Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid is a 1969 American Western film directed by George Roy Hill and written by William Goldman. Based loosely on fact, the film tells the story of Wild West outlaws Robert LeRoy Parker, known as Butch Cassidy, his partner Harry Longabaugh, the "Sundance Kid", who are on the run from a crack US posse after a string of train robberies; the pair and Sundance's lover, Etta Place, flee to Bolivia in search of a more successful criminal career. In 2003, the film was selected for the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant." The American Film Institute ranked Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid as the 73rd-greatest American film on its "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies" list. Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid were ranked 20th greatest heroes on "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes and Villains". Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid was selected by the American Film Institute as the 7th greatest Western of all time in the AFI's 10 Top 10 list in 2008.
In 1899 Wyoming, Butch Cassidy is the affable, talkative leader of the outlaw Hole in the Wall Gang. His closest companion is the laconic dead-shot "Sundance Kid"; the two return to their hideout at Hole-in-the-Wall to discover that the rest of the gang, irked at Butch's long absences, have selected Harvey Logan as their new leader. Harvey challenges Butch to a knife fight over the gang's leadership. Butch defeats him using trickery, but embraces Harvey's idea to rob the Union Pacific Overland Flyer train on both its eastward and westward runs, agreeing that the second robbery would be unexpected and reap more money than the first; the first robbery goes well. To celebrate and Sundance visit a favorite brothel in a nearby town and watch, amused, as the town sheriff unsuccessfully attempts to organize a posse to track down the gang, they visit Sundance's lover, schoolteacher Etta Place. On the second train robbery, Butch uses too much dynamite to blow open the safe, blowing up the baggage car; as the gang scrambles to gather up the money, a second train arrives carrying a six-man team of lawmen pursuing Butch and Sundance, who unsuccessfully try to hide out in the brothel and to seek amnesty from the friendly Sheriff Bledsoe by enlisting in the army.
As the posse remains in pursuit, despite all attempts to elude them and Sundance determine that the group includes renowned Indian tracker "Lord Baltimore" and relentless lawman Joe Lefors, recognizable by his white skimmer. Butch and Sundance elude their pursuers by jumping from a cliff into a river far below, they learn from Etta that the posse has been paid by Union Pacific head E. H. Harriman to remain on their trail until Butch and Sundance are both killed. Butch convinces Sundance and Etta that the three should escape to Bolivia, which Butch envisions as a robber's paradise. On their arrival there, Sundance is dismayed by the living conditions and regards the country with contempt, but Butch remains optimistic, they discover that they know too little Spanish to pull off a bank robbery, so Etta attempts to teach them the language. With her as an accomplice, they become successful bank robbers known as Los Bandidos Yanquis. However, their confidence drops when they see a man wearing a white hat and fear that Harriman's posse is still after them.
Butch suggests "going straight", he and Sundance land their first honest job as payroll guards for a mining company. However, they are ambushed by local bandits on their first run and their boss, Percy Garris, is killed. Butch and Sundance ambush and kill the bandits, the first time Butch has shot someone. Etta recommends farming or ranching as other lines of work, but they conclude the straight life isn't for them. Sensing they will be killed if they return to robbery, Etta decides to go back to the United States. Butch and Sundance steal a payroll and the mules carrying it, arrive in a small town. A boy recognizes the mules' brand and alerts the local police, leading to a gunfight with the outlaws, they take cover in a building but are both wounded, after Butch makes a futile attempt to run to the mules in order to bring more ammunition, while Sundance provides cover fire. As dozens of Bolivian soldiers surround the area, Butch suggests the duo's next destination should be Australia, they charge out of the building guns blazing, directly into a firing squad.
William Goldman first came across the story of Butch Cassidy in the late 1950s and researched intermittently for eight years before starting to write the screenplay. Goldman says he wrote the story as an original screenplay because he did not want to do the research to make it as authentic as a novel. Goldman stated: The whole reason I wrote the... thing, there is that famous line that Scott Fitzgerald wrote, one of my heroes, "There are no second acts in American lives." When I read about Cassidy and Longbaugh and the superposse coming after them—that's phenomenal material. They ran to South America and lived there for eight years and, what thrilled me: they had a second act, they were more legendary in South America than they had been in the old West... It's a great story; those two guys and that pretty girl going down to South America and all that stuff. It just seems to me; the characters' flight to South America caused one executive to reject the script, as it was unusual in Western films for the protagonists to flee.
According to Goldman, when he first wrote the script and sent it out for consideration, only one studio wanted to buy it—and, with the proviso that the two lead characters did not flee to South America. When
A Missionary is a 1955 French drama film directed by Maurice Cloche and starring Yves Massard, Marie-France Planeze and René Blancard. It was shot in Cameroon; the film is in Eastmancolor. Yves Massard as Père Jean Maurel Marie-France Planèze as Geneviève René Blancard as Rouhaut Albert Préjean as Brother Timothée Jacques Berthier as Père Duval Charles Vanel as Père Gauthier Habib Benglia Anthony Carretier Claude Cerval Jean Lanier Darling Légitimus Roger Monteaux Johnny Rieu Roger Saget Crisp, Colin. French Cinema—A Critical Filmography: Volume 2, 1940–1958. Indiana University Press, 2015. A Missionary on IMDb
Palazzo Ginori is a Renaissance-style palace in Via de' Ginori # 11 in the Quartieri San Giovanni of the city of Florence, Italy. The palace was built c. 1516-1520 by Carlo Ginori, with designs attributed to Baccio d'Agnolo. The rear facade of the palace, on Via Stufa, underwent refurbishment in 1690-1701 under the architect Lorenzo Merlini and Antonio Maria Ferri, who helped refurbish the interiors; the Renaissance facade had monochrome paintings of the History of Sampson frescoed by Mariano da Pescia. The late 17th century refurbishment coincided with the marriage of Lorenzo Ginori with Anna Maria Minerbetti. Interior roomes were frescoed in 1729 by Alessandro Gherardini, Carlo Marcellini, Giovanni Domenico Ferretti, Vincenzo Meucci, Pietro Dandini and Matteo Bonechi; the work of the latter two in the gallery was redecorated by Pasquale Saviotti in 1847. Further reconstruction at the time coincided with the marriage of Lorenzo Ginori Lisci with Ottavia Strozzi, under the engineer Felice Francolini, a new monumental staircase was builtThe Ginori family has lived at this site since the 15th century.
Baccio Bandinelli lived and died in this house adjacent to the Ginori, now incorporated with the palace. The Ginori descended from a notary who came to Florence from Calenzano, in the Val di Marino, in 1304, lived close to here, his son Gino benvenuto was the first of 26 Priors of Florence, born to this family and from him they took their name. Piero his grandson, was in 1423 the first Gonfalonier of five such officials born to this family. From this family descended the Senator Carlo Ginori who founded a porcelain factory at Doccia near Florence in 1740
Queensferry railway station was a railway station located in Queensferry, Wales on the south bank of the canalised section of the River Dee. Opened on 1 May 1848 as part of the Chester and Holyhead Railway, it was one of the first stations on the line. Named Queen's Ferry, the station had two lines running through it but the stretch was quadrupled in the late 19th century. At its peak there were four platforms. Goods services were halted 4 May 1964 and passenger services 14 February 1966. In the 1980s the number of tracks running through the abandoned site were reduced back down to two. Although most of the station building have gone one platform and the ticket office remain in situ. Mitchell, Vic. Chester to Rhyl. West Sussex: Middleton Press. Figs. 32-34. ISBN 9781906008932. OCLC 795178960
The "Beckham Law" is a Spanish Tax Decree passed in June 2005. The law gained its nickname after the footballer David Beckham became one of the first foreigners to take advantage of it; however the law is aimed at all foreign workers living in Spain. Upon application and acceptance by authorities, such individuals become liable for Spanish taxes based on their Spanish income and assets but avoid such taxes on their non-Spanish income and assets. Under Spanish tax law, individuals who spend 183 days or more during a tax year in Spain are deemed tax resident. Temporary absences are ignored when determining residency unless a person can prove that he is habitually resident in another country. Thus, footballers coming to Spain would automatically become Spanish tax resident on the day count rule and, as Spanish residents, would have been liable to Spanish tax on their worldwide income and assets. However, the Royal Decree 687/2005 modifies this law with respect to wealthy foreign workers. To ease the tax burden and to attract the likes of Beckham and top executives, the government introduced amendments to the definition of tax residency.
On June 10th, 2005, the Spanish government approved Royal Decree 687/2005 implementing the Personal Income Tax regulations in relation to article 9.5 of the Spanish PIT Law. The "Beckham law", as it is known, regulates the procedure that applies to the new Spanish tax regime for expatriates in force since January 1, 2004; the change of legislation allows an individual who has relocated from another country to Spain the choice of being taxed as a Spanish resident or as a non-Spanish resident. The choice continues for the following five years. By electing to be non resident, an individual can limit their liabilities to Spanish taxation to apply to Spanish income and assets only and hence exclude their worldwide income and assets, thus under the Spanish Non-Resident Income Tax rules they may avoid tax on their worldwide income for a period of up to six tax years provided certain conditions are met. Should such an election be made, the expatriate will be subject to Spanish taxes on their Spanish source income and on their assets located or exercisable in Spanish territory, calculated at a flat 24.75% tax rate on their salary income.
This is instead of being taxed on the progressive tax scale for resident individuals during the year of becoming tax resident in Spain and for the following five consecutive years. Note that under this option the taxpayer gets no personal allowances or other deductions from gross income and thus for lower earners it does not always result in a lower tax burden. In November 2009 it was reported that the law was under review, foreigners entering Spain after 1 Jan 2010 would not be able to benefit in the same way as previously. A person cannot invoke the Beckham law if he resided in Spain in the previous 10 years prior to settling in Spain, he must have relocated to Spain to take up employment under a contract. Employment duties must be carried out in Spain, although working outside of Spain up to 15% of the time is permitted; the employer must either be a Spanish company or Spanish entity, or if not Spanish resident the employer must operate through a permanent establishment in Spain. The income derived from the employment is not deemed exempt under Spanish income tax law.
The Woodlynne School District is a community public school district that serves students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade from Woodlynne, in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its one school had an enrollment of 570 students and 33.0 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 17.3:1. The district is classified by the New Jersey Department of Education as being in District Factor Group "B", the second-lowest of eight groupings. District Factor Groups organize districts statewide to allow comparison by common socioeconomic characteristics of the local districts. From lowest socioeconomic status to highest, the categories are A, B, CD, DE, FG, GH, I and J. Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Collingswood High School in neighboring Collingswood as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Collingswood Public Schools, together with students from Oaklyn, New Jersey; as of the 2016-17 school year, the school had an enrollment of 702 students and 63.7 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 11.0:1.
Woodlynne Elementary School serves students in grades PreK-8. The school had an enrollment of 382 students in the 2014-15 school year. Core members of the district's administration are: Dr. Jack McCulley, Interim Superintendent Greg Gontowski, Business Administrator / Board Secretary Woodlynne School District Woodlynne School District's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education School Data for the Woodlynne School District, National Center for Education Statistics