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Butrint

Butrint was an ancient Greek and Roman city and bishopric in Epirus. Inhabited since prehistoric times, Buthrotum was a city of the Epirote tribe of the Chaonians a Roman colony and a bishopric, it entered into decline in Late Antiquity, before being abandoned during the Middle Ages after a major earthquake flooded most of the city. In modern times it is an archeological site in Vlorë County, some 14 kilometres south of Sarandë and close to the Greek border, it is part of the Butrint National Park. Today Bouthrotum is a Latin Catholic titular see and features the Ali Pasha Castle; the city is considered as one of the most important archaeological sites in Albania. On the strength of the immense wealth of cultural and natural value with a considerable history, Butrint was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1992 and further a National Park in 2000. Bouthroton was one of the major centres of the Epirote tribe of the Chaonians, part of the northwestern Greek group of tribes, they had close contacts to the Corinthian colony of Corcyra.

According to the Roman writer Virgil, its legendary founder was the seer Helenus, a son of king Priam of Troy, who had moved West after the fall of Troy with Neoptolemus and his concubine Andromache. Both Virgil and the Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus recorded that Aeneas visited Bouthroton after his own escape from the destruction of Troy; the earliest archaeological evidence of settled occupation dates to between 10th and 8th centuries BC, although some claim that there is earlier evidence of habitation dating from the 12th century BC. Excavation at Bouthroton has yielded Proto-Corinthian pottery of the 7th century and Corinthian and Attic pottery of the 6th century, however there are no indications of a prehistoric settlement. Bouthroton was in a strategically important position due its access to the Straits of Corfu, its location at the crossroads of mainland Greece and Magna Graecia, the Greek and the "barbarian" worlds. Thus, it became one of the two ancient ports in the other being Onchesmos.

The acropolis was erected on a hill on the bank of a lake Butrint. The first extension of the 7th century BC acropolis occurred during the 5th century BC. During the first years of the second Peloponnesian War the Corkyreans built fortifications stretching from Ksamil to Buthrotum. Buthrotum being an independent city, became subject to nearby Corfu. By the 4th century BC it had grown in importance and included a theatre, a sanctuary dedicated to Asclepius and an agora; the acropolis of Bouthrotum was protected by three circuit walls. The last and outer wall was erected around 380 BC enclosing and area of 4ha; this 870m-long wall included five gates. Two of the most important gates were known as Lion gate. Moreover, the agora, the stoas, the residential zone and the theatre were located in a separate walled area. Several inscriptions in Buthrotum describe the organization of the Chaonians in the beginning of the 3rd cent. BC. which show that they too had an annual leader called Prostates. The Greek calendar of Bouthroton appears in the oldest known computer, the so-called Antikythera Mechanism.

The theatre is known for the impressive number of inscriptions carved on its stones. Most of them deal with manumissions and give a great amount of details on the city during the Hellenistic era; the names of those slaves were exclusively Greek with a few exception of Latin ones which bore Greek family names. In 228 BC Buthrotum became a Roman protectorate alongside Corfu. In the middle of the second century BC Buthrotum was the centre of an independent state the "Koinon of the Prasaiboi", as listed in the list of the theorodokoi at the Oracle of Delphi. In the next century, it became a part of a province of Macedonia. In 44 BC, Caesar designated Buthrotum as a colony to reward soldiers who had fought for him against Pompey. Local landholder Titus Pomponius Atticus objected to his correspondent Cicero who lobbied against the plan in the Senate; as a result, only small numbers of colonists were settled. In 31 BC, Roman Emperor Augustus fresh from his victory over Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the battle of Actium renewed the plan to make Buthrotum a veterans' colony.

New residents expanded the city and the construction included an aqueduct, a Roman bath, houses, a forum complex and a nymphaeum. During that era the size of the town was doubled. A number of new structures were built next to the existing ones around the theatre and the temple of Asklepeios. In the 3rd century AD, an earthquake destroyed a large part of the town, levelling buildings in the suburbs on the Vrina Plain and in the forum of the city centre. Excavations have revealed that city had been in decline. However, the settlement survived into the late antique era, becoming a major port in the province of Old Epirus; the town of late antiquity included the grand Triconch Palace, the house of a major local notable, built around 425. The walls of the city were extensively rebuilt, most at the end of the 5th century by Byzantine Emperor Anastasius; the Ostrogoths under Indulf may have attacked Buthrotum. In the end of 6th century groups of Slavs arrived at Buthrotum. Evidence from the excavations shows that importation of commodities and oil from the Eastern Mediterranean continued into the early years of the 7th century when the early Byzantine Empire lost these provinces.

During the period of Slavic invasions and populatio

Lower Kingswood

Lower Kingswood is a village located in Surrey, just within the M25 motorway. It is between Kingswood and Reigate, is bisected by the A217 dual carriageway. Neighbouring settlements include Chipstead; the village was situated around the Brighton Road and the crossroads with Buckland Road/Smithy Lane, the centre being where the Fox On The Hill pub, now an Indian restaurant and takeaway, the Church of the Wisdom of God are located. Before the upgrading of the A217 Brighton Road to a dual carriageway, there was a pond outside the pub, where horses would stop to drink after climbing the hill and before progressing on to Reigate; the nearest railway stations are Tadworth and Reigate. Buses travel along the A217, south to Reigate and Redhill. Lower Kingswood is situated close to Junction 8 of the M25. There are several social clubs in Lower Kingswood, catering for all ages, including youth clubs such as drama and football. For the older generations there is Women's Institute; the football club is named Kingswood Terriers FC and they play in the local Epsom and Ewell Youth League.

There is a recreation ground opposite Rookery Way, which includes a play park, bike ramps and football pitches. The Kingswood Village Club has been voted CAMRA branch club of the year for four years running, from 2011 to 2014. List of places of worship in Reigate and Banstead Media related to Lower Kingswood at Wikimedia Commons

Khaan Dost

Khaan Dost is a 1976 Bollywood action film directed by Dulal Guha. The film was remade in Telugu as Mosagadu. Naive, simple-minded Ramdin Pandey lives a poor lifestyle in Nasik, along with his sister and works as a Havaldar in the Nasik Central Jail, he arranges Shanti's marriage, but the prospective groom's family want Rs.5000/- which he is unable to afford. To make matters worse, due to his simplistic job performance he has not been promoted, their jail gets a new inmate, the dreaded Rehmat Khan, found guilty of killing Ranga for attempting to molest his prostitute mistress, Zareena. Rehmat finds out about Ramdin's weakness, befriends him and uses him to escape on the pretext of visiting his ailing mother in Bombay, never returns. A furious Jailor, asks Ramdin to travel to Bombay, locate Rehmat, return or else he will not only lose his job, but be prosecuted. A hapless Ramdin agrees to do so - little knowing that soon he will be at the mercy of the cunning and cruel Rehmat as well as Ranga's vengeful brother, Jaggi.

Raj Kapoor as Havaldar Ramdin Pandey Shatrughan Sinha as Rehmat Khan Mithu Mukherjee as Zareena Yogeeta Bali as Shanti Pandey Satyendra Kapoor as Jailor Sharma Sulochana Latkar as Mrs. Khan Asit Sen as Inspector Chaubey Jagdish Raj as Mohan Maruti as Hitler Chandulal Khaan Dost on IMDb

Jru' language

Jru' is a Mon–Khmer language of the Bahnaric branch spoken in southern Laos. It is known as "Loven", "Laven" or "Boloven" from the Laotian exonym Laven or Loven, derived from the Khmer name for the Boloven Plateau; the Jru' people engage in cardamom cultivation, as well as other agricultural activities. Jru' is a variety of Laven which belongs to the Western branch of the Bahnaric languages which includes such languages as Brao. Jru' is the native language of the Jru' people, a hill tribe indigenous to the isolated mountains in Champasak and Attapeu Provinces in the central part of extreme southern Laos; the variety described here is the most-studied variety, spoken in Paksong District, Champasak in the towns of Paksong, Houeikong and various nearby villages. The sounds and syllable structure of Jru' are typical of the West Bahnaric languages in general. Words are monosyllabic although a few words have minor pre-syllables, retaining the classic Mon-Khmer sesquisyllabic structure; the register contrast seen in other Mon-Khmer languages has not been found in Jru' and, in contrast to the surrounding prestige language, Jru' has not developed phonemic tones.

Similar to the other Mon-Khmer languages of the region, Jru' ditinguishes five places of articulation in its consonant inventory and the stops can be either voiced, unvoiced or aspirated. The consonants are given below in IPA; the vowels of Jru' inherited from Proto-Mon-Khmer show three vowel heights and three tongue positions, or amount of "backness". An innovation in which Jru' developed a rounding contrast in the open-mid back vowels, results in ten vowel positions. All ten show a length contrast, giving a total of 20 monophthongs. Unlike other languages in the Southeast Asian sprachbund, the length contrast is not between short and long, but between "regular" and "extra short". Jru' additionally has three diphthongs /ia/, /ɨə/, /ua/; the diphthongs /ie/ and /uo/ are found in certain environments as allophones of /i/ and /u/, respectively. The maximal monosyllable is represented as C2V where C1 is any voiceless consonant, C2 is any consonant except one identical to C1, R is /r/ or /l/, V is any vowel or diphthong and C3 is any consonant except a voiced or aspirated stop.

The components in parentheses are not present in all words. The maximal sesquisyllabic word structure is represented C1əC2V where C1 is /p/, /k/ or /t/, C2 is /h/, /r/ or /l/, V is any vowel or diphthong and C3 is any consonant except a voiced or aspirated stop; as is the situation with most of the Mon-Khmer languages, Jru' has no indigenous writing system. However, at different points in history, various existing scripts including Quốc ngữ and Lao have been used or modified to transcribe the sounds of the language for study. During the Ong Keo Rebellion of the early 1900s, in which the Mon-Khmer hill tribes of the region joined together to resist French and Lao rule, Ong Kommandam, a speaker of the related Alak language, invented a complicated script called Khom, used for a time to write Jru'. Linguist Pascale Jacq, with the help of native speakers, has devised an orthography based on the Lao script in an attempt to provide Jru' speakers a standardized method with which to write their language.

Jacq's orthography is being used to compile a Jru'-Lao-English-French dictionary. Sidwell, Paul. A Handbook of comparative Bahnaric, Vol. 1: West Bahnaric. Pacific Linguistics, 551. Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University. Http://projekt.ht.lu.se/rwaai RWAAI http://hdl.handle.net/10050/00-0000-0000-0003-9043-C@view Jru' in RWAAI Digital Archive Consonant Ear Training

David Graham (actor)

David Graham is an English character actor and voice artist. Born in London, he trained as an actor in New York City following service in the Royal Air Force as a radar mechanic, has since worked in British television. Graham performed voice work for Thunderbirds during the 1960s. Graham played several characters in the science-fiction TV series Doctor Who during the 1960s and 1970s, most notably Dalek voices in the serials The Daleks, The Dalek Invasion of Earth, The Chase and The Daleks' Master Plan, he performed in person as barman Charlie in The Gunfighters and as time-travel scientist Professor Kerensky in City of Death. Graham provided the regular voices of Gordon Tracy, Brains and Kyrano for the Supermarionation TV series Thunderbirds, as well as its film sequels: Thunderbirds Are Go and Thunderbird 6. Other credits from his association with Thunderbirds producer Gerry Anderson include Four Feather Falls, Fireball XL5, Stingray and The Secret Service. Graham has appeared in Callan, Timeslip, So Haunt Me, Danger Man, The Saint, Howards' Way, Softly, Armchair Thriller, Ace of Wands, The Regiment, The Bill, The Fixer, The Sentimental Agent and The Avengers.

He contributed puppet voices to two episodes of The Tomorrow People. He guest starred in the second series of the 1970s drama When the Boat Comes In and had a recurring role in the fourth series of the show as "Morty Black", the American Businessman and friend of the main character Jack Ford played by James Bolam. In the "1984" television Super Bowl advert, filmed in 1983 to introduce the Apple Macintosh computer, Graham played the role of Big Brother, his other voice work includes the animated children's TV series Moomin and Dominion: Tank Police. More Graham provided the voices of Grandpa in Peppa Pig and Wise Old Elf in Ben and Holly's Little Kingdom, he reprised the voice of Parker in Thunderbirds Are Go, the 2015 remake of Thunderbirds, broadcast early 2015 in the UK. In February 2013, Graham was interviewed by Paddy O'Connell for BBC Radio 2 about his role as one of the early voices of the Daleks, following the death of the Dalek designer Raymond Cusick. Danger Within – Lt. Moxhay Trouble with Eve – Car Driver Crossroads to CrimeJohnny K.

I. L. 1 – Alvero Belda Thunderbirds – Gordon Tracy / Brains / Parker / Kyrano Doctor Who – Daleks / Charlie / Kerensky Dr. Who and the Daleks – Daleks The Pleasure Girls – 1st Gambler Daleks' Invasion Earth 2150 A. D. – Daleks Thunderbirds Are GO – Gordon Tracy / Brains / Aloysius Parker Thunderbird 6 – Gordon Tracy / Brains / Aloysius Parker / Kyrano / Indian Stall-Keeper Freelance – General Callan – Wireless operator Tenebrae – Det. Germani Supergirl – Party Guest King DavidEphraimite Elder Moomin – Snork Leon the Pig Farmer – The Chef Asterix & Obelix Take On Caesar – Wild Flowers – Trip Peppa Pig – Grandpa Pig / Mr. Zebra the Postman Peppa Pig: Flying a Kite and Other Stories – Grandpa Pig Ben and Holly's Little Kingdom – Wise Old Elf Thunderbirds Are Go – Parker Braman Official website David Graham on IMDb

Lucy Neville-Rolfe

Lucy Neville-Rolfe, Baroness Neville-Rolfe, is a British Conservative politician and Chairman of Assured Food Standards, a former Commercial Secretary to the Treasury. She served as Minister of State for Energy and Intellectual Property at the Department for Business and Industrial Strategy from July 2016 to December 2016, she worked at Tesco PLC, serving on the Board of Directors from 2006. She was appointed a Life Peer in the House of Lords in 2013. Neville-Rolfe is a former senior civil servant and worked at the Ministry for Agriculture and Food from 1973 to 1992, the Prime Minister's Policy Unit at 10 Downing Street from 1992 to 1994. Neville-Rolfe was born at Wardour, where she lived on a farm with her parents and four siblings, she attended Catholic convent schools before studying Philosophy and economics at Somerville College, Oxford. She graduated with an MA, she is an Honorary Fellow of the College. After leaving university, Neville-Rolfe worked in the Civil Service, she worked at the Ministry for Agriculture and Food from 1973-1992.

She was a Member of the Prime Minister's Policy Unit from 1992 to 1994. She served as Director of the Deregulation Unit in the Cabinet Office from 1995-97. Neville-Rolfe took up a position at Tesco and served as Group Director of Corporate Affairs from 1997 to 2006, she served as Company Secretary from 2004-2006. She served on the Board from 2006 as Executive Director until she retired in January 2013. While at Tesco the company moved from its core UK grocery roots into non-food services – and 13 overseas markets across the world. National Life Stories conducted an oral history interview with Neville-Rolfe in 2005-2008 for its Tesco - An Oral History collection held by the British Library. Neville-Rolfe joined the House of Lords as a Conservative Peer in October 2013 and served as Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department for Business and Skills and Minister for Intellectual Property from July 2014 until July 2016. From May 2015 she was Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department for Culture and Sport.

Neville-Rolfe was appointed Minister of State at the Department for Business and Industrial Strategy on 17 July 2016. Before assuming her ministerial responsibilities she spoke in the House of Lords on business, vocational education, regulatory reform and competitiveness issues. Neville-Rolfe is a prominent speaker on issues concerning business; the aim is to encourage government to facilitate and support UK businesses, to remove unnecessary tax and regulatory burdens, to roll-out broadband across the UK and to enable the growth of small businesses. She has delivered speeches on UK foreign trade agreements, with particular interest in China and India, she sat on the Parliamentary Select Committee for Affordable Childcare. Neville-Rolfe had many non-executive positions, she was a non-executive director of ITV Plc and a member of the supervisory board of Metro Group, a large German-based international retailer and wholesaler. Neville-Rolfe was President of EuroCommerce, the pan-European retail trade association, sat on the boards of 2 Sisters Food Group and Hermes Equity Ownership Services and on PwC's Advisory Board.

She is a member of the London Business School's Governing Body. Neville-Rolfe was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George in the 2005 Birthday Honours for services to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office Board of Management, a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2012 Birthday Honours for services to industry and voluntary service. On 10 September 2013 she was created a life peer taking the title Baroness Neville-Rolfe, of Chilmark in the County of Wiltshire. Neville-Rolfe is married to Sir Richard Packer, Permanent Secretary at Ministry of Agriculture and Food from 1993 until 2000, they have four sons. Her husband was knighted in 2001. From 2001 until she entered the House of Lords in 2013, her title was Lady Packer. Baroness Neville-Rolfe – House of Lords The Daily Telegraph: "Dame Lucy Neville-Rolfe:'We’ve got to bring the Lords into the 21st century’" PRWeek: "Lifetime achievement award: Baroness Neville-Rolfe"