The Kamener Kreuz was a full cloverleaf interchange near Dortmund in North Rhine-Westphalia Germany where the Autobahnen A1 and A2 meet. It lies between the towns of Kamen and Bergkamen in the west and the city of Hamm and the municipality Bönen in the east; the Kamener Kreuz, opened in 1937, was the second interchange between two Reichsautobahnen, the first one being the Schkeuditzer Kreuz. It is used by 160,000 vehicles per day. Between 2006 and 2009, the Kamener Kreuz was renovated and upgraded to three lanes in each direction; this required to replace the old A1 bridge by a new one. Additionally, an overfly ramp from A2-East to A1-South was built, so the interchange had no longer the shape of a classic cloverleaf; the portion of the A1 between the Kamener Kreuz and Dreieck Erfttal is traditionally one of the most congested sections of Autobahn in Germany. Media related to Kamener Kreuz at Wikimedia Commons
Bundesautobahn 3 is an autobahn in Germany that links the German border with the Netherlands near Wesel in the northwest to go to the A2/A516 in Oberhausen an to the south at the Austrian border near Passau, where it continues in Austria as the A8. Major cities along its total length of 778 km include Oberhausen, Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Cologne, Frankfurt, Würzburg and Regensburg; the A 3 is a major connection between the Rhine-Ruhr area and southern Germany, resulting in heavy traffic. Large parts have three lanes in each direction, including a 300 km section between Oberhausen and Aschaffenburg; the A 3 begins at the border crossing Elten in North Rhine-Westphalia as a four-lane continuation of the Dutch A 12. Until Oberhausen the highway runs on the right bank of the Lower Rhine past the cities Emmerich and Dinslaken and reaches the Ruhrgebiet. At Kreuz Oberhausen you have to change the carriageway to stay on the A 3, as the continuous driving direction to the south forms the A 516 which starts here to the center of Oberhausen or to the east towards the A 2 towards Berlin.
From here the A 3 is six lanes developed. The cities of Oberhausen, are linked by the western Ruhr area parallel to the A 59 between Dinslaken and Düsseldorf, as well as Ratingen and the east-west highways A 42, A 40 and A 52, before the capital city of Düsseldorf is bypassed with greater distance east. In the further course up to the cross Leverkusen the A 3 runs parallel to the federal highway 59 which forms an alternative route between the cities Cologne and Duesseldorf. From Leverkusen, where the A 1 is crossed, the A 3 forms the eastern Cologne Ring. Due to the high volume of traffic, this section is congested, why a section between Cologne-Mülheim and the Heumar triangle has been expanded to eight lanes. Between Cologne-Ost and Heumarer Dreieck, the A 4 runs on a common route with the A 3. After Cologne, the motorway again six lanes and affects the city of Siegburg, where at the interchange Bonn / Siegburg the A 560 is connected to Bonn; the landscape becomes hilly, the Siebengebirge and the Westerwald are reached and the motorway changes to Rhineland-Palatinate.
As far as the Rhine-Main area, the motorway is marked by numerous gradients and gradients, the best known are in the Hallerbachtal and Elzer Berg. Runs parallel to the 2002 completed ICE high-speed line Cologne -Rhine-Main. At the triangle Dernbach, not far from Koblenz, the A48 branches off to Trier; the Westerwald district town of Montabaur is connected before the Limburg area and thus Hesse is reached. The local Lahntalbrücke serves local traffic and was replaced in 2016 by a new building with eight lanes; the route leads over the Taunus into the plain of the Rhine-Main area. At the Wiesbadener Kreuz the A66 is crossed, which connects the two largest cities of the region, Frankfurt am Main and the provincial capital Wiesbaden. After crossing the Main on the Mainbrücke Raunheim, the A67 branches off at the Mönchhof-Dreieck, forming a route to Stuttgart as well as to Switzerland. Thereafter, the A 3 crosses the grounds of Frankfurt Airport, the largest in Germany. Two runway bridges connect the northwest runway to the north of the highway.
The airport's ICE station is just north of the A 3, which cross pedestrians on a bridge to get from the station to the terminals. Afterwards, the most frequented German motorway interchange, the Frankfurter Kreuz, will pass through, connecting the A 5; until Aschaffenburg a large forest area is passed through. First, Frankfurt will drive around eight lanes south; the Frankfurt-Süd junction, located near the stadium, is the only direct link with Frankfurt. At the Offenbacher Kreuz the A 661, which bypasses Frankfurt to the east, closes; this is followed by the six-lane route again the northern cities of Offenbach am Main and Seligenstadt, which are connected with one connection point. In the middle of the Seligenstädter Triangle, which marks the end of the A 45 from Dortmund, the state border with Bavaria runs; the Main is again crossed on the Mainbrücke Stockstadt and Aschaffenburg and the suburbs Goldbach and Hösbach, in whose local layers two noise protection enclosures were built, tied. From the community Weibersbrunn the track is four-lane, but is expanded since 2014, leads across the heights of the Spessart.
Behind the third Main Crossing on the Main Bridge Bettingen the highway runs on an six-kilometer section through Baden-Württemberg. Shortly before Helmstadt, the highway is again six lanes and bypasses Würzburg south, after the triangle Würzburg-West, the A 81 branches off to Stuttgart. South of Würzburg the Main is crossed on the Mainbrücke Randersacker a fourth time. Follows the cross Biebelried, which crosses the A 7, before the A 3 is back four-lane, crosses the Main on the Main bridge Dettelbach near Kitzingen for a fifth time and continues towards Nuremberg; this section is characterized by a high traffic volume. Passing Höchstadt and Erlangen, Nuremberg is bypassed northeast; when Erlangen crosses the A 73. The motorway crosses the Nuremberg Reichswald, in which two motorway junctions lie, which connect the A 3 with the A 9 and the A 6. Behind Nuremberg, past Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate, crossed the Franconian Alb and reached the Danube valley at Regensburg. To Passau, the highway runs parallel to the river past Straubing and Deggendorf, after which the first heights of the Bavarian Forest are cr
Bönen is a municipality in the district of Unna, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated between Kamen in the west and Unna in the south. Bönen consists of the districts Altenbögge-Bönen, Bramey-Lenningsen, Nordbögge, Osterbönen and Westerbönen. Bönen has two primary schools and Goetheschule, three secondary schools, Pestalozzi-Hauptschule, Humboldt-Realschule and Marie-Curie-Gymnasium; the family friendly environment and good education offerings attract increasing numbers of young families to Bönen. The Pestalozzi-Hauptschule was founded in 1890 and received a quality certificate in 2009; the school has a partnership with Deutsche Bahn to inform children of job opportunities and support them in pursuing their careers. This school has the longest history among the schools in Bönen, as it was founded in 1840, it has a broad offering of afternoon activities like sports and music. Marie-Curie-Gymnasium started off with two teachers and 66 pupils. 2008 this first year celebrated its Abitur.
It has an excellent reputation and attracts pupils from the neighbour cities Unna and Hamm. Stefan Heinig, CEO of Kik
Bundesautobahn 1 is an autobahn in Germany. It runs from Heiligenhafen in Schleswig-Holstein to Saarbrücken, a distance of 749 km, but is incomplete between Cologne and Trier. B 207 continues north from Heiligenhafen to Puttgarden, at the end of the island of Fehmarn, with a ferry to Rødby, Denmark; the part north of Hamburg is part of the Vogelfluglinie and may be one day connected via a fixed link to Denmark. The term Hansalinie refers to the part from Lübeck south to the Ruhr Area. In Schleswig-Holstein, the initial section of the A1 begins at the junction Heiligenhafen East as a four-lane extension of the B 207 coming from the ferry port Puttgarden on the island of Fehmarn. On the peninsula Wagrien the A 1 runs west south, past the East Holstein cities of Oldenburg in Holstein and Neustadt in Holstein. In the area of the Bay of Lübeck, for a length of about 10 km the Baltic Sea coast is touched, approached up to about one kilometer at Haffkrug. Before further south the Hanseatic city of Lübeck is reached, at the triangle Bad Schwartau the A1 joins the A 226 coming from Travemünde and becomes a six lane highway.
After crossing the Lübeck city area, there is a connection to the Baltic Sea motorway A 20 in the direction of Rostock on the Lübeck interchange Lübecker Kreuz. From here the highway leads in a southwesterly direction through the district of Stormarn, past the small towns of Reinfeld and Bad Oldesloe to the motorway junction Bargteheide, the current terminus of the A 21 from Kiel. Two eastern suburbs of Hamburg and Ahrensburg, are connected. Shortly before reaching the Hamburg city area the A 1 crosses the A 24 in an elongated crossing construction, the cross Hamburg East. At Hamburg, passed on its the eastern side, the A 1 passes through the suburb of Billstedt and under the Hamburg-Billwerder rail yard in a tunnel, around 240 meters long. Following this, the A 25 to Geesthacht branches off at the triangle Hamburg South-East. After crossing the Norderelbe on a cable-stayed bridge, the main carriageway of the A 1 at the Hamburg-Süd intersection joins the main carriageway coming from Veddel, which as A 255 connects it to the Hamburg city center via Elbbrücken bridges.
At the same time, the only 1.5 km long A 252 branches off into the Hamburg harbor area. After the crossing, the main carriageway of the A 1 continues back south, crosses the Süderelbe at Hamburg-Harburg and in Lower Saxony, crosses the A 39 to Lüneburg at Maschener Kreuz. At the following Horster Dreieck the main carriageway of the A 1 changes again, the continuous relation forms the A 7 to Hannover, while the A 1 continues with four lanes to the west. Only from the Buchholz Triangle, which ties the A 261 as a connection to the A 7 in the direction of Flensburg, there are again six lanes. Before Bremen, once it crosses through the flat and sparsely populated land and is six lanes. At the Bremer Kreuz, which lies however on Lower Saxon territory, the A 27 is crossed; the A 1 now connects the southern parts of Bremen. Only a few kilometers of the route are in the area of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, where the Weser is crossed. Behind Bremen, at the Dreieck Stuhr junction near Delmenhorst, the A28 branches off towards Oldenburg.
It serves as a fast route to the northern Netherlands. Until the triangle Ahlhorner Heide, where the A 29 from the direction of Wilhelmshaven joins, the A 1 four-lane and the nature park Wildeshauser Geest is passed through, it goes - six- four-lane - back south towards Osnabrück. At Neuenkirchen-Vörden the first foothills of the low mountain ranges are passed through with the Dammer mountains. At Bramsche follows the crossing of the Wiehengebirge and Osnabrück is bypassed to the northwest. After crossing the Osnabrück branch canal, the state border with North Rhine-Westphalia is crossed three times before the A 30 is crossed at the Lotte / Osnabrück cross; the southern part, where it crosses through the Teutoburg Forest in the Tecklenburg country requires unusually steep gradients and gradients. From Lengerich, the landscape becomes flatter again and a few miles it merges into Münsterland. Münster / Osnabrück Airport is located directly on the A 1 and has its own connection point since 2010. After the six-lane bypass of Münster, the A 43 branches off at the Münster-Süd intersection into the northern Ruhr area.
Further south, the A 2 crosses at Hamm on Kamener Kreuz. After connecting Dortmund's suburb of Schwerte, the A 45 will cross to Frankfurt am Main on the Westhofener Kreuz and the A 1 will pass Hagen. Shortly before Wuppertal, the A 43 and the A 46 are connected to Düsseldorf on the Wuppertal-Nord cross. In now southwestern direction it goes through the hilly Bergische Land past the cities of Wuppertal and Remscheid, where the carriageways in the Blombachtal run separately, before starting from the cross Leverkusen with the cross with the A 3 A 1 forms the northern and western part of the motorway ring around Cologne. After crossing Leverkusen-West, the motorway crosses the Rhine on a large cable-stayed bridge, passes the Ford plant in Cologne-Niehl and crosses the A 57 at the junction Köln-Nord. After the change of direction to the south of the Cologne district Löven
Recklinghausen is the northernmost city in the Ruhr-Area and the capital of the Recklinghausen district. It borders the rural Münsterland and is characterized by large fields and farms in the north and industry in the south. Recklinghausen is the 60th-largest city in Germany and the 22nd-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia. First mentioned in 1017 as Ricoldinchuson, in 1150 the city was the center of the surrounding Vest Recklinghausen. In 1236, the city of Recklinghausen received town privileges. There is record of Jews in the city as early as 1305; as part of the County of Vest, ownership of Recklinghausen changed several times in the 15th and 16th century, in 1576, the entire county was pawned to the Elector of Cologne. In 1582-83, again in 1586, again in 1587, the city was plundered by partisan armies during the Cologne War, a feud over religious parity in Electorate of Cologne and electoral influence in the Holy Roman Empire. Recklinghausen was the site of more than 100 witchcraft trials.
The trial activity reached a climax twice: In the time period of 1580/81 and again in 1588/89. The last person to be convicted of witchcraft was Anna Spickermann. Circa 1600, the administration of the Vest Recklinghausen was divided into two parts, with the eastern part administered by Recklinghausen; the town of Recklinghausen including the parish of Recklinghausen and the parishes Ahsen, Flaesheim, Hamm-Bossendorf, Herten, Oer, Suderwich and Westerholt. Circa 1815, the Vest was made a Bürgermeisterei, with the town becoming the seat. In 1819, Herten joined the Recklinghausen Bürgermeisterei, Erkenschwick followed in 1821; as a target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, oil production at Recklinghausen/Forstezung was bombed by the RAF on 15 January 1945. Recklinghausen is home to a museum of icons, which includes more than 1,000 Orthodox works from Russia and the Balkan countries, as well as early Coptic Christian art from Egypt; the icon museum - the largest outside the Orthodox world - was founded in 1956 and reopened after renovation in February 2006 for its 50th anniversary.
The Ruhrfestpielhaus, whose remodeling in 2001 won the German Architecture Award is home of "Die Liegende Nr 5", a famous sculpture by Henry Moore. At the Lohtor in front of a memorial for the victims of World War I, there is a large sculpture made of more than 30,000 bricks by Per Kirkeby. Recklinghausen hosts the annual Ruhrfestspiele, a cultural festival with an international reputation; every year there is a cultural programme with many national and international theatrical productions starting on 1 May. In 2008 the programme included the play Speed the Plow starring Kevin Spacey and Jeff Goldblum as one of the major productions; the main theatrical stage is the Ruhrfestspielhaus but other theatres in and around Recklinghausen participate. The two major motorways crossing the area of the city are the A2 and the A43; the city is connected to the larger waterways by the Rhein-Herne-Kanal. Recklinghausen has two railway stations; the Central Station, served by Intercity and EuroCity services, the South Station.
Acre Bytom Dordrecht Douai Preston Schmalkalden Frank Busemann, decathlete Ursula Dirichs, actress Mark Dragunski, handball player Walter Giller, actor Thomas Godoj, rock singer, winner of Deutschland sucht den Superstar season 5 Fritz Emil Irrgang, Nazi politician and storm trooper Hape Kerkeling and author Rosemarie Koczy, ethnic Jew who survived concentration camps and teacher, known for her works dealing with the Holocaust Renate Künast, German politician Alliance'90/The Greens Martin Max, footballer Moguai, DJ and producer Ralf Möller, actor Ludger Pistor, actor Karl Ridderbusch, opera singer Klaus Schulten, biophysicist Bürgermeister1809–1833: Alois Joseph Wulff 1833–1839: Peter Banniza 1840–1842: Karl Boelmann 1843–1850: Franz Bracht 1854–1890: Friedrich Hagemann 1890–1899: Alexander RensingOberbürgermeister1899–1904: Albert von Bruchhausen 1904–1919: Peter Heuser 1919–1931: Sulpiz Hamm 1932–1939: Fritz Niemeyer 1939–1945: Fritz Emil Irrgang, NSDAP 1945–1946: Josef Hellermann, CDU 1946–1948: Wilhelm Bitter, CDU 1948–1952: Joseph Dünnebacke, CDU 1952–1972: Heinrich Auge, SPD 1972–1984: Erich Wolfram, SPDBürgermeister1984–1987: Erich Wolfram, SPD 1987–1998: Jochen Welt, SPDHauptamtliche Bürgermeister1998–1999: Peter Borggraefe, SPD 1999–2014: Wolfgang Pantförder, CDU 2014–2019: Christoph Tesche, CDU Museums of Recklinghausen Corpus juris of the county of Recklinghausen
European route E34
The European route E 34 is a road in Europe and a part of the United Nations International E-road network. It connects Zeebrugge, the major seaport of Bruges, with Bad Oeynhausen, a German spa town located beside the River Weser at the eastern edge of North Rhine-Westphalia. At Bad Oeynhausen the E 34 links to a major pan European east-west artery, it passes briefly, through the Netherlands, following the southern by-pass of Eindhoven. Within Germany the route follows from south-west to north-east the full length of North Rhine-Westphalia. By the early 1990s the western portion of the route, between Antwerp and the coast, was a dual carriageway with frequent intersections, the more busy of which were controlled by traffic lights and marked by 90 kilometres per hour speed limits. Starting at the Antwerp end, this part of the E 34 has more been progressively upgraded with junctions either eliminated or else replaced by motorway-style intersections; the road is still of sub-motorway quality between the coast and Zelzate, but to the east of the road tunnel under the Ghent–Terneuzen Canal, the upgrade is complete.
The upgrade from National road to Autoroute quality has been reflected in a name change, from N49 to A11: in terms of national road numbers, as long as the upgrade remains incomplete, the two names are used interchangeably or together when referring to the full length between Antwerp and Zeebrugge. In Belgium the E route numbers are given prominence at least equal to nationally assigned road numbers, so that in practice the road may be marked, using all three names, as the N49-E 34-A11. Locally the road is referred to more as the expressway; the route skirts Antwerp using the southern R1 inner ringroad which includes the Kennedy Tunnel: this is closed to vehicles with certain classes of dangerous loads. These are required to divert onto the northern R2 outer ringroad. To address the resulting delays, because the inner southern ring route itself becomes congested, a northern inner ring road for Antwerp is being planned; the German portion of the E 34 passes across the northern side of Germany's Ruhr industrial belt.
Most of the road, being progressively upgraded, is now a six lane highway. Access points are close together in this section and the route - the section between Duisburg and Dortmund - is prone to delays resulting from traffic congestion
Herten is a town and a municipality in the district of Recklinghausen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated in some 5 km west of Recklinghausen. Herten was the seat of the governors of the County of Vest Recklinghausen, an autonomous state within the Archbishopric of Cologne, its best known sights are the moated red brick castle of Schloss Herten, dating back to the 14th century, the "altes Dorf Westerholt" with its many historic half-timbered houses. Herten covers an area of 37.31 km2, with a maximum north-south extent of 9.5 km, a maximum east-west extent of 6.5 km. The municipality's highest natural point is in Scherlebeck, close to the border with Recklinghausen, with an altitude of 110 m. Herten is divided into the following urban districts: Herten borders Marl in the north, Recklinghausen in the east, Herne in the south, Gelsenkirchen in the west. Herten is twinned with: Schneeberg, Germany Arras, France Szczytno, Poland Doncaster, United Kingdom Adolf Galland, Luftwaffe General Ludger Pistor, actor Barbara Mensing, archer Christian Timm, professional footballer Official website