C++ is a high-level, general-purpose programming language created by Bjarne Stroustrup as an extension of the C programming language, or "C with Classes". The language has expanded over time, modern C++ has object-oriented and functional features in addition to facilities for low-level memory manipulation, it is always implemented as a compiled language, many vendors provide C++ compilers, including the Free Software Foundation, LLVM, Intel, IBM, so it is available on many platforms. C++ was designed with a bias toward system programming and embedded, resource-constrained software and large systems, with performance and flexibility of use as its design highlights. C++ has been found useful in many other contexts, with key strengths being software infrastructure and resource-constrained applications, including desktop applications, video games and performance-critical applications. C++ is standardized by the International Organization for Standardization, with the latest standard version ratified and published by ISO in December 2017 as ISO/IEC 14882:2017.
The C++ programming language was standardized in 1998 as ISO/IEC 14882:1998, amended by the C++03, C++11 and C++14 standards. The current C++ 17 standard supersedes these with an enlarged standard library. Before the initial standardization in 1998, C++ was developed by Danish computer scientist Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs since 1979 as an extension of the C language. C++20 is the next planned standard, keeping with the current trend of a new version every three years. In 1979, Bjarne Stroustrup, a Danish computer scientist, began work on "C with Classes", the predecessor to C++; the motivation for creating a new language originated from Stroustrup's experience in programming for his PhD thesis. Stroustrup found that Simula had features that were helpful for large software development, but the language was too slow for practical use, while BCPL was fast but too low-level to be suitable for large software development; when Stroustrup started working in AT&T Bell Labs, he had the problem of analyzing the UNIX kernel with respect to distributed computing.
Remembering his Ph. D. experience, Stroustrup set out to enhance the C language with Simula-like features. C was chosen because it was general-purpose, fast and used; as well as C and Simula's influences, other languages influenced this new language, including ALGOL 68, Ada, CLU and ML. Stroustrup's "C with Classes" added features to the C compiler, including classes, derived classes, strong typing and default arguments. In 1982, Stroustrup started to develop a successor to C with Classes, which he named "C++" after going through several other names. New features were added, including virtual functions, function name and operator overloading, constants, type-safe free-store memory allocation, improved type checking, BCPL style single-line comments with two forward slashes. Furthermore, Stroustrup developed a standalone compiler for C++, Cfront. In 1985, the first edition of The C++ Programming Language was released, which became the definitive reference for the language, as there was not yet an official standard.
The first commercial implementation of C++ was released in October of the same year. In 1989, C++ 2.0 was released, followed by the updated second edition of The C++ Programming Language in 1991. New features in 2.0 included multiple inheritance, abstract classes, static member functions, const member functions, protected members. In 1990, The Annotated C++ Reference Manual was published; this work became the basis for the future standard. Feature additions included templates, namespaces, new casts, a Boolean type. In 1998, C++98 was released, standardizing the language, a minor update was released in 2003. After C++98, C++ evolved slowly until, in 2011, the C++11 standard was released, adding numerous new features, enlarging the standard library further, providing more facilities to C++ programmers. After a minor C++14 update released in December 2014, various new additions were introduced in C++17, further changes planned for 2020; as of 2019, C++ is now the fourth most popular programming language, behind Java, C, Python.
On January 3, 2018, Stroustrup was announced as the 2018 winner of the Charles Stark Draper Prize for Engineering, "for conceptualizing and developing the C++ programming language". According to Stroustrup, "the name signifies the evolutionary nature of the changes from C"; this name is credited to Rick Mascitti and was first used in December 1983. When Mascitti was questioned informally in 1992 about the naming, he indicated that it was given in a tongue-in-cheek spirit; the name comes from C's ++ operator and a common naming convention of using "+" to indicate an enhanced computer program. During C++'s development period, the language had been referred to as "new C" and "C with Classes" before acquiring its final name. Throughout C++'s life, its development and evolution has been guided by a set of principles: It must be driven by actual problems and its features should be useful in real world programs; every feature should be implementable. Programmers should be free to pick their own programming style, that style should be supported by C++.
Allowing a useful feature is more importan
Bánovce nad Ondavou is a village and municipality in Michalovce District in the Kosice Region of eastern Slovakia. In historical records the village was first mentioned in 1326; the village lies at an altitude of 122 metres and covers an area of 12.235 km². It has a population of about 760 people; the population is 96% Slovak in ethnicity. The village relies on the tax and district offices, fire brigade at Michalovce and relies on the police force and birth registry at Trhovište; the village has a post office, a food store. The village has a football pitch; the village has a railway station. The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Presov, Slovakia" Roman Catholic church records: 1790-1895 Greek Catholic church records: 1804-1923 Lutheran church records: 1783-1895 Reformated church records: 1797-1895 List of municipalities and towns in Slovakia https://web.archive.org/web/20071116010355/http://www.statistics.sk/mosmis/eng/run.html http://www.banovcenadondavou.sk/ Surnames of living people in Banovce nad Ondavou
Life of Pause is the third studio album by American indie rock act Wild Nothing, released on February 19, 2016 on Captured Tracks and Bella Union. Produced by Thom Monahan, the album was recorded over several weeks in Los Angeles and Stockholm and was preceded by five singles: "To Know You", "TV Queen", "Reichpop", "Life of Pause", "A Woman's Wisdom". Recorded by primary member Jack Tatum, the album's aesthetic was influenced by Philly soul. Life of Pause received positive reviews from contemporary music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 74, based on 25 reviews, which indicates "generally favorable reviews". Jessica Goodman of DIY gave the album a favorable review, stating, "‘Life of Pause’ is a departure from expectation; the escapist notions that soared through previous releases are grounded in the record’s lavish production. Where flights of fancy once soared, the melodies are a damnsight more tangible.
With tracks so vivid they can be tasted, Wild Nothing have lost none of the ability to put a daze upon the senses. Taking an unmistakable euphoria and driving it home, with ‘Life of Pause’ Wild Nothing might have planted their feet on the ground, but that hasn’t stopped Jack Tatum from creating a soundscape straight from your wooziest daydream."Ben Homewood of NME praised the album, stating, "Such confident, experimental songwriting points to a rebirth for Wild Nothing, means ‘Life Of Pause’ can be considered alongside indie records like Tame Impala’s ‘Currents’ and Unknown Mortal Orchestra’s ‘Multi-Love’. Both came out last year, signalling a shift in sound and a significant step forward for their makers; this record should do the same for Jack Tatum."Dan Lucas of Drowned in Sound was more critical of the album, stating, "Life of Pause sounds effortless but not in a good way: it sounds like a de rigueur acclaimed indie album. It sounds like a record that's liked but not remembered; the extra spark that made the likes of ‘Chinatown, ‘Paradise’ or ‘The Body in Rainfall’ such magnificent, memorable tracks is missing here.
It is hard to criticise such a well-crafted, enjoyable album that appears to have been made with someone like me in mind. The thing is that in six weeks’ time it will be harder to remember it." All tracks are written by Jack Tatum. Jack Tatum - vocals, bass guitar, percussion John Eriksson - drums, percussion Brad Laner - guitars, backing vocals Thom Monahan - backing vocals Caitlin Gutenberger - backing vocals Elroy Finn - drums Josh Adams - drums Tommy Gardner - saxophone Casey Butler - saxophone Pelle Jacobsson - marimba, percussion Tess Shapiro - backing vocals
Parklea is a suburb in Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 40 kilometres north-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Blacktown and is a part of Greater Western Sydney; the suburb was named by the subdividers in the early 1900s and is well known for the major Sydney landmark of Parklea Markets. According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 3,465 people in Parklea. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 5.5% of the population. 54.5% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were India 11.6%, Philippines 5.4% and Fiji 3.6%. 29.1% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Hindi 6.5% and Punjabi 6.1%. Landmarks include: Parklea Correctional Centre Parklea Markets Parklea Garden Village Blacktown Leisure Centre Hillsbus provides services to Parramatta, Sydney CBD and Rouse Hill, whilst Busways provides services to Macquarie Park, Castle Hill and Blacktown.
Dr Walter Gorn Old, born 20 March 1864 in Handsworth, England. An eminent English Theosophist, Sepharial was a well-known and respected astrologer in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and wrote numerous books, some of which are still regarded in some circles today, he was editor of "Old Moore's Almanac", still published in the 21st century. As a young man Sepharial studied medicine and followed this up with studies in psychology, oriental languages and numerology. In 1886, he started to write an astrology problem page in the Society Times where he answered public questions, in 1887 was admitted to the "inner sanctum" of the Theosophical Society, he was one of the founding members of the Theosophical movement in England. Madame Blavatsky called him "The Astral Tramp". Sepharial became an influential author in the fields of the occult and numerology, his writings had a considerable impact on Alfred H. Barley and Alan Leo, who he introduced to Theosophy, he can be credited as the first astrologer to use Waltemath earth's hypothetical natural satellite in his calculations.
Since he considered it to be black enough to be invisible most of the time he call it "dark moon" Lilith. Many of his books and other works were put together in a rather slapdash way, which made his reputation less enduring than it might have been. Sepharial started a number of astrological magazines, all of which failed to establish themselves. Sepharial wrote many books, most of which are rare and out of print, including the following: Sepharial: "New Dictionary of Astrology", republished by Arco, New York in 1964. Sepharial: "The New Manual of Astrology". Sepharial: "Astrology Explained", republished by http://www.astrologyinaction.com in 2012. Sepharial: "The Book Of The Simple Way" Pub 1904.. Sepharial: "The Kabala of Numbers" Pub 1913. Modern edition: ISBN 1-59605-404-2.. Sepharial: "The Silver Key". Sepharial: "Cosmic Symbolism". Sepharial: "Eclipses: Astronomically and Astrologically Considered and Explained". Sepharial: "Science of Foreknowledge". Sepharial and Charubel: "Degrees of the Zodiac Symbolised".
Sepharial: "A Manual of Occultism". Sepharial: "Astrology: How To Make Your Own Horoscope", R. F. Fenno & Company, New York 126 pages w/ illustrations Sepharial: "The Arcana Or Stock And Share Key", kessinger publishing 48 ISBN 0-7661-9326-8 Sepharial: "The Law of Values: An Exposition of the Primary Causes of Stock and Share Fluctuations", cosimo classics 56 Pages ISBN 1-60206-108-4 Sepharial: "The Theory of Geodetic Equivalents", David McKay, Philadelphia Works by Sepharial at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Sepharial at Internet Archive
Marsha J. Pechman is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington. Born in Salem, Pechman received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Cornell University in 1973 and a Juris Doctor from Boston University School of Law in 1976, she was a legal intern, King County Prosecutor's Office in 1976. She was a deputy prosecutor, King County Prosecuting Attorney's Office from 1976 to 1979, she was an instructor/staff attorney of University of Washington School of Law from 1979 to 1981. She was in private practice in Seattle from 1981 to 1988, she was an Adjunct professor, University of Puget Sound from 1983 to 1987. She was a judge on the King County Superior Court, from 1988 to 1999. On March 24, 1999, Pechman was nominated by President Bill Clinton to a seat on the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington vacated by William L. Dwyer, she was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 8, 1999, received her commission on September 9, 1999.
On September 1, 2011, she became Chief Judge. She assumed senior status on February 6, 2016. Pechman is most well known for presiding over the 2008 trial between the City of Seattle and the owners of the Seattle SuperSonics. Pechman has two daughters. Marsha J. Pechman at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center