The Buffalo Bills are a professional American football team based in the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area. The Bills compete in the National Football League, as a member club of the league's American Football Conference East division; the team plays their home games at New Era Field in New York. The Bills are the only NFL team; the Bills conduct summer training camp at St. John Fisher College in Pittsford, New York, an eastern suburb of Rochester; the Bills began play as an original franchise of the American Football League in 1960. The club joined the NFL as a result of the AFL–NFL merger for the 1970 season; the 1964 and 1965 Bills were the only teams representing Buffalo that won major league professional sports championships. The Bills are the only team to win four consecutive conference championships and are the only NFL team to lose four consecutive Super Bowl games; the team was owned by Ralph Wilson from the team's founding in 1960, until his death in 2014 at the age of 95. After his death, Wilson's estate reached an agreement to sell the team to Terry and Kim Pegula, approved by the other NFL team owners on October 8, 2014.
The Bills possessed the longest active playoff drought in any of the four major professional sports in North America: they did not qualify to play in the NFL playoffs from 1999 until 2017 and were the last NFL team to qualify for the playoffs for the first time in the 21st century. Since the Bills have reached the playoffs in two of the past three NFL seasons and clinched their first 10-win season in two decades in December 2019; the Bills began competitive play in 1960 as a charter member of the American Football League led by head coach Buster Ramsey and joined the NFL as part of the AFL–NFL merger in 1970. The Bills won two consecutive American Football League titles in 1964 and 1965 with quarterback Jack Kemp and coach Lou Saban, but the club has yet to win a league championship since. Once the AFL–NFL merger took effect, the Bills became the second NFL team to represent the city. Buffalo had been left out of the league since the All-Americans folded in 1929. Following the AFL–NFL merger, the Bills were mediocre in the 1970s, but featured All-Pro running back O. J. Simpson.
After being pushed to the brink of failure in the mid-1980s, the collapse of the United States Football League and a series of drafted players such as Jim Kelly, Thurman Thomas, Bruce Smith allowed the Bills to rebuild into a perennial contender in the late 1980s through the mid-1990s, a period in which the team won four consecutive AFC Championships. The rise of the division rival New England Patriots under Tom Brady, along with numerous failed attempts at rebuilding in the 2000s and 2010s, prevented the Bills from reaching the playoffs in seventeen consecutive seasons between 2000 and 2016, a 17-year drought, the longest active playoff drought in all major professional sports at the time, it was broken when the Bills secured a wild-card berth on December 31, 2017. On October 8, 2014, Buffalo Sabres owners Terry and Kim Pegula received unanimous approval to acquire the Bills during the NFL owners' meetings, becoming the second ownership group of the team after team founder Ralph Wilson. In 1947 a contest was held to rename the AAFC Bisons, owned by James Breuil of the Frontier Oil Company.
The winning entry suggested "Bills", reflecting on the famous western frontiersman, Buffalo Bill Cody. Carrying the "frontier" theme further, the winning contestant offered the team was being supported by Frontier Oil and was "opening a new frontier in sports in Western New York." When Buffalo joined the new American Football League in 1960, the name of the city's earlier pro football entry was adopted. The Bills' uniforms in its first two seasons were based on those of the Detroit Lions at the time; the team's original colors were Honolulu blue and white, the helmets were silver with no striping. There was no logo on the helmet. In 1962, the standing red bison took its place on a white helmet. In 1962, the team's colors changed to red and blue; the team switched to blue jerseys with red and white shoulder stripes similar to those worn by the Buffalo Bisons AHL hockey team of the same era. The helmets were white with a red center stripe; the jerseys again saw a change in 1964 when the shoulder stripes were replaced by a distinctive stripe pattern on the sleeves consisting of four stripes, two thicker inner stripes and two thinner outer stripes all bordered by red piping.
By 1965, red and blue center stripes were put on the helmets. The Bills introduced blue pants worn with the white jerseys in 1973, the last year of the standing buffalo helmet; the blue pants remained through 1985. The face mask on the helmet was blue from 1974 through 1986 before changing to white; the standing bison logo was replaced by a blue charging one with a red slanting stripe streaming from its horn. The newer emblem, still the primary one used by the franchise, was designed by aerosp
Scott Michael Oberg is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Colorado Rockies of Major League Baseball. Oberg played college baseball at the University of Connecticut for the Huskies from 2009 to 2012. In 2009, he played collegiate summer baseball with the Bourne Braves of the Cape Cod Baseball League. In 2011, he underwent Tommy John surgery. Oberg was drafted by the Colorado Rockies in the 15th round of the 2012 Major League Baseball draft, he made his professional debut with the Grand Junction Rockies. In 2013, he played for the Modesto Nuts. Pitching for the Double-A Tulsa Drillers in 2014, Oberg appeared in only 27 games due to injury; when the Rockies placed John Axford on family leave on April 12, 2015, the Rockies promoted Oberg to the major leagues. Oberg was the winning pitcher in the 2018 National League Wild Card Game against the Chicago Cubs, becoming the first reliever to win a postseason game when facing at least four batters and striking out all of them. On August 19, the Rockies placed Oberg on the 60-day injured list due to issues with blood clots in his arms, ending his season.
In 2019, Oberg produced a 6–1 record with a 2.25 ERA, 5 saves, 58 strikeouts in 56 innings. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference UConn Huskies bio Scott Oberg on Instagram
The Devonsville Terror is a 1983 American horror film, directed by Ulli Lommel and starring Suzanna Love, Donald Pleasence, Robert Walker. The plot focuses on three different women who arrive in a conservative New England town, one of whom is the reincarnation of a witch, wrongfully executed along with two others by the town's founding fathers in 1683; the Devonsville Terror was filmed in Lincoln County, Wisconsin in 1983, was intended for a theatrical release but instead hit the home video circuit in 1984 through Embassy Home Entertainment. The most recent home video release for the film was in 1999, released on both VHS as well as a double billing DVD paired with Lommel's The Boogeyman. In November 1683 in Devonsville, three women—Jessica Morley, Mary Pratt, Rebecca Carson—are kidnapped by the townsfolk based on accusations of witchcraft. Jessica is disemboweled by hogs, Mary is killed with a breaking wheel. Rebecca, the last to die, is burned at the stake. After Rebecca's execution, her apparition appears in the sky and a thunderstorm begins.
300 years Dr. Warley investigates the witches' purported curse on Devonsville. Meanwhile, three liberated, assertive women move to the town: the new schoolteacher, their presence angers the bigoted town fathers, among them Walter Gibbs, a middle-aged store owner who has murdered his wife and gotten away with the crime. Jenny Scanlon, the town's new schoolteacher, arrives and is greeted by brothers Ralph and Matthew Pendleton, both of whom are friendly; that night in his store, Walter witnesses an apparition of a nude Jenny. Jenny infuriates the local parents when she tells her class that God was considered a female in Babylonian times, that God's representation as a father was introduced with Judaism. Walter becomes romantically obsessed with Jenny, but she turns down his advances at his store one night, he has a nightmare in which Jenny reveals to him that she knows that he murdered Sarah, before drowning him in a bog. Jenny visits Dr. Warley for her insomnia, Warley suspects Jenny is one of the three witches reincarnated.
Under hypnosis, Jenny states. Convinced that Jenny and Monica are the witches reincarnated, Walter and others kidnap them one night and attempt to burn them at the stake, recreating the inquisition, but Jenny kills them all with witchcraft; the next morning, she boards a bus leaving Devonsville. A postscript intertitle from Dr. Warley's journal states that the curse has been lifted, the Devonsville terror is over; the Devonsville Terror was written by Lommel and George T. Lindsey, draws on numerous historical aspects of the witchcraft inquisition in the colonial era of the United States. Lommel stated that he had spent some time in Massachusetts and was inspired by the Salem Witch Trials. Star Suzanna Love, Lommel's wife helped write the film. Filming took place in Lincoln County, Wisconsin; the Devonsville Terror was given theatrical marketing through Motion Picture Marketing company in 1983, though it never made it into theaters. Embassy Pictures released the film the following year on VHS. Anchor Bay Entertainment re-released the film on VHS in 1999, along with a double-billing DVD paired with Lommel's The Boogeyman, now out of print.
Brett H. from Oh the Horror criticized the film's lack of sense, but stated that the film was "a bit of a mess, but it’s a amusing mess." Sipos, Thomas M.. Horror Film Aesthetics: Creating the Visual Language of Fear. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 978-0-786-44972-9; the Devonsville Terror at AllMovie The Devonsville Terror on IMDb