The Buffalo Bisons are a professional Minor League Baseball team based in Buffalo, New York. They are the Triple-A affiliate of the Toronto Blue Jays; the Bisons play at Sahlen Field in downtown Buffalo. The Bisons have existed in some form since 1877, most of that time playing in professional baseball's second tier; the Bisons did not play from June 1970 through the 1978 season. The 1927 Bisons were recognized as one of the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time. In 2016, Forbes listed the Bisons as the 15th-most valuable Minor League Baseball team with a value of $34 million. Organized baseball in Buffalo had existed since at least 1859, when the Niagara baseball club of the National Association of Base Ball Players played its first season; the first professional team to play in Buffalo began in 1877 as a member of the League Alliance. In 1886, the Bisons moved into minor league baseball as members of the original International League known as the Eastern League; this team joined the Western League in 1899, was within weeks of becoming a major league team when the Western League announced it was becoming a major league and changing its name to the American League in 1900.
However, by the start of the 1901 season, Buffalo had been bumped from the league in favor of the Boston Americans. This franchise continued in the Eastern/International League through June 1970, when it transferred to Winnipeg, Manitoba as the Winnipeg Whips, due to poor attendance, stadium woes, the Montreal Expos affiliating with the franchise, an saturated-Buffalo sports market that saw the Buffalo Sabres of the NHL and Buffalo Braves of the NBA established the same year. In 1969, Héctor López became the first black manager at the Triple-A level while managing Buffalo—six years before Frank Robinson became the first black manager in Major League Baseball. After stops in Winnipeg and Hampton, the team was suspended after the 1973 season to make way for the Memphis Blues, who were moving up from Double-A. In 1979, by which point the Braves had left town, the Double-A Eastern League's Jersey City A's were forced to leave their city due to the decrepitude of that city's Roosevelt Stadium and opted to move to Waterbury, Connecticut, a city that had an Eastern League team.
With Mayor Jimmy Griffin, Canisius College baseball coach Don Colpoys, broadcaster Stan Barron and WNY umpire Peter Calieri leading the effort, the league awarded the extra franchise to Buffalo, the Bisons returned to the field. After six seasons in the Eastern League, the Bisons rejoined the Triple-A ranks in 1985, joining the American Association when the Wichita Aeros' franchise rights were transferred to Buffalo. When, as part of a reorganization of Triple-A baseball, the American Association folded after the 1997 season, Buffalo joined the International League. Since their return to Triple-A baseball in 1985, the Bisons have qualified for the playoffs several times. In 2004, although the Bisons were 10 games behind the first-place team in June, the Bisons won their division. Buffalo won its first-round playoff, against the Durham Bulls, advanced to the Governors' Cup Finals, in which they had home field advantage over the Richmond Braves; the remnants of Hurricane Ivan caused major flooding problems in Richmond and the entire series was played in Buffalo.
The Bisons defeated the Braves in four games and won the Governors' Cup for the second time since 1998. In 2005, Buffalo won the North Division and played the Indianapolis Indians in the first round, winning the first two games in Indianapolis, but losing all three remaining games. With many of its players shuffled to the Cleveland Indians throughout the final months of the season, the Bisons failed to qualify for the playoffs in 2006. In 2007, Buffalo again failed to clinch a playoff spot, marking the first time since Buffalo was parented with the Pittsburgh Pirates that the Bisons missed the playoffs in back-to-back seasons; the team has not reached the playoffs since then. After the 2008 season, Buffalo parted ways with Cleveland, as the Indians signed an affiliation agreement with the Columbus Clippers beginning in 2009; the Bisons signed a two-year agreement to be the top home for New York Mets prospects. On December 16, 2008, the Mets announced that Ken Oberkfell would be the Bisons new manager for 2009.
At the same press conference, the Bisons unveiled their new logo. The logo paid homage to baseball's history in the city of Buffalo with the city's skyline in the background; the logo, along with the new colors of blue and orange resemble that of the team's new parent club, the Mets. In the 2009–2010 off-season, the Bisons were chosen to host the 2012 Triple-A All-Star Game to celebrate 25 years at Coca-Cola Field; the game was played on Wednesday, July 11, 2012. In late July 2010, the Bisons and Mets agreed on a two-year extension that carried their agreement through the 2012 se
Farmageddon: The True Cost of Cheap Meat is a 2014 non-fiction book by Philip Lymbery and Isabel Oakeshott. It surveys the effects of industrial livestock production and industrial fish farming around the world; the book is the result of Lymbery's investigations for which he travelled the world over three years. Isabel Oakeshott is the political editor of The Sunday Times, Philip Lymbery is CEO of Compassion in World Farming; the book was published by Bloomsbury. The thesis examined in the book is that globalised production chains of industrialised agricultural systems negatively affect farmed animals, human health, the countryside and oceans, biodiversity in rainforests and many of the world's poorest people; the authors seek to shed light on the conditions in intensive agriculture which, according to them differ from the image that the industry wants to sell to the public. Intensification in animal farming goes along with a growing demand of cropland to grow animal feed – factory farming is thus not a means to save space.
They argue that to feed the world population factory farming is not the solution but a threat, not least since more than a third of the world's arable harvests are being used to supply farmed animals. According to the book the consumer price of cheap meat does not include the overall costs of industrial meat production; the reader follows Lymbery's journey from his start in California's Central Valley. There he finds dairies, he travels to enormous piggeries in China and visits the fishmeal industry of Peru, which converts millions of tonnes of anchovies to fishmeal for supplying the livestock industry with feed. In Taiwan he visits a farm where 300,000 laying hens are being held in batteries. A visit is paid to the Chesapeake Bay in Virginia, US where he finds the marine ecosystem impacted by waste from the poultry industry; the author talks to a community in Mexico in an area dominated by pig sheds. There he documents a lake of effluent and air and water pollution, discusses the outbreak of swine flu.
One chapter of Farmageddon is dedicated to the question "What happened to the vet?" Lymbery says that veterinarians work in an industry with an "inbuilt flaw". He states that veterinarians comply with the industrialization of animals, for example in the prophylactic use of antibiotics which are applied in the mass production of animals and milk instead of demanding a different agricultural system. According to Lymbery veterinarians should not support systems that are "inherently bad for animal welfare", the case in "mass production of broiler chickens, caged production of eggs, the large-scale permanent housing of dairy cows and intensive pig production where mothering pigs are kept in confinement where they can't turn around for weeks at a time". In order to prevent Farmageddon the authors come up with suggestions for consumers, policy makers and farmers: Consumers should eat less meat. Fish should be fed to people rather than converted into fishmeal. Animals should be fed with grass and animal farming should be a pasture-based system.
These changes would save resources by reducing the competition of humans and animals for food and land. Tristram Stuart wrote in a review for The Guardian that although he is critical towards the "orthodoxy that large-scale farms and industrial agricultural technology are inherently wrong", "this catalogue of devastation will convince anyone who doubts that industrial farming is causing ecological meltdown". We are fed up
Hot Man Pussy is the second album by noise rock band Tragic Mulatto, released in 1989 by Alternative Tentacles. Ira Robbins of the Trouser Press gave the album an enthusiastic review, although mentioning that the "incoherent blur of feedback and neck-wringing gets numbing."Hot Man Pussy was the band's only album to be issued on CD, titled Italians Fall Down and Look Up Your Dress and featuring additional tracks. The CD comprises Hot Man Pussy in its entirety, six tracks from their debut Locos por el Sexo and the song "OK Baby OK", only available on the various artist compilation Oops! Wrong Stereotype. All tracks are written except "Whole Lotta Love" by Led Zeppelin. Adapted from the Hot Man Pussy liner notes