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Burleigh Head National Park

Burleigh Head is a small national park at Burleigh Heads in the City of Gold Coast in South East Queensland, Australia. The park is 90 kilometres south of Brisbane; the park is tiny. Tallebudgera Creek enters the ocean directly south of the park. No camping is permitted in the park. Access is via the Gold Coast Highway. An information centre is available. Burleigh Head National Park is a popular place for hiking and joggers because it located in a cool climate and provides great views. There are two walking tracks in the national park, one climbing the hill to the summit, about 88 m above sea level, called the Rainforest circuit and another leading around the headland just above sea level called the Ocean view circuit. Watching migrating whales from within the park is another popular activity; the headland is 80 m in height. The formation of the Burleigh headland began between 25 million years ago. At this time the Tweed Volcano was active. Molten basalt lava from the volcano eroded them all; the valleys were covered in hardened sedimentary rocks before reaching what is now the Burleigh headland.

Along Tallebudgera Creek there are sandy beaches. On the seaside part of the park are black boulders at the base of a cliff. Upstream tidal Tallebudgera Creek has a mangrove environment; the headland is an important cultural site for the local Aboriginal tribe known as the Minjungbal people. The park preserves remnant areas of mangrove forests. Western parts are dominated by dry eucalypt forest containing species such as brush box, forest red gum and grey ironbark. On the seaward facing slopes are Swamp she-oak, native hibiscus tree and Pandanus palms. There are areas of heathland and tussock grassland; the Australian brush-turkey, brahminy kites, sea eagles and koalas can be found in the park. There are lace monitors, mountain brushtail possums, common brushtail possums and common ringtail possums. Rainbow lorikeets are seen feeding on blossoms in the park; the park contains a popular walking track, known as the Oceanview Track, which connects Burleigh Heads and Tallebudgera Creek. In December 2014, the track was closed due to boulders smashing into the path as they cascaded down the slopes.

The track was re-opened in mid-2015. Protected areas of Queensland

Papyrus 16

Papyrus 16, designated by P 16, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It may have been part of a papyrus manuscript of the Pauline Corpus of letters, but now only contains Philippians 3:10-17; the manuscript has been paleographically assigned to the late 3rd century. The manuscript is written in a documentary hand. There are about 37-38 lines per page. Grenfeld and Hunt conjectured that P 16 might have been part of the same manuscript. Both manuscripts have the same formation of letters, line space, punctuation; the nomina sacra are written in an abbreviated way. The text was not corrected; the Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. Aland placed it in Category I; this manuscript diverges from the text of UBS4 8 times, from Codex Vaticanus 9 times, from Codex Sinaiticus 10 times. P16 diverges from readings of the majority of all New Testament manuscripts 11 times, it is housed at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. List of New Testament papyri Philippians 3. S..

Oxyrhynchus Papyri VII. London. Pp. 8–11. P. Oxy. VII 1009

Eucalyptus mackintii

Eucalyptus mackintii known as the blue-crowned stringybark, is a species of medium-sized tree, endemic to Victoria. It has rough, stringy bark on the trunk and branches, lance-shaped to curved adult leaves, flowers buds in groups of between seven and eleven, white flowers and cup-shaped or hemispherical fruit. Eucalyptus mackintii is a tree that grows to a height of 30 m and forms a lignotuber, it has rough, greyish or brownish bark from the trunk to the smallest branches. Young plants and coppice regrowth have oblong to egg-shaped leaves that are 45–105 mm long, 35–90 mm wide and a lighter green on the lower side. Adult leaves are the same glossy shade of green on both sides, lance-shaped to curved, 85–230 mm long and 17–55 mm wide on a petiole 13–28 mm long; the flower buds are arranged in leaf axils in groups of seven, nine or eleven on an unbranched peduncle 8–22 mm long, the individual buds on pedicels up to 5 mm long. Mature buds are 7 -- 8 mm long, 3 -- 5 mm wide with a conical operculum.

Flowering occurs in June and the flowers are white. The fruit is a woody cup-shaped or hemispherical capsule, 5–7 mm long and 9–13 mm wide with the valves near rim level. Eucalyptus mackintii was first formally described in 1990 by Michael Kottek in Australian Systematic Botany; the specific epithet honours the forester James Andrew McKinty who first recognised this species as distinct. The blue-crowned stringybark grows in the foothills of a restricted area near Lakes Entrance and to the north and east of Orbost. List of Eucalyptus species

National Laboratory of Psychical Research

The National Laboratory of Psychical Research was established in 1926 by Harry Price, at 16 Queensberry Place, London. Its aim was "to investigate in a dispassionate manner and by purely scientific means every phase of psychic or alleged psychic phenomena"; the honorary president was Lord Sands, K. C. LL. D. Acting president was H. G. Bois, the honorary director was Harry Price. In 1930 the Laboratory moved from Queensberry Square, where it had been a tenant of the London Spiritualist Alliance to 13 Roland Gardens. In 1938, its library was transferred on loan to the University of London; the National Laboratory of Psychical Research was a rival to the Society for Psychical Research. Price had a number of disputes with the SPR, most notably over the mediumship of Rudi Schneider. Price paid mediums to test them, the SPR criticized Price and disagreed about paying mediums for testing. In 1934 the Laboratory was replaced by the University of London Council for Psychical Investigation under the Chairmanship of C. E. M. Joad with Harry Price as Hon. Secretary.

John Flügel, Cyril Burt, Cecil Alec Mace and Francis Aveling were members of the Council. Price suspended the operations of the Council in 1938, it was never revived. British Journal for Psychical Research, discontinued in 1929 Proceedings of the National Laboratory of Psychical Research, volume I, discontinued in 1929 Bulletins of the National Laboratory of Psychical Research: I. Regurgitation and the Duncan Mediumship, by Harry Price, 1932 II. Fraudulent Mediums, an essay by Prof. D. F. Fraser-Harris, repr. from Science Progress, January 1932 III. The Identification of the "Walter" Prints, by E. E. Dudley, 1933 IV. An Account of Some Further Experiments with Rudi Schneider, by Harry Price, 1933 V. Schneider: The Vienna Experiments of Professors Meyer and Przibram, by Stefan Meyer and Karl Przibram, 1933 On October 7, 1930 it was claimed by spiritualists that Eileen J. Garrett made contact with the spirit of Herbert Carmichael Irwin at a séance held with Price at the National Laboratory of Psychical Research two days after the R101 disaster, while attempting to contact the recently deceased Arthur Conan Doyle, discussed possible causes of the accident.

The event "attracted thanks to the presence of a reporter. Major Oliver Villiers, a friend of Brancker, Irwin and others aboard the airship, participated in further séances with Garrett, at which he claimed to have contacted both Irwin and other victims. Price did not come to any definite conclusion about Garrett and the séances: It is not my intention to discuss if the medium were controlled by the discarnate entity of Irwin, or whether the utterances emanated from her subconscious mind or those of the sitters. "Spirit" or "trance personality" would be interesting explanations - and remarkable. There is no real evidence for either hypothesis, but it is not my intention to discuss hypotheses, but rather to put on record the detailed account of a remarkably interesting and thought-provoking experiment. Garrett's claims have since been questioned; the magician John Booth analyzed the mediumship of Garrett and the paranormal claims of R101 and considered her to be a fraud. According to Booth Garrett's notes and writings show she followed the building of the R101 and she may have been given aircraft blueprints from a technician from the airdrome.

However, the researcher Melvin Harris who studied the case wrote no secret accomplice was needed as the information described in Garrett's séances were "either commonplace absorbed bits and pieces, or plain gobblede- gook. The so-called secret information just doesn't exist." In 1931, the National Laboratory of Psychical Research took on its most illustrious case. £ 50 was paid to the medium Helen Duncan. Price had her perform a number of test séances, she was suspected of swallowing cheesecloth, regurgitated as "ectoplasm". Price had proven through analysis of a sample of ectoplasm produced by Duncan, that it was made of cheesecloth. Duncan reacted violently at attempts to X-ray her, running from the laboratory and making a scene in the street, where her husband had to restrain her, destroying the controlled nature of the test. Price wrote; the ectoplasm of Duncan in another test was analyzed by psychical researchers to be made from egg white. According to Price: The sight of half-a-dozen men, each with a pair of scissors waiting for the word, was amusing.

It came and we all jumped. One of the doctors secured a piece; the medium screamed and the rest of the "teleplasm" went down her throat. This time it wasn't cheese-cloth, it proved to be paper, soaked in white of egg, folded into a flattened tube... Could anything be more infantile than a group of grown-up men wasting time and energy on the antics of a fat female crook. Price wrote up the case in Leaves from a Psychist’s Case Book in a chapter called "The Cheese-Cloth Worshippers". Price in his report published photographs of Duncan in his laboratory that revealed fake ectoplasm made from cheesecloth, rubber gloves and cut-out heads from magazine covers which she pretended to her audience were spirits. Following the report written by Price, Duncan's former maid Mary McGinlay confessed in detail to having aided Duncan in her mediumship tricks, Duncan's husband admitted that the ectoplasm materializations to be the result of regurgitation. Duncan was caught cheating again pretending to be a spirit in the séance room.

During Duncan's famous trial in 1944, Price gave his results as evidence for the prosecution. This time Duncan and her traveling compa

Proposed Chicago south suburban airport

The proposed Chicago south suburban airport is a major airport proposed to be built in Peotone, Illinois, a south suburb of Chicago to serve increased demand of air travel throughout Chicagoland. The idea began in 1986 with a state commission formed; the two commercial airports serving Chicagoland, O'Hare and Midway, are operated by the city of Chicago. The Illinois Department of Transportation continues to acquire land in the Peotone area should the airport come to fruition; the location is controversial in terms of whether expansion of other airports would better serve increased air traffic demand. There is no official name beyond the south suburban airport, two separate plans exist; the FAA refers to both proposals as South Suburban Airport. The airport would serve as an additional airport in the Chicago metropolitan area. Supporters of the airport say it will bring new jobs to the southern suburbs and the entire Chicago region, while relieving critical runway and terminal congestion at O'Hare International Airport and Chicago Midway International Airport.

A new airport would accommodate large jet service similar to that of O'Hare, but that Midway International Airport does not offer. Critics believe the airport may be a failure like MidAmerica St. Louis Airport. Expanding O'Hare or other existing international airports in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. However, proponents of a third Chicago airport believe that Rockford and Milwaukee are not close enough to Chicago, that expanding Milwaukee's or Gary's airports for Chicago-bound travelers is not as financially beneficial to the state of Illinois as it will be to the states of Wisconsin or Indiana. Stanley Berge, a professor at Northwestern University, first proposed a Peotone airport site on November 13, 1968, his main arguments for the proposed site were that it could have fast access to Chicago by rail and highway, that the site was far enough from O'Hare Airport to avoid interfering with flight patterns there, that it would have all-weather flight safety, that the site was environmentally compatible with the surrounding area.

Berge envisioned a high-speed train service to downtown Chicago. The Peotone site was an alternative location to a proposed lake site announced during Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley’s 1967 inaugural speech, just one of many projects proposed, including a Red Line expansion; the Chicago Public Works and Aviation Department worked cohesively with the Federal Aviation Administration during the Johnson and Nixon administrations from January 1967 to January 1970 to develop a litany of needed consultant reports beginning with an appraisal report, a summary of engineering reports, graphic simulation studies for both a land and lake site. On January 27, 1970, Daley shelved plans for the airport, stating, “It was not necessary until year 2000.” Following 15 years of investment at O'Hare Airport and Midway Airport in the early 1970s, the north urban airport became a strain for the north central suburbs of Cook County in the mid 1980s. State legislators from north suburban Cook and DuPage counties applied political pressure to control expansion of O'Hare.

House and Senate legislators tried three times to pass a Metropolitan Airport Authority bill from 1985 to 1987, in an effort to alleviate airspace noise and pollution from the urban airport. Legislators compromised on a resolution, which awarded $500,000 for a transportation study for the proposed third Chicago airport. In 1986, state legislation created the Illinois Airport System Plan Policy Commission; the commission had bipartisan and tri-state support from the governors of Illinois and Wisconsin. Commissioners chose consultant Peat Marwick to develop the aviation studies; the first capacity study concluded that neither O’Hare nor Midway could meet the expanding aviation market, recommended a supplemental airport be built. South Cook Senator Angelo DeAngelis of Olympia Fields advocated for the Peotone site. DeAngelies stated, "Economic considerations would override political ones in choosing a location." Four months after the election of Mayor Richard M. Daley in August 1989, the Lake Calumet site was submitted by Daley as an alternative site to the IASPPC.

By February 5, 1990, Daley released a feasibility study for the Lake Calumet site which indicated that the $5 billion cost to construct the airport would be funded by a passenger facility charge which would generate $1.8 billion. Federal legislation sealed the passenger facility charges on August 2, 1990, in the 101st Congress's 2nd session through H. R. 5170. Nearly 2 million people in 66 municipalities and villages live in south Cook and north central Cook, which would be directly impacted both positively and negatively by an urban airport. Land restrictions of an urban airport had taken its toll on some of the members of the North Central Council of Mayors. Along with the South Suburban Council of Mayors and the Southwest Council of Mayors, this group has produced consultant reports showing negative impacts. However, it appears; the City of Chicago acquired three seats on the IASPPC, bringing the total to eleven. Political pressure by the City of Chicago ended in IASPPC members voting to eliminate all rural sites from the final vote.

The final vote selection was between Lake Calumet. IASSPPC member DeAngelis gave an emotional speech "that attacked the process and political pressure placed on the committee."Following the selection of the Lake Calumet site, Daley attempted to put a legislative bill through during the end of the legislative session. The cost of the Lake Calumet site was $10.8 billion. Senate President Pate Phillips did not s

Nikolai Utkin

Nikolai Ivanovich Utkin was a Russian graphic artist and illustrator. He served as curator of prints at the Hermitage and superintendent of the museum at the Imperial Academy of Arts, his mother was a serf on the estate of the poet Mikhail Nikitich Muravyov, assumed to have been his father. She was given in marriage to Muravyov's chamberlain, Ivan Utkin. Shortly after Nikolai's birth, they moved to Saint Petersburg. In 1785, he was manumitted and began his education at the Imperial Academy which, at that time, had a primary school. At the age of fourteen, having shown a talent for drawing, he was transferred to the engraving school, where he studied with Antoine Radigues and the German engraver, Ignatz Klauber. Four years he created eighteen engravings of antique statues, which earned him a gold medal and the right to continue at the Academy for three more years. However, in 1802, he was awarded another gold medal that conferred the right to travel abroad and he took advantage of that right as soon as possible.

Once there, he was engaged at the workshop of Charles Clément Balvay, where he helped fulfill orders as well as study. In 1810, he exhibited at the Salon, receiving a gold medal from the Académie des Beaux-Arts and the title of "Academician" from the Imperial Academy. During the French invasion of Russia, he was under house arrest and police surveillance for two years, until Napoleon's defeat, he returned to Saint Petersburg upon his release and, after Klauber's death, took his positions at the Academy and the Hermitage. In 1819, he was appointed official engraver at a salary of 3,000 rubles per year, his best-known students at the Academy included Antoni Oleszczyński, Fyodor Iordan and Yegor Ivanovich Heitman. In addition to his regular engravings, he provided illustrations for works by Vasily Zhukovsky and Gavrila Derzhavin, as well as a translation of the Iliad by Nikolai Gnedich, he became a Professor in 1831 and was named Professor Emeritus in 1840 but, at that point, he was past the height of his creative powers.

In 1850, he handed over his engraving class to Iordan. In 1860, the Academy honored him with an embossed gold medallion, his last known work, a depiction of the Holy Family, was completed just before his death in 1863. Dmitry Rovinsky, Николай Иванович Уткин, его жизнь и произведения. Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1884 Complete text online @ Google Books Galina Printseva, Николай Иванович Уткин. 1780—1863, Искусство, 1983 Media related to Nikolai Ivanovich Utkin at Wikimedia Commons