Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network is an American pay television network, created in 1979 by the cable television industry as a nonprofit public service. It televises many proceedings of the United States federal government, as well as other public affairs programming; the C-SPAN network includes the television channels C-SPAN, C-SPAN2, C-SPAN3, the radio station WCSP-FM, a group of websites which provide streaming media and archives of C-SPAN programs. C-SPAN's television channels are available to 100 million cable and satellite households within the United States, while WCSP-FM is broadcast on FM radio in Washington, D. C. and is available throughout the U. S. on SiriusXM via Internet streaming, globally through apps for iOS and Android devices. The network televises U. S. political events live and "gavel-to-gavel" coverage of the U. S. Congress, as well as occasional proceedings of the Canadian and British Parliaments and other major events worldwide, its coverage of political and policy events is unmoderated, providing the audience with unfiltered information about politics and government.

Non-political coverage includes historical programming, programs dedicated to non-fiction books, interview programs with noteworthy individuals associated with public policy. C-SPAN is a private, non-profit organization funded by its cable and satellite affiliates, it does not have advertisements on any of its networks, radio stations, or websites, nor does it solicit donations or pledges; the network operates independently, neither the cable industry nor Congress has control of its programming content. Brian Lamb, C-SPAN's chairman and former chief executive officer, conceived C-SPAN in 1975 while working as the Washington, D. C. bureau chief of the cable industry trade magazine Cablevision. It was a time of rapid growth in the number of cable television channels available in the United States, Lamb envisioned a cable-industry financed nonprofit network for televising sessions of the U. S. Congress and other public affairs event and policy discussions. Lamb shared his idea with several cable executives.

Among them were Bob Rosencrans, who provided $25,000 of initial funding in 1979, John D. Evans, who provided the wiring and access to the headend needed for the distribution of the C-SPAN signal. According to a report from commentator Jeff Greenfield on Nightline in 1980, C-SPAN was launched to provide televised coverage of U. S. political events in its entirety, thus helping viewers maintaining a thorough view of politics and presidential campaigns, unlike television newscasts which "does not inform us about what the candidates mean to do with the power they ask of us." C-SPAN was launched on March 19, 1979, in time for the first televised session made available by the House of Representatives, beginning with a speech by then-Tennessee representative Al Gore. Upon its debut, only 3.5 million homes were wired for C-SPAN, the network had just three employees. C-SPAN began full-time operations in September 14, 1982; the second C-SPAN channel, C-SPAN2, followed on June 2, 1986 when the U. S. Senate permitted itself to be televised.

It began full-time operations in January 5, 1987. C-SPAN3, the most recent expansion channel, began full-time operations on January 22, 2001, shows live/taped public policy and government-related events on weekdays, with historical programming being shown on weeknights and weekends, it has sometimes served as an overflow channel for live programming conflicts on C-SPAN and C-SPAN2. C-SPAN3 is the successor of a digital channel called C-SPAN Extra, launched in the Washington D. C. area in 1997, televised live and recorded political events from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Eastern Time Monday through Friday. C-SPAN Radio began operations on October 9, 1997, covering similar events as the television networks and simulcasting their programming; the station broadcasts on WCSP in Washington, D. C. is available on XM Satellite Radio channel 120 and is streamed live at It was available on Sirius Satellite Radio from 2002 to 2006. Lamb semi-retired in March 2012, coinciding with the channel's 33rd anniversary, gave executive control of the network to his two lieutenants, Rob Kennedy and Susan Swain.

On January 12, 2017, the online feed for C-SPAN1 was interrupted and replaced by a feed from the Russian television network RT America for 10 minutes. C-SPAN announced that they were troubleshooting the incident and were "operating under the assumption that it was an internal routing issue." C-SPAN celebrated its 10th anniversary in 1989 with a three-hour retrospective, featuring Lamb recalling the development of the network. The 15th anniversary was commemorated in an unconventional manner as the network facilitated a series of re-enactments of the seven historic Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858, which were televised from August to October 1994, have been rebroadcast from time to time since. Five years the series American Presidents: Life Portraits, which won a Peabody Award, served as a year-long observation of C-SPAN's 20th anniversary. In 2004, C-SPAN celebrated its 25th anniversary, by which time the flagship network was viewed in 86 million homes, C-SPAN2 was in 70 million homes and C-SPAN3 was in eight million homes.

On the anniversary date, C-SPAN repeated the first televised hour of floor debate in the House of Representatives from 1979 and, throughout the month, 25th anniversary features included "then and now" segments with journalists who had appeared on C-SPAN dur

Stephen Arthurworrey

Stephen Roy Arthurworrey is an English professional footballer who plays as a defender most for Fulham. Arthurworrey joined the Fulham academy at the age of ten, despite interests from Leyton Orient and West Ham United. Arthurworry progressed through the club's academy and earned his first professional contract in October 2011 signing a three-year deal. Shortly after, however, suffered knee ligament damage in a Reserves game against Everton that saw him undergo surgery three times. Following his recovery from a knee injury, under coach Kit Symons, Arthurworrey made a return and continued to play in the club's reserve team. Arthurworrey signed a new one-year contract with Fulham on 3 July 2014. On 1 January 2014, Arthurworrey moved to League One team Tranmere Rovers for an initial one-month loan, he made his Football League debut the same day in a 1–1 draw against Wolverhampton Wanderers at Prenton Park. On 4 February 2014, Arthurworry extended his loan at Tranmere Rovers for another month, it was extended until the end of the 2013–14 season.

On 31 October 2014, Arthurworrey joined Yeovil Town on loan until 31 January 2015. The next day, Arthurworrey made his Yeovil debut, in a 0–0 draw against Chesterfield. Arthworrey scored his first professional goal on 13 December 2014, in a 4–0 win over Oldham Athletic. Having made sixteen appearance for Yeovil until on 29 January 2015, his loan was extended until the end of the 2014–15 season. However, Arthurworrey was unable to help the club survive relegation after a 1–1 draw against Notts County on 11 April 2015. Three days on 14 April 2015, Arthurworrey scored his second Yeovil goal, in a 1–0 win over Sheffield United. At the end of the season, Arthurworrey returned to Fulham having made thirty-three appearances for Yeovil. On 1 July 2015, Fulham confirmed that Arthurworrey had signed a new one-year extension with the club and rejoined Yeovil Town on loan for the 2015–16 season. On 27 October 2015, Arthurworrey's loan spell with Yeovil was cut short after suffering a serious knee injury. Athurworrey was released by Fulham at the end of the 2015–16 season.

As of match played 20 October 2015. Arthurworrey was nicknamed "Big Dog", due to his height. Stephen Arthurworrey at Soccerbase Fulham F. C. profile

Jefferson Community and Technical College

Jefferson Community and Technical College is a public community college in Louisville, Kentucky. It is part of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System and the largest college in that system. JCTC was formed on July 1, 2005 by the consolidation of Jefferson Community College and Jefferson Technical College. Jefferson Community College was chartered in 1968 and Jefferson Technical College was chartered in 1953. JCTC is accredited by the Southern Association of Schools. In the Fall 2016 semester, Jefferson's total headcount was 11,982 students; the student body is 43.3 % male with 1.3 % undisclosed. Minority enrollment included 19% African-American students. There are 40 different languages spoken on campus; the primary service area of JCTC includes: Bullitt County Carroll County Gallatin County Henry County Jefferson County Nelson County Oldham County Owen County Shelby County Spencer County Trimble County Out-of-state students covered by the tuition reciprocity agreements will pay the in-state rate.

These Indiana counties include: Clark, Floyd, Scott, Jefferson, Ohio, Ripley and Dearborn. Out-of-state students covered by tuition contiguous agreements will pay the out-of-state rate; these Indiana counties include: Perry, Posey and Warrick. In-state tuition rates apply to online courses. Jefferson offers more than 5 options in technical programs, and Educational Enrichment Services. EES provides – at no cost – a review of fundamentals in math, writing, or reading skills for students whose COMPASS scores are too low for enrollment in regular JCTC classes. A joint program of JCTC and JCPS Adult and Continuing Education, EES classes meet during the fall and spring semesters on both the Downtown and Southwest JCTC campuses. Besides a review of fundamentals, EES instructors teach basic computer skills, discuss study strategies, provide information about campus resources. Students who complete EES are better prepared for the transition into JCTC developmental or credit courses; the associate degree traditionally takes a full-time student two years or four to five semesters to complete.

To earn the associate degree, students must complete about 60 to 77 credit hours, depending on the program. Associate degrees include transfer degrees, technical/professional degrees, many of which can transfer to four-year programs; the diploma is designed to prepare students for employment in a specific technical field in one to two years. To earn a diploma, students must complete 36 to 68 credit hours. Diplomas are offered in fields such as automotive technology. A certificate can be earned in as little as one semester, depending on the program. Other certificates may require multiple semesters. Certificates are offered in technical programs. Certificates can be earned one at a time, building towards a degree program, or can be earned in addition to a degree or diploma; some certificate programs prepare students to take industry certification exams. JCTC has all in Kentucky. Three are in the Louisville Metro governmental area and three are in other counties: Louisville campuses: Downtown Jefferson Technical Southwest Outlying campuses: Carrollton, Carrollton Shelby County, Shelbyville Bullitt County, ShepherdsvilleThe largest campus is the Downtown Campus at Second and Broadway in Downtown Louisville, which enrolls more than 7,200 students a year.

A second campus, Jefferson Technical Campus, is just seven blocks west and is home to many of the college's technical and trades programs. The Southwest Campus is located in southwestern Jefferson County, just off the Gene Snyder Expressway; the Southwest Campus is home to the college's Related Sciences program. Jefferson's newest campus is in Bullitt County and prepares students to transfer to university or to the college's technical programs; the Carrollton Campus has programs in Practical Nursing, Industrial Chemical Technology, Industrial Maintenance Technology, as well as the Associate in Arts and Associate in Science transfer degrees. The Shelby County Campus has programs in Practical Nursing, Industrial Maintenance Technology and Machine Tool Technology, as well as the Associate in Arts and Associate in Science transfer degrees. In 2010, the Jefferson Community & Technical College completed construction of the new $25.6 million state-of-the-art Health Sciences Building at Second and Chestnut Street at its Downtown Louisville Campus.

It is a 100,000-square-foot instructional building for allied health programs. The project includes a small clinic, laboratory space, library, a conference center, faculty offices, student and teacher lounges. Metro-College Official website