiction that they were born simultaneously: some of the versions of the Alexander Romance synchronized the hour of their death. The pair forged a sort of cult in that, after them, it was all but expected of a conqueror that he have a favourite horse.

Julius Caesar had one. Bucephalus is referenced in literature; the ancient statue group The Horse Tamers in the Piazza del Quirinale in Rome is misinterpreted as "Alexander and Bucephalus". An interpretation of their subject as Alexander and Bucephalus was proposed in 1558 by Onofrio Panvinio, who suggested that Constantine had removed them from Alexandria, where they would have referred to the familiar legend of the city's founder; this became a popular alternative to their identification as the Dioscuri. The popular guides still referred to their creation by Phidias and Praxiteles competing for fame, long after the modestly learned realized that the two sculptors preceded Alexander by a century. Charles Le Brun paintings of Alexandrine subjects, including Bucephalus, survive today in the Louvre. One in particular, The Passage of the Granicus, depicts the warhorse battling the difficulties of the steep muddy river banks and kicking his foes. In the 1959 French film The 400 Blows, there is a toy horse named Bucephalus.

The 1979 film The Black Stallion includes a story about Alexander taming Bucephalus that mirrors the events in the film. In the 1988 film The Adventures of Baron Munchausen, Baron Munchausen's horse is named Bucephalus; the Crystal Bucephalus is an original 1994 Doctor. On the 1997 album Come to Daddy by Aphex Twin, he named one of his most impressive experimental tracks "Bucephalus Bouncing Ball" to incite listeners to think of great horses trotting into battle. In the animated series Reign: The Conqueror, a sci-fi inspired rendition of the myth Bucephalus is a tall man-eating horse with a metallic jaw, prowling in Macedonia and killing everyone unfortunate enough to meet him. Alexander tames him, like in the myth he becomes his faithful steed. In the TV series Father Brown, the titular character's oft used; the 2018 role-playing game Kingdom Come: Deliverance features a horse named Bucephalus that the player character

Peter Mueller (speed skater)

Peter Alan Mueller is an American former speed skater and a speed skating coach. Peter Mueller was the first Olympic Champion on the 1,000 m, when this distance was introduced at the 1976 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck. More international successes followed at the World Sprint Championships, where he won bronze in 1976 and silver in 1977, his last appearance as a speed skater was at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, where he placed 5th in the 1,000 m, 1.93 seconds behind the winning time of Eric Heiden. After ending his speed skating career, Mueller became a successful skating coach, he was the coach of Bonnie Blair when she won two gold medals at the 1992 Winter Olympics, Dan Jansen when he won gold at the 1994 Winter Olympics, Marianne Timmer and Jan Bos at the 1998 Winter Olympics, Gianni Romme at the 2002 Winter Olympics. In addition, several speed skaters winning a total of five World Sprint Championships, one World Allround Championships, one European Allround Championships titles were coached by him.

Since the 2003/2004 season, Mueller was the coach of the Norwegian team. He added to his list of successes as a coach when, at the World Single Distance Championships of 2005 in Inzell, Even Wetten and Rune Stordal became World Champions. Mueller was fired as coach of the Norwegian team in November 2009, due to allegations of harassment of skater Maren Haugli. Mueller was married to American speed skater Leah Poulos, two times World Sprint Champion and three times Olympic silver medalist, had two children, he married Dutch speed skater Marianne Timmer. He and Timmer are now divorced. An autobiography, called Op dun ijs, was published in the Netherlands in 2006. Footnotes Peter Mueller at the International Skating Union Peter Mueller at the International Olympic Committee Peter Mueller at the Olympic Channel Peter Mueller at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com Peter A. Mueller at Team USA Peter Mueller photos at Archive.today

Jake Kilrain (British boxer)

Henry Owens, who fought under the name Jake Kilrain, was a Scottish boxer, British welterweight champion between 1936 and 1939. Born in Bellshill, Owens adopted the ring name Jake Kilrain while still an amateur, he began his professional career in 1931 and in his first three years won over thirty fights and suffered only two defeats. After a defeat at the hands of the experienced Boyo Rees in April 1934 he was out of the ring for a year due to hand injuries before returning with another loss by disqualification to Fred Lowbridge, he won his next four fights, including a fourth-round knockout of Len Wickwar, before meeting Joe Kerr in an eliminator for the Scottish lightweight title, which ended in a draw. He moved up to welterweight and beat Jim P Boyle in December 1935 to take the Scottish welterweight title, he followed this with wins over Harry Mason, George Purchase, Billy Graham, before being beaten on points in March 1936 by Ernie Roderick. He beat Seaman Jim Lawlor a month and fought Dave McCleave in June that year for the British welterweight title, winning via an eighth round knockout.

Over the next twelve months he had nine fights – seven wins, a draw, a further defeat to Roderick. He lost to Jimmy Purcell in August 1937, to Jack Kid Berg in October, before defending his British title in February 1938 against Jack Lord; the second defence of his title was due to take place in July against Roderick, but was twice delayed due to Kilrain's eye injuries and abdominal surgery in November after suffering appendicitis. After winning his next two fights, including victory over former European champion Felix Wouters, the next three years saw most of Kilrain's fights ending in defeat. By the mid-1940s, Kilrain had moved up to middleweight, in January 1946 won the Scottish Area middleweight title with a points victory over Jock McCusker, he defended the title in September 1946 against the undefeated Eddie Starrs, retaining it with a fourth round stoppage. On 15 May 1947 he was arrested after a fight against Freddy Price at the Kelvin Hall in Glasgow. Kilrain refused and continued throwing punches, hitting McCall twice in the face, sparking a melee in which several spectators got involved, a man suffered a broken arm, the referee was thrown out of the ring.

Kilrain was charged with striking the referee, after being found guilty of assault was fined £25, with the option of three months imprisonment. He was subsequently suspended from boxing until the end of the year by the Scottish Council of the BBBofC and fined a further £20, he returned to the ring in March 1948, beating Johnnie McKenna in one round after McKenna suffered a badly cut mouth. After two defeats that year he defended his Scottish area title in May 1949 at Celtic Park against Willie Whyte. After retiring from boxing, Kilrain became an official, serving on the BBBofC's Scottish Council, a referee. Mike Mazurki portrayed Kilrain in the 1942 film Gentleman Jim. Career record at boxrec.com Career record at boxinghistory.org.uk