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A businessman or businesswoman is a person involved in the business sector – in particular someone undertaking activities for the purpose of generating cash flow and revenue by utilizing a combination of human, financial and physical capital with a view to fueling economic development and growth. An entrepreneur is a person who sets up businesses; the term "businessperson" may refer to a founder, owner, or majority shareholder of a commercial enterprise. The term may sometimes refer to someone, involved in an upper-level management role in a corporation, enterprise, organization, or agency. Since a "businessman" can mean anyone in industry or commerce, businessmen have existed as long as industry and commerce have existed. "Commerce" can mean "trade", trade has existed through all of recorded history. The first businessmen in human history were merchants. Merchants emerged as a "class" in medieval Italy. Between 1300 and 1500, modern accounting, the bill of exchange, limited liability were invented, thus the world saw "the first true bankers", who are businessmen.

Around the same time, Europe saw the "emergence of rich merchants." This "rise of the merchant class" came as Europe "needed a middleman" for the first time, these "burghers" or "bourgeois" were the people who played this role. Europe became the dominant global commercial power in the 16th century, as Europeans developed new tools for business, new types of business people began to use those tools. In this period, Europe developed and used paper money and joint-stock companies. Developments in actuarial science led to insurance. Together, these new tools were used by a new kind of the capitalist; these people owned or financed businesses as bankers. These capitalists were a major force in the Industrial Revolution... The newest kind of businessperson is the manager. One of the first true managers was an industrialist in Scotland, he studied the "problems of productivity and motivation", was followed by Frederick Winslow Taylor, the first person who studied work. After World War I, management became popular due to the example of Herbert Hoover and the Harvard Business School, which offered degrees in business administration.

Salaries for businesspeople vary. The salaries of the top chief executive officers can be millions of dollars per year. For example, the head of Discovery Inc. David M. Zaslav, made $156 million in 2014; the high salaries which executives earn have been a source of criticism from many who believe they are paid excessively. Some leading business theorists look to leaders in academic research on business or to successful business leaders for guidance. Collectively, these people are called "business gurus." Business magnate Entrepreneur Financier Investor Salaryman White-collar worker The dictionary definition of businessperson at Wiktionary The dictionary definition of businesswoman at Wiktionary The dictionary definition of businessman at Wiktionary

Multiple-vehicle collision

A multiple vehicle collision is a road traffic collision involving many vehicles. Occurring on high-capacity and high-speed routes such as freeways, they are one of the deadliest forms of traffic collisions; the most disastrous pile-ups have involved more than a hundred vehicles. Pile-ups occur in low-visibility conditions as drivers on freeways are sometimes caught out by driving too close to the vehicle in front and not adjusting to the road conditions. Chain-reaction crashes can occur in conditions of good visibility, when black ice or other road hazards are encountered unexpectedly as drivers round a curve or crest a hill. Another possibility is a third vehicle is too close to the initial collision to avoid hitting one or both of the vehicles. Due to the high traffic speeds on the road, if one car develops a problem and halts, those behind it cannot stop in time and may hit it. Considering that these roads have high traffic volumes, more cars are forced into braking and skidding, darting into other lanes and in front of oncoming traffic and so more vehicles become involved, creating a chain reaction effect.

Determining the cause of such collisions is difficult for investigators and it is impossible to tell if negligence caused the crash. In spite of their frequency, little formal research has been done in the United States regarding their cause or causes. Multiple-vehicle collisions are deadly as the mass of crumpled vehicles makes escape for survivors difficult. If survivors are able to exit their vehicles, other cars may strike them. Individual vehicles in a multiple-vehicle collision are hit multiple times at high speed, increasing the risk of injury to passengers who may have survived the first impact with the benefit of now-discharged protective airbags. Collisions after the initial collision may occur from the side of the vehicle, where the passenger compartment is more vulnerable. A fire in one part of the collision can spread via spilled gasoline and cover the entire crash area. Multiple-vehicle collisions can overwhelm local firefighting and police services making speedy rescues more difficult.

If the collision takes place in a remote area, getting medical help to the scene can be a daunting task. The destruction and intense heat of fires can damage roadways by melting and burning the asphalt or spalling concrete surfaces; the structural steel of bridges and overpasses can be weakened by the heat. A fiery pileup inside a tunnel is the most serious, as there is little means to escape the poisonous fumes, the confined heat may damage structural supports; the large scale of these collisions can close important highway routes for several days, or longer if highway support structures are damaged. Multiple vehicle collisions can occur in the restricted courses used in motorsports as well, most after a green flag being waved following a warm-up lap during the start of the race. Reporters and fans apply subjective guidelines as to what threshold needs to be crossed before a simple on-track incident can be described as such. NASCAR fans, for example, talk about the "Big One", where many cars can be or are involved in a wreck while running close together

Christian Martucci

Christian Martucci is an American guitarist and songwriter. As of 2015, he is the lead guitar player for the American hard rock band Stone Sour and from January 1, 2019 Black Star Riders, he was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and is a founding member of Thousand Watt Stare, Black President, the Strychnine Babies and the Chelsea Smiles. He was Dee Dee Ramone's guitarist from late 1999 to 2002 and appeared as "Chris the Creep" in Ramones's last book, Legend of a Rock Star, A Memoir: The Last Testament of Dee Dee Ramone. In recent years, he has become more known for performances with frontman Corey Taylor and as a touring guitarist for Stone Sour. In 2015, he became the replacement for Stone Sour's guitarist Jim Root. On 17 September 2018, it was announced he would replace Damon Johnson as lead guitarist in Black Star Riders from January 1, 2019. Martucci endorses Dean Guitars, with whom he released a signature model based on their popular V shape, a stark change from strat style guitars he's favored previously.

He uses or has used guitars by a variety of other brands including Gibson and Charvel. He uses Dimarzio pickups, Marshall amps and D'Addario strings. 1996: Three Song Demo Tape - The Strychnine Babies - 1997: Six Songs for Self Destruction EP - The Strychnine Babies - 1998: Kill Society/Dead Love 7" - The Strychnine Babies - 1998: This is American Punk, Vol. 1 - The Strychnine Babies - 2003: Toolbox Murders Soundtrack - California - Shithead - 2005: Nowhere Ride EP - The Chelsea Smiles - 2006: Annapolis Soundtrack - Nowhere Ride - The Chelsea Smiles - 2006: Flatout 2 In-Game Soundtrack - Nowhere Ride - The Chelsea Smiles - 2007: Park Soundtrack - Nowhere Ride - The Chelsea Smiles - 2008: Warped Tour 2008 Tour Compilation - Short List of Outspoken Suspects - Black President - 2008: Black President - Black President - 2010: Thousand Watt Stare EP - Thousand Watt Stare - 2011: Silver Dimes - Thousand Watt Stare - 2012: Heavy Hearts Benefit Compilation - Lights Out - Thousand Watt Stare - 2014: Ronnie James Dio This Is Your Life - Rainbow in the Dark - Corey Taylor, Roy Mayorga, Christian Martucci, Jason Christopher - 2015: Fear Clinic Soundtrack - The Dark - Stone Sour - 2015: Meanwhile in Burbank...

- Stone Sour - 2015: Straight Outta Burbank... - Stone Sour - 2017: Hydrograd - Stone Sour - 2019: Get It Out - Altitudes & Attitude - 2019: Negative Balance - Christian Martucci - 2019: Another State of Grace - Black Star Riders - New York Doll -

Intercity bus driver

An intercity bus driver is a bus driver whose duties involve driving a bus between cities. It is one of four common positions available to those capable of driving buses. Intercity bus drivers may be employed for private companies, it varies by country, more common. But many countries have regulations on the training and certification requirements and the hours of intercity drivers. In the United States, intercity bus driving is one of the fastest growing jobs, with attractive wages and good benefits. Besides the actual operation of the bus, duties of the intercity bus driver include cleaning and maintaining the vehicle, doing simple repairs, checking tickets of passengers or in some cases, collecting fares, loading passengers on and off the bus efficiently, handling the passengers' luggage, enforcing guidelines expected from passengers, dealing with certain types of emergencies. Good communication skills in the native language of the country and other languages spoken by a large part of the population are key.

Drivers must be able to engage in basic communication with passengers and to give them directions and other information they may need. Some countries require intercity bus drivers to fill out logs detailing the hours; this documents they are compliant with the country's laws regarding the maximum number of hours they are permitted to drive. Intercity bus drivers are required to hold a Commercial Driver's License; the requirements for this vary by country, but require more training than driving a passenger automobile. Safe driving skills and the willingness to obey traffic laws and handle driving under a variety of weather and traffic conditions are essential, as passengers expect a safe trip, the safety of those in other vehicles on the road is necessary; those hired as intercity bus are expected to have prior experience in the operation of a commercial vehicle. This may include the operation of school buses, or trucks. New hires by companies are oriented to their jobs by first riding along for one or more runs on a route driving the route under supervision of an experienced driver, or driving the route unsupervised without any passengers.

After passing the training, most new hires will only work as backups until a permanent position can be offered. Intercity bus drivers are provided with a lot of independence, though they are expected to follow a particular route and schedule as determined by their employer. On shorter routes, it is possible for a driver to make a round trip and return home on the same day, sometimes to complete a round trip multiple times in a single day. On longer routes that exceed or come close to the maximum number of hours an operator can drive, drivers will be changed over the course of the route. Either the driver will drive half the work day in one direction, switch places before driving part of a trip in the other direction on a different vehicle, or the driver will drive the maximum amount of time permitted by law in a single direction, stay overnight, complete a return trip on the following day; when the latter occurs, the employer will pay lodging and dining expenses for the driver. An issue with intercity bus drivers those on longer routes, is taking short breaks for eating and restroom use.

Stopping to meet these human needs is a necessity. But making these stops delays the trip, which many passengers want to be as quick and efficient as possible; the driver will pass these breaks onto the passengers and allow them to enjoy the benefits of the break as well. Intercity bus driving is safe but carries its risks for drivers. Accidents occur, which can be harmful to the driver and those in other vehicles involved alike. Dealing with unruly passengers can be another challenge, something which operators are not equipped to handle; such passengers can be harmful to other passengers alike. There have been incidents which have occurred involving intercity bus drivers being assaulted by passengers. One such event occurred on October 3, 2001, when Damir Igric slit a Greyhound driver's throat, resulting in seven deaths as the bus crashed. Hours of service Drivers' working hours List of bus operating companies BLS info on bus drivers

Fraser Wilkins

Fraser Wilkins was appointed the first United States ambassador to Cyprus after the country gained independence from the UK. Fraser Wilkins was born in Nebraska to Harry F. Wilkins and his wife, he graduated from Yale University. He married Anne Bryan, they had one son, Fraser Bryan Wilkins. Wilkins served in various positions as a US Foreign Service Officer, he was director of the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs in the Department of State from 1955–1957, during these years, he was stationed in Iraq, Morocco and Iran. He served as a minister-counselor in the US embassy in Tehran, Iran from 1957–1960. Wilkins was appointed the first ambassador to Cyprus in 1960, he served in this position until 1964. During his time as the US ambassador to Cyprus, there were tensions in the country between the Greek and Turkish Cypriots; the US embassy in Nicosia was bombed in February 1964. Following the two-bomb explosions, Wilkins went to the Presidential Palace to protest what happened, he oversaw the evacuation of American civilians from the country.

He told the President of Cyprus, Archbishop Makarios III, that he was not confident Cypriot police could adequately protect the American civilians. After he resigned as the US ambassador to Cyprus in 1964, the White House announced that Wilkins would be returning to Washington, D. C. to await appointment to another position. That same year, Wilkins was named inspector–general of the United States Foreign Service, he served in this position until 1971. Wilkins died of a stroke in Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, D. C. on January 21, 1989, at the age of 80

Lasse Myrvold

Lasse Mustafa Myrvold was a Norwegian musician and composer. He was raised in Stavanger, but is first and foremost known as a part of the Bergen Wave, with the pioneering Norwegian band The Aller Værste! and their Spellemannprisen winning album Materialtretthet. Myrvold played in bands like The Aller Værste!, The Beste and Kong Klang, but contributed to such projects as Stilleben, The Willkoks Talk and Göbbels a-go-go as well as the film music to the Trond Kvist film «Junkies» and «Velkommen Hjem». Unlike most of the members of the punk community, Myrvold was not self-taught, but had classical training; this was noticed by Kringkastingsorkesteret when The Aller Værste should perform at Spellemannsprisutdelingen in 1981: Myrvold wrote an orchestral arrangement of the song Bare ikke nok, so complicated that many of the orchestra members lost track. Myrvold held an impressive level of activity until the mid 80's, but while new wave music vanished and it was difficult to conduct projects, Myrvold got personal problems and were less productive.

His only full-length album in the nineties with the group Kong Klang. In 2005 he was diagnosed incurable prostate cancer; the tribute album Dans til musikken, with artists like Dum Dum Boys, Lars Lillo-Stenberg, Jan Eggum, Kate Augestad, Hopalong Knut, William Hut and Unge Frustrerte Menn was released the day after. He got to listen to the whole album. Revenues from the album is dued to the education of Myrvold's daughter Natalie. Another tribute album, which consists of underground bands, is being published; the illness did not prevent him from working on an upcoming album along with Kristian Stangebye with whom he collaborated with on the projects Göbbels a-go-go, The Willkoks Talk, Kong Klang, as well as film music. This is according to Myrvold based on an octave of thirteen tones; the album was scheduled to be released in 2007 under the name Göbbels a-go-go 13. Tore Renberg had an extensive interview with Myrvold 2006, was host at the release party for the tribute album, where Natalie made a touching speech for her father.

He died in Bergen 3 September 2006. 1980: Spellemannprisen in the class New-rock, for the album Materialtretthet 1980: Materialtretthet 1980: Blålys / På vei hjem / En av dem Den Gode Hensikt 1981: Disniland i de tusen hjem 1981: Hakk, single 1986: Bare ikke nok 1999: The Aller Værste!, compilation 1999: Kong Klang 2007: Live 1980 En internettside om Lasse Myrvold. Et langt intervju med Lasse Myrvold gjort av Tore Renberg