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Câmpulung, or Câmpulung Muscel, is a municipality in the Argeș County, Romania. It is situated among the outlying hills of the Carpathian mountains, at the head of a long well-wooded glen traversed by the Râul Târgului, a tributary of the Argeș, its pure air and fine scenery render Câmpulung a popular summer resort. In the city there are more than twenty churches, besides a monastery and a cathedral, which both claim to have been founded in the 13th century by Radu Negru, legendary first Prince of Wallachia. "Câmpulung" means "Long Field" in Romanian, rendered as "Longus-Campus" in Latin. Near Câmpulung are the remains of a Roman camp now known as the Castra of Jidava. Câmpulung was one of the earliest urban settlements in Wallachia, the Transylvanian Saxon colonists contributing to its development by bringing the German urban culture; the earliest written evidence of the town's existence is dated 1300, is to be found in the Câmpulung church. The inscription is an epitaph of Laurencius de Longo Campo, the full text being Hic sepultus est comes Laurencius de Longo-Campo, pie memorie, Anno Domini MCCC.

Laurentius was most the person coordinating the colonization process. The elongated shape of the town was determined by the valley and it had two main parallel streets; the town had a central market square, located near Prince's Church of Saint Nicholas and an annual fair, held in the west of the town, near St. Elijah's Church; the non-German areas of the town were found towards the outskirts of the medieval town, where two Orthodox churches were built during the 14th-15th centuries. The Romanians of the town did not have the same rights as the German colonists, but by the 15th century, the two communities were merged, as shown by the new Romanian churches built near the Catholic areas and that some of the județs were elected were Romanians. Another community in the town were the Bogomil Bulgarians. Outside the town, in the south-west, on the hill named Câmpul mișeilor was a leper colony, which had its own church and mill. Câmpulung was the first capital of the feudal state of Wallachia, until succeeded by Curtea de Argeș in the 14th century.

There was a considerable traffic with Transylvania, over the Bran Pass, 15 miles to the north, with the south by a branch railway to Ploiești. The letter of Neacșu of Câmpulung Theodor Aman Constantin D. Aricescu Gheorghe Arsenescu Ion Barbu Dora Gad Nicolae Golescu Ștefan Golescu Radu Gyr Ion Jinga Petre Libardi George Demetrescu Mirea Tudor Mușatescu D. Nanu Ion Negulici George Oprescu Constantin Ion Parhon Pârvu Mutu Mihail Vlădescu Rădvan, Laurențiu. At Europe's Borders: Medieval Towns in the Romanian Principalities. Translated by Valentin Cîrdei. Brill. ISBN 9789004180109. Media related to Câmpulung at Wikimedia Commons Câmpulung City Hall Official Site

Babenhausen, Hesse

Babenhausen is a town in the Darmstadt-Dieburg district, in Hesse, Germany. It is situated on the river Gersprenz, 25 km southeast of Frankfurt, 14 km west of Aschaffenburg. South of its general borders, the mountain range of the Odenwald is situated about 15 km away; the landscape is rather flat due to the landscape forming process of the Gersprenz and other small rivers. Some sections along the Gersprenz are set aside as nature reserves with valuable plants and animals, e.g. the white stork or the kingfisher. The forests in the municipal area are pine woods on ice-age dunes with heath fields; the sandy soil is regionally famous for growing white asparagus. The town of Babenhausen includes a medieval core with a castle, numerous old houses and a large part of the city wall. Babenhausen was chartered as a town in 1295, it belonged first to the Lords of Hanau-Münzenberg and was – after the last male descendant of this family died - inherited by the Lords of Hanau in the 13th century. In 1458 a minor line of them founded a county on its own within its district.

In 1736 the last of the family died and the two potential inheritors, the Landgraves of Hesse-Darmstadt and of Hesse-Kassel nearly went to war over it. It took 35 years to settle the conflict and to arrange a compromise under which the town of Babenhausen came to Hesse-Kassel, but this was soon revised by the territorial rearrangements during and after Napoleonic times: From the beginning 19th century Babenhausen belonged to Hesse-Darmstadt. In the aftermath of World War II Babenhausen was the site of a UNRRA-sponsored DP camp. Number of inhabitants: 1786: 1,033 1800: 1,192 1861: 2,072 1890: 2,484 1900: 2,255 1939: 3,143 1948: 3,702 1970: 7,240 2012: 15,588 2014: 15,716 After the revision of districts and their borders in the state of Hesse in 1974 the following villages were added to the area of the town of Babenhausen. Harreshausen, a small village just one km away from Babenhausen, it has its own castle. At its edge, the "Schöne Eiche", the mother tree of all pyramidal oaks grafted from it, a variant of the pedunculate oak, appeared as a mutation about 1600.

Hergershausen, elected as the third most beautiful village in Hesse. Harpertshausen Sickenhofen LangstadtThe US military installation in Babenhausen, Babenhausen Kaserne home of the 41st Field Artillery Brigade and two Patriot Missile units of the 5th Battalion 7th Air Defense Artillery Regiment, was closed and returned to the control of the German government in 2007. In the early'60s, it was the home of the 1st Missile Battalion 38th Artillery and its supporting Ordnance Detachment, the 157th Ord Det. Achim Knoke was elected mayor in September 2014 with 53.9% of the votes. Wilhelm Grünewald, German politician member of Landtag, member of the Weimar National Assembly Oskar Hock, German physician, NSDAP functionary, SS Brigade commander and major general of the Waffen SS Heinrich Klein Gross-Umstadt), was from 1970 to 1976 District Administrator of the Dieburg district and 1976-1989 member of the Bundestag Johann Adam Oest, German actor Heinrich Leonhard Kolb, Member of the Bundestag 1990-2013

Paint by Number (album)

Paint by Number is the first studio album released by the band 3 in 1999 on Planet Noise Records. Lead vocalist Joey Eppard's brother, Josh Eppard, who joined Coheed and Cambria, helped contribute to the production of the album, has not appeared on any of 3's studio albums since. "You've Been Shot" – 4:40 "Leaving After All" – 4:22 "Wrongside" – 3:51 "Lay Down the Law" – 3:55 "Paint by Number" – 4:19 "You Call Me Baby" – 4:22 "Astroknot" - 4:40 "Blood on the Blankets" – 4:20 "Careless Kim" – 4:52 "Better State of Mind" – 3:20 "Heart Attack" – 4:21 "Old Grey Dog" – 4:47 "Policeman" – 5:00 - 3:01 Note: The "hidden track" is track 33 on the CD, following tracks 14-32, which are silent and total 1:34. The song "Careless Kim" is sometimes referred to as "The Emerald Undertow" during live performances, on the album Revisions. Joey Eppard — Lead vocals.


Crossdoney is a village in County Cavan, Ireland. Situated on the R154 regional road where it terminates at a junction with the R198. Peculiarly, all buildings in the village sit on one side of the road, this gives rise to the used local expression: "All to one side like Crossdoney". Description from Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 1837 Whartons Travel operate bus route 975 on behalf of the National Transport Authority, it serves Crossdoney five times daily in each direction providing services to Cavan, Arva and Longford, terminating at Longford railway station. Crossdoney railway station: On the MGWR line between Cavan town and Inny Junction, the line opened first in July 1856, with a branch opened to Killeshandra in 1886; the entire route closed to passengers in 1947 closing for goods in January 1960. The Crossdoney station house is now a private residence. List of towns and villages in Ireland Eiretrains - Irish Railways Past & Present

Fathis Handhuvaruge Feshun 3D

Fathis Handhuvaruge Feshun 3D is a 2013 Maldivian romantic horror film directed by Ali Shifau. Produced by Mohamed Ali under Dark Rain Entertainment, the film stars Yoosuf Shafeeu, Fathimath Fareela and Ahmed Nimal in pivotal roles; the film was released on 4 April 2013. It serves as a prequel to Fathishandhuvaru which starred Reeko Moosa Manik and Niuma Mohamed in lead roles, it celebrates the first 3D Maldivian film released in the cinema. Yoosuf Shafeeu as Jinaa Fathimath Fareela as Niha Ahmed Nimal as Naseem Ahmed Saeed as Shareef Mohamed Faisal as Saleem Fathis Handhuvaruge Feshun 3D was based on a story published by Ibrahim Waheed on an online news platform Haveeru Daily. Titled Jinaa: Fathis Handhuvaruge Feshun, the story serves as prequel to the story Fathishandhuvaru written by Waheed, adapted to a film by same name in 1997; the film was marketed as being the first 3D release for a Maldivian film and the first release derived from spin-off. It was hyped as the most awaited release of the year.

It was made on a budget of MVR 1,300,000. Fathis Handhuvaruge Feshun 3D was slated to release on 28 September 2012, shifted for an early 2013 release due to the unavailability of cinema; the dates further fluctuated before being finalised for 5 April 2013 release, due to the ongoing upgrading work of cinema. Upon release the film received negative reviews from critics. Ahmed Nadheem from Haveeru Daily criticised the screenplay for the lack of "amusement" and the "abrupt rush" in story-line with "flaws in the script", he further deprecate the acting of the cast. He concluded the review praising the efforts put into visual effect and addressing the "dislike of the film in comparison to Fathis Handhuvaru". Fathimath Zaina from Vnews echoed similar sentiments and mentioned: "It brings a good opportunity for Maldivians to experience a Dhivehi film in 3D, however it is a disappointment as a film overall, it does not bring justice to the genre it represent and so does the same to the story it's based on".

Ibrahim Waheed, who penned the story, disapproved the film.

Alex Mendur

Alexius Impurung Mendur was an Indonesian journalistic photographer, part of a group that established the Indonesia Press Photo Service. This organization is credited for the many iconic photographs of people and events during the Indonesian National Revolution. Mendur was born in Kawangkoan on 7 November 1907, he was the first of eleven children of Ariance Mononimbar. He completed Volkschool, but afterwards did not continue his studies due to financial reasons. In 1922, Mendur moved to Batavia with Anton Nayoan, a family relative who had settled in Batavia. Nayoan worked for a Dutch company that sold photographic supplies and taught Mendur how to use the camera. Mendur would work for the same company and other photographic supply companies. In 1932, Mendur was hired as a journalistic photographer at Java-bode, a Dutch newspaper, published in Batavia. In 1936, he started work at the Dutch shipping company KPM. During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia, Mendur was assigned to the local branch of the Japanese news agency Dōmei Tsushin, where Mendur became head of the photographic department.

In August 1945, through his contacts in Domei, Mendur found out about a ceremony where Indonesian leaders would proclaim the country's independence. He went with his brother, Frans Mendur, to Sukarno's residence where the ceremony was being held on 17 August 1945, they both took photographs the proclamation ceremony, but only Frans' photographs were processed and published as Alex's film was confiscated by the Japanese. After independence, Mendur worked at the Indonesian newspaper Merdeka. On 2 October 1946, Mendur established the IPPHOS with Oscar Ganda, Alex Mamusung, Frans Mendur, Frans Umbas, Justus Umbas, they recognized the need to provide photographs to local and foreign news agencies on the current events in Indonesia, which at that time was dominated by the country's struggle to maintain its independence. They saw their work as their contribution to the struggle; the photographers of IPPHOS were credited for many iconic photographs that documented the struggle and were seen as important "witnesses" to history.

Mendur died on 30 December 1984 in Bandung. Mendur along with his brother, received posthumously the Bintang Jasa Utama in 2009 for their photo journalistic roles during the beginning of the republic; the following year, they received posthumously the Bintang Mahaputera Nararya. A monument and a small museum in honor of them in their hometown of Kawangkoan was dedicated by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono on 11 February 2013. Frans Mendur IPPHOS category on Wikimedia Commons Bambang. "Pemerintah Anugerahkan Gelar Pahlawan Nasional". Antara News. Retrieved 19 November 2017. Apa & Siapa, sejumlah orang Indonesia 1981-1982. Jakarta: Grafiti Pers. 1981. Kuswiah, Wiwi. Alexius Impurung Mendur. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Direktorat Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional, Proyek Inventarisasi dan Dokumentasi Sejarah Nasional. Harbunangin, Buntje. Sepekan Menjelang Proklamasi. Jakarta: Tintamas. Hartanto, Agung Dwi. Seabad Pers Kebangsaan, 1907-2007. Jakarta: I:Boekoe. "IPPHOS: The Silent Witness". Indonesia Magazine.

Vol. 20. Jakarta: Yayasan Harapan Kita. 1989. Prasetyo, Aris. "Cerita di Balik Foto Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia yang Terkenal Ini". Kompas. Retrieved 19 November 2017. Siwi Tri Puji B. "Dua Jurnalis yang Abadikan Peristiwa Sejarah Terima Bintang Mahaputra". Republika. Retrieved 19 November 2017. Wijaya, Taufan. Foto Jurnalistik. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Zoelverdi, Ed. Mat Kodak: Melihat untuk Sejuta Mata. Jakarta: Grafiti Pers