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Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is a nonprofit organization concerning science and global security issues resulting from accelerating technological advances that have negative consequences for humanity. The Bulletin publishes content at both a free-access website and a bi-monthly, nontechnical academic journal; the organization has been publishing continuously since 1945, when it was founded by former Manhattan Project scientists as the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists of Chicago following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The organization is the keeper of the internationally recognized Doomsday Clock, the time of, announced each January. One of the driving forces behind the creation of the Bulletin was the amount of public interest surrounding atomic energy and rapid technological change at the dawn of the Atomic Age. In 1945 the public interest in atomic warfare and weaponry inspired contributors to the Bulletin to attempt to inform those interested about the dangers of the nuclear arms race they knew was coming and about the destruction that atomic war could bring about.

To convey the particular peril posed by nuclear weapons, the Bulletin devised the Doomsday Clock in 1947, with an original setting of seven minutes to midnight. The minute hand of the Clock first moved closer to midnight in response to changing world events in 1949, following the first Soviet nuclear test; the Clock has been set back over the years as circumstances have changed. The Doomsday Clock is used to represent threats to humanity from a variety of sources: nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, climate change, disruptive technologies. In 2015, the Bulletin unveiled its Doomsday Dashboard, an interactive infographic that illustrates some of the data the Bulletin's Science and Security Board takes into account when deciding the time of the Clock each year; as of August 2018, the Bulletin's Board of Sponsors boasts 14 Nobel Laureates In the 1950s, the Bulletin was involved in the formation of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, annual conferences of scientists concerned about nuclear proliferation, more broadly, the role of science in modern society.

The founder and first editor of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists was biophysicist Eugene Rabinowitch. He founded the magazine with physicist Hyman Goldsmith. Rabinowitch was a professor of botany and biophysics at the University of Illinois and was a founding member of the Continuing Committee for the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs. In addition to Rabinowitch and Goldsmith, contributors have included: Morton Grodzins, Hans Bethe, Anatoli Blagonravov, Max Born, Harrison Brown, Stuart Chase, Brock Chisholm, E. U. Condon, Albert Einstein, E. K. Fedorov, Bernard T. Feld, James Franck, Ralph E. Lapp, Richard S. Leghorn, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Lord Boyd Orr, Michael Polanyi, Louis Ridenour, Bertrand Russell, Nikolay Semyonov, Leó Szilárd, Edward Teller, A. V. Topchiev, Harold C. Urey, Paul Weiss, James L. Tuck, among many others. In 1949, the Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science incorporated as a not-for-profit 501 organization to serve as the parent organization and fundraising mechanism of the Bulletin.

In 2003, the Board of Directors voted to change the foundation's name to Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists began as an emergency action undertaken by scientists who saw urgent need for an immediate educational program about atomic weapons; the intention was to educate fellow scientists about the relationship between their world of science and the world of national and international politics. A second was to help the American people understand what nuclear energy and its possible applications to war meant; the Bulletin contributors believed. The aim of the Bulletin was to carry out the long, sustained effort of educating people about the realities of the scientific age; the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists seeks to educate citizens, policy makers and journalists by providing non-technical, scientifically sound and policy-relevant information about nuclear weapons, climate change, other global security issues. The Bulletin serves as a reliable, high-quality global forum for diverse international opinions on the best means of reducing reliance on nuclear weapons.

Since its inception in 1945, the Bulletin has sought to educate the American public of the continual danger posed by nuclear weapons and other global dangers, most adding climate change and disruptive technologies in the life sciences to the list of concerns. The Bulletin's leadership consists of three boards, it was announced on October 25, 2018 that California Governor Jerry Brown is joining the organization as executive chair; the Bulletin's Board of Sponsors is composed of accomplished science and security leaders from around the world. Members of the Board of Sponsors weigh in on critical issues, including the setting of the organization's Doomsday Clock; as of October 2018, the Bulletin's Board of Sponsors lists 14 Nobel Laureates. The Bulletin’s Science and Security Board is composed of globally-recognized leaders who have specific areas of expertise in nuclear risk, climate change, disruptive technologies. Members of the Science and Security Board provide the Bulletin organization and editorial staff with perspectives on trends and issues in their respective fields.

Among their duties is the annual setting of the Doomsday Clock, with input from the Board of Sponsors. The Bulletin’s Governing Board concerns itself with the “strategic direction of the organization” as well as legal and ethical considerations. Once the Soviet Union developed atomic weapons, the concern surrounding the world's de


Invisibilia is a radio program and podcast produced and hosted by Alix Spiegel and Hanna Rosin for National Public Radio. Previous seasons were hosted by Lulu Miller; the show debuted in early 2015, "explores the intangible forces that shape human behavior—things like ideas, beliefs and emotions." The program's title comes from Latin, meaning "all the invisible things". The Guardian ranked Invisibilia among "the 10 best new podcasts of 2015." Alix Spiegel was a founding producer of This American Life and freelanced for NPR's Science Desk covering psychology and human behavior. At Chicago's Third Coast International Audio Festival, Spiegel met former Radiolab producer Lulu Miller and asked her to co-produce a piece she was working on; the two began collaborating on radio stories and conceived of a new long-form program that would become Invisibilia. The show's first six-episode season aired from January to February 2015, with excerpts running on All Things Considered, Morning Edition and This American Life.

This extra exposure and Miller and Spiegel's track record helped Invisibilia debut at #1 on the iTunes podcast chart and to maintain a consistent top-ten ranking in the months following its launch. Hanna Rosin from The Atlantic joined as cohost for the second season, which premiered in June 2016 and ran for seven episodes; the third season debuted in June 2017 with Rosin as hosts. The Secret History of Thoughts Fearless How to Become Batman Entanglement The Power of Categories Our Computers Our Selves The New Norm The Personality Myth The Problem with the Solution Frame of Reference Flip the Script The Secret Emotional Life of Clothes Outside In Emotions Reality The Culture Inside Future Self True You I, I, I. Him The Other Real World What Was Not Said The Pattern Problem Everything Good The Callout The Fifth Vital Sign Post, Shoot The Weatherman The Remote Control Brain A Very Offensive Rom-Com The End of Empathy KraftLand The Profile Back When I Was Older Love and Lapses Raising Devendra How A Machine Can Predict Who You Click with

Adelaide City FC

Adelaide City Football Club is an association football club based in Adelaide, South Australia. The club was known as Juventus — the original name given to the club by its founders in Adelaide's Italian community. Adelaide City is one of Australia's most decorated sides, having been crowned national champion three times. City became one of the founding members of the National Soccer League in 1977, Australia's first national competition of any football code. Only two clubs have spent more time in the top tier of Australian soccer since national competition began. City competed in the now-defunct NSL for 27 seasons, winning its first title in 1986 under legendary coach Zoran Matić; the club went on to win two more championships under Matić in 1992 and 1994. During its national league stint, City won the NSL Cup three times – more than any other club – achieving a league/cup double in 1992. In 1987, it became the first Australian club in history to win a continental title when it claimed the Oceania Club Championship.

Adelaide City has been one of the most prolific producers of players selected for the Australian national team, with the club providing the third most Socceroos of any NSL club behind Marconi and South Melbourne. Former City NSL striker and current coach Damian Mori holds the record for the most goals scored in the national domestic league with 240 – 131 of which were scored in City colours. Tobin holds the record for playing the most senior games in Australian domestic competition with 522, including 436 for City. Since it withdrew from the NSL just before the league's final season began in 2003, Adelaide City has competed in the National Premier Leagues South Australia, it has won a record 17 first division titles in South Australia, 12 of which came before City entered the NSL in 1977 and a further five since its participation in national competition ended. City has claimed more Federation Cup titles than any other club, having won the South Australian domestic knockout title on 17 occasions.

The club's 2014 cup final win over traditional rival West Adelaide saw it qualify for the 2014 FFA Cup, in which it reached the quarter-finals and became the first NPL club to eliminate an A-League side when it defeated Western Sydney Wanderers 1–0. The club was founded in a back room of the Bailetti sports store on Hindley Street, Adelaide by the shop's owner Mario Bailetti and a small group of former members of a club called Savoia. Supported by members of the city's Italian community, the club was called Juventus after the Italian club from 1946 and subsequently renamed Adelaide Juventus in 1960. Bailetti served as chairman for the first 14 years of the club's existence and, after serving in senior executive roles with the South Australian Soccer Federation had the western grandstand of Hindmarsh Stadium named in his honour. Juventus began life in the second division of South Australian soccer, winning promotion at its first attempt. However, Juventus was relegated straight back to the second tier in 1947, where it remained for another two years.

In 1949, Juventus was promoted again and it has remained at the highest level of South Australian soccer since, save for several seasons during the club's National Soccer League stint. Early star players included Italian post-war migrant Fulvio Pagani, a fullback, selected for the Australian national team; the first of many state championships arrived in 1953. This was followed by another five titles before the end of the 1950s including an unprecedented four in-a-row between 1956 and 1959. Between 1953 and 1959, the club won 106 of six of seven championships it contested. An additional three South Australian championships were won in the 1960s and three more titles were won in the 1970s up until 1976; the club's original home was Kensington Oval, Adelaide known as Olympic Sports Field. During the club's formative years, there were signs of its potential on the national stage. Adelaide Juventus competed in the inaugural Australia Cup in 1962, finishing third in the national knockout tournament.

Its cup run produced wins over eventual national league rivals, Brisbane Azzurri and Sydney Hakoah, before it was denied a place in the final courtesy of a 3–0 loss to St George Budapest in front of 5000 spectators at Hindmarsh Stadium. Juventus reached the semi-finals of the Australia Cup again in 1963, this time having its final hopes dashed by eventual champion Port Melbourne Slavia; the club competed in all but the last edition of the tournament in 1968 but never again progressed beyond the quarter-finals. In 1977, the club renamed itself Adelaide City and became a founding member of the inaugural NSL competition; the team was captained by Frank Lister, inducted into the South Australian Soccer Hall of Fame in 2004. The club's inaugural NSL coach was Edmund Kreft. Roger Romanowicz, Ron Fraser, Fred Yung, Zoran Matić, John Perin, David Leane, Sergio Melta, Brian Northcote, John Nyskohus and Gary Marocchi started for the Black and Whites in their first national league clash, a 0–0 draw against the Brisbane Lions at Olympic Sports Field, watched by 6320 people.

City finished fourth in the first NSL season, six points behind eventual champion Eastern Suburbs renamed Sydney City. One of the main proponents of the NSL concept, City recorded the league's highest average attendance of 7400 in its first season; the club was responsible for bringing one of the new league's star recruits to Australian shores in former Celtic striker Dixie D

Pieter van der Plas I

Pieter van der Plas I or Pieter van der¨Plas the Elder was a painter active in Brussels in the first part of the 17th century. He is known for his group portraits and genre paintings. Little is known about the life of Pieter van der Plas, he is believed to have been born in Brussels or in Haarlem. It is not known with, he was active in Brussels between 1650, where he was a master of the local guild. He is believed to have died in that city between 1650 and 1661. Pieter van der Plas has sometimes been confused with the artist referred to as P. V. Plas; this artist may have been Dutch. P. V. Plas was a still life painter. Pieter van der Plas painted portraits of individuals as well as group portraits for the local guilds in Brussels; the style of his paintings is similar to that of his younger contemporary painters Gonzales Coques and Gillis van Tilborch. Two of his portrait paintings show donors distributing bread and clothes to orphans while being looked upon by the Virgin and Child with St. Anne. One of these is signed jointly by Pieter van der Plas and the younger Brussels portrait painter Pieter Meert.

In a large painting of an architect showing plans to a family in aristocratic attire against a landscape backdrop the artist animates the portrait of three generations of a family through his sense for psychology. The elder parents in black clothes are depicted on the left, their daughter stands towards the middle, while her son point towards her. At the extreme right stands the elderly couple's son; the servant filling his glass is pointing at him. His wife sits in front of him. A small running dog at the bottom center symbolizes loyalty. In the background runs a small brook the Maelbeek near Brussels. A Portrait of a man used to be believed to be a portrait of John Milton. A painting depicting a Falcon hunt shows his interest in genre painting. Media related to Pieter van der Plas I at Wikimedia Commons

Thủ Dầu Một

Thủ Dầu Một is the capital city of Bình Dương Province, located at around 10°58′0″N 106°39′0″E. The city has an area of 118.66 km², with a population of 244,277, is located 20 km north of downtown Hồ Chí Minh City, on the left bank of the Saigon River, upstream from the city. Although this is an administratively separate city, it is considered as a satellite city of the Hồ Chí Minh City Metropolitan Area. Thủ Dầu Một has 14 wards: Phú Cường Chánh Mỹ Chánh Nghĩa Định Hòa Hiệp An Hiệp Thành Hòa Phú Phú Hòa Phú Lợi Phú Mỹ Phú Tân Phú Thọ Tân An Tương Bình Hiệp Thủ Dầu Một has seen a rapid expansion and economic development since 1997, as the province has become an important industrial hub of the region. In January 2007, the city was recognized as a third-class town, it became a city in July 2012. There is a 4,200-ha urban-tech park under development. Thủ Dầu Một will be a modern city within the Hồ Chí Minh City Metropolitan Area, it became a first-class city on 6 December 2017. Hội Khánh Temple Temple of lady Thiên Hậu Khu Đại Nam thế giới du lịch Market of Thủ Dầu Một The Ông temple The lacquer village of Tương Bình Hiệp The ceramic village Prison of Phú Lợi Ancient house by the market of Thủ Dầu Một Media related to Thu Dau Mot at Wikimedia Commons

Marsh Awards for Ornithology

The five Marsh Awards for Ornithology are among over 40 Marsh Awards issued in the United Kingdom by the Marsh Christian Trust and the British Trust for Ornithology, in the field of ornithology. The awards given include: Given: For an ornithologist, making a significant contribution to the field someone who gained a PhD between ten and twenty years prior to the award being made. 2010: Dr Jenny Gill, British Ornithologists' Union President 2011: Dr Ian Hartley (former Chairman of the BOU's Ibis Management Committee 2012: Professor Jeremy Wilson, head of research for RSPB Scotland 2013: Dr Jane Reid 2014: Dr Francis Daunt 2015: Stuart Butchart 2016: Professor Will Cresswell 2017: Becki Lawson, Research Fellow at the Zoological Society of London 2018: Dr Juliet Vickery 2019: Dr Dan Chamberlain Given: For a bird club or group that publishes a book, completes a study or conducts any other exceptional activity in the preceding calendar year that advances knowledge about birds. 2010: Cheshire & Wirral Ornithology Society 2011: Henfield Birdwatch 2012: Chris Dee and the Herts Bird Club for their online bird atlas 2013: Arran Natural History Society 2014: Friends of Skokholm & Skomer 2015: Malcolm Burgess & 2016: Cross & Stratford Welsh Chough Project 2017: Bardsey Bird and Field Observatory 2018: Spurn Bird Observatory 2019: Mike Smart Introduced in 2012 to celebrate: an important contribution which takes forward our understanding of avian ecology or conservation science 2012: The BTO's Cuckoo Team for their satellite tracking project 2013: Dr Christian Rutz 2014: The Spoon-billed Sandpiper Recovery Team 2015: Mark Constantine & The Sound Approach 2016: Dick Newell and Action For Swifts 2017: Ben Kibel for his Hookpod design 2018: Dr Stuart Newson 2019: EuroBirdPortal Introduced in 2013 and awarded to: an individual scientist whose work on the international stage has had significant influence on British ornithology as reflected in the work of BTO scientists and volunteers 2013: Lars Svensson 2014: Dr Shiiwua Manu 2015: Franz Bairlein 2016: Professor Pertti Saurola 2017: Theunis Piersma 2018: David Stroud 2019: Dr Petr Voříšek Introduced in 2015 and awarded to: an individual under the age of 18 who has/have made a significant contribution to BTO bird monitoring schemes and shared this information with their peers 2015: Findlay Wilde 2016: Josie Hewitt 2017: Toby Carter 2018: Louis Driver 2019: Kabir Kaul List of ornithology awards