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Buffalo Sabres

The Buffalo Sabres are a professional ice hockey team based in Buffalo, New York. They compete in the National Hockey League as a member of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference; the team was established in 1970, along with the Vancouver Canucks, when the league expanded to 14 teams. They have played at KeyBank Center since 1996. Prior to that, the Buffalo Sabres played at the Buffalo Memorial Auditorium from the start of the franchise in 1970; the Sabres are owned by Terry Pegula. The Sabres have the longest active playoff drought in the NHL, at 8 seasons; the team has twice advanced to the Stanley Cup Finals, losing to the Philadelphia Flyers in 1975 and to the Dallas Stars in 1999. The best known line in team history is The French Connection, which consisted of Gilbert Perreault, Rick Martin and Rene Robert. All three players have had their sweater numbers retired and a statue erected in their honor at KeyBank Center in 2012; the Sabres, along with the Canucks, share the record for being the longest continuously running active NHL franchise to have never won the Stanley Cup.

The Sabres, along with the Vancouver Canucks, joined the NHL in the 1970–71 season. Their first owners were Seymour H. Knox III and Northrup Knox, scions of a family long prominent in Western New York and grandsons of the co-founders of the Woolworth's variety store chain. On the team's inaugural board of directors were Robert E. Rich, Jr. the owner of the Buffalo Bisons minor league baseball team. Buffalo had a history of professional hockey. Wanting a name other than "bison", the Knoxes commissioned a name-the-team contest. With names like "Mugwumps", "Buzzing Bees" and "Flying Zeppelins" being entered, the winning choice, "Sabres", was chosen because Seymour Knox felt a sabre, a weapon carried by a leader, could be effective on offense and defense; the Knoxes tried twice before to get an NHL team, first when the NHL expanded in 1967, again when they attempted to purchase the Oakland Seals with the intent of moving them to Buffalo. Their first attempt was thwarted when Pittsburgh Steelers owner Art Rooney persuaded his horse racing friends James and Bruce Norris to select Pittsburgh over Buffalo, while the second attempt was due to the NHL not wanting an expansion market to give up on a team so soon.

At the time of their creation, the Sabres exercised their option to create their own AHL farm team, the Cincinnati Swords. Former Toronto Maple Leafs general manager and head coach Punch Imlach was hired in the same capacity with the Sabres; the year the Sabres debuted was an important year for major league sports in Buffalo. In addition to the Sabres' debut, the Buffalo Bills joined the National Football League, the National Basketball Association's Buffalo Braves began to play, sharing Memorial Auditorium with the Sabres; the city of Buffalo went from having no teams in the established major professional sports leagues to three in one off-season, a situation that proved to be unsustainable. Between the Braves and the Sabres, the Sabres would prove to be by far the more successful of the two. Subsequent owners of the Braves, in a series of convoluted transactions tied to the ABA–NBA merger, moved the team out of Buffalo; when the Sabres debuted as an expansion team, they took the ice to Aram Khachaturian's Armenian war dance, "Sabre Dance".

The song has been associated with the team as an unofficial anthem since. It is played between periods and after goals; the consensus was that first pick in the 1970 NHL Amateur Draft would be junior phenomenon Gilbert Perreault. Either the Sabres or the Canucks would get the first pick, to be determined with the spin of a roulette wheel. Perreault was available to the Sabres and Canucks as this was the first year the Montreal Canadiens did not have a priority right to draft Quebec-born junior players; the Canucks were allocated numbers 1–10 on the wheel, while the Sabres had 11–20. When league president Clarence Campbell spun the wheel, he thought the pointer landed on one. While Campbell was congratulating the Vancouver delegation, Imlach asked Campbell to check again; as it turned out, the pointer was on 11 handing Perreault to the Sabres. Perreault scored 38 goals in his rookie season of 1970–71, at the time a record for most goals scored by a NHL rookie, he received the Calder Memorial Trophy as the NHL's rookie of the year.

Despite Perreault's play, the Sabres finished well out of playoff contention. In the team's second season, 1971–72, rookie Rick Martin, drafted fifth overall by Buffalo in 1971, Rene Robert, acquired in a late-season trade from the Pittsburgh Penguins, joined Perreault and would become one of the league's top forward lines in the 1970s. Martin broke Perreault's record at once with 44 rookie goals, they were nicknamed "The French Connection" after the movie of the same name and in homage to their French-Canadian roots. The Sabres made the playoffs for the first time in 1972–73, just the team's third year in the league, but lost in the quarterfinals in six games to the eventual Stanley Cup champion Montreal Canadiens. After a subpar year in 1974

Salvador Vassallo (businessman)

Salvador V. Vassallo was the president and CEO of Vassallo Industries, headquartered in Ponce, Puerto Rico; the company produces PVC injection moulded and extruded goods, markets them worldwide. Vassallo, grandparents migrated from Italy in the late 19th century and settled in the town of Yauco. Vassallo, nicknamed "Chiry", his brothers were born in Yauco and raised in the city of Ponce where their father, Salvador Vassallo Sr. opened a hardware store. After school hours and his brothers, Efraín, Víctor, Félix, Marcos, would work in the family business. Salvador Vassallo Sr. founded Vassallo Industries, Inc. a company which made only windows and cement blocks. After Vassallo graduated from college, he went to work in as a salesman for his father's business. Traveling throughout Puerto Rico taking orders from established customers, he made new contacts with potential customers; these skills would serve him well when his brothers inherited the business. In the 1950s, Vassallo's brother Efrain David, an engineer and the oldest of the Vassallo brothers, saw the potential in plastic.

As a consequence of Efrain's vision, in 1962 Vassallo Industries Inc. pioneered the manufacture and distribution of plastic pipe and fittings for sanitary and electrical applications. In 1972, Salvador Vassallo Sr. died and the company was inherited by his sons. Efrain David was President and Chief Executive Officer of Vassallo Industries Inc. from 1978-89. During those 11 years the firm had a net profit of over $25 million, as audited by Deloitte, Haskins & Sells, 1978-89. In 1989, Efrain David sold his interest in Vassallo Industries and all his patents to his brothers, joined son Efrain David Jr. in the development of the Puerto Rican marble industry. Vassallo Industries, Inc. named Salvador as its president, the company grew to become a global leader in the manufacture of PVC. Today, it has strong brand recognition in the United States and Latin-America. In the 1980s Vassallo opened a distribution Center in Miami, Florida, to speed up order fulfillment and cut costs. In 1989 Salvador bought out his brothers and became president and chairman, assuming the CEO post in 2002.

In the 1990s Vassallo founded Vassallo Molding Company for the manufacture of plastic furniture and household goods. In 1997, Home Depot became a client in addition to Wal-Mart; the company added a research and development division to its growing empire, with emphasis on quality control. The company now has over forty patents for different PVC products. In January 2000, Efrain Vassallo rejoined his brother in Vassallo Industries Inc as a consultant. In 2003, Vassallo Industries Inc. invested $15 million in the expansion of its facility in Ponce, in an effort to produce Polyvinyl Chloride pellets for distribution in the United States and Latin America. In 2004, Vassallo Industries Inc. acquired Syroco Inc. a plastics manufacturer, adding manufacturing operations in California, New York, Arkansas. Syroco is one of the most prominent manufacturers of plastic furniture and wall decor in the United States. By acquiring Syroco, Vassallo Industries Inc. added Target, Sam's Club, Lowe's and Walgreens to its clientele.

Among the many products manufactured by the company founded by Salvador Vassallo are the following: fittings, flexible conduit, flower pots, leaf rakes, step stones, water tanks, pipes, PVC cement and water floats. The company produces plastic furniture under the brand Signature Series Line. Vassallo's son, Rafael Vassallo, was named the president of Vassallo Industries Inc. and executive vice president of Syroco Inc. Salvador Vassallo continued to be the CEO of the company and president of the Export Council of Puerto Rico, his nephew, Jesse, a swimmer, has continued the family tradition by establishing "Vassallo Unlimited". On 21 January 2007, Salvador Vassallo died in the Hospital San Cristóbal in Ponce from a heart attack, he was buried in Las Mercedes Cemetery, was survived by his wife Olga and two children and Viviana. The Mayor of Ponce, Francisco Zayas Seijo, declared three days of mourning and ordered the flags at Ponce's City Hall to be flown at half mast. List of Puerto Ricans Syroco Puerto Rico Herald


Pramlintide is an injectable amylin analogue drug for diabetes, developed by Amylin Pharmaceuticals. Pramlintide is sold as an acetate salt. Pramlintide is an analogue of amylin, a small peptide hormone, released into the bloodstream by the β cells of the pancreas along with insulin after a meal. Like insulin, amylin is absent in individuals with Type I diabetes. In synergy with endogenous amylin, pramlintide aids in the regulation of blood glucose by slowing gastric emptying, promoting satiety via hypothalamic receptors, inhibiting inappropriate secretion of glucagon, a catabolic hormone that opposes the effects of insulin and amylin. Pramlintide has effects in raising the acute first-phase insulin response threshold following a meal. Both a reduction in glycated hemoglobin and weight loss have been shown in insulin-treated patients with type 2 diabetes taking pramlintide as an adjunctive therapy. Pramlintide has been approved by the FDA, for use by type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients who use insulin.

Pramlintide allows patients to use less insulin, lowers average blood sugar levels, reduces what otherwise would be a large unhealthy rise in blood sugar that occurs in diabetics right after eating. Apart from insulin analogs, pramlintide is the only drug approved by the FDA to lower blood sugar in type 1 diabetics since insulin in the early 1920s. Since native human amylin is amyloidogenic and toxic, the strategy for designing pramlintide was to substitute residues from rat amylin, less amyloidogenic although not completely. Proline residues are known to be structure-breaking residues, so these were directly grafted into the human sequence. Despite its enhanced stability compared to human amylin, pramlintide is still able to organize into amyloid material. Amino acid sequences: Pramlintide as protein is. - product website - Symlin page on the Amylin Pharmaceuticals website

Badr ul-Alam Syarif Hasyim Jamaluddin

Badr ul-Alam Syarif Hasyim Jamaluddin was the eighteenth Sulṭān of Acèh Darussalam in northern Sumatra. His brief reign marked a transition to more unsettled conditions in Aceh, as persons not belonging to the old sultan's family tried to rule the kingdom with limited success. Aceh was ruled by four sultanas in succession in 1641-1699. Towards the end of the seventeenth century the moderate element among the literati made way for a more orthodox Islamic vogue which demanded the return of a male ruler. A fatwa, ostensibly issued in Mecca arrived in 1699 and deemed female rule incompatible with the sharia. Badr ul-Alam Syarif Hasyim, an Arab of sayyid descent replaced the current sultana Zainatuddin Kamalat Syah and became the eighteenth Sulṭān of Acèh Darussalam, it is sometimes speculated that he was married to his predecessor According to the findings of D. Crecelius and E. A. Beardow, he was the son of Syarif Ibrahim Jamal ul-Lail, the brother of Badr ul-Alam Zainul Abidin Jamal ul-Lail, Syarifah Salmah, Perkasa Alam Syarif Lamtui, Sulaiman Jamal ul-Lail.

Of these, Badr ul-Alam Zainul Abidin Jamal ul-Lail may have ruled Aceh for seven months in 1699, before the enthronement of Badr ul-Alam. The Dutch East India Company, established on Sumatra's west coast, perceived the new sultan as a potential threat; the garrison in the important port Barus was strengthened in 1700 since "the government is again said to be in the hands of a king with fiery character". Aceh was visited by the Briton Alexander Hamilton in May 1702. Hamilton noted that the foreignness and ostensibly poor governance of Badr ul-Alam evoked the hostility of some orang kayas, thus he imposed a harbour fee on the English ships and therefore estranged the English East India Company and at length people at the capital. There were demonstrations outside the palace where people demanded restitution of the former English privileges - otherwise they would place a new queen regnant or sultana on the throne; some orang kayas contacted a nephew of Kamalat Syah who led a private life in Pidie and invited him to march on the capital to claim the throne.

From Hamilton's account it is not known. According to the chronicles Badr ul-Alam suffered from a sickness which prevented him from performing the salat, he therefore voluntarily abdicated his throne in 1702. He withdrew to Tanjong, a village close to the capital but died after 14 days; some sources date his abdication in 1709. His successor was Perkasa Alam Syarif Lamtui, it is possible that the details in the chronicles about his demise are incorrect, for in 1717 the Dutch provided a travel pass to an ex-sultan of Aceh named Sayyid Hasyim Darussalam, performing the pilgrimage to Mecca. Coolhaas, W. P. ed. Generale missiven van Gouverneurs-Generaal en Raden aan Heren XVII der Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, Deel VI: 1698-1713.'s-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff. Coolhaas, W. P. ed. Generale missiven van Gouverneurs-Generaal en Raden aan Heren XVII der Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, Deel VII: 1713-1725.'s-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff. Crecelius, D. and Beardow, E. A.'A Reputed Acehese Sarakata of the Jamal al-La'il Dynasty', Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 52, pp. 51-66.

Djajadiningrat, Raden Hoesein'Critische overzicht van de in Maleische werken vervatte gegevens over de geschiedenis van het soeltanaat van Atjeh', Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 65, pp. 135-265. Zainuddin, H. M. Tarich Atjeh dan Nusantara, Jilid I. Medan: Pustaka Iskandar Muda

Roman auxiliaries in Britain

The overall size of the Roman forces in Roman Britain grew from about 40,000 in the mid 1st century AD to a maximum of about 55,000 in the mid 2nd century. The proportion of auxiliaries in Britain grew from about 50% before 69 AD to over 70% in c. 150 AD. By the mid-2nd century, there were about 70 auxiliary regiments in Britain, for a total of over 40,000 men; these outnumbered the 16,500 legionaries in Britain by 2.5 to 1. This was the greatest concentration of auxilia in any single province of the Roman Empire, it implies major continuing security problems. After Agricola, the following Emperors conducted major military operations in Britain: Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Constantius I and Septimius Severus; the deployment of Roman military forces in Britain in the early 2nd century may be summarised as follows: Of the auxilia units stationed in Britain, none was native British - it was the custom not to deploy units in their home country or region. However, the majority came from the geographically and culturally close areas of northern Gaul and lower Rhineland e.g. Batavi, Tungri.

Although local recruitment resulted in a growing British element in these regiments, the Batavi at least continued to recruit in their native area and inscription evidence supports the view that many regiments had an international membership. An important deployment of auxilia regiments in Britain was to garrison the forts and milecastles on Hadrian's Wall, outpost forts and supply routes; this focus switched to the Antonine Wall in Scotland for the period. The discovery in the 1970s, continuing unveiling of, the Vindolanda Tablets offer a unique glimpse into the everyday lives of auxiliary soldiers stationed in northern England in the period 85-122, just before the construction of Hadrian's Wall; these documents, consist of letters and memoranda written on wooden tablets to and from the auxiliary soldiers garrisoning the fort of Vindolanda. The documents relate to the Cohors I Tungrorum, a regiment originating among the Tungri tribe of the Ardennes region; the tablets have survived decomposition due to being deposited in anaerobic conditions.

The Tablets range from official unit reports and memoranda to the unit commander to personal correspondence. Of special interest are unit status reports. One such shows the milliary I Tungrorum as under-strength, with only 752 instead of the official 800 men on its rolls; this document shows the flexibility of unit deployments: a detachment of 337 men is reported as stationed at another fort and 46 men on escort duty with the provincial governor's staff. Further smaller detachments were at six other locations. In general, the Tablets show the Roman Empire was far more bureaucratised than thought, with millions of written documents generated every year by the army alone; the Tablets are of a more personal nature, with social letters between soldiers and their families and friends. They established beyond reasonable doubt that Roman soldiers wore underpants and used a disparaging nickname for their British hosts: Brittunculi. In Latin, the suffix -unculus is both diminutive and pejorative: the term translates as "pathetic little Brits".

The author was not referring to the provincial population as a whole, but to young trainee recruits to the regiment. So, the remark implies that indigenisation of the regiment was far from complete at that time; the common use of the Tablets implies that they may have been the normal writing material in the northwestern Empire, instead of the papyrus used in the Mediterranean. NOTE: Double-strength regiments in bold type. Roman auxiliaries

Punjab Constabulary

The Punjab Constabulary is a Law Enforcement Agency in Pakistan, responsible to maintain peace in Punjab Province by assisting Punjab Police. IG Police is Heads all subordinate Police Units. Punjab Constabulary is a Police Unit working under the command of Commandant, it takes actions to maintain Law and Order in the Province and participate in different rescue operations. Punjab Constabulary is reserve police which provides security to different personalities and Guards are deputed at different Sensitive Buildings all over the Punjab. Addl: Inspector General of Police Kunwar Shahrukh, PSP has been appointed the new Commandant of Punjab Constabulary as of 29.10.2018. The District Armed Reserves remained less static since independence. Government of Punjab created Punjab Reserve Police in 1972 with the following sanctioned strength: The strength of PRP was increased from time to time and by 1981 was as under: In 1982 the strength was enhanced to 5000 with its contingents at Lahore, Faisalabad, Multan & Gujranwala.

On 01-02-1987, PRP was renamed as “Punjab Constabulary”. A separate Anti-riot Force was raised as a unit of Punjab Police; the purpose was to reduce its dependence on rangers/army. On, the level of command was upgraded from DIG to the Addl: IGP on 27-02-2006. Now Punjab Constabulary is a borrowing agency where police officials and officers of different ranks are received from various districts and regions for a period of 02 years. On completion of 02 years period, they are repatriated to their parent districts/regions subject to provision of substitutes. ISLAMABAD, June 19, 2007: Around 1,300 personnel of Punjab Constabulary, called to reinforce the Islamabad Capital Territory police to handle the Lal Masjid crisis, demonstrated in the Aabpara Chowk on Tuesday in protest against the death of a colleague. In a major corruption case of Battalion No.3 Punjab constabulary Multan, action was taken against the guilty ones The Punjab Constabulary is constituted by the Police Order 2002 and operates under Police Rules of 1934.

Regional Police Officers and District Police Officers send demand of PC Force to IGP Punjab Lahore as per prevailing law & order situation. The AIG/Operations CPO Punjab distributes PC Force as per the demand of the Regions/Districts. Therefore, on receipt of the direction/order from CPO Punjab Lahore, the PC Force are dispatched to the concerned Districts for a limited period. Punjab Constabulary has 07 Battalions in different cities and Headquarters is situated in Farooqabad City, District Sheikhupura. Detail of Punjab Constabulary's Battalions is as under:- Detail of Sanctioned Strength of PC Force is mentioned below:- Semi-automatic rifle Submachine gun HK G3 Assault Rifle Light machine gun MP5A3 SMG Beretta 92FS Pistol Shotgun 12 Bore Sniper rifle Starting pistol 38 Special Rivolver Bren light machine gun Tear Gas Gun Long Range Shell Short Range Shell Smoke Grenades Mortar Gun 60mm Morter Gun 40mm Tear Gas Mask Chemical Mask Additional Inspector General of Police is the Commandant of Punjab Constabulary.

Hereunder, is the list of Commandants. Punjab Police Dolphin Force Elite Police Punjab Prisons Punjab Highway Patrol