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Buzzcocks are an English punk rock band formed in Bolton, England in 1976 by singer-songwriter-guitarist Pete Shelley and singer-songwriter Howard Devoto. They are regarded as a seminal influence on the Manchester music scene, the independent record label movement, punk rock, power pop, pop punk, they achieved commercial success with singles that fused pop craftsmanship with rapid-fire punk energy. These singles were collected on Singles Going Steady, described by critic Ned Raggett as a "punk masterpiece". Devoto and Shelley chose the name "Buzzcocks" after reading the headline, "It's the Buzz, Cock!", in a review of the TV series Rock Follies in Time Out magazine. The "buzz" is the excitement of playing on stage, they thought it captured the excitement of the nascent punk scene, as well as having humorous sexual connotations following Peter Shelley's time working in a Bolton adult shop. Per the band, there is no "the" in Buzzcocks. Devoto left the band in 1977. Shelley died on 6 December 2018, but the band has remained active with Diggle assuming lead vocal duties.

They are performing with new guitarist Mani Perazzoli. Howard Trafford, a student at Bolton Institute of Technology, placed a notice in the college looking for musicians sharing a liking for The Velvet Underground's song "Sister Ray". Peter McNeish, a fellow student at the Institute, responded to the notice. Trafford had been involved in electronic music, while McNeish had played rock. By late 1975, Trafford and McNeish had recruited a drummer and formed, in effect, an embryonic version of Buzzcocks; the band formed in February 1976. They performed live for the first time on 1 April 1976 at their college. Garth Davies played Mick Singleton played drums. Singleton played in local band Black Cat Bone. After reading an NME review of the Sex Pistols' first performance and Devoto travelled to London together to see the Sex Pistols in February 1976. Shelley and Devoto were impressed by what they saw and arranged for the Sex Pistols to come and perform at the Lesser Free Trade Hall in Manchester, in June 1976.

Buzzcocks intended to play at this concert, but the other musicians dropped out, Shelley and Devoto were unable to recruit other musicians in time for the gig. Once they had recruited bass guitarist Steve Diggle and drummer John Maher, they made their debut opening for the Sex Pistols' second Manchester concert in July 1976. A brief clip of Devoto-era Buzzcocks performing The Troggs' "I Can't Control Myself" appears in the Punk: Attitude documentary directed by Don Letts. In September 1976 the band travelled to London to perform at the two-day 100 Club Punk Festival, organised by Malcolm McLaren. Other performers included: the Sex Pistols, Subway Sect and the Banshees, The Clash, The Vibrators, The Damned and the French band Stinky Toys. By the end of the year, Buzzcocks had recorded and released a four-track EP, Spiral Scratch, on their own New Hormones label, making them one of the first punk groups to establish an independent record label, trailing only The Saints' " Stranded". Produced by Martin Hannett, the music was recorded, insistently repetitive, energetic.

"Boredom" announced punk's rebellion against the status quo while templating a strident musical minimalism. The demos recorded while Devoto was in the band were issued as Time's Up. Long available as a bootleg, this album includes the alternative takes of all the tracks from the Spiral Scratch EP as well as early version of tracks that appeared on the official debut Another Music in a Different Kitchen. After a few months, Devoto left the group, expressing his dissatisfaction at the direction that punk was taking in his statement "what was once unhealthily fresh is now a clean old hat", he returned to college for a year formed Magazine. Pete Shelley took on the vocal duties. Steve Diggle switched from bass to guitar, Garth Davies rejoined on bass. While Davies appeared on the band's first Radio 1 Peel Session, in September 1977, his alleged unreliability led to his expulsion from the band. Davies was replaced by Steve Garvey; this new line-up signed with United Artists Records – the signing itself was undertaken at Manchester's Electric Circus on 16 August 1977, the day Elvis Presley died.

Their first UA Buzzcocks single, "Orgasm Addict", was a playful examination of compulsive sexuality, uncommonly bold. The BBC refused to play the song, the single did not sell well. More ambiguous songs staked out a territory defined by Shelley's bisexuality and punk's aversion to serious examination of human sexuality; the next single, "What Do I Get?" reached the UK top 50 chart. "Lipstick", the B-side to "Promises," shared the same ascending progression of notes in its chorus as Magazine's first single, "Shot By Both Sides," released in 1978. Their original career produced three LPs: Another Music in a Different Kitchen, Love Bites, A Different Kind of Tension, each supported by extensive touring in Europe and the U. S. A, their trademark sound was a marriage of catchy pop melodies with punk guitar energy, backed by an unusually tight and skilled rhythm section. They advanced drastically in musical and lyrical sophistication: by the end they were quoting USA writer William S. Burroughs, declaiming their catechism in the anthem "I Believe", an

Round Table-class landing ship logistics

The Round Table class known as the Sir Lancelot class, was a British ship class designed for amphibious warfare missions in support of the main amphibious warfare ships. They were designated landing ship logistics. All ships were named after Knights of the Round Table. In December 1961, the Ministry of Transport ordered the first in a new class of 6,000-ton military supply vessels from Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company of Govan; the class was designed to replace the World War II-era Mark 8 Landing Craft Tank vessels in service. The first ship, Sir Lancelot, was launched in June 1963. In March 1963, two more vessels were ordered, with Sir Galahad and Sir Geraint launched by Alexander Stephen and Sons of Linthouse in April 1966 and January 1967; the final three ships were ordered in April 1965. At 6,390 GRT, Sir Lancelot was larger than her successors, was powered by two 12-cylinder Sulzer diesel engines, while the others were 4,473 GRT and had two 10-cylinder Mirrlees Monarch engines.

The ships had both bow and stern doors leading onto the main vehicle deck, making them roll-on/roll-off, combined with ramps that led to upper and lower vehicle decks. Thanks to their shallow draught, they could beach themselves and use the bow doors for speedy unloading of troops and equipment; the ships had helicopter decks on both the upper vehicle deck and behind the superstructure. The ships were operated and managed by the British-India Steam Navigation Company for the Royal Army Service Corps until January 1970 were transferred to the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. One vessel, Sir Galahad, was lost during the Falklands War, while another, Sir Tristram, was badly damaged; the former was replaced by a new, 8,861 GT vessel of the same name, while the latter was rebuilt and returned to service. All of the vessels in this class were replaced by the Bay class, with Sir Bedivere the last to leave service in 2008. HMAS Tobruk operated by the Royal Australian Navy, is based on the Round Table design. "Sir Lancelot Class".

Geomunoreum Lava Tube System

The Geomunoreum Lava Tube System is located between Seonheul-ri, Jocheon-eup and Weoljeong-ri, Gujwa-eup, Jeju City, Jeju-do. This lava tube system refers to a series of lava tubes formed while basaltic lava flow which had erupted several times from the Geomunoreum volcano flowed in a north-northeast direction, down to the coastline for about 13㎞, it is estimated that it was formed between about 300 thousand years ago. Lava tubes so far included in the Geomunoreum Lava Tube System are the Seonheul Vertical Cave,Bengdwigul Lava Tube, Bukoreumdonggul Lava Tube, Daerimdonggul Lava Tube, Mangjanggul Lava Tube, Gimnyeonggul Lava Tube, Yongcheondonggul Lava Tube, Dangcheomuldonggul Lava Tube towards the sea. However, it is estimated. Bukoreumdonggul Lava Tube, Mangjanggul Lava Tube and Dangcheomuldonggul Lava are designated as natural monuments. Although these lava tubes are large and ancient, the internal morphological features are well-preserved and the inner scenery is considered to be outstanding.

As a result, "Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes" are UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites. As study results about the Geomunoreum Lava Tube System are published in academic journals, this system is credited officially. List of Korea-related topics World Heritage Sites in South Korea Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes Seongsan Ilchulbong Hallasan Jeju-do "World Heritage sites". Korea Herald. 2010-03-30. "Jeju volcanic island and lava tubes: Invaluable ecological treasure trove". Korea Herald. 2008-09-12. Jeju Special Self-Governing Provincial Tourism Association Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes, UNESCO Jeju Special Self-Governing Provincial Tourism Association Jeju Special Self-Governing Province Jeju World Natural Heritage

Yukon Party

The Yukon Party is a conservative political party in Yukon, Canada. It is the successor to the Yukon Progressive Conservative Party. With Prime Minister Brian Mulroney's Progressive Conservative federal government's decreasing popularity, the Yukon Progressive Conservatives decided to sever its relations with the federal Conservatives, renamed itself the "Yukon Party" prior to the 1992 election. However, two Progressive Conservative MLAs, Bea Firth and Alan Nordling, quit the party in protest of the name change and formed the Independent Alliance Party. Nordling returned to the party, was defeated as a Yukon Party candidate in the 1996 election, while Firth retired from politics; the Yukon Party won the 1992 election, leader John Ostashek became Premier of Yukon. His government became unpopular by increasing taxes and cutting services; the party was defeated in the 1996 election, winning only three seats and falling to third place for the first time behind the Yukon Liberal Party. The party's fortunes continued to decline at the 2000 general election.

The Yukon Party was reduced to a single seat in the legislature as the right wing vote moved to the Yukon Liberal Party, putting the Liberals in power for the first time in the territory's history. Liberal Premier Pat Duncan's government was plagued with internal dissent and despite having won an outright majority of seats in the general election and resignations reduced the Liberals to a minority government within two years. Premier Duncan called a snap election for 4 November 2002, in an effort to regain her majority, but the early election call backfired; the Yukon Party had elected Dennis Fentie, a rural Member of the Yukon Legislative Assembly, who had defected from the NDP, as its new leader in June 2002. Despite being caught by surprise by the election call, the party was able to win a majority government with 12 seats compared to five for the NDP; the Liberals were reduced to a single seat. Fentie became the second Yukon Premier from a rural riding. On 10 October 2006, the Yukon Party was re-elected.

The Yukon Liberals won the Yukon New Democrats won three. The party was defeated in the 2016 Yukon general election and is serving as the Official Opposition. On May 28, 2011, a leadership election was held to replace Dennis Fentie. Darrell Pasloski was chosen after only one ballot. On November 20, 2019 the Yukon Party announced that their leadership election would be held on May 23, 2020. According to the Yukon Party president the party's leadership election committee is creating rules for the leadership race. On November 21, 2019 Currie Dixon announced his candidacy. On December 5, 2019 Brad Cathers announced his candidacy. On January 14, 2020 Linda Benoit announced her candidacy. On January 30, 2020 Megan Sharp endorsed Linda Benoit. Other potential leadership candidates include MLA Scott Kent, Jonas Smith, Samson Hartland, Elaine Taylor, current party Chief of Staff Ted Laking, former Commissioner and MLA Geraldine Van Bibber. Chris Young 1991 John Ostashek 1991–2000 Peter Jenkins 2000–2002 Dennis Fentie 2002–2011 Darrell Pasloski 2011–2016 Stacey Hassard 2016–present List of premiers of Yukon List of Yukon Leaders of Opposition Yukon Progressive Conservative Party Yukon Party

Estádio Ulrico Mursa

Estádio Ulrico Mursa is a football stadium located in Santos, São Paulo state, Brazil. The stadium was built in 1920 and is able to hold 10,000 people; the stadium is owned by Associação Atlética Portuguesa and its formal name honors Ulrico Mursa, Companhia Docas de Santos director. In 1920, the club owned a groundplot; the club got the permission of the city's government to build a wall around the groundplot. This was done, the field was fixed. Wood bleachers, a press cabin, a bar, dressing-rooms and toilets were built; the inaugural match was played on December 5, 1920, when Portuguesa Santista beat Sírio Futebol Clube 6-0. In 1928, the stadium's concrete bleachers were built; these bleachers were covered. On October 24, 1938, the stadium lights, which were composed of four illumination towers, were inaugurated during the match between Vasco da Gama and Portuguesa. Vasco beat Portuguesa Santista 5-4; the first goal of the stadium after the stadium lights' inauguration was scored by Vasco da Gama's Fantoni.

In 1942 and 1943, due to a financial crisis, Portuguesa Santista sold the stadium lights to Mogiana of Campinas. The stadium's attendance record stands at 12,500, set on December 7, 1952 when Corinthians beat Portuguesa Santista 2-1. On November 25, 1958, new steel concrete illumination towers were inaugurated. In the reinaugural match, Santos beat Portuguesa Santista 4-3; the first goal of the match was scored by Santos' Pagão. However, the new floodlights deteriorated during the 1960s, in the 1970s and in the 1980s was impossible to play night games in the stadium. In 1997, a new illumination system was built, with about 520 lux of illumination; the stadium's attendance record after this new illumination system was built stands at 12,249 people, set on February 9, 1997 when São Paulo beat Portuguesa Santista 3-1. The new illumination system was inaugurated in this Campeonato Paulista match. Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 2 - Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001. Templos do Futebol Portuguesa Santista Official Website

Debbie Koegel

Debbie Koegel is an American former competitive ice dancer. With Oleg Fediukov, she is the 1998 Nebelhorn Trophy silver medalist and a two-time U. S. national bronze medalist. Koegel was born on February 1977 in Norristown, Pennsylvania, she attended Schuylkill Grade School. She and Oleg Fediukov are married and have three sons – Anton, born on October 20, 2002. Koegel began skating at age eleven at a rink near King of Pennsylvania, she placed 15th with Michael Sklutovsky at the 1996 U. S. Championships. Koegel teamed up with Fediukov in 1996, they finished sixth with him at the 1997 U. S. Championships. Koegel/Fediukov withdrew from the 1997 Karl Schäfer Memorial after the compulsory dances; the duo returned to the ice in December, training at the New England Figure Skating Club in Marlboro, Massachusetts. A month they placed sixth at the 1998 U. S. Championships. After winning the silver medal at the 1998 Nebelhorn Trophy, Koegel/Fediukov debuted on the Grand Prix series, placing 8th at the 1998 Skate Canada International and tenth at the 1998 Trophée Lalique.

They were awarded the bronze medal at the 1999 U. S. Championships, they were coached by Robbie Kane at Ice Works FSC in Aston, Pennsylvania. The following season, Koegel/Fediukov again received two Grand Prix invitations; the duo repeated as national bronze medalists at the 2000 U. S. Championships, they withdrew from the 2001 U. S. Championships due to a knee injury that Fediukov incurred in the compulsory dance. After Koegel sustained a shoulder injury, the two decided to retire from competition. Koegel became part-time skating coach, she has coached in other locations. GP: Grand Prix