Cádiz is a city and port in southwestern Spain. It is the capital of the Province of Cádiz, one of eight which make up the autonomous community of Andalusia. Cádiz, one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Western Europe, with archaeological remains dating to 3100 years, was founded by the Phoenicians, it has been a principal home port of the Spanish Navy since the accession of the Spanish Bourbons in the 18th century. The city is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns Network, it is the site of the University of Cádiz. Situated on a narrow slice of land surrounded by the sea‚ Cádiz is, in most respects, a Andalusian city with a wealth of attractive vistas and well-preserved historical landmarks; the older part of Cádiz within the remnants of the city walls is referred to as the Old Town. It is characterized by the antiquity of its various quarters, among them El Pópulo, La Viña, Santa María, which present a marked contrast to the newer areas of town. While the Old City's street plan consists of narrow winding alleys connecting large plazas, newer areas of Cádiz have wide avenues and more modern buildings.
In addition, the city is dotted with numerous parks where exotic plants flourish, including giant trees brought to Spain by Columbus from the New World. Little remains of the Phoenician language, but numismatic inscriptions record that they knew the site as a Gadir or Agadir, meaning "The Wall", "The Compound", or "The Stronghold". Borrowed by the Berber languages, this became the agadir common in North African place names; the Carthaginians continued to use this name and all subsequent names have derived from it. The Greek cothon refers to a Carthaginian type of fortified basin that can be seen at ancient sites such as Motya. Attic Greek sources hellenized Gadir as tà Gádeira, neuter plural. Herodotus, using Ionic Greek, transcribed it a little differently, as Gḗdeira; as in Stephanus of Byzantium's notes on the writings of Eratosthenes, the name is given in the feminine singular form as hè Gadeíra. In Latin, the city was known as its Roman colony as Augusta Urbs Iulia Gaditana. In Arabic, the Latin name became Qādis.
The Spanish demonym for people and things from Cádiz is gaditano. In English, the name is pronounced variously; when the accent is on the second syllable, it is pronounced but, when the accent is on the first syllable, it may be pronounced as, similar in American English. In Spanish, the accent is always, as according to the spelling, on the first syllable but, while the usual pronunciation in Spain is, the local dialect says, or instead. More some English speakers may attempt to pronounce it as the Spanish to the British version of Ibiza, leading to pronunciations of Cádiz with /s/ or /θ/ instead of /z/, but keeping the English vowels and the strong /d/. According to a 2016 census estimate, the population of the city of Cádiz was 118,919, that of its metropolitan area was 629,054. Cádiz is the seventeenth-largest Spanish city. In recent years, the city's population has declined. Between 1995 and 2006, it lost more than 14,000 residents, a decrease of 9%. Among the causes of this loss of population is the peculiar geography of Cádiz.
There is a pronounced shortage of land to be developed. The city has little vacant land, a high proportion of its housing stock is low in density; the older quarters of Cádiz are full of buildings that, because of their age and historical significance, are not eligible for urban renewal. Two other physical factors tend to limit the city's population, it is impossible to increase the amount of land available for building by reclaiming land from the sea. Because Cádiz is built on a sandspit, it is a costly proposition to sink foundations deep enough to support the high-rise buildings that would allow for a higher population density; as it stands, the city's skyline is not different from in the Middle Ages. A 17th-century watchtower, the Tavira Tower, still commands a panoramic view of the city and the bay despite its modest 45 meters height. Cádiz is the provincial capital with the highest rate of unemployment in Spain. This, tends to depress the population level. Young Gaditanos, those between 18 and 30 years of age, have been migrating to other places in Spain, as well as to other places in Europe and the Americas.
The population younger than twenty years old is only 20.58% of the total, the population older than sixty-five is 21.67%, making Cádiz one of the most aged cities in all of Spain. The population distribution of the municipality is uneven. In its inhabited areas, Cádiz is one of the most densely populated cities in Europe; the unin
WXTV-DT, virtual channel 41, is a Spanish-language television station licensed to Paterson, New Jersey, United States and serving the New York City television market. It is one of two East Coast flagship stations of the Univision network. WXTV-DT is owned by the Univision Local Media subsidiary of Univision Communications, as part of a de facto triopoly with Newark, New Jersey-licensed UniMás co-flagship WFUT-DT and Smithtown, New York-licensed Justice Network affiliate WFTY-DT; the three stations share studios on Frank W. Burr Boulevard in New Jersey. WXTV's programming is simulcast to Long Island on WFTY's third digital subchannel from its transmitter in Middle Island, New York. WXTV first signed on the air on August 4, 1968 operating as an independent station, carrying programs in both English and Spanish; the station operated from studios at 641 Main Street in Paterson, New Jersey. In 1970, WXTV became an Spanish-language station, affiliated with the Spanish International Network, which became Univision in 1987.
Since the mid-1980s, WXTV has used the slogan A su lado, an adaptation for the Hispanic market of the On Your Side campaign created by Frank Gari, used the named news music package for a time. The September 11, 2001 terror attacks on the World Trade Center did not affect WXTV's over-the-air signal, as WXTV's transmitter is located at the Empire State Building. WXTV and WCBS-TV, who had a full-powered backup transmitter at the Empire State Building, were the only major New York City stations whose over-the-air signals were not disrupted. For a time until the other English stations could re-establish emergency transmission bases at Empire or the Armstrong Tower, WXTV's anchors reported in both languages for viewers without pay access to local English stations. From the 1980s to 2002, WXTV operated a low-powered repeater in Philadelphia, first on channel 35 as W35AB and on channel 28 as WXTV-LP. In 2002, Univision acquired a full-power outlet in Philadelphia, WUVP-DT, the former WXTV-LP joined Telefutura as WFPA-CD.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed: WXTV discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over UHF channel 41, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 40, using PSIP to display WXTV's virtual channel as 41 on digital television receivers. On March 1, 2015, WXTV started carrying Bounce TV after WWOR-TV dropped it from its digital lineup to create a space for the upcoming Buzzr. WXTV-DT presently broadcasts 17 hours of locally produced newscasts each week. WXTV maintains news partnerships with CNN en Español, the Dominican Republic's Noticias SIN, Peru's América Televisión, Mexico's Enlace Publica and utilizes the reporting staff of sister radio station WADO for on-air reports; the 6 and 11 p.m. weekend newscasts tend to be preempted by Univision programming that runs longer than it is scheduled to air. In the event that there is a technical fault occurring during either of WXTV's weekday newscasts, WXTV will cut to Univision's satellite feed until it is able to rejoin the East Coast feed for the national Univision news bulletins.
Univision's satellite feed features entertainment programming and Primer Impacto Extra from 6–6:30 and 11–11:30 p.m. for stations that do not have local newscasts. WXTV is known for having newscasts whose ratings rival its English-language counterparts. From 1972 until 2013, the station's lead news anchor was Cuban-born Rafael Pineda. WXTV won the July 2008 sweeps period and became the first Spanish-language television station to win all three evening slots. WXTV's 6 p.m. newscast was #1 among the 25-54 demographic, followed by WABC-TV, WCBS-TV, WNJU, WNYW and WNBC. On June 22, 2010, WXTV-DT became the first Spanish-language television station in the New York City market to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition. On January 5, 2012, it was announced that WXTV's 6 p.m. newscast ended the 2011 calendar year as #1 newscast in that timeslot in the entire United States among adult demographics. WXTV outperformed all early evening local newscasts in the country, regardless of language among Adults 18-49.
On May 7, 2012 beginning with WXTV's 6 p.m. newscast, the station's moved its newscasts to a temporary set and announced on the next day on their morning newscast that WXTV was constructing a new set to debut on July 23. On May 2, 2012, WXTV's weeknight 11 p.m. newscast was extended by five minutes to 11:35 p.m. W
Jeff Jones is an environmental activist and consultant in Upstate New York. He was a national officer in Students for a Democratic Society, a founding member of Weatherman, a leader of the Weather Underground. Jeffrey Carl "Jeff" Jones, the first child of Albert and Millie Jones, was born February 23, 1947 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Four years the expanding Jones family moved to the Los Angeles San Fernando Valley, his father settled into a career at the Walt Disney Company in 1954. Having a father who worked for Disney enhanced young Jones' popularity among his peers. During World War II, his father, a pacifist and conscientious objector, was assigned for the duration of the war, to a civilian work camp in the Sierra Nevada, California; when his church abandoned him for not serving in the military, the Quakers in the camp embraced him, he immersed his family in their traditional ways. Uniforms in the Jones home were not permitted; this minor restriction was no impediment, as young Jones excelled in academics, cross country, school politics.
By mid-June 1969, SDS held. Previous efforts/tactics to bring the war to an end and factional disputes over the organization's goals and direction allowed an influential and militant bloc of SDS' hierarchy to seize control of the body. Building on their earlier support for the Black Liberation Movement in the United States and the Vietnamese, the Weatherman faction at the convention issued a statement calling for a revolution in this nation to fight and defeat U. S. imperialism within, outside the country. Emerging from the fractious convention, Jeff Jones, Bill Ayers, Mark Rudd, all signatories to what came to be known as the Weatherman statement, constituted the organization's new leadership group. Jones worked throughout the rest of the summer following the convention to promote and organize a demonstration in Oct. 1969 to coincide with the Chicago Seven trial and the second anniversary of the death of Che Guevara. "Bring the War Home" was the slogan for the Chicago march, despite far fewer demonstrators than anticipated, Jones "figured they were the right ones, the vanguard."
Jones evoked the memory of Marion Delgado, a five-year-old boy who put a slab of concrete on a railroad track and derailed a passenger train, reinforcing the potential damage that the small can inflict on the powerful. Proclaiming himself to be the embodiment of Marion Delgado, Jones announced to the crowd the as yet stated target of their wrath, the small army filed out of the park where they were staged and embarked on a violent rampage that came to be known as the Days of Rage. News article San Antonio Express And News October 25, 1969, page 2: "Militant SDS Group Nabbed in Park Raid. OREGON, ILL. - Police raided three cabins at White Pines State Park Thursday night and turned up some top leaders of the militant Weatherman faction of the Students for a Democratic Society. Two persons were arrested — Jeffrey C. Jones, 22, SDS Interorganizational Secretary from Cylmar, Calif. and Linda Sue Evans, 22, of Ann Arbor, Mich. Among others questioned and released were Mark W. Rudd, 22, National SDS Secretary from Maple Park, N.
J.. Ayers, 24, of Ann Arbor, SDS Educational Secretary. Jones was released on $1,000 bond. Police said. Miss Evans was accused of auto theft after authorities said she had not returned a rented automobile on time. Police dropped the charge, however, on learning the renter would not sign a complaint." Jones and about a hundred others were arrested for their roles in an event that caused considerable damage to not only the city, but to Weatherman's image among some previous sympathizers on the left. Chicago Black Panther Party leader Fred Hampton, who had a friendly relationship with Weatherman, denounced the group's action, fearing it would alienate potential allies and invite an escalation of police oppression, it was the killing of Hampton by the Chicago police less than two months after the "Days of Rage" that cemented in the mind of Weatherman that it was time to move underground and take up armed struggle. Jones and other Weathermen failed to appear for their March 1970 court date to face charges of "crossing state lines to foment a riot and conspiring to do so".
"Unlawful flight to avoid prosecution" charges were added. The Greenwich Village townhouse explosion earlier in the month claimed the lives of Weather members Ted Gold, Diana Oughton, Terry Robbins. With the destructive capacity of Weatherman realized, the FBI launched an intensive manhunt to round up the members of the organization, including Jeff Jones. In the aftermath of the townhouse explosion, members of the Weatherman leadership gathered on the coast of California to discuss the incident and its implications; the bomb was intended for a military dance at Fort Dix, New Jersey, but the catastrophic outcome forced the leaders to reassess the wisdom of targeting humans. After a lot of heated debate, the considerable influence of Jones and Bernardine Dohrn moved the organization away from attacking civilian targets and toward symbols of American power. We were careful from the moment of the townhouse on to be sure we weren'