A bullock cart or ox cart is a two-wheeled or four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen. It is a means of transportation used since ancient times in many parts of the world, they are still used today where modern vehicles are too expensive or the infrastructure favor them. Used for carrying goods, the bullock cart is pulled by one or several oxen; the cart is attached to an ox team by a special chain attached to yokes, but a rope may be used for one or two animals. The driver and any other passengers sit on the front of the cart. Traditionally, the cargo was agrarian goods and lumber; the invention of the wheel used in transportation most took place in Sumer. Evidence of wheeled vehicles appears from the mid 4th millennium BC near-simultaneously in the Northern Caucasus, in Central Europe; the earliest vehicles may have been ox carts. Main article: Bullocky In Australia, bullock carts were referred to as bullock drays, had four wheels, were used to carry large loads. Drays were pulled by bullock teams.
The driver of a bullock team was known as a'bullocky'. Bullock teams were used extensively to transport produce from rural areas to major ports; because of Australia's size, these journeys covered large distances and could take many days and weeks. In Costa Rica, ox carts were an important aspect of the daily life and commerce between 1850 and 1935, developing a unique construction and decoration tradition, still being developed. Costa Rican parades and traditional celebrations are not complete without a traditional ox cart parade. In 1988, the traditional ox cart was declared as National Symbol of Work by the Costa Rican government. In 2005, the "Oxherding and Oxcart Traditions in Costa Rica" were included in UNESCO's Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. In Indonesia, bullock carts are used in the rural parts of the country for transporting goods and people, but more in Indonesia are horsecars used rather than bullock carts. A bullock cart driver is known in Indonesian, a bajingan.
Bullock carts were used in Malaysia before the introduction of automobiles, many are still used today. These included passenger vehicles, now used for tourists. Passenger carts are equipped with awnings for protection against sun and rain, are gaily decorated. Bullocky, Australian English term for the driver of a bullock team
Seitz Lake is a glacial tarn in the Ruby Mountains, in Elko County in the northeastern part of the state of Nevada. It is located near the head of Seitz Canyon at 40°38.2′N 115°27.4′W, at an elevation of 8915 feet. It has an area of 17 acres, a depth of up to 20 feet. Seitz Lake is a major source of flow to Rabbit Creek, which after exiting the mountains passes near the community of Spring Creek, meanders down Lamoille Valley, merges with the main branch of the Humboldt River between Halleck and Elburz, NV; the lake was named after brothers George and Edward Seitz, who were early ranchers in Pleasant Valley. George left the area, but Ed Seitz became the sheriff of Elko County in 1869
Bonnie Ross is an American video game developer and Corporate Vice President at Xbox Game Studios. Ross established and is the head of 343 Industries, the subsidiary studio that manages the Halo video game franchise, she started her college career in engineering and was one of the only women in her engineering major. Ross ended up switching to a fledgling technical writing track in the journalism department during her 1987-88 school year. Ross graduated from Colorado State University in 1989 with a degree in Technical Communication and a concentration in Physics and Computer Science. Ross' career in the video game industry began in 1994, starting as a producer working on PC sports games. In addition to the Halo franchise, she has worked on many other game titles including NBA: Inside Drive, Pandora’s Box, Zoo Tycoon, Dungeon Siege, Counter Strike, Gears of War, Jade Empire and Mass Effect. Ross was listed in Fortune magazine's 2014 article "10 powerful women in video games", which noted that she was "responsible for defining the vision and leading the Halo franchise, which has sold more than 60 million copies worldwide" and had "helped grow the Halo franchise beyond gaming" with books, video series and TV series.
The Academy of Interactive Arts and Sciences named Bonnie Ross as their 2019 Inductee to their Hall of Fame Inductee at the DICE Awards held in February 2019. She was the second female inductee in this award since the establishment. In October 2014, Ross appeared as a speaker at the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing, held in Phoenix, presenting on "Technology and How It Is Evolving Storytelling in Our Entertainment Experiences", she has made appearances as a speaker at GeekWire 2013 and Microsoft's ThinkNext 2015 in Israel. Ross was the lead speaker for Microsoft's presentation at the 2015 "E3" Electronic Entertainment Expo. Microsoft's Head of Xbox, Phil Spencer, was reported in The Huffington Post as saying, "We opened the show with Bonnie. She's got such authenticity as someone, with Xbox a long time, running our biggest franchise and being a spokesperson for the platform, the industry and'Halo.'" Ross has taken a strong stance against the use of gendered insults on Xbox Live servers, claiming that lifetime bans would be issued to those making discriminatory comments.
She has argued that game developers have a "personal responsibility" to avoid gendered stereotyping in their games. Bonnie Ross is seen as a role model, she strives to lessen the male to female gap. She has reinforced her position in hiring more female game developers so more women can find role models within the industry. Ross’s influence has been seen within the Halo franchise with the increase of female protagonists. Through speaking in many events involving women in science, technology and math she has been inspiring women to join the game development field. LinkedIn Profile Twitter Profile
Nelson Stephen Román is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. Román was born in 1960 in New York City of Puerto Rican ancestry, he was educated in the New York City public schools system. He graduated from Cardinal Hayes High School in the Bronx, he received his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1984 from Fordham University. He received his Juris Doctor in 1989 from Brooklyn Law School. Prior to receiving his J. D. he worked as a police officer in New York City for seven years. From 1989 to 1995, Román served as an Assistant District Attorney in Brooklyn and for the Special Narcotics Prosecutor, he served as a law clerk for Judge Jose A. Padilla, Jr. of the New York City Civil Court from 1995 to 1998. He served as a Judge of the New York City Civil Court from 1998 to 2002, handling housing cases during his first two years and civil matters during his final two years, he served as a Justice of the New York Supreme Court in Bronx County from 2003 to 2009 where he handled civil matters.
He served as an Associate Justice of the First Appellate Division of the New York State Supreme Court from 2009 to 2013, having been appointed to that post by Governor David Paterson. He served as President of the Puerto Rican Bar Association from 1997–1998. On September 20, 2012, President Obama nominated Román to serve as a United States District Judge for the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, to the seat vacated by Judge Richard M. Berman who took senior status on September 11, 2011. On January 2, 2013, his nomination was returned to the President, due to the sine die adjournment of the Senate. On January 3, 2013, he was renominated to the same office, he received a hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee on January 23, 2013, his nomination was reported to the floor on February 28, 2013, by voice vote. On May 9, 2013, his nomination was confirmed by a vote of 97 ayes to 0 nays, he received his commission on May 13, 2013. Nelson S. Roman at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
Nelson S. Roman at Ballotpedia
Cidaris blakei is a species of sea urchins of the family Cidaridae. Its armour is covered with spines of three types, one unique type being extended and fan-like, making it recognized. Alexander Agassiz first described it scientifically in 1878, it is present on the seabed in deep waters in the Gulf of Mexico and the Bahamas. Cidaris blakei was first described by the American zoologist Alexander Agassiz in 1878, it was among many deep sea animals dredged up from abyssal depths in the Gulf of Mexico during the explorations of the USC&GS George S. Blake, one of the first United States oceanographic research vessels, from which it derives its specific name; the genus name is Latin for a tiara worn by ancient Persian kings. Although their appearance is quite variable, other members of the genus Cidaris have long cylindrical blunt or pointed spines that are not covered with skin as are most sea urchin spines; as a result, tube worms and other epizoic organisms grow on them. The spines of C. blakei are present in three different forms, one form being broad and paddle-shaped.
They are naked and epizoics grow on them, but the function of these strange-shaped spines is unclear. This sea urchin is found in the tropical western Atlantic Ocean, its range includes the Gulf of Mexico and deepwater areas off the Bahamas, where they were collected from the seabed at depths of around 600 m. Larvae of C. blakei are planktotrophic, to say they spend a long time living in the water column, taking four months to develop from egg to metamorphosis, as a result can disperse widely. During this time they are sustained at first by the egg yolk, feed on zooplankton and phytoplankton. However, researchers think that they would be unlikely to survive the warmer temperatures present higher in the water column, are therefore unable to migrate vertically
The 2018 Bhima Koregaon violence refers to attack on visitors during an annual celebratory gathering at Bhima Koregaon to mark the 200th year of the Battle of Bhima Koregaon victory. The gathering consisted of Mahars, stone pelting by anti-social elements on the gathering resulted in death of 28-year old Rahul Patangale; the aftermath consisted of various protests across India resulting in one death, 30 policemen being injured as well as over 300 people being detained. A Maharashtra bandh was called by Prakash Ambedkar on 3 January 2018. Protests were staged all over Maharashtra. In Mumbai, suburban trains were affected due to. Investigation by the police in the following months resulted in various arrests, such as that of Rona Wilson in June 2018 under Unlawful Activities Act. In August 2018 five activists, including Varavara Rao, Arun Ferreira, Sudha Bharadwaj and Gautam Navlakha, were picked up in simultaneous raids across the country, the police alleged that the activists had ties to Maoists, apart from links to the Bhima Koregaon incident.
The 1818 Battle of Koregaon is of importance for Dalits. On 1 January 1818, 800 troops of the British Army, with Large number of Mahars predominant among them, defeated a numerically superior force of the Peshwa Baji Rao II. A victory pillar was erected in Koregaon by the British. In 1928 the Dalit leader B. R. Ambedkar led the first commemoration ceremony here. Since on 1 January every year, Ambedkarite Dalits gather at Bhima Koregaon to celebrate their victory against the so-called'upper caste' Peshwa regime of the Maratha Empire, whom they see as their oppressors. According to legend, Aurangzeb killed and mutilated Sambhaji Maharaj in 1689. Govind Mahar, from Vadhu Budruk organised the last rites; the memorial for Sambhaji Maharaj is said to have been constructed by the Dalit Mahars of that village. Soon after, Govind Mahar’s tomb was constructed in the village after his death, but Marathas refused to accept the role played by Govind Gaikwad and other Mahars in the last rites of Sambhaji Maharaj as Marathas of that village do have surname as Shivle, were vocal about in the days prior to the January violence at Bhima Koregaon in 2018.
They had specific objection to a sign at the site. Prior to the commemoration, about 250 Dalit and Bahujan groups got together under the banner of "Elgar Parishad" and organised a conference at Shaniwar Wada in Pune, the erstwhile seat of the Peshwas; the speakers included two retired judges and Jignesh Mevani, a newly elected member of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly. Meeting was organized to combat communalism and the rise in violence by Hindutva groups in the name of cow protection; the equating of Hindutva with the Peshwas is said to have irked the Hindu right-wing groups. On January 1, like every year, lakhs of Dalits poured into Bhima Koregaon; the commemoration has a record of being conducted peacefully and the village’s residents have a history of social harmony. But this year, tensions had begun to build in a neighboring village over the question of which community had conducted the last rites of Maratha ruler Sambhaji – the Mahars or the Marathas; the panchayat of Bhima Koregaon issued a notice asking residents to boycott the event by calling for all shops to remain shut that day.
Dalit rights groups staged road blocks and protest demonstrations across Maharashtra. In several parts of Pune, Pimpri-Chinchwad and Ahmednagar, stone pelting was reported. A 16-year-old boy, Yogesh Prahlad Jadhav, was killed during the protest due to injuries sustained by police caning. 2 January 2018 - An FIR was filed against'Sambhaji' Bhide and Milind Ekbote for instigating violence on Dalits. February - The Supreme Court criticised the State government and probe agencies for the slow progress in their probe against Milind Ekbote, questioning the agencies’ claims that he was ‘untraceable’. Chief minister, Devendra Fadnavis said in the state assembly that the police had raided all hotels and lodges in Pune and Kolhapur in search of Ekbote, conducted combing operations, detained his followers and examined more than 100 call records but failed to locate him. 14 March 2018 - The District Rural Police of Pune arrested Milind Ekbote. The Supreme Court cancelled his interim bail plea after he did not cooperate with the probe agencies, refusing to hand over his mobile phone and despite five summons for interrogation.
22 April 2018 - A nineteen-year-old Dalit witness, Puja Sakat, whose house was burnt in the violence, was found dead in a well. Her family alleged, her brother, Jaideep a witness, had been arrested by Pune Rural Police on charges of attempt to murder. March 2018 - A think tank called Forum for Integrated National Security consisting of retired army officers, released a report on the Bhima Koregaon riots; the report absolved the Hindu leaders Milind Sambhaji Bhide from direct involvement. Instead, it blamed the Maoists for instigating the Dalit activists, it blamed the Maharashtra Police for "apathy" and overlooking evidence. 8 June 2018: Pune Police arrested Surendra Gadling, Sudhir Dhawale, Rona Wilson, Shoma Sen and Mahesh Raut with alleged Maoist links for inciting riots. 28 August 2018: the Pune police carried out searches of nine rights activists, arrested five of them. Those arrested include Maoist ideologue Varavara Rao, lawyer Sudha Bharadwaj, activists Arun Ferreira, Gautam Navlakha and Vernon Gonsalves.
The Supreme Court ordered them to be place under "house