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Butler County, Iowa

Butler County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,867, its county seat is Allison. The county was named for General William O. Butler. Butler County was formed on January 1851, from open land, it was named after Kentucky native William Orlando Butler, a general and hero of the Mexican–American War, who ran as Vice President of the United States in 1848. Until 1854, the county was governed by other counties. Only at this time did it have enough inhabitants to establish its own local government; the first court proceedings were conducted in a small log cabin of a settler. In 1858, the first courthouse was completed in Clarksville. After it was sold shortly thereafter to the local school district, it was used as a schoolhouse from 1863 until 1903. Clarksville was the first county seat, from 1854 to 1860; because locals became disenchanted with Butler Center, Allison was made the county seat on January 10, 1881. When the tracks of the Dubuque and Dakota Railroad were laid through Allison, the seat was moved there on January 10, 1881.

Allison was named after the Dubuque native Republican politician and senator William B. Allison. Butler County is the only county in Iowa that does not have any stop lights, four-lane roads, a hospital, or a movie theatre. There are no national fast-food chains in Butler county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 582 square miles, of which 580 square miles is land and 1.6 square miles is water. Iowa Highway 3 Iowa Highway 14 Iowa Highway 57 Iowa Highway 188 The 2010 census recorded a population of 14,867 in the county, with a population density of 25.63/sq mi. There were 6,682 housing units; as of the census of 2000, there were 15,305 people, 6,175 households, 4,470 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile. There were 6,578 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.95% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, 0.53% from two or more races.

0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,175 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.80% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.60% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.90. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, 20.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,883, the median income for a family was $42,209. Males had a median income of $30,356 versus $20,864 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,036.

About 6.50% of families and 8.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.80% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over. Austinville Kesley Sinclair Butler County is divided into sixteen townships: The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Butler County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Butler County, Iowa Butler County Tribune-Journal

Pristava nad Sti─Źno

Pristava nad Stično is a small settlement in the hills north of Stična in the Municipality of Ivančna Gorica in central Slovenia. The area is part of the historical region of Lower Carniola; the municipality is now included in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region. The name of the settlement was changed from Pristava to Pristava nad Stično in 1953. In the past the German name was Maierhof; the local church belongs to the Parish of Stična. It was built in 1497 on the site of a medieval castle where Viridis Visconti, the wife of Leopold III, Duke of Austria, lived after her husband's death in 1386 until her own death in 1414. Media related to Pristava nad Stično at Wikimedia Commons Pristava nad Stično at Geopedia

Adam Ling

Adam Ling is a New Zealand rower. He won a gold medal at the 2015 World Rowing Championships in the lightweight single sculls, but missed the Olympic qualification for the lightweight double sculls the following year. Ling was born in 1991, he received his secondary schooling at Aquinas College in Tauranga apart from his last year, which he spent at Tauranga Boys' College. He started rowing in 2005 while at Aquinas College. Ling had his first international experience at the 2012 World Rowing U23 Championships in Trakai, where he came eighth with the lightweight men's four. At the 2013 World Rowing U23 Championships in Linz, Austria, he came fourth in the lightweight men's single sculls. Ling became an elite rower in 2014, at the 2014 World Rowing Championships in Amsterdam in the Netherlands, he competed in the lightweight men's double sculls with Alistair Bond, they did not start in the final. In early 2015, Ling became national champion in the lightweight men's single sculls at Lake Ruataniwha, beating Peter Taylor.

At the 2015 World Rowing Championships in Aiguebelette, with "almost textbook-perfect race strategy" he won the A final ahead of Rajko Hrvat of Slovenia and Miloš Stanojević of Serbia. At the 2016 Final Olympic Qualification Regatta in Lucerne, Ling was partnered with Toby Cunliffe-Steel in the lightweight men's double sculls, they would have had to be within the first three spots to qualify for the 2016 Summer Olympics, but came sixth and thus missed out. At the 2017 New Zealand rowing nationals at Lake Ruataniwha, he came second to Matthew Dunham in the premier lightweight singles

The Vampire (play)

The Vampire, formally known as The Vampire. It was premiered on the London stage in 1820 as the first appearance of the vampire as an image of sophistication and nobility. James Robinson Planché was an English playwright, costume designer, a theatre antiquarian throughout the nineteenth century. Planché was born the son of Jacques Planché and Catherine Emily Planché on 17 February 1796 in Old Burlington St, London, his mother Catherine Emily Planché home schooled him until the age of eight, transitioned his education to the Revd. Mr. Farrer's boarding school in Lawrence Street, where he studied for four years. Soon after his education finished, he studied geometry and perspective for two years under landscape painter M. De Court. Planché wrote his first play in 1816, King of Little Britain, a work intended to be performed at small private theatres amongst novices and growing artists. Two years Planché's play received considerable recognition from a popular comedian at the time, a John Pritt Harley, whom staged his work at the Drury Lane Theatre on 21 April 1818.

At the time of its debut and critically acclaimed success, Planché was invited to the green room at Drury Lane where he was complimented for Amoroso, King of Little Britain’s well-admired performances, was persuaded by John Harley and actor-managers Stephen Kemble & Robert William Elliston to pursue a career in playwriting. Planché pounced at their advice, wrote several theatrical plays following Amoroso, to no success. After a fearful dry spell of successful work, Planché achieved success with the production of The Vampire, or The Bride of the Isles, performed at the Lyceum Theatre in August 1820. Following Lord Byron’s novel, Fragment of a Novel, was John Polidori’s tale The Vampyre in 1819, soon to be adapted again, only this time as an adaption for the stage by Charles Nodier in his play Le Vampire, a French melodrama, performed in Paris in June 1820. J. R Planché’s The Vampire owes a great deal of its existence to the management of proprietor Samuel James Arnold, it was during this time in Planché’s career where he developed a strong interest in antiquarian practice in regard to historical accuracy and the dramaturgy of a play’s origins.

Samuel Arnold had presented Charles Nodler’s Le Vampire to Planché in hopes for an adaption that he could put on the London stage at the Lyceum English Opera House. Planché accepted the contract, although he had some hesitance regarding the historical accuracy of the tale, he brought to Samuel a list of concerns regarding the play’s setting. In James Robinson Planché’s The Recollections and Reflections of J. R Planché,: A Professional Autobiography, Planché argued the play was inaccurate, stating confidently in his autobiography that it was wrong in “the scene of which it laid, with the usual recklessness of French dramatists, in Scotland, where the superstition never existed.” He continued to support his claims regarding the setting, arguing to “let me change it to some place east of Europe,” in Hungary, where the superstition remained true. Samuel wouldn't budge on the matter, preferring that the adaption included “Scotch music and dresses”, a popular aesthetic at the time, defended his preference by arguing that Scottish costumes and dress “were in stock” at the Lyceum.

Planché went along with Samuel's requests, resulting in immediate success and fame despite his doubts. It wasn't until the summer of 1829 when Planché revived The Vampire with his “own ideas of propriety” again at the Lyceum by the same Samuel Arnold who produced it in 1820; the French melodrama was converted into an opera for the German stage, in which Planché “wrote the libretto, laid the scene of action in Hungary, where the superstition exists to this day, in many other respects improved upon my earlier version.” He points out that “the opera was well sung, the costumes novel as well as correct.” Lord Ruthven – an ancient vampire who marries and drains the blood of young women Lady Margaret – daughter of Lord Ronald and Lord Ruthven's intended Lord Ronald – father of Margaret, best friends with Lord Ruthven Unda and Ariel – spirits who try to warn Margaret about the vampire Robert – middle-class man, friends with Ronald Effie – Robert's intended, a noblewoman Andrew – Effie's father Bridget – Lady Margaret's servant and confidante Bri, Richard, McSwill – lower class workers and servants chorus – various spirits and villagers The play begins in the Cave of Fingal on the Island of Staffa, in Scotland.

Lady Margaret lies, asleep, as spirits attempt to warn her of the dangerous vampire who will try to kill her. The vampire arrives, only to retreat due to the spirits interference; the next scene takes place in Lord Ronald's castle, where his workers are drinking and discussing Lady Margaret's disappearance and return. Rumors begin to circulate about a monster who must marry his victims in order to drain them of their blood, they say these monsters, called vampires, must do this in order to keep living. They begin to talk of Earl of Marsden, said to arrive in the morning, he is supposed to marry Lady Margaret, Robert is supposed to marry Effie on the same day. The next scene shows Margaret talking to Bridget about falling asleep in cave after becoming lost, she saw an attractive man reach out to her, but his features grew monstrous, she fled in terror, running straight into the rescue party looking for her. Margaret still feels uneasy about the events, her father, Lord Ronald, telling Margaret about the man she is going to marry.

Ronald and Lo

K. B. McFarlane

Kenneth Bruce McFarlane, FBA was one of the 20th century's most influential historians of late medieval England. He was born on 18 October 1903 and was the only child of A. McFarlane, OBE, his father was a civil servant in the Admiralty and the young McFarlane's childhood was an unhappy one. This may have led to the deep melancholy, his family sent him to public school at Dulwich College as a "day-boy." McFarlane did not like the atmosphere of the public school. In 1922 he earned a scholarship to read history at Oxford, his tutor during these years was C. T. Atkinson. Following the completion of his DPhil on the loans of Cardinal Beaufort to the English Crown, McFarlane became a fellow of Magdalen College, where he remained for the rest of his life. Many of his colleagues and students found him difficult to approach, but to those who could break through the facade he became a great and true friend. McFarlane found, through the help of his great friend Helena Wright and her family, a home and a family of sorts.

In Wright's house he found that he could be himself and find refuge from the daily grind of the University and a place of joy. McFarlane never married, his most important contribution to the field was his revision of the understanding of late medieval feudal relationships, known as "bastard feudalism". The old consensus, promoted by Bishop Stubbs, was that payment for service in feudal relationships had promoted greed and civil strife. McFarlane, pointed out the adhesive effect of such a system, other forms of patronage, as a field of common interest for The Crown and the landed aristocracy. According to Christine Carpenter in "Wars of the Roses – Politics and the constitution in England c1473-1509": "It is hard to exaggerate the impact of McFarlane's work at Oxford where he taught. A whole generation of students there was inspired to work on what had been a neglected century, she described him as being responsible for a "paradigm shift". In more recent debate, it has been pointed out that McFarlane created a "paradoxical metaphor – the image of a polluted, dirty, as it were contaminated phenomenon – of the feudalism" which led to follow-up terms as it was a late-medieval "bastard urbanism".

While house-hunting before retirement he was'ambushed by a stroke which killed him instantly'. Although his scholarship and methods have had great influence on historians, McFarlane did not publish in his own lifetime; the main sources for his scholarship are the book Lancastrian Kings and Lollard Knights, his Ford Lectures from 1953 published in 1980 as The Nobility of Later Medieval England, the essays and shorter articles published by his student G. L. Harriss in 1981 under the title England in the Fifteenth Century. Much of his influence on historiography is the result of his DPhil students, who held posts in many British universities. Letters to Friends, 1940–1966, edited by G. L. Harriss, contains a selection from the large collection of correspondence deposited with Magdalen College and published through the college in 1997; the great bulk of McFarlane's correspondence remains unpublished. The McFarlane legacy: studies in late medieval politics and society, edited by R. H. Britnell and A.

J. Pollard..'Kenneth Bruce McFarlane, 1903–1966' by K. J. Leyser. Proceedings of the British Academy, v. 62, 1976, pp. 485–506.'A don of old school. 2, pp. 26–26. K. B. McFarlane, Letters to Friends, 1940–1966, ed. G. L. Harriss

Robert Emmet Tracy

Robert Emmet Tracy was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Bishop of Baton Rouge from 1961 to 1974. Robert Tracy was born in Louisiana, to Robert Emmet and Margaret Agnes Tracy, he studied at Notre Dame Seminary. He was ordained to the priesthood on June 12, 1932, at age 22, he served as a curate at St. Leo Church in New Orleans and archdiocesan director of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, he was chaplain of the Newman Centers at Louisiana State University. He was named a Papal Chamberlain in 1947 and a Domestic Prelate in 1949. From 1954 to 1955, he was national chaplain of the Newman Club Federation. On March 13, 1959, he was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Lafayette in Louisiana and Titular Bishop of Sergentza by Pope John XXIII. Tracy received his episcopal consecration on the following May 19 from Archbishop Egidio Vagnozzi, with Bishops Maurice Schexnayder and Louis Caillouet serving as co-consecrators, he was named the first Bishop of Baton Rouge on August 10, 1961, being installed as such on the following November 8.

From 1962 to 1965, Bishop Tracy attended the Second Vatican Council. A year in 1966, he published his memoir of the Council, entitled American Bishop at the Vatican Council, he established a consultative process as an integral part of the diocesan administration, encouraged the greater participation of the laity in governing the Church. Tracy oversaw the construction of the Catholic Life Center and the renovation of St. Joseph Cathedral. In 1967, he became the first American Catholic bishop to publish a financial statement for his diocese. In 1972, he established a committee for the regulation of allowing remarried Catholics to receive the sacraments, saying, "The Church has a pastoral responsibility of healing and forgiveness", he resigned as Baton Rouge's bishop on March 1974, after twelve years of service. Tracy died at age 70; the Bishops of Baton Rouge at the Library of Congress Web Archives