Universal Pictures is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal. Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States, the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Nordisk Film, the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Five" studios in terms of the overall film market, its studios are located in Universal City and its corporate offices are located in New York City. Universal Pictures is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America, was one of the "Little Three" majors during Hollywood's golden age. Universal Studios was founded by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane and Jules Brulatour. One story has Laemmle watching a box office for hours, counting patrons and calculating the day's takings.
Within weeks of his Chicago trip, Laemmle gave up dry goods to buy the first several nickelodeons. For Laemmle and other such entrepreneurs, the creation in 1908 of the Edison-backed Motion Picture Trust meant that exhibitors were expected to pay fees for Trust-produced films they showed. Based on the Latham Loop used in cameras and projectors, along with other patents, the Trust collected fees on all aspects of movie production and exhibition, attempted to enforce a monopoly on distribution. Soon and other disgruntled nickelodeon owners decided to avoid paying Edison by producing their own pictures. In June 1909, Laemmle started the Yankee Film Company with partners Abe Julius Stern; that company evolved into the Independent Moving Pictures Company, with studios in Fort Lee, New Jersey, where many early films in America's first motion picture industry were produced in the early 20th century. Laemmle broke with Edison's custom of refusing to give screen credits to performers. By naming the movie stars, he attracted many of the leading players of the time, contributing to the creation of the star system.
In 1910, he promoted Florence Lawrence known as "The Biograph Girl", actor King Baggot, in what may be the first instance of a studio using stars in its marketing. The Universal Film Manufacturing Company was incorporated in New York on April 30, 1912. Laemmle, who emerged as president in July 1912, was the primary figure in the partnership with Dintenfass, Kessel, Swanson and Brulatour. All would be bought out by Laemmle; the new Universal studio was a vertically integrated company, with movie production and exhibition venues all linked in the same corporate entity, the central element of the Studio system era. Following the westward trend of the industry, by the end of 1912 the company was focusing its production efforts in the Hollywood area. On March 15, 1915, Laemmle opened the world's largest motion picture production facility, Universal City Studios, on a 230-acre converted farm just over the Cahuenga Pass from Hollywood. Studio management became the third facet of Universal's operations, with the studio incorporated as a distinct subsidiary organization.
Unlike other movie moguls, Laemmle opened his studio to tourists. Universal became the largest studio in Hollywood, remained so for a decade. However, it sought an audience in small towns, producing inexpensive melodramas and serials. In its early years Universal released three brands of feature films—Red Feather, low-budget programmers. Directors included Jack Conway, John Ford, Rex Ingram, Robert Z. Leonard, George Marshall and Lois Weber, one of the few women directing films in Hollywood. Despite Laemmle's role as an innovator, he was an cautious studio chief. Unlike rivals Adolph Zukor, William Fox, Marcus Loew, Laemmle chose not to develop a theater chain, he financed all of his own films, refusing to take on debt. This policy nearly bankrupted the studio when actor-director Erich von Stroheim insisted on excessively lavish production values for his films Blind Husbands and Foolish Wives, but Universal shrewdly gained a return on some of the expenditure by launching a sensational ad campaign that attracted moviegoers.
Character actor Lon Chaney became a drawing card for Universal in the 1920s, appearing in dramas. His two biggest hits for Universal were The Phantom of the Opera. During this period Laemmle entrusted most of the production policy decisions to Irving Thalberg. Thalberg had been Laemmle's personal secretary, Laemmle was impressed by his cogent observations of how efficiently the studio could be operated. Promoted to studio chief, Thalberg was giving Universal's product a touch of class, but MGM's head of production Louis B. Mayer lured Thalberg away from Universal with a promise of better pay. Without his guidance Universal became a second-tier studio, would remain so for several decades. In 1926, Universal opened a production unit in Germany, Deutsche Universal-Film AG, under the direction of Joe Pasternak; this unit produced three to four films per year until 1936, migrating to Hungary and Austria in the face of Hitler's increasing domination of central Europe. With the advent of sound, these productions were made in the German language or Hungarian or Polish.
In the U. S. Universal Pictures did not distribute any of this subsidiary's films, but at least some of them were exhibited through othe
Interstate 75 in Georgia
Interstate 75 in the U. S. state of Georgia travels north–south along the U. S. Route 41 corridor on the western side of the state, traveling through the cities of Valdosta and Atlanta, it is designated—but not signed—as State Route 401. In downtown Atlanta, I-75 joins with I-85 as the Downtown Connector; the segment from SR 49 in Byron to I-16 in Macon is part of the Fall Line Freeway and may be incorporated into the eastern extension of I-14, entirely within Central Texas and is proposed to be extended to Augusta. I-75 is the longest Interstate Highway within Georgia, it enters near Valdosta, it continues northward through the towns of Tifton and Cordele until it reaches the Macon area, where it intersects with I-16 eastbound towards Savannah. For northbound traffic wishing to avoid potential congestion in Macon, I-475 provides a straight bypass west of that city and I-75's route. After Macon it passes the small town of Forsyth; the freeway reaches no major junctions again until in the Atlanta metropolitan area.
The first metropolitan freeway met is I-675 followed by the Atlanta "Perimeter" bypass, I-285. It heads north several miles towards the Atlanta city center. I-75 runs concurrently with I-85 due north over the Downtown Connector through the central business district of Atlanta. After the two Interstates split, I-75 makes a beeline northwest, crossing outside the I-285 Perimeter and heading towards the major suburban city of Marietta; this section of I-75 just north of I-285 has 15 through lanes, making it the widest roadway anywhere in the Interstate Highway System. North of Marietta, the final major junction in the Atlanta metropolitan area is the I-575 spur. I-75 traverses the hilly northern Georgia terrain as it travels towards Chattanooga, Tennessee; the 180-mile-long section of I-75 from I-475 to I-24 in Chattanooga is one of the longest continuous six-lane freeways in the United States. Due to recent widening in south Georgia, the only four-lane section of I-75 in Georgia is bypassed by six-lane I-475.
The highway that would become I-75 in Georgia was an unnamed expressway, open in 1951 from the southern part of Atlanta to University Avenue. It was projected from University Avenue to Williams Street in downtown Atlanta; this expressway was open from Williams Street to what is now the northern end of the Downtown Connector. It was proposed from the Downtown Connector to the northwest part of Atlanta. By late 1953, this expressway was signed as US 19/US 41 as far north as Lakewood Avenue, it was under construction from the Downtown Connector to Howell Mill Road. It was proposed from Howell Mill Road to the northwest part of Atlanta. By mid-1954, the expressway was signed as SR 295 from Lakewood Avenue to University Avenue, it was under construction from the Downtown Connector to US 41/SR 3E, just north of West Paces Ferry Road. By mid-1955, the highway was under construction from University Avenue to Glenn Street, it was open from Williams Street to US 41/SR 3E in the central part of Atlanta. By mid-1957, the highway was opened from University Avenue to Glenn Street.
It was open from Williams Street to US 41/SR 3E in the northwest part of Atlanta. By the middle of 1960, a short segment southeast of Williams Street was open. By mid-1963, I-75 was signed, it was open from the Florida state line to US 41/SR 7 in Unadilla. It was under construction from Unadilla to just north of the Crawford–Bibb county line, it was open from SR 148 in Bolingbroke to US 23/SR 42 north-northwest of Forsyth. It was open from Glenn Street to Washington Street in downtown Atlanta, it was under construction from US 41/SR 3 in the northwest part of Atlanta to its northern interchange with I-285. It was under construction from SR 53 in Calhoun to the Tennessee state line. Between 1963 and 1965, open from US 41/SR 7 in Unadilla to Hartley Bridge Road south-southwest of Macon, it was proposed from Hartley Bridge Road to I-16 in Macon. It was under construction from I-16 to its northern interchange with I-475 near Bolingbroke, it was open from Bolingbroke to near Forsyth. It was under construction from there to SR 155 south of McDonough.
It was proposed from there to SR 54 in Morrow. It was under construction from Morrow to US 19/US 41 west of Morrow, it was proposed from that interchange to SR 331 in Forest Park. It was open from Forest Park to West Paces Ferry Road in northwest Atlanta, it was under construction from there to SR 120 in Marietta. It was proposed from Marietta to SR 140 in Adairsville, it was under construction from Adairsville to SR 53 in Calhoun. It was open from Calhoun to the Tennessee state line. In 1966, the highway was open from the Florida state line to its southern interchange with I-475 near Macon, it was open from I-16 to US 23/SR 42 near Forsyth. It was open from Forest Park to its northern interchange with I-285. In 1967, it was under construction from US 80/SR 74 to I-16 in Macon, it was under construction from near Forsyth to the US 19/US 41 interchange west of Morrow. It was open from Forest Park to SR 120 in Marietta, it was under construction from SR 120 to Allgood Road in Marietta. In 1968, the highway was open US 23/SR 42 near Forsyth to SR 20 in McDonough.
It was under construction from McDonough to SR 54 in Morrow. It was open from Morrow to Allgood Road in Marietta, it was under construction from US 411/SR 61 near Cartersville to SR 140 in Adairsville. In 1969, the highway was under construction from its southern interchange with I-475 to I-16 in Macon, it was open from I-16 to Allgood Road in Marietta. In 1971, it was open from the Flo
Jasper County, Georgia
Jasper County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,900; the county seat is Monticello. Jasper County is part of the large Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area; this area was inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the European encounter. At the time of European-American settlement, it was inhabited by the Cherokee and Muscogee Creek peoples, who became known as among the Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast; the County was created on December 10, 1807, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly with land, part of Baldwin County, Georgia. It became part of the new area of upland settlement through the South known as the Black Belt, a center of large plantations for short-staple cotton. Invention of the cotton gin in the late 18th century had made processing of this type of cotton profitable, it was cultivated throughout the inland areas; as migration continued to the west, the county population rose and fell through the nineteenth century.
Georgia settlers pushed Congress for the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which forced most of the Native Americans west of the Mississippi River. Jasper County was named Randolph County; because of Randolph's opposition to U. S. entry into the War of 1812, the General Assembly changed the name of Randolph County to Jasper County on December 10, 1812, to honor Sergeant William Jasper, an American Revolutionary War hero from South Carolina. However, Randolph's reputation was restored, in 1828, the General Assembly created a new Randolph County. Newton County was created from a part of the original Jasper County in 1821; the Jasper County, Georgia courthouse, was shown and used for filming the courthouse scenes in the motion picture comedy "My Cousin Vinny", starring Joe Pesci. Although the setting of the movie is in Beechum County, near the end of the movie, Sheriff Farley mentions Jasper County, Georgia by name; the county has a five-member county commission, elected from single-member districts. The commission elects a vice-chairman to aid in conducting business.
The county is protected by a combined Fire Rescue Department providing Fire Services. The department operates out of 7 fire stations with the majority of their manpower being volunteers; the department employs 50 personnel which include full time, part time and volunteer and his headed by a Fire Chief Christopher Finch. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 373 square miles, of which 368 square miles is land and 5.3 square miles is water. The western portion of Jasper County, west of a line formed by State Route 11 to northwest of Monticello along the eastern border of the Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin; the eastern portion of the county is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. State Route 11 State Route 16 State Route 83 State Route 142 State Route 212 State Route 380 Morgan County - northeast Putnam County - east Jones County - south Monroe County - southwest Butts County - west Newton County - northwest Oconee National Forest Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 11,426 people, 4,175 households, 3,122 families residing in the county.
The population density was 31 people per square mile. There were 4,806 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 70.95% White, 27.26% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, 0.79% from two or more races. 2.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,175 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 13.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.20% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.
For every 100 females, there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,890, the median income for a family was $43,271. Males had a median income of $32,351 versus $21,785 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,249. About 10.90% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.20% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,900 people, 5,044 households, 3,778 families residing in the county; the population density was 37.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,153 housing units at an average density of 16.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 73.9% white, 21.8% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 2.0% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.2% were English, 12.2% were Irish, 11.9% were American, 6.6% were German.
Of the 5,044 households, 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder wi
Sherman's March to the Sea
Sherman's March to the Sea was a military campaign of the American Civil War conducted through Georgia from November 15 until December 21, 1864, by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army; the campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta on November 15 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21. His forces followed a "scorched earth" policy, destroying military targets as well as industry and civilian property and disrupting the Confederacy's economy and transportation networks; the operation helped lead to its eventual surrender. Sherman's bold move of operating deep within enemy territory and without supply lines is considered to be one of the major achievements of the war and is considered to be an early example of modern total war. Sherman's "March to the Sea" followed his successful Atlanta Campaign of May to September 1864, he and the Union Army's commander, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, believed that the Civil War would come to an end only if the Confederacy's strategic capacity for warfare were decisively broken.
Sherman therefore planned an operation, compared to the modern principles of scorched earth warfare, or total war. Although his formal orders specified control over destruction of infrastructure in areas in which his army was unmolested by guerrilla activity, he recognized that supplying an army through liberal foraging would have a destructive effect on the morale of the civilian population it encountered in its wide sweep through the state; the second objective of the campaign was more traditional. Grant's armies in Virginia continued in a stalemate against Robert E. Lee's army, besieged in Petersburg, Virginia. By moving in Lee's rear, Sherman could increase pressure on Lee, allowing Grant the opportunity to break through, or at least keep Southern reinforcements away from Virginia; the campaign was designed by Grant and Sherman to be similar to Grant's innovative and successful Vicksburg Campaign and Sherman's Meridian Campaign, in that Sherman's armies would reduce their need for traditional supply lines by "living off the land" after consuming their 20 days of rations.
Foragers, known as "bummers", would provide food seized from local farms for the Army while they destroyed the railroads and the manufacturing and agricultural infrastructure of Georgia. In planning for the march, Sherman used livestock and crop production data from the 1860 census to lead his troops through areas where he believed they would be able to forage most effectively; the twisted and broken railroad rails that the troops heated over fires and wrapped around tree trunks and left behind became known as "Sherman's neckties". As the army would be out of touch with the North throughout the campaign, Sherman gave explicit orders, Sherman's Special Field Orders, No. 120, regarding the conduct of the campaign. The following is an excerpt from the general's orders:... IV; the army will forage liberally on the country during the march. To this end, each brigade commander will organize a good and sufficient foraging party, under the command of one or more discreet officers, who will gather, near the route traveled, corn or forage of any kind, meat of any kind, corn-meal, or whatever is needed by the command, aiming at all times to keep in the wagons at least ten day's provisions for the command and three days' forage.
Soldiers must not enter the dwellings of the inhabitants, or commit any trespass, but during a halt or a camp they may be permitted to gather turnips and other vegetables, to drive in stock of their camp. To regular foraging parties must be instructed the gathering of provisions and forage at any distance from the road traveled. V. To army corps commanders alone is entrusted the power to destroy mills, cotton-gins, &c. and for them this general principle is laid down: In districts and neighborhoods where the army is unmolested no destruction of such property should be permitted. VI; as for horses, wagons, &c. belonging to the inhabitants, the cavalry and artillery may appropriate and without limit, however, between the rich, who are hostile, the poor or industrious neutral or friendly. Foraging parties may take mules or horses to replace the jaded animals of their trains, or to serve as pack-mules for the regiments or brigades. In all foraging, of whatever kind, the parties engaged will refrain from abusive or threatening language, may, where the officer in command thinks proper, give written certificates of the facts, but no receipts, they will endeavor to leave with each family a reasonable portion for their maintenance.
VII. Negroes who are able-bodied and can be of service to the several columns may be taken along, but each army commander will bear in mind that the question of supplies is a important one and that his first duty is to see to them who bear arms.... The march was made easier by able assistants such as Orlando Metcalfe Poe, chief of the bridge building and demolition team. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman selected Poe as his chief engineer in 1864. Poe oversaw the burning of Atlanta. Poe directly supervised the dismantling of all buildings and structures in Atlanta that could have provided any military value to the Rebels once Sherman abandoned the city.
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
Newton County, Georgia
Newton County is a county located in the north central portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 99,958; the county seat is Covington. Newton County is included in GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Newton county is named after Sgt. John Newton, who served under Gen. Francis Marion, the "Swamp Fox", in the American Revolutionary War, it was created on December 24, 1821. During the American Civil War, the county provided the Lamar Infantry, a part of Cobb's Legion. Newton county adjoins Jasper County, Georgia: Georgia is one of many states that have a Newton County and a Jasper County that border each other. In late 1978, the first five episodes of The Dukes of Hazzard were filmed in and around Covington, Georgia; the TV series In The Heat of the Night was filmed in Covington from 1988 to 1995. In Remember the Titans, there were many scenes shot on "The Square" and the final football scene was shot at Homer Sharp Stadium, located near downtown Covington. Part of the new series The Vampire Diaries is being fiimed on "The Square".
Additionally, major films including My Cousin Vinny, Friday the 13th Part VI: Jason Lives and Halloween II, Rob Zombie's sequel to his 2007 film Halloween, were filmed near and around "The Square" in downtown Covington. Newton county claims to be the birthplace of Georgia 4-H; the Girls Canning and Boys Corn Clubs in 1904 by G. C. Adams was renamed the 4-H Club in 1906, after the original 4-H Club that opened in Iowa in 1905. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 279 square miles, of which 272 square miles is land and 7.0 square miles is water. The majority of Newton County is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. A small eastern portion of the county, from southwest of Social Circle to southwest of Newborn, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. Walton County Morgan County Jasper County Butts County Henry County Rockdale County As of the census of 2000, there were 62,001 people, 21,997 households, 17,113 families residing in the county.
The population density was 224 people per square mile. There were 23,033 housing units at an average density of 83 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 55.27% White, 45.21% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races, 0.98% from two or more races. 1.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 21,997 households out of which 37.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 14.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.20% were non-families. 18.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.70% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 9.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years.
For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $44,875, the median income for a family was $49,748. Males had a median income of $36,742 versus $26,097 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,317. About 7.20% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.90% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 99,958 people, 34,390 households, 26,165 families residing in the county; the population density was 367.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 38,342 housing units at an average density of 140.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 53.8% white, 40.9% black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 2.1% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 13.4% were American, 9.2% were Irish, 8.0% were English, 7.5% were German.
Of the 34,390 households, 43.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.9% were non-families, 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.27. The median age was 34.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $52,361 and the median income for a family was $56,519. Males had a median income of $44,504 versus $33,133 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,583. About 10.8% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over. National Register of Historic Places listings in Newton County, Georgia Covington and Newton County Living The City of Covington official site Downtown Covington The Covington/Newton County Chamber of Commerce The Center for Community Preservation and Planning The Covington News The Newton Citizen Turner Scrapbook Collection from the Digital Library Collection
Spalding County, Georgia
Spalding County is a county located in the west central portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,073; the county seat is Griffin. The county was created December 20, 1851 and named for former United States representative and senator Thomas Spalding. Spalding County is included in GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 200 square miles, of which 196 square miles is land and 3.1 square miles is water. The western portion of Spalding County, west of a line from Sunny Side through Griffin to Orchard Hill, is located in the Upper Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin; the eastern part of the county is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. As of the census of 2000, there were 58,417 people, 21,519 households, 15,773 families residing in the county; the population density was 295 people per square mile. There were 23,001 housing units at an average density of 116 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 66.50% White, 31.05% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, 0.88% from two or more races. 1.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 21,519 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.30% were married couples living together, 18.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.70% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.12. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,221, the median income for a family was $41,631.
Males had a median income of $32,347 versus $22,114 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,791. About 12.40% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.30% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 64,073 people, 23,565 households, 16,869 families residing in the county; the population density was 326.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 26,777 housing units at an average density of 136.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 62.7% white, 32.8% black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.6% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.3% were American, 7.6% were Irish, 6.9% were English. Of the 23,565 households, 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 19.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.4% were non-families, 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.12. The median age was 37.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $41,100 and the median income for a family was $49,640. Males had a median income of $37,976 versus $30,684 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,607. About 17.2% of families and 21.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.4% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over. The Griffin-Spalding County School District has 11 elementary schools, 4 middle schools, 2 high schools, 4 complementary programs. Griffin Sunny Side Orchard Hill East Griffin Experiment National Register of Historic Places listings in Spalding County, Georgia County website Spalding County Genealogy Doc Holliday Biography and Photos