Byblos, known locally as Jbeil and in the County of Tripoli as Gibelet, is the largest city in the Mount Lebanon Governorate of Lebanon. It is believed to have been first occupied between 8800 and 7000 BC and continuously inhabited since 5000 BC, making it one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Byblos appears as Kebny in Egyptian hieroglyphic records going back to the 4th-dynasty pharaoh Sneferu and as Gubla in the Akkadian cuneiform Amarna letters to the 18th-dynasty pharaohs Amenhotep III and IV. In the 1st millennium BC, its name appeared in Punic inscriptions as Gebal; the name seems to derive from GB and ʾL, the latter a word that could variously refer to any of the Canaanite gods or to their leader in particular. The name thus seems to have meant the "Well of the God" or "Source of the God", its present Arabic name Jibayl or Jbeil is a direct descendant of these earlier names, although modified by a misunderstanding of the name as the triliteral root GBL or JBL, meaning "mountain".
During the Crusades, this name appeared in European records as Giblet. This name was used for its associated lordship; the Phoenician city, known to the Greeks as Býblos and to the Romans as Byblus, was important for their import of papyrus from Egypt. The English word "Bible" deriving from the Greek words bíblos and biblíon, may have originated with the Greeks' mispronunciation of the city or its Egyptian export. Byblos is located about 42 km north of Beirut, it is attractive to archaeologists because of the successive layers of debris resulting from centuries of human habitation. It was first excavated by Ernest Renan in 1860, as published in his Mission de Phénicie by Pierre Montet from 1921 until 1924, followed by Maurice Dunand from 1925 over a period of forty years. Renan's expedition was to "provide the evidence that the city did not move and that Gebeil is Byblos"The site first appears to have been settled during the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period 8800 to 7000 BC. Neolithic remains of some buildings can be observed at the site.
According to the writer Philo of Byblos, Byblos had the reputation of being the oldest city in the world, founded by Cronus. During the 3rd millennium BC, the first signs of a town can be observed, with the remains of well-built houses of uniform size; this was the period. Jacques Cauvin published studies of flint tools from the stratified Neolithic and Chalcolithic sites in 1962. Remains of humans found in Chalcolithic burials have been published by Henri Victor Vallois in 1937. Tombs from this era were discussed by Emir Maurice Chehab in 1950. Early pottery found at the tell was published by E. S. Boynton in 1960 with further studies by R. Erich in 1954 and Van Liere and Henri de Contenson in 1964. Prehistoric settlements at Byblos were divided up by Dunand into the following five periods, which were expanded and re-calibrated by Yosef Garfinkel to correlate with Tell es-Sultan: Early Neolithic corresponding to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B of Jericho, represented by plastered floors and naviforme technology, dated between 8800 and 7000 BC.
The Early Neolithic was a settlement than others in the Beqaa Valley such as Labweh and Ard Tlaili. It was located on the seaward slope of the larger of the two hills that used to compose ancient Byblos, with a watered valley in between; the original site spread down into the valley and covered an area of 1.2 ha providing fertile soils and a protected landing place for boats. Dunand discovered around twenty houses although some of the settlement was suggested to have been lost to the sea, robbed or destroyed. Dwellings were rectangular with plastered floors, pottery was Dark faced burnished ware with some shell impressions; the Middle Neolithic was a smaller settlement of no more than 0.15 ha adjacent to the older site. The pottery was more developed with red washes and more varied forms and elaborate decorations, buildings were poorer with unplastered floors; the Late Neolithic period showed development from the middle in building design, a wider range of more developed flint tools and a far larger variety of pottery with fabrication including silica.
The Late Chalcolithic featured developments of fan scrapers. Adult burials in jars started to appear along with metal in the form of one copper hook, found in a jar; some jars were lined with white plaster, applied and self-hardened after firing. Copper appeared more in the Late Chalcolithic period along with multiple burials i
Aamar Durga is an Indian Bengali television soap opera that premiered on 18 January 2016. and airs on Zee Bangla. Produced by Acropolis Entertainment Pvt. Ltd. it stars Sanghamitra Talukdar and Hritojeet Chattopadhyay in lead roles. The show telecasted Monday to Saturday; the show, set amidst a background of political corruption, has been cited as an example of diverse roles played by female characters in Bengali programming. The show was discontinued on October 21, 2017 after its 553rd episode Sanghamitra Talukdar as Durga Sanchaari Das as Charulata / Charu / Mili Hritojeet Chattopadhyay as Anirban Mukherjee / Ani Dhrubajyoti Sarkar as Mihir Mukherjee Sumanta Mukhopadhyay as Abhirup Mukherjee Nandini Chatterjee as Mandira Arindam Banerjee as Ishwar Chakraborty Maitrei Mitra as Pratima Suchismita Chowdhury as Bela Saibal Bhattacharya as Abhirup’s Brother Piyali Basu as Sucharita Ratan Sarkhel as Brojo Kushal Chakraborty as Abhirup’s Brother Shahana Sen as Shampa Manishankar Banerjee as Captain Juiee Sarkar as Riya Jagriti Goswami as Puja Ishani Das as Abhirup's niece Deerghoi Paul as Gunjan Runa Bandopadhyay as Deepa Indrajit Chakraborty as Subho Subhrajit Dutta as Samrat Bikash Bhowmik as Samrat’s Father Judhajit Banerjee as Gunjan’s Father Dalia Mukherjee as Dalia, Charu/Durga's Friend Raj Bhattacharya as Dr Anjan Sen Smriti Singh as Uma/Durga Governess
Mohamed Rifnas is a Sri Lankan professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Colombo FC in the Sri Lanka Football Premier League. He operates as a central midfielder and is comfortable playing both in attack and defense. Rifnas began his club career with Colombo FC in 2011 as a teenager & promoted the club from Division 1 to Champions League. After helping Colombo FC to the FA CUP finals, Renown Sports Club of the Sri Lanka Football Premier League made an effort to sign Rifnas's elder brother to the team, he made a midfield partnership with Fazul Rahman & his brother Rizni throughout the season, earned two consecutive Golden Boot awards.. On March 28, 2018, Rifnas transferred to his childhood club, Colombo FC, after rumors had been spread about his transfer. Rifnas made his debut for Sri Lanka on 26 August 2014 against Seychelles and scored his first goal for his country in the 78th minute; that goal proved to be the winning goal as Sri Lanka won 2–1. Rifnas was selected to be part of Sri Lanka's side for the 2015 SAFF Championship, where he was named as one of the top young players to watch during the tournament.
He scored the winning goal for Sri Lanka in their opening match of the tournament against Nepal in the fifth minute of stoppage time after the second half. Sri Lanka won 1–0. Score and result list Sri Lanka's goal tally first; as of 23 December 2015