Burgundy wine is wine made in the Burgundy region in eastern France, in the valleys and slopes west of the Saône, a tributary of the Rhône. The most famous wines produced here—those referred to as "Burgundies"—are dry red wines made from Pinot noir grapes and white wines made from Chardonnay grapes. Red and white wines are made from other grape varieties, such as Gamay and Aligoté, respectively. Small amounts of rosé and sparkling wines are produced in the region. Chardonnay-dominated Chablis and Gamay-dominated Beaujolais are formally part of the Burgundy wine region, but wines from those subregions are referred to by their own names rather than as "Burgundy wines". Burgundy has a higher number of appellations d'origine contrôlée than any other French region, is seen as the most terroir-conscious of the French wine regions; the various Burgundy AOCs are classified from delineated Grand Cru vineyards down to more non-specific regional appellations. The practice of delineating vineyards by their terroir in Burgundy goes back to medieval times, when various monasteries played a key role in developing the Burgundy wine industry.
The Burgundy region runs from Auxerre in the north to Mâcon in the south, or to Lyon if the Beaujolais area is included as part of Burgundy. Chablis, a white wine made from Chardonnay grapes, is produced in the area around Auxerre. Other smaller appellations near Chablis include Irancy, which produces red wines and Saint-Bris, which produces white wines from Sauvignon blanc. There are 100 Appellations in Burgundy and these are classified into four quality categories; these are Bourgogne, Premier Cru and Grand Cru. Eighty-five miles southeast of Chablis is the Côte d'Or, where Burgundy's most famous and most expensive wines originate, where all Grand Cru vineyards of Burgundy are situated; the Côte d'Or itself is split into two parts: the Côte de Nuits which starts just south of Dijon and runs till Corgoloin, a few kilometers south of the town of Nuits-Saint-Georges, the Côte de Beaune which starts at Ladoix and ends at Dezize-les-Maranges. The wine-growing part of this area in the heart of Burgundy is just 40 kilometres long, in most places less than 2 kilometres wide.
The area is made up of tiny villages surrounded by a combination of flat and sloped vineyards on the eastern side of a hilly region, providing some rain and weather shelter from the prevailing westerly winds. The best wines - from Grand Cru vineyards - of this region are grown from the middle and higher part of the slopes, where the vineyards have the most exposure to sunshine and the best drainage, while the Premier Cru come from a little less favourably exposed slopes; the ordinary "Village" wines are produced from the flat territory nearer the villages. The Côte de Nuits contains 24 out of the 25 red Grand Cru appellations in Burgundy, while all but one of the region's white Grand Cru wines are in the Côte de Beaune; this is explained by the presence of different soils, which favour Pinot noir and Chardonnay, respectively. Further south is the Côte Chalonnaise, where again a mix of red and white wines are produced, although the appellations found here such as Mercurey and Givry are less well-known than their counterparts in the Côte d'Or.
Below the Côte Chalonnaise is the Mâconnais region, known for producing large quantities of easy-drinking and more affordable white wine. Further south again is the Beaujolais region, famous for fruity red wines made from Gamay grapes. Burgundy experiences a continental climate characterized by hot summers; the weather is unpredictable, with rains and frost all possible around harvest time. Because of this climate, vintages from Burgundy vary considerably. Archaeological evidence establishes viticulture in Burgundy as early as the second century AD, although the Celts may have been growing vines in the region previous to the Roman conquest of Gaul in 51 BC. Greek traders, for whom viticulture had been practiced since the late Neolithic period, had founded Massalía in about 600 BC, traded extensively up the Rhône valley, where the Romans first arrived in the second century BC; the earliest recorded praise of the wines of Burgundy was written in 591 by Gregory of Tours, who compared it to the Roman wine Falernian.
Monks and monasteries of the Roman Catholic Church have had an important influence on the history of Burgundy wine. The first known donation of a vineyard to the church was by king Guntram in 587, but the influence of the church became important in Charlemagne's era; the Benedictines, through their Abbey of Cluny founded in 910, became the first big Burgundy vineyard owner over the following centuries. Another order which exerted influence was the Cistercians, founded in 1098 and named after Cîteaux, their first monastery, situated in Burgundy; the Cistercians created Burgundy's largest wall-surrounded vineyard, the Clos de Vougeot, in 1336. More the Cistercians, extensive vineyard owners as they were, were the first to notice that different vineyard plots gave different wines, they therefore laid the earliest foundation for the naming of Burgundy crus and the region's terroir thinking. Since Burgundy is land-locked little of its wine left the region in Medieval times, when wine was transported in barrels, meaning that waterways provided the only practical means of long-range transportation.
The only part of Burgundy which could reach Paris in a practical way was the area around Auxerre by means of the Yonne. This area had much more extensive vineyards until the 19th century; these were the wines referred to as vin de Bourgogne in early t
The 2016–17 Bosnia and Herzegovina Football Cup was the 21st edition of Bosnia and Herzegovina's annual football cup, a seventeenth season of the unified competition. The winner qualified to the first qualifying round of the 2017–18 UEFA Europa League. Široki Brijeg won its third title after defeating Sarajevo. Following teams will take part in 2016–17 Bosnia and Herzegovina Football Cup; as Premier League decreased its number of teams by four, each of two entities got two additional slots for national cup so they have 12 and 8 slots respectively. Roman number in brackets denote the level of respective league in Bosnian football league system in 2016-17 season Played on 21 September 2016 Played between 18 and 26 October 2016; the final was played over two legs on 10 and 17 May, 2017. Football Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina SportSport.ba
Major General Sir James Holborne of Menstrie was a Scottish soldier during the years of the English Civil War. Although he fought on the side of the English Parliament, he became a senior officer in the Scottish Army, fighting against Cromwell, he lived at Menstrie Castle, in Menstrie, central Scotland, which he had purchased in 1649. James Holborne led a brigade of infantry in the Parliamentarian army of the Earl of Essex at the first Battle of Newbury in 1643, he was with Sir William Waller's army at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge on 29 June 1644. At Stowe St Mary, near Tavistock, in January 1645, Sydenham House, a large Elizabethan mansion on the banks of the River Lyd being garrisoned for the King, was taken by Colonel Holborne. In April that year, Holborne was offered command of a regiment of foot in the New Model Army, but like several prominent Scottish and Presbyterian officers, he declined. Holborne was a Major General by 1645, when he was nominated, with the Earl of Leven, Lord Kirkcudbright, as a deputation from the Convention of Estates, the most powerful party in Scotland at that time, to open negotiations with Oliver Cromwell, whose army was at Berwick.
On 4 October 1648 Cromwell made his first visit to Edinburgh. The Lord Kirkcudbright and Major General Holborne conducted him into the city, where he was lodged in the Earl of Moray's house in the Canongate. By the autumn of 1650, James Holborne was fighting against Cromwell at the Battle of Dunbar. After the defeat of the Covenanting army by Cromwell at Dunbar, Charles II had been crowned by Argyll at Scone in Scotland, assuming personal command of the Scottish army, he managed to restrain Cromwell at Stirling for a month. Cromwell tried to turn the Scottish flank by sending a force under Colonel Overton into Fife. To defeat this attempt, Charles sent forward a contingent under two officers and James Holborne of Menstrie, with twelve hundred horse and fifteen hundred infantry, on Sunday 20 July a battle took place on the north shore of the Forth at Inverkeithing. In that encounter, Holborne showed himself uncertain of his new allegiance. At the beginning of the battle Holborne fled with his cavalry, although Brown, with a small force of infantry under Sir Hector Maclean and Sir George Buchanan fought bravely, they were defeated, the army being'cut to pieces'.
Major General Holborne arrived at Ardvreck Castle, Sutherland, as escort for James Graham, Marquis of Montrose, held captive by Neil Macleod after his defeat at Carbisdale, to be led to Edinburgh by a troop of horse by order of General David Leslie to meet his judges and his death on 4 May 1650. On 5 May, Montrose thus begun his long and humiliating captive journey, on 6 May, Major General Holborne took shelter at Skibo Castle, the home of the dowager Lady Gray. Lady Gray, being loyal to the King, requested Montrose to be seated next to her at dinner. Major General Holborne insisted on a strict military order to affairs, placed the Marquis between himself and another officer. With this breach of etiquette, the Lady Gray flew into a violent rage, seizing upon a leg of roasted mutton by the shank she confronted the Major General with "such a notable blow on his head, knocking him of his seat." The officers took alarm. Lady Gray promptly reminded them that they were her guests and as such, as gentleman they should accommodate themselves to such an adjustment of place at her table, as she considered to be correct.
Order having been restored, mutton replaced to the table, every possible civility was thereafter directed by all present toward the Marquis. On 7 May, Montrose was ferried across Dornoch Firth to Tain, where General David Leslie took personal command of the procession. Montrose was led down the east coast of Scotland on the long journey toward Edinburgh, where he was met at the town’s Watergate and the sentence of hanging and quartering was pronounced. Major General Holborne was a relation of Sir Robert Holborne, the attorney general of King James I. A "James Holburn" is recorded as having married Helen Millar on 29 July 1680 at Muthill, Perthshire in Scotland. A reference in the International Genealogical Index records a second marriage, to Margaret Gordon, which took place on 30 August 1682 at Monimail, Fife. Holborne's son named James, was admitted as advocate on 23 November 1714, becoming thereafter an Examiner in the Exchequer; this James was married at first to Janet Inglis of Cramond, to Jean, the daughter of Alexander Spital of Leuchat.
His son, another James, was created a baronet in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia. Among the descendants of Major General Holburne are Sir Alexander Holburn, 3rd Baronet, Vice-Admiral Sir Francis Holburne, Thomas William Holborne, founder of the Holburne Museum of Art in Bath, all of whom served in the Royal Navy. Menstrie Castle Holburn Baronets
The Coalition Against Insurance Fraud is a coalition of insurance organizations, government agencies and legislative bodies working to enact anti-fraud legislation, educate the public, provide anti-fraud advice. They are a resource where consumers can find scam warnings, learn where to report fraud, how to protect themselves; the Coalition was founded in 1993 after several organizations reported a heavy rise in insurance fraud and a need to stop it. In 1993, insurance fraud investigators staged several bus crashes in New Jersey; the only passengers in the busses were fraud investigators. After the crash, they received over 100 claims from people who jumped on the bus after it crashed or drove by the scene and wanted to claim insurance money saying they were injured. In response to this problem, seventeen organizations formed The Coalition Against Insurance Fraud, contributing $500,000 to finance anti-fraud efforts. At the time, The Coalition estimated. Since The Coalition has grown to include over 90 members, including GEICO, National Consumers League, First Acceptance Corp.
Healthcare Insight, Property Casualty Insurers Assoc. of America, SAS Institute, Thomson Reuters and the Virginia State Police. The Coalition's main mission is to fight insurance fraud; the Coalition empower private and public groups against fraud. Members work to control insurance costs, protect public safety, reduce crime. Three main areas of activity are: Government Affairs To enact stronger anti-fraud laws through local and grassroots campaigns Create model bills. For example, establishing insurance fraud as a specific crime. Strengthen anti-fraud bills Hold major summits Support prosecutions Communication Raise public awareness of insurance fraud, how public can fight back Empower and alert consumers Unite outreach effortsResearch Sponsor major research and surveys Journal of Insurance Fraud in America, a quarterly publication containing in-depth analysis of trends and public policy issues that may impact anti-fraud efforts FraudWire, two quarterly digital publications reporting on important developments involving legislative activity and public awareness Fraud News Weekly, a paid digital publication summarizing weekly trends on legislative and regulatory developments and federal court decisions, public outreach and media coverage, the week's fraud arrests, the latest convictions for insurance fraud, civil cases, administrative actions, upcoming meetings, seminars & conferences.
Get a Grip on Fraud: Fraud Awareness Manual, an action guide for creating memorable fraud-awareness events The Coalition has published several research studies over the past decade. Among them: Effectiveness of warnings on benefit checks, in 2000, selected insurance companies writing workers compensation coverage in the United States were surveyed to determine their experience and perceptions with printed warnings on the back of benefit checks. Four faces: why Americans do and don't tolerate fraud, to understand why people accept fraud, why individuals sometimes won't report fraud though they understand fraud raises everyone's premiums. Study includes statistical survey. Conducted to gain insight on why public tolerance of insurance fraud seems to be increasing. Both qualitative and quantitive research was used to attempt to understand how public attitudes about fraud are formed and what factors influence them. Insurer fraud measurement, a survey completed by 65 Special Investigative Unit managers from property/casualty insurers, on their practices involving measuring anti-fraud activities for case referrals, fraud savings and performance evaluations of investigators.
Prescription for Peril, examining unreported and elusive aspects of drug diversion, the role insurance fraud pays in financing prescription abuse, the high cost to insurers and consumers. Special Investigative Unit study, conducted to learn how insurers measure the performance of their Special Investigative Units. A review of the measurement systems of 52 insurers found there is little consistency from insurer to insurer in the methods they use in their performance systems. State Insurance Fraud Bureau Survey, a snapshot of state agencies’ fraud fight by the numbers, aimed at understanding the structure and overall activity of insurance fraud across the United States The Coalition issues scam alerts for common schemes, elaborating on variations and best measures for prevention and defense. Among the topics: Agents and insurers: Though most insurers and agents are honest, the Coalition warns against agents who pocket their clients' premiums, sell insurance, fake or unnecessary, or provide unneeded coverage to boost premiums.
Airbags: Counterfeit airbags have been flooding the markets and posing a deadly threat to innocent motorists. Auto repairs: Auto repair scams have been known to involve purposely damaging cars in order to inflate repair costs, padding existing repairs, or cutting corners by doing low-quality work. Bogus health plans: A tough economy can make individuals more vulnerable to buying too-good-to-be-true insurance plans Contractors & adjusters: The Coalition warns against fraudulent contractors who appear after natural disasters to offer repairs, fraudulent contractors may add damage to increase costs, illegally lower deductibles, receive pay and disappear, or do work without a license. Dental: Dental schemes involve billing for treatment, never provided, or providing treatment, not needed Discount medical cards: these cards offer discounted medical treatment or pills, but fake cards may provide no coverage or discounts Drug diversion; the abuse of prescription drugs. Medical identity theft: Medical identity schemes i
No Count Sarah is a 1958 studio album by the American jazz singer Sarah Vaughan. The title refers to the fact that Vaughan was accompanied by the Count Basie Orchestra, but without Count Basie. Reviewing the album for Allmusic, Scott Yanow gave it a four-and-a-half stars rating and called it "one of the best of all Sarah Vaughan recordings. Recommended", it features "astounding vocalese" from Vaughan on tracks including "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" and "No'Count Blues". "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" – 3:58 "Doodlin'" – 4:34 "Darn That Dream" – 3:43 "Just One of Those Things" – 2:31 "Moonlight in Vermont" – 3:19 "No'Count Blues" – 5:27 "Cheek to Cheek" – 5:09 "Stardust" – 3:17 "Missing You" – 3:28 5 January 1958 15 December 1958 23 December 1958 Sarah Vaughan - vocalsThe Count Basie OrchestraWendell Culley, Thad Jones, Snooky Young & Joe Newman - trumpet Henry Coker, Al Grey & Benny Powell - trombone Marshal Royal & Frank Wess - alto sax Frank Foster & Billy Mitchell - tenor sax Charlie Fowlkes - baritone sax Ronnell Bright - piano Freddie Green - guitar Richard Davis - double bass Sonny Payne - drums Johnny Mandel, Luther Henderson, Thad Jones & Frank Foster - arrangers
The Women's 60 metres wheelchair C was a wheelchair sprinting event held in athletics at the 1968 Summer Paralympics in Tel Aviv. Ten athletes competed. Heats were held. Carol Bryant, the only athlete to complete the race in less than 16 seconds, took the gold medal for Great Britain. American athlete Keyser finished in a comfortable second place, while the remaining competitors finished within 0.4 seconds of one another, about two seconds behind her. Israel's Zipora Rubin-Rosenbaum had finished third in the heats, but was edged out of a medal position in the final, as Daphne Hilton of Australia crossed the line 0.2 seconds ahead of her for bronze, M. Gibbs of Great Britain finished less than one tenth of a second before her, for fourth place; the top six athletes qualified for the final. For reasons unrecorded in the IPC database, E. Cox of the United States took over a minute to complete the 60 m race – more than four times as long as any other competitor