Bunya Mountains is a national park in the South Burnett Region, Australia. The park includes much of the mountain range called the Bunya Mountains; the park are encompasses the most westerly area of subtropical rainforest in southern Queensland and the largest population of bunya pines remaining in the world. It is situated 63 km northeast of 58 km southwest of Kingaroy; the park is known for permanent waterfalls and its views. The mild climate of the range means evening temperatures are low; the park is accessed by a steep and winding roads and is serviced with camping grounds, a network of walking tracks and several picnic grounds. The Wakka Wakka and Barrumgum tribes are the traditional owners for the bunya mountains and have inhabited and managed the mountains through traditional land-use management for thousands of years which included the cultural significant'Bunya Feasts' which would see thousands of people from surrounding tribes from Queensland and New South Wales come to the bunya mountains for these gatherings.
The Bunya grasslands are unique relics of a much cooler climate and have existed since the last ice age and have persisted due to regular burning by Indigenous people over many thousands of years known as'fire farming'. Recent core samples confirmed that Indigenous fire management was occurring on the Bunya Mountains as far back as 9,000 years ago during the Holocene era. Evidence suggests fire farming created the largest estate management in the world of the vast state and territories of Australia, performed in ceremonies, for land control, food control and farming, produce harvesting by Aboriginal people for thousands of years. Fire management has enabled the grasslands to maintain their treeless characteristic, preventing rainforest and woodland species from becoming established; the balds are considered a cultural landscape and an enduring symbol of indigenous land management which still hold significance to Indigenous people today. The BunyaBunya Mountains form part of the larger creation spiritual song line which connects the five shield volcanoes of Tweed Volcano, Glass House Mountains, The Main Range Mountains Mount Barney.
The five volcanos are known as Oobi oobi). This creation story connects these areas and the mobs/clans along these routes who co-existed harmoniously, through ceremonies, trade + economic exchange for thousands of years; the arrival of European settlers saw the removal of indigenous communities off the Bunya Mountains ending active fire management by indigenous people from 1860s onwards. During the 1860s the park was logged for red cedar, bunya pine and hoop pine and the Aboriginals were pushed out. European settlers began to enjoy the scenery in the same decade; the Bunya Sawmill opened in 1883. As the 9,112 hectare national park was declared in 1908, it makes it the second oldest national park in Queensland. A further addition to the park was donated by WA Russell MLA in 1927. Timber was still removed from the national park until about 1917; the last sawmill on the mountains closed in 1945. The first walking tracks were constructed in 1939. Carbine's chute was the first of many trenches built to assist the removal of logs off the mountains.
It can be accessed by a 1.5 km track from Munros camp. The last sawmill in the area was at Wengenville, which closed in 1961. In a successful attempt to reduce the splintering and damage to logs from falling down the steep trenches the owner of the Wengenville sawmill, Lars Anderson, used a combination of tramway, winches and flying foxes to transport logs; some of the parks bunya pines are estimated to be up to 600 years old and 25 metres high. The forests contain wild raspberry, many vines and pockets of ferns. Other trees species in the park include white silky oaks. Grass trees on Mount Kiangarow grow nearly 5 m tall and some are least several hundred years old. Scattered throughout the mountain forests are many natural clearings known as'grassy balds'; these clearings are a few hectares in area and are caused by bushfires and geological conditions. Where there a slabs of unfractured basalt soil formation and root penetration is impossible, leaving a patch in the forest. There are about 100 balds, although those caused by fire are being lost due to a lack of recent fires.
The grassy balds have a higher biodiversity than the dense rainforests, because they are home to birds and rodents not found elsewhere in the forest. The park is home to more than 200 frogs and reptiles as well as marsupials such as pademelons, rock wallabies, swamp wallabies and an endemic subspecies of ringtail possum found only on the mountain peaks. Reptile species include the blue-tongued skink, land mullet, carpet snake, red bellied black snake and brown tree snake; the mountains are part of the Bunya Mountains and Yarraman Important Bird Area which contains what is thought to be the largest population of the black-breasted button-quail. In the park, 120 species of bird have been recorded. Significant species include the wedge-tailed eagle, peregrine falcon, grey goshawk, brown cuckoo-dove, rose robin, eastern yellow robin, large-billed gerygone, Australian golden whistler; the Bunya Mountains support the most westerly populations of many rainforest dwelling species, including green catbirds, regent bowerbirds, paradise riflebirds, eastern whipbirds, noisy pittas and the Australian logrunner.
Some of the more seen species include pied currawongs, laughing kookaburras, Australian king parrots, crimson rosellas, sulphur-crested cockatoos, red-browed finches, white-browed scrubwrens, satin bowerbirds, wonga pigeons and brush turkeys. The park contains a number of waterfalls including Tim Shea F
Kaleybar, Khoda Afarin and Hurand is the 10th electoral district in the East Azerbaijan Province of Iran. This electoral district elects 1 member of parliament. MP in 1980 from the electorate of Kaleybar. Matlab Vahid MP in 1984 from the electorate of Kaleybar. Ebrahim Abbaspour MP in 1988 from the electorate of Kaleybar. Masoud Sadeghi-Azad MP in 1992 from the electorate of Kaleybar. Khanali Pourgorban MP in 1996 from the electorate of Kaleybar. Goliollah Golizadeh MP in 2000 from the electorate of Kaleybar, Khoda Afarin and Hurand. Goliollah Golizadeh MP in 2004 from the electorate of Kaleybar, Khoda Afarin and Hurand. Arsalan Fathipour MP in 2008 from the electorate of Kaleybar, Khoda Afarin and Hurand. Arsalan Fathipour MP in 2012 from the electorate of Kaleybar, Khoda Afarin and Hurand. Arsalan Fathipour "Representatives 9 terms of Islamic Consultative Assembly". Fars News Agency. Retrieved 28 July 2015. "جدول حوزه هاي انتخابيه در انتخابات نهمين دوره مجلس شوراي اسلامي". IRIB Research Center. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
"طرح اصلاح قانون تعیین محدودهٔ حوزههای انتخاباتی مجلس شورای اسلامی". Islamic Consultative Assembly. Retrieved 23 July 2015
Murder is a series of Indian thriller films produced by Mukesh Bhatt and Mahesh Bhatt. The first film was directed by Anurag Basu was released in 2004, second film by Mohit Suri was released in 2011, third film by Vishesh Bhatt was released in 2013. A fourth film titled'Murder 4' is stated to be under production. Simran, starts having an extra – marital relationship with her ex – boyfriend Sunny. Simran's husband Sudhir Sehgal keeps a detective behind her. Thus, it is revealed to Sudhir that Simran is having an affair whereas Simran learns that Sunny is a womanizer and has a girlfriend named Radhika. Sudhir buries his body. Radhika files a complaint in the police station about her missing boyfriend. Few days Sudhir keeps getting some picture of him resembling that he had buried Sunny's body, he finds that the body goes missing. In a sudden change of events, Sunny is shown to be alive, it is revealed that the entire situation, from initiating the affair to goading Sudhir into a fight was planned in advance by Sunny, with the help of Radhika.
Sunny hoped to have Sudhir imprisoned. Sunny isolates Simran and chases her into a jungle, where Sudhir arrives and the two begin to fight. Sudhir manages to beat him, Sunny leaves as he sees the couple together realizing their love for each other. However, Sunny runs up behind Sudhir with a shovel but is shot in the back by a police officer, who arrives just in time; the couple reunites with the love developed on the strong foundations of the test of mutual support and understanding to lead a married life. Arjun Bhagwat is a money-hungry ex-police officer involved in crime. An atheist, he visits church to donate money to orphans. Priya, a model, is in a confused relationship with Arjun. Priya is in love with Arjun. At the beginning of the film, he forces upon her but the relationship continues. Arjun makes a deal with a gangster and pimp, Sameer, in order to solve the mystery of unexplained disappearance of his prostitutes. While investigating, Arjun finds a phone number linked to the missing girls.
He tells Sameer to send a prostitute to the number. Sameer decides to send Reshma, a 17-year-old college newcomer in the business, who has entered prostitution to feed her family, though keeps this a secret from them. Reshma is sent to the house of Dheeraj Pandey, a psychopathic murderer responsible for torturing and killing the missing hookers, he decides to do the same with Reshma and throws her in a dark well, with the intention of torturing her till she dies. Arjun finds out that Dheeraj tells the police. While Dheeraj is held in jail, the commissioner calls a psychiatrist to extract his confession. Dheeraj tells the doctor, he reveals that he castrated himself and became a eunuch to get rid of his sex addiction, with the help of a fellow eunuch and big-shot politician, Nirmala Pandit. Dheeraj is let out under Nirmala Pandit's influence. Meanwhile, Reshma tries to find her way out through the forest. Arjun meets Dheeraj's family, he next meets a private dancer, tortured by Dheeraj, but managed to escape.
Arjun meets an idol-maker who used to work with Dheeraj. The maker tells him that Dheeraj used to make idols of devils instead of deities and killed the factory-owner who tried to stop him. Inspector Sadaa informs Arjun that Dheeraj is free, the police try to track him down as as possible. Nirmala and Dheeraj enter the same temple. Nirmala and the priest, who had both been unaware of Dheeraj's true nature, are killed by Dheeraj, but not before the priest reveals that Reshma is there. Dheeraj finds the terrified Reshma and brutally murders her, escaping just before Arjun and the cops arrive. Arjun finds Reshma's body and breaks down, feeling responsible for her death. Dheeraj targets Priya next whom he calls for a photoshoot and tries to torture, but Arjun saves her, engaging Dheeraj in a fight as police officers show up, they request Arjun not to kill Dheeraj. Dheeraj plays the tape he recorded when he was torturing Reshma. Hearing Reshma's pleading cries, tormented by her death and blaming himself for it, furiously kills Dheeraj, ending his reign of terror once and for all.
As the film ends, Arjun visits a church with Priya, implying that he had a faith in god and Priya's near death has made him realize his love for her. The film opens with Vikram, a hot-shot fashion and wildlife photographer, viewing a video of his girlfriend, Roshni telling him she is leaving him. Vikram becomes distraught. While drinking away his sorrows at a bar, he meets Nisha and they have a relationship where Nisha moves into the house that Vikram was sharing with Roshni. Vikram becomes a suspect in the disappearance of Roshni, the investigators can find no evidence of Vikram's involvement in Roshni's disappearance, it is revealed that the house is owned by a German lady who shows Roshni a secret room built to hide her husband just in case someone came to look for him because he was in British Army at the time of 1947. The room is self-contained In a flashback, it is shown that Roshni, jealous of Vikram's relationship with one of his colleague, decided to pretend she is leaving him, she creates the video saying.
The room has some on
Lathicrossa prophetica is a species of moth in the family Oecophoridae. It is endemic to New Zealand, it is classified as "Data Deficient" by the Department of Conservation. This species was described by Edward Meyrick in 1927 using a specimen collected by Selwyn Woodward at Mount Arthur in the Nelson district in January. George Hudson discussed and illustrated this species in his 1928 publication The Butterflies and Moths of New Zealand; the holotype specimen is held at London. Meyrick described. Head whitish with a few blackish scales. Palpi whitish sprinkled terminal joint with broad blackish band. Thorax pale pink mixed dark grey. Forewings somewhat dilated, apex obtuse-pointed, termen faintly sinuate. Hindwings grey finely irrorated blackish-grey; this species is endemic to New Zealand. Other than the type locality, it has been collected at Karori in Wellington, Lake Rotoroa and at Karamea Bluffs on the West Coast; this species is on the wing in January. The holotype specimen was collected at 1050m above sea-level.
This species frequents sub-alpine forest. This species has been classified as having the "Data Deficient" conservation status under the New Zealand Threat Classification System. Image of holotype specimen
Los Penitentes is a ski resort in Mendoza, Argentina about 25 km off Paso de Libertadores, which marks the border between Argentina and Chile, 180 km from Mendoza Capital City, at the foot of Mount Aconcagua on Ruta 7. The name Los Penitentes comes from the curious forms the ice on the mountain sides, which remind the viewers of "penitents" climbing the mountains or praying on their knees. In 1978, Emilio López Frugoni, a ski lover from Mendoza, bought 51 hectares of land and started a project to build a ski centre next to Mendoza City; the ski resort was inaugurated in 1979. Today the ski runs cover a surface of about 300 hectares, for all-level skiers and with ski lifts to reach different levels and runs. About 1950 people can be accommodated in Los Penitentes since there is a variety of facilities provided, such as apartments, apart hotels, hostels. In winter, the average temperature is about 1 °C, ranging between -4° and 7 °C; the weather is sunny on most days. This centre has 25 runs of different lengths and drops for beginner and expert skiers.
The season ranges from mid-June to late August. The activities that can be carried out there include ski and heli-skiing. There is a number of services available, such as ski school, snow garden, shopping center, hostels, hotels and disco. Cerro Castor Chapelco Las Leñas Cerro Catedral List of ski areas and resorts in South America Official Site Los Penitentes at welcomeargentina.com
Jasper St John Rootham, was a civil servant, central banker, merchant banker and poet. Jasper Rootham was born on 21 November 1910 in Cambridge, UK. Rootham was an only child, his paternal grandfather was the singer and conductor Daniel Wilberforce Rootham. His father Cyril Rootham was a well-known musician and composer based at St John's College, Cambridge, his mother Rosamond Margaret Rootham had been a notable suffragette, continued as a campaigner on various social issues throughout her life. Rootham studied at Tonbridge School before moving on to Cambridge. Rootham read Classics at St John's College and commenced his studies there in 1928, he became acquainted with Enoch Powell with. During his vacations Rootham travelled in France and Switzerland, gaining fluency in French and German. Rootham distinguished himself in the classics. While at St John's he found time for sport and music. Rootham started his working life as a civil servant. At the start of the Second World War, Rootham was working in the office of prime minister Neville Chamberlain, where his fluency in French and German were called upon during negotiations with the French and German governments.
After Chamberlain's resignation in May 1940, Rootham worked for Chamberlain's successor as prime minister Winston Churchill. Anxious to play his part in the war effort, Rootham resigned from the Civil Service in 1941 to join the Special Operations Executive, he was posted to Cairo where he was trained as a parachutist to be dropped into Yugoslavia. While in Cairo, he learned Russian in which he became fluent. On completion of his training he was parachuted into eastern Serbia with a small team of British soldiers as part of the Mission Greenwood-Rootham, their purpose was to support the Serb army under Draža Mihailović in their fight against the German army. Rootham became fluent in Serbo-Croat. However, the policy of the British government changed, UK support was switched from Mihailović to the communist partisans under Josip Broz Tito. At that point and his British troops were hurriedly withdrawn from Yugoslavia – an action which Rootham regarded as a betrayal of Mihailović. After the war had ended, he wrote an account of this military venture, published under the title "Miss-Fire".
In 1945, Rootham was posted to Berlin where his fluency in Russian involved him in negotiations with the Soviet army in the run-up to the Potsdam Conference. At the end of the Second World War in 1945, Rootham married Joan McClelland, a ballerina with Ballet Rambert. In 1947, they had a son John Daniel Rootham, in 1951 a daughter Catherine Virginia Rootham. Joan McClelland continued to dance with Ballet Rambert until the birth of their second child, in years she taught at Ballet Rambert. On leaving the armed forces, Rootham joined the Bank of England. In the mid-1950s Rootham and his wife travelled to Russia as part of an official delegation sent by the Bank of England. During his career at the Bank of England, Rootham travelled to meetings of the Bank for International Settlements in Basel. In 1968, Rootham left the Bank of England to join the London merchant bank Lazard Brothers, he was once heard to remark that he made more profit for Lazard in preventing unprofitable deals than in acquiring new business.
Rootham held non-executive directorships with the British Sugar Corporation and with the Agricultural Mortgage Corporation. Throughout his life, Rootham found pleasure in writing, he wrote an autobiographical account of his wartime experiences in Yugoslavia under the title "Miss-Fire". Two novels "Demi-Paradise" and "Cupid and the Willow Wood" followed, in his years Rootham published several volumes of poetry. Rootham was keen that the music of his father Cyril Rootham should be performed and heard more widely. In 1936 Cyril Rootham composed a setting of Jasper's poem City in the West for chorus, string orchestra and harp - the city is Bristol, Cyril Rootham's birthplace. From 1960 until his death in 1990, Jasper Rootham was tireless in promoting performances and recordings of Cyril's works. Several of these performances were released on LP or CD. In 1975 the BBC broadcast one of Cyril Rootham's major works, his setting of Milton's poem Ode on the Morning of Christ's Nativity.. Japser Rootham's son Dan has continued this work.
Prose 1946, Miss-Fire, Chatto & Windus. 1960, Demi-Paradise, Chatto & Windus. Poetry 1936, City in the West, set for chorus and orchestra by Cyril Rootham 1972, Verses 1928–1972, Rampant Lions Press, Cambridge. 1975, The Celestial City and other poems, Two Jays Press, Saffron Walden. 1978, Reflections from a Crag, Unit Offset Ltd, Northumberland. 1980, Selected Poems, The Weybrook Press, London. 1981, Stand Fixed in Steadfast Gaze: XIII Poems at Seventy, The Lomond Press, Kinnesswood. 1982, The Lomond Press, Kinnesswood: ISBN 0-907765-04-1 1990, Saluting the Colours, Dorset Publishing Company: ISBN 0-948699-22-1